Commerce, Oklahoma

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Commerce, Oklahoma
City
Downtown Commerce, looking eastward down Main Street
Downtown Commerce, looking eastward down Main Street
Location of Commerce, Oklahoma
Location of Commerce, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°56′1″N 94°52′17″W / 36.93361°N 94.87139°W / 36.93361; -94.87139Coordinates: 36°56′1″N 94°52′17″W / 36.93361°N 94.87139°W / 36.93361; -94.87139
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Ottawa
City March 5, 1918
Named for Commerce Mining and Royalty Company
Government
 • Mayor Michael Hart[citation needed]
 • Council Members Sharon Tompkins, Lena Enochs, Sandra Ross, and Jim Long[citation needed]
Area
 • Total 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
 • Land 0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 810 ft (247 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,473
 • Density 3,232.2/sq mi (1,248.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 74339
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-16500[1]
GNIS feature ID 1091596[2]
Website commerceokla.com

Commerce is a city in Ottawa County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 2,473 at the 2010 census, down 6.5 percent from 2,645 at the 2000 census.[3] and dipping below the 2,555 residents it had had in 1920.[4]

History[edit]

Okterritory.png

What became Commerce was land that was part of the Quapaw Indian Agency,[4] allocated in the late 1830s. The Quapaw had moved to the area after residing on the west side of the Mississippi River in what later entered the union as the state of Arkansas.

Immigrants arrived and formed a mining camp named Hattonville after Amos Hatton. In 1906, Hatton developed the Emma Gordon zinc and lead mine that had attracted the immigrants.[4] Starting in 1908, the Oklahoma, Kansas and Missouri Inter-Urban Railway built a line from Miami to Commerce to serve the mining industry.[4] In a series of steps the line was later acquired by the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway. In 1913, the residents called the local post office North Miami, though by June 1914 the post office took the present-day city's name that came from the Commerce Mining and Royalty Company, which had bought the mining camp.[4]

In 1914, the mining company platted the town; a mayor–council government formed two years later.[4] By the 1920 census, Commerce had a population of 2,555.

Commerce was the site of two notable events in the mid-1930s. In April 1934, Bonnie and Clyde and their associate Henry Methvin killed Commerce Constable William C. Campbell and kidnapped police chief Percy Boyd.[4] By May, Bonnie and Clyde would both be dead. In 1935, in an event that would later become notable in retrospect, Mickey Mantle's father would move his family to Commerce, to work as a miner.[5] Mantle would later be nicknamed "The Commerce Comet."

Most mines closed by 1960, with residents turning to occupations such as farming and ranching,[4]

Geography[edit]

Commerce is located at 36°56′1″N 94°52′17″W / 36.93361°N 94.87139°W / 36.93361; -94.87139 (36.933529, -94.871371),[6] five miles (8.0 km) north of Miami on U.S. Route 69, which was once part of historic U.S. Route 66.[4] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
2000 2,645
2010 2,472 −6.5%
Est. 2012 2,500 1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[1] of 2000,[dated info] there were 2,645 people, 968 households, and 693 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,232.2 people per square mile (1,245.4/km²). There were 1,079 housing units at an average density of 1,318.5 per square mile (508.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.05% White, 13.35% Native American, 0.64% African American, 0.19% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 11.68% from other races, and 5.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.53% of the population.

There were 968 households out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,982, and the median income for a family was $30,547. Males had a median income of $25,104 versus $18,466 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,734. About 14.7% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.8% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Commerce has been home to several professional athletes, most notably Mickey Mantle, a Hall of Fame professional baseball player. Others include:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ CensusViewer: Population of the City of Commerce, Oklahoma
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Commerce" Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Retrieved on 2013-04-18.
  5. ^ "New York 500 Home Run Club Mickey Mantle - Yankees". ESPN New York. ESPN.com. June 2, 2010. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 

External links[edit]