Commercial Advertiser

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The New-York Commercial Advertiser was an evening American newspaper. It was published, with slight name variations, from 1797-1904, though it originated as the American Minerva founded in 1793.[1]

History[edit]

The paper had its origins in the American Minerva, founded in 1793 by Noah Webster. Its first edition was published on December 9, 1793.[2] It went through a few name changes in its first few years before settling on the Commercial Advertiser in September 1797. Webster's involvement with the paper ended in 1803,[3] and Zachariah Lewis replaced him as publisher.[4] Under Webster and Lewis, the paper generally was a supporter of the Federalists.[5]

Lewis retired in 1820 and the paper taken over by William Leete Stone, Sr. and Francis Hall.[4][6] In 1831, Stone was physically attacked by William Cullen Bryant, editor of the rival New York Evening Post with whom he had had a few disputes.[7] Stone remained at the paper until his death in 1844.[8] In 1840, Stone was sued in one of the libel lawsuits brought by author James Fenimore Cooper.[9]

John B. Hall purchased Stone's stake in the paper. Francis Hall served as editor from 1844 until he retired in 1863, and William L. Hurlbut became editor from 1863-67.[10] Thurlow Weed then became editor briefly, followed by Hugh Hastings by 1868.[11][12] In 1886, Parke Godwin purchased the paper from the estate of Hastings.[13]

John A. Cockerill, former editor of the New York World, took over as editor of the paper in 1891, where he lasted three years.[14][15] H.J. Wright took over as editor in 1897, replacing Foster Coates.[16][17][18]

A semi-weekly paper called the New-York Spectator, intended for subscribers outside of the city, was also published by the paper for many years.[12]

Rebranding as The Globe[edit]

On February 1, 1904, the Commercial Advertiser was revamped and renamed The Globe and Commercial Advertiser.[19] and generally known as The New York Globe from that point forwards. In 1923, newspaper owner and consolidator Frank Munsey bought the Globe.[20][21] Munsey merged the Globe into the New York Sun, thus ending what Time magazine described at the time as the "oldest daily newspaper in the United States".[22]

Chronology of names[edit]

  • American Minerva, Patroness of Peace, Commerce and the Liberal Arts
  • March 1794: American Minerva and the New-York (Evening) Advertiser
  • May 1795: American Minerva: An Evening Advertiser
  • April 1796: Minerva & Mercantile Evening Advertiser
  • September 1797: Commercial Advertiser[3]
  • January 1804: New-York Commercial Advertiser
  • October 1809: Commercial Advertiser
  • January 1831: New-York Commercial Advertiser[23]
  • September 1889: The Commercial Advertiser
  • December 1892: New York Commercial Advertiser
  • June 1895: The Commercial Advertiser
  • February 1904: The Globe and Commercial Adverstiser

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Commercial Advertiser, Chronicling America, Retrieved November 19, 2010
  2. ^ Snyder, K. Alan. Defining Noah Webster: a spiritual biography (2002)
  3. ^ a b Daniel, Marcus Leonard. Scandal & civility: journalism and the birth of American democracy, p. 339 (2009)
  4. ^ a b Brigham, Clarence S. Bibliography of American Newspapers: 1690-1820, Part VII: New York City, American Antiquarian Society, p. 392-95 (October 1917)
  5. ^ Wilson, James Grant. The memorial history of the City of New-York, p.142-43 (1893)
  6. ^ Hall, H.M. New York Newspapers Long Ago, The New York Times
  7. ^ Muller, Gilbert H. William Cullen Bryant: author of America, p. 93-95 (2008) (ISBN 978-0791474679)
  8. ^ Cyclopædia of American literature, Volume 2, p. 150-51 (1856)
  9. ^ Biographical sketches of preeminent Americans, Volume 2 (1892)
  10. ^ The Letters of William Lloyd Garrison, p. 27 (1975)
  11. ^ (15 September 1883). Obituary: Hugh J. Hastings, The American Bookseller
  12. ^ a b Hudson, Frederic. Journalism in the United States from 1690 to 1872, p. 192-94 (1873)
  13. ^ (30 May 1886). Commercial Advertiser Stock, The New York Times
  14. ^ Cockerill, Overland Monthly, p. 626 (June 1987)
  15. ^ Brian, Dennis. Pulitzer: A Life, p. 159 (2001)
  16. ^ Wright, Henry John (1866- ), Universities and Their Sons: New York University, Vol. II (1903)
  17. ^ (2 May 1897). Editor Coates Resigns, The New York Times
  18. ^ (7 August 1892). Newspaper Politics, Newark Sunday Call
  19. ^ (2 February 1904) Editorial, The New York Times, Retrieved November 19, 2010
  20. ^ (27 May 1923). FRANK A. MUNSEY BUYS N. Y. GLOBE, FOUNDED IN 1793, Chicago Tribune, Retrieved November 19, 2010
  21. ^ (4 June 1923). The Press: Mr. Munsey Buys, Time (magazine), Retrieved November 19, 2010
  22. ^ (11 June 1923). The Press: The Great Consolidator, Time (magazine), Retrieved November 19, 2010
  23. ^ About New-York commercial advertiser, Chronicling America (Library of Congress), Retrieved July 8, 2011