Commiphora gileadensis

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Commiphora gileadensis
Balsamodendron ehrenbergianum00.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Burseraceae
Genus: Commiphora
Species: C. gileadensis
Binomial name
Commiphora gileadensis
(L.) C.Chr
  • Amyris gileadensis L.
  • Amyris opobalsamum L.
  • Balsamea gileadensis (L.) Oken
  • Balsamea meccanensis Gled.
  • Balsamea opobalsamum Baill.
  • Balsamodendrum ehrenbergianum O.Berg
  • Balsamodendrum gileadense (L.) Kunth ex DC.
  • Balsamodendrum opobalsamum (L.) Kunth ex DC.
  • Balsamus libanotus Stackh.
  • Balsamus meccanensis Stackh.
  • Balsamus theophrasti Stackh.
  • Commiphora opobalsamum (L.) Engl.

Commiphora gileadensis, also known as balm of Gilead,[2] and Mecca myrrh,[2] is a shrub species in the genus Commiphora growing in Saudi Arabia, Yemen, southern Oman, and in southeast Egypt where it was possibly originally introduced.[3]

The plant was renowned for the expensive perfume that was produced from it, as well as for exceptional medicinal properties that were attributed to its sap, wood, bark, and seeds.[4]


  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  3. ^ Ville de Geneve - CJB - Base de données des plantes d'Afrique (French)
  4. ^ David Iluz, Miri Hoffman, Nechama Gilboa-Garber, and Zohar Amar (2010). "Medicinal properties of Commiphora gileadensis" (pdf). African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 4 (8). pp. 516–520. Retrieved 2014-06-07. 

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