Downtown Commerce, looking eastward down Main Street
Location of Commerce, Oklahoma
|City||March 5, 1918|
|Named for||Commerce Mining and Royalty Company|
|• Mayor||Michael Hart|
|• Council Members||Sharon Tompkins, Lena Enochs, Sandra Ross, and Jim Long|
|• Total||0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)|
|• Land||0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||810 ft (247 m)|
|• Density||3,232.2/sq mi (1,248.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1091596|
Commerce is a city in Ottawa County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 2,473 at the 2010 census, down 6.5 percent from 2,645 at the 2000 census. and dipping below the 2,555 residents it had had in 1920.
What became Commerce was land that was part of the Quapaw Indian Agency, allocated in the late 1830s. The Quapaw had moved to the area after having historically resided on the west side of the Mississippi River, in what later entered the union as the state of Arkansas.
U.S. immigrants arrived in the form of a mining camp, known as Hattonville, named after Amos Hatton, who in 1906 had developed the Emma Gordon zinc and lead mine that had attracted the immigrants. Starting in 1908, the Oklahoma, Kansas and Missouri Inter-Urban Railway built a line from Miami to Commerce to serve the mining industry; in a series of steps the line was later acquired by the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway. In 1913, the post office serving the residents was called North Miami, though by June 1914 the post office took the present-day city's name, which came from the Commerce Mining and Royalty Company (CMRC), which had bought the mining camp.
Commerce was the site of two notable events in the mid-1930s. In April 1934, Bonnie and Clyde and their associate Henry Methvin killed William C. Campbell, a Commerce police officer, and briefly kidnapped Percy Boyd. the police chief. By May, Bonnie and Clyde would both be dead. In 1935, in an event that would later become notable in retrospect, Mickey Mantle's father would move his family to Commerce, to work as a miner; Mantle would later be nicknamed "The Commerce Comet."
Most mines closed by 1960, with residents turning to occupations such as farming and ranching,
Commerce is located at , five miles (8.0 km) north of Miami on U.S. Route 69, which was once part of historic U.S. Route 66. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all of it land.(36.933529, -94.871371)
As of the census of 2000,[dated info] there were 2,645 people, 968 households, and 693 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,232.2 people per square mile (1,245.4/km²). There were 1,079 housing units at an average density of 1,318.5 per square mile (508.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.05% White, 13.35% Native American, 0.64% African American, 0.19% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 11.68% from other races, and 5.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.53% of the population.
There were 968 households out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.18.
In the city the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,982, and the median income for a family was $30,547. Males had a median income of $25,104 versus $18,466 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,734. About 14.7% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.8% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.
Commerce has been home to several professional athletes, most notably Mickey Mantle, a Hall of Fame professional baseball player. Others include:
- Orien Crow, professional football player
- Doug Furnas, World Class Powerlifter and professional wrestler
- Bob Seymour, professional football player
- Bo Wininger, professional golfer
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Commerce, Oklahoma.|
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- CensusViewer: Population of the City of Commerce, Oklahoma.
- Commerce at the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Retrieved on 2013-04-18.
- "New York 500 Home Run Club Mickey Mantle - Yankees". ESPN New York. ESPN.com. June 2, 2010. Retrieved 2013-04-18.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.