National Liberation Committee

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For the French government under De Gaulle in exile during World War II, see French Committee of National Liberation.
Flag of Comitato di Liberazione Nazionale.

The National Liberation Committee (Italian: Comitato di Liberazione Nazionale - CLN) was the political entity of Italian Partisans during the German occupation of Italy in the last years of the Second World War. It was a multi-party entity, whose members were united by their anti-fascism. Among the members were Ferruccio Parri, Sandro Pertini, Luigi Longo, Ivanoe Bonomi, Edgardo Sogno, Giovanni Gronchi, Nicolò Carandini, and Enrico Mattei.

It was formed in 1943, after Italy's surrender to the Alies and declaration of war on Germany. The founding groups were the Italian Communist Party, the Italian Socialist Party, the Partito d'Azione (a republican liberal socialist party), Democrazia Cristiana (the Catholic party), the Labour Democratic Party, and the Italian Liberal Party. CLN took control of the movement, with the backing of the royal government (King Victor Emmanuel III and his ministers in southern Italy) and the Allied powers. Several members of the CLN operated underground, in German-occupied northern Italy.

The partisan formations controlled by the CLN were primarily divided between three main groups, Communist "Garibaldi" Brigades, Giustizia e Libertà Brigades (related to Partito d'Azione), and Socialist "Matteotti" Brigades. Smaller groups included Catholic and monarchist partisans (the Green Flames, Di Dio, and Mauri), and some anarchist formations.

The Committee was allowed by the Allies to take control of local administration in central and northern Italy as these areas were liberated, and it formed the governments of Italy from the liberation of Rome in 1944 until the proclamation of the Republic in 1946.