Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives

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Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission
Commissariat à l'énergie atomique
et aux énergies alternatives
CEA logotype2012.png
Agency overview
Formed October 18, 1945
Preceding Agency Commissariat à l'énergie atomique
Headquarters Paris and Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Employees 15,989 (2010)[1]
Annual budget 4.7 billion € (2009)
Agency executives Bernard Bigot, General administrator
Yves Bréchet, High Commissioner for Atomic Energy
Website www.cea.fr (in English)
Former logo of CEA

The Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (English: Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission) or CEA, is a French “public establishment related to industrial and commercial activities” whose mission is to develop all applications of nuclear power, both civilian and military. CEA is headed by a board headed by the general administrator (currently Bernard Bigot), advised by the high-commissioner for atomic energy (currently Yves Bréchet). The missions of the CEA are equivalent to those of the United States Department of Energy. Its yearly budget amounts to 4.7 billion euros and its permanent staff is slightly under 16,000 persons.[1] It owns Areva.

CEA was created in 1945; since then, the successive high-commissioners have been Frédéric Joliot-Curie, Francis Perrin, Jacques Yvon, Jean Teillac, Raoul Dautry, René Pellat, Bernard Bigot and the incumbent.[citation needed]

It conducts fundamental and applied research into many areas, including the design of nuclear reactors, the manufacturing of integrated circuits, the use of radionucleides for curing illnesses, seismology and tsunami propagation, the safety of computerized systems, etc.

It has one of the top 100 supercomputers in the world, the Tera-100.

It is divided into 5 directions, or divisions:

  • the division of nuclear energy (DEN);
  • the division of technological research (DRT);
  • the division of life sciences (DSV);
  • the division of sciences of matter (DSM);
  • the division of military applications (DAM), which builds the nuclear weapons of the French military and designs the power plants of the nuclear submarines of the French Navy

In December 2009, French President Nicolas Sarkozy declared[2] that CEA, at this time named Commissariat à l’énergie atomique (English: Commission for Atomic Energy) should change its name to Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (English: Commission for Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies); this change took effect on March 10, 2010, when the decision was published in the French Official Journal.

Facilities[edit]

Civilian research centres[edit]

Civilian emergency organizations[edit]

Research centres for military applications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Le CEA, acteur clef de la recherche technologique" (in French). CEA. 2010. 
  2. ^ See Les Echos in French

External links[edit]