Commander, Naval Air Force U.S. Atlantic Fleet

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Commander, Naval Air Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet (aka COMNAVAIRLANT, AIRLANT, CNAL) is the aviation Type Commander (TYCOM) for the United States Atlantic Fleet naval aviation units. Type Commanders are in administrative control (ADCON), and in some cases operational control (OPCON) of certain types of assets (ships, submarines, aircraft, and fleet marines) assigned to the Pacific and Atlantic Fleets. AIRLANT is responsible for the material readiness, administration, training, and inspection of units/squadrons under their command, and for providing operationally ready air squadrons and aircraft carriers to the fleet.

COMNAVAIRLANT is headquartered at NAS Norfolk. The staff is made up of approximately 515 officer, enlisted, civilian and contractor personnel.

Mission[edit]

"Support COMLANTFLT and other commanders by providing combat ready/sustainable naval air forces, trained and equipped in an environment which emphasizes safety, interoperability and efficient resource management."

History[edit]

AirLant logo from 1943-2001

Naval Air Force, US Atlantic Fleet was established on 1 January 1943, at NAS Norfolk, Virginia. The command was initially called Air Force, Atlantic Fleet and replaced three older organizations: Commander Carriers, Atlantic Fleet; Carrier Replacement Squadron, Atlantic Fleet; and Fleet Air Wings, Atlantic. AIRLANT's mission was to oversee logistics, maintenance and training of east coast aviation units, and to direct all World War II Atlantic operations not assigned to specific task forces. The combat mission consisted primarily of combating German U-boats, which were wreaking havoc on U.S. shipping support for the war effort in Europe. AIRLANT also contributed heavily to war in the Pacific by training Pacific Fleet units and deploying east coast units to the Pacific. In 1944 AIRLANT deployed 16 carriers, 20 carrier air groups, 67 carrier-based squadrons, 21 patrol squadrons and 18 aviation units to the Pacific.[1] On 30 July 1957, the command added "Naval" to its title.

An important subordinate command for a long period was Commander, Fleet Air Keflavik, at what was Naval Air Station Keflavik, Iceland.[2] Naval aviation has always played a large role in the operations at Keflavik, especially with regard to the enormous build-up of the Soviet Navy. Deployment of patrol squadron detachments, and later entire squadrons, started as early as 1951, with the P-2 "Neptune" maritime patrol aircraft succeeded by the Lockheed P-3 "Orion" in the mid-1960s. In 1955, Barrier Force, Atlantic had been established in Argentia, Newfoundland, flying radar early-warning missions using the WV-2 (EC-121 Warning Star aircraft in the North Atlantic from 1957. These aircraft made frequent deployments to Keflavik. On July 1, 1961, Commander Barrier Force, Atlantic moved from Argentia to Keflavik. The duties of Commander, Iceland Defense Force were assumed by the rear admiral commanding Barrier Force Atlantic.

In October 2001, the Chief of Naval Operations placed Type Commanders in a "Lead-Follow" arrangement. Under this arrangement, COMNAVAIRPAC (AIRLANT's west coast counterpart) became TYCOM for all Naval Aviation, and assumed the additional title of Commander, Naval Air Forces (COMNAVAIRFOR). At that time, command of AIRLANT went from a 3-star/Vice Admiral to a 2-star Rear Admiral.

Previous commanders[edit]

Dates Commander
1943 RADM Alva D. Bernhard
1943–1946 VADM Patrick N. Bellinger
1946–1948 VADM Gerald F. Bogan
1948–1951 VADM Felix B. Stump
1951–1954 VADM John J. Ballentine
1954–1956 VADM Frederick W. McMahon
1956–1960 VADM William L. Rees
1960–1963 VADM Frank O'Beirne
1963–1965 VADM Paul H. Ramsey
1965–1969 VADM Charles T. Booth II
1969–1972 VADM Robert L. Townsend
1972–1975 VADM Frederick H. Michaelis
1975–1978 VADM Howard E. Greer
1978–1981 VADM George E.R. Kinnear II
1981–1983 VADM Thomas J. Kilcline
1983-1983 VADM Carol C. Smith, Jr.
1983–1986 VADM Robert F. Dunn
1986–1989 VADM Richard M. Dunleavy
1989–1991 VADM John K. Ready
1991–1994 VADM Anthony A. Less
1994–1996 VADM Richard C. Allen
1996–1998 VADM John J. Mazach
1998–2001 VADM Joseph S. Mobley
2001–2002 RADM Michael D. Malone
2002–2004 RADM James M. Zortman
2004–2006 RADM H. Denby Starling II
2006–2008 RADM John W. Goodwin
2009–2010 RADM Richard J. O'Hanlon
2010-2013 RADM Ted N. Branch
2013-Now RADM Troy M. Shoemaker

