Commander Australian Fleet

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Commander Australian Fleet
Active 1913–present
Country  Australia
Allegiance Australian Defence Force
Branch  Royal Australian Navy
Garrison/HQ Fleet Headquarters, Potts Point
Commanders
Current
commander
Rear Admiral Stuart Mayer

Commander Australian Fleet (COMAUSFLT), also referred to as Fleet Commander Australia (FCAUST), is a senior appointment in the Royal Australian Navy (RAN), holding full command of all Navy combat forces and responsibility for all maritime operations within the Australian Defence Force (ADF). The rank associated with the position is rear admiral (two-star).

The title first came into use in 2007. Previous titles for the position since 1913 have been:

  • Rear Admiral Commanding HM Australian Fleet (1913–1926),
  • Rear Admiral Commanding HM Australian Squadron (1926–1949),
  • Flag Officer Commanding HM Australian Fleet (1949–1988, regularly abbreviated as FOCAF), and
  • Maritime Commander Australia (1988–2007 – MCAUST).(I)

History[edit]

Prior to 1913, all naval activities and forces in Australian waters were controlled by the British Royal Navy. In 1859, Australia Station was established as a separate command of the Royal Navy, responsible for all the waters around the Australian continent, in addition to the British and Australian colonial possessions in the South Pacific. It was at this stage that the forerunner of Commander Australian Fleet, Officer Commanding Imperial Squadron Australian Station, was created. Between the Federation of Australia and formation of the Commonwealth Naval Forces in 1901 to the year of 1913, the Royal Navy began a process of transferring all command responsibility in Australian waters over to the Australian Government, as well as replacing equipment and personnel with Australian variants. The Commonwealth Naval Forces were renamed to Royal Australian Navy in 1911. With the transfer complete in 1913, the position of Rear Admiral Commanding HM Australian Fleet was formed, with control over all naval combat operations and forces; the post was renamed Rear Admiral Commanding HM Australian Squadron in 1926. Despite this position being a command of the RAN, the majority of occupants were Royal Navy officers attached to, or on loan to, the RAN.[1][2]

In 1949, Rear Admiral Commanding HM Australian Squadron was redesignated Flag Officer Commanding HM Australian Fleet. This was followed by a renaming to Maritime Commander Australia in 1988, and more recently to Commander Australian Fleet in 2007.[1][3] Throughout its existence, the command has administered Australian naval forces as they have been deployed for duty in the First World War, Second World War, Malayan Emergency, Korean War, Indonesian Confrontation, Vietnam War, Gulf War, War in Afghanistan and Iraq War, in addition to peacekeeping operations. The rank associated with this position today is rear admiral, however some of the earlier appointees held a different rank.[1][2]

During the East Timor operations of 1999–2000, the then Maritime Commander Australia held the Task force designator Commander Task Force 627, which is probably still in use.[4]

Role and responsibilities[edit]

The role and responsibilities of the Commander Australian Fleet is principally to "plan, prepare for, and conduct maritime operations for the protection and promotion of Australia's security and interests". With this directive, the operations carried out or planned by the Commander Australian Fleet or his staff fall into three distinct categories: defence of sovereign territory, protection of overseas trade and offshore resources, and contingencies.[5]

The Commander Australian Fleet holds full command responsibility over RAN combat forces, and is responsible to the Chief of Navy—the administrative head of the RAN—for the execution of maritime tasks and training in regards to combat roles and operations. The Commander Australian Fleet additionally holds the role of Maritime Component Commander within Headquarters Joint Operations Command (HQJOC), responsible to the Chief of Joint Operations (CJOPS) as the head of naval activities within operational theatres.[5][6]

The rear admiral's seagoing subordinate is Commodore, Warfare, previously Commodore, Flotillas (COMFLOT).[7] This commodore is the designated ready task group commander.

