Commission on Science and Technology for Sustainable Development in the South
|Formation||4–5 October 1994|
|21 Countries from Asia, Africa and Latin