Subordinate Commands[edit]

Naval Air Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet is composed of more than 40,000 men and women who maintain and operate the aircraft carriers, aircraft squadrons and aircraft of the Atlantic Fleet. It provides combat-ready air forces to fleet commanders operating around the globe.

Carrier Strike Groups[edit]

There are six Carrier Strike Group commanders who, although not under operational control of COMNAVAIRLANT, work very closely with the staff. CSG commanders are operationally responsible for the carrier, the embarked airwing and the cruisers that make up the battle group.

Aircraft Carriers[edit]

The nucleus of the surface battle group is the aircraft carrier. In the Atlantic Fleet, COMNAVAIRLANT has five carriers assigned to carry out the mission of COMLANTFLT and other commanders. One or two of these carriers are usually deployed with the U.S. Sixth Fleet in the Mediterranean Sea or with the U.S. Fifth Fleet in the Persian Gulf in support of U.S. Central Command. When not deployed or undergoing periodic maintenance/overhaul, or refresher training, these ships operate with U.S. Second Fleet in the Western Atlantic or U.S. Fourth Fleet in the Caribbean.

Carrier air wings[edit]

The carrier air wing commander is responsible for a number of squadrons whose missions include attack, fighter, patrol, reconnaissance, anti-submarine warfare, electronic warfare and logistic support.

Type Wings[edit]

Type wing commanders are individually responsible for major categories of aircraft squadrons.

Commander, Carrier Airborne Early Warning Wing, Atlantic Fleet (COMAEWWINGLANT)[edit]

Commander, Strike Fighter Wing Atlantic Fleet (COMSTRKFIGHTWINGLANT)[edit]

Commander, Helicopter Maritime Strike Wing, Atlantic Fleet (COMHSMWINGLANT)[edit]

  • HSM-40 Airwolves
  • HSL-42 Proud Warriors
  • HSM-46 Grandmasters
  • HSL-48 Vipers
  • HSL-60 Jaguars
  • HSM-70 Spartans
  • HSM-74 Swamp Fox
  • Helicopter Maritime Strike Weapons School, Atlantic (HELMARSTRIKEWEPSCOLANT)
  • Naval Surface Rescue Swimmer School, NAS Jacksonville, FL
  • Aircraft Carrier Tactical Support Center (CV-TSC), NAS Jacksonville, FL
  • Aviation Support Detachment (ASD) Mayport, FL

Commander, Helicopter Sea Combat Wing, Atlantic Fleet (COMHELSEACOMBATWINGLANT)[edit]

  • HM-14 Vanguard
  • HM-15 Blackhawks
  • HS-5 Nightdippers
  • HSC-7 Dusty Dogs
  • HSC-9 Tridents
  • HS-11 Dragonslayers
  • HS-15 Red Lions
  • HSC-2 Fleet Angels
  • HSC-22 Sea Knights
  • HSC-26 Chargers
  • HSC-28 Dragon Whales
  • HSC-84 Red Wolves
  • Helicopter Sea Combat Weapons School, Atlantic (HSCWSL)
  • Airborne Mine Countermeasures Weapons System Training School (AWSTS)
  • AIMD - Corpus Christi, TX

Commander, Patrol and Reconnaissance Force, Atlantic (COMPATRECONFORLANT)[edit]

  • (PATRECONFORLANT DET AMPO Jacksonville)
  • Commander, Patrol and Reconnaissance Wing Five

Commander, Patrol and Reconnaissance Wing Eleven[edit]

  • Tactical Support Center (TSC), Rota
  • Tactical Support Center (TSC), Sigonella

Miscellaneous commands[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Naval Aviation News January–February 1994
  2. ^ GlobalSecurity.org, Commander Fleet Air Keflavik