Previous commanders[edit]

The following list chronologically records those who have held the post of Commander Australian Fleet or its preceding positions. However, the position of Officers Commanding Imperial Squadron Australian Station (1859–1913) is not included in this list as it was administered as a command of the Royal Navy, and existed before the formation of the Royal Australian Navy. The official title of the commander at that period of time is listed immediately before the officers who held that role. The rank and honours are as at the completion of the commander's term.[1][8][9]

Rank Name Postnominals Service Term began Term ended
Rear Admiral Commanding HM Australian Fleet
Vice Admiral Patey, Sir GeorgeSir George Patey KCMGKCVO RN 23 June 1913 22 September 1916
Rear Admiral Pakenham, Sir WilliamSir William Pakenham KCBMVO RN 23 September 1916 9 January 1917
Rear Admiral Leveson, ArthurArthur Leveson CB RN 9 January 1917 3 September 1918
Rear Admiral Halsey, Sir LionelSir Lionel Halsey KCMGCB RN 4 September 1918 21 March 1919
Rear Admiral Dumaresq, JohnJohn Dumaresq CBCVO RN 22 March 1919 29 April 1922
Rear Admiral Addison, AlbertAlbert Addison CMG RN 30 April 1922 30 April 1924
Commodore Wardle, ThomasThomas Wardle DSO RN 30 April 1924 30 April 1926
Rear Admiral Commanding HM Australian Squadron
Rear Admiral Hyde, GeorgeGeorge Hyde CVOCBE RAN 30 April 1926 17 May 1929
Rear Admiral Evans, EdwardEdward Evans CBDSO RN 17 May 1929 29 May 1931
Commodore Holbrook, LeonardLeonard Holbrook MVO RN 29 May 1931 7 April 1932
Rear Admiral Dalglish, RobinRobin Dalglish CB RN 7 April 1932 19 April 1934
Rear Admiral Ford, WilbrahamWilbraham Ford CB RN 19 April 1934 20 April 1936
Rear Admiral Lane-Poole, RichardRichard Lane-Poole CBOBE RN 20 April 1936 21 April 1938
Rear Admiral Custance, WilfredWilfred Custance CB RN 22 April 1938 2 September 1939
Commodore Patterson, WilfridWilfrid Patterson CVO RN 2 September 1939 1 November 1939
Rear Admiral Crace, JohnJohn Crace CB RN 1 November 1939 13 June 1942
Rear Admiral Crutchley, VictorVictor Crutchley VCDSC RN 13 June 1942 13 June 1944
Commodore Collins, JohnJohn Collins CB RAN 13 June 1944 27 October 1944
Captain Nichols, CharlesCharles Nichols MVO RN 27 October 1944 9 December 1944
Commodore Farncomb, HaroldHarold Farncomb CBDSOMVO RAN 9 December 1944 22 July 1945
Commodore Collins, JohnJohn Collins CB RAN 22 July 1945 9 November 1946
Rear Admiral Farncomb, HaroldHarold Farncomb CBDSOMVO RAN 9 November 1946 5 October 1949
Flag Officer Commanding HM Australian Fleet (FOCAF)
Rear Admiral Eccles, JohnJohn Eccles CBCBE RN 5 October 1949 10 October 1951
Rear Admiral Eaton, JohnJohn Eaton CBDSODSC RN 10 October 1951 17 December 1953
Rear Admiral Dowling, RoyRoy Dowling CBEDSO RAN 17 December 1953 23 February 1955
Rear Admiral Burrell, HenryHenry Burrell CBE RAN 28 February 1955 7 June 1956
Rear Admiral Harries, DavidDavid Harries CBE RAN 7 June 1956 7 January 1958
Rear Admiral Burrell, HenryHenry Burrell CBCBE RAN 7 January 1958 20 January 1959
Rear Admiral Gatacre, GalfreyGalfrey Gatacre DSODSC & Bar RAN 20 January 1959 22 December 1959
Rear Admiral Harrington, HastingsHastings Harrington CBCBEDSO RAN 22 December 1959 8 January 1962
Rear Admiral McNicoll, AlanAlan McNicoll CBEGM RAN 8 January 1962 6 January 1964
Rear Admiral Becher, OttoOtto Becher CBEDSODSC & Bar RAN 6 January 1964 10 January 1965
Rear Admiral Morrison, ThomasThomas Morrison CBEDSC RAN 10 January 1965 29 January 1966
Rear Admiral Smith, VictorVictor Smith CBEDSC RAN 29 January 1966 20 January 1967
Rear Admiral Peek, RichardRichard Peek OBEDSC RAN 20 January 1967 18 March 1968
Rear Admiral Crabb, GordonGordon Crabb CBEDSC RAN 18 March 1968 6 January 1970
Rear Admiral Stevenson, DavidDavid Stevenson CBE RAN 6 January 1970 14 April 1971
Rear Admiral Dovers, WilliamWilliam Dovers CBEDSC RAN 14 April 1971 24 January 1972
Rear Admiral Stevenson, DavidDavid Stevenson CBE RAN 24 January 1972 1 April 1972
Rear Admiral Dovers, WilliamWilliam Dovers CBEDSC RAN 1 April 1972 23 January 1973
Rear Admiral Synnot, AnthonyAnthony Synnot CBE RAN 23 January 1973 4 February 1974
Rear Admiral Wells, DavidDavid Wells CBE RAN 4 February 1974 17 November 1975
Rear Admiral Gladstone, GeoffreyGeoffrey Gladstone AODSC & Bar RAN 17 November 1975 16 April 1977
Rear Admiral McDonald, NeilNeil McDonald AO RAN 16 April 1977 8 May 1978
Rear Admiral Willis, JamesJames Willis AO RAN 8 May 1978 12 April 1979
Rear Admiral Leach, DavidDavid Leach CBELVO RAN 12 April 1979 16 May 1980
Rear Admiral Doyle, PeterPeter Doyle AOOBE RAN 16 May 1980 1 June 1981
Rear Admiral Stevens, JohnJohn Stevens RAN 1 June 1981 16 March 1982
Rear Admiral Hudson, MichaelMichael Hudson RAN 15 March 1982 21 October 1983
Rear Admiral Woolrych, GeoffreyGeoffrey Woolrych AO RAN 21 October 1983 3 May 1985
Rear Admiral Knox, IanIan Knox AO RAN 3 May 1985 6 January 1987
Rear Admiral Sinclair, PeterPeter Sinclair AO RAN 6 January 1987 2 September 1988
Maritime Commander Australia (MCAUST)
Rear Admiral Sinclair, PeterPeter Sinclair AO RAN 2 September 1988 6 January 1989
Rear Admiral MacDougall, IanIan MacDougall RAN 6 January 1989 9 July 1990
Rear Admiral Doolan, KenKen Doolan AO RAN 9 July 1990 7 November 1991
Rear Admiral Walls, RobertRobert Walls AO RAN 7 November 1991 9 December 1993
Rear Admiral Chalmers, DonaldDonald Chalmers AO RAN 7 December 1993 13 April 1995
Rear Admiral Oxenbould, ChrisChris Oxenbould AO RAN 14 April 1995 11 February 1997
Rear Admiral Ritchie, ChrisChris Ritchie AM RAN 11 February 1997 17 May 1999
Rear Admiral Lord, JohnJohn Lord AM RAN 18 May 1999 12 July 2000
Rear Admiral Smith, GeoffreyGeoffrey Smith AM RAN 12 July 2000 20 July 2002
Rear Admiral Gates, RaydonRaydon Gates CSM RAN 20 July 2002 28 June 2004
Rear Admiral Moffitt, RowanRowan Moffitt AM RAN 28 June 2004 4 July 2005
Rear Admiral Thomas, DavydDavyd Thomas AMCSC RAN 4 July 2005 1 February 2007
Commander Australian Fleet (COMAUSFLT)
Rear Admiral Thomas, DavydDavyd Thomas AMCSC RAN 1 February 2007 July 2007
Rear Admiral Coates, NigelNigel Coates AM RAN July 2007 8 October 2009
Rear Admiral Gilmore, SteveSteve Gilmore AMCSC RAN 8 October 2009 21 December 2011
Rear Admiral Barrett, TimTim Barrett AOCSC RAN 22 December 2011 12 June 2014
Rear Admiral Mayer, StuartStuart Mayer CSC & Bar RAN 12 June 2014 Incumbent

Footnotes[edit]

^(I) "HM" (His/Her Majesty's) is not always included when referring to these titles.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Gilbert, Gregory P. (2006). Australian Naval Personalities: Lives From the Australian Dictionary of Biography (PDF). Canberra, Australia: Sea Power Centre. ISBN 0-642-29636-7. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "The RAN — A Brief History". History. Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  3. ^ "Top Stories — Fleet Command now launched". Navy News. Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  4. ^ David Stevens, STRENGTH THROUGH DIVERSITY: THE COMBINED NAVAL ROLE IN OPERATION STABILISE, Sea Power Centre – Australia Working Paper No. 20
  5. ^ a b "Fleet Headquarters". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  6. ^ "Headquarters Joint Operations Command Project — Purpose". Headquarters Joint Operations Command Project. Department of Defence. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  7. ^ Navy News, 28 November.
  8. ^ "Rear Admiral Nigel Coates". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 18 October 2009. 
  9. ^ "Rear Admiral Steve Gilmore". Defence Leaders: Navy. Department of Defence. Retrieved 18 October 2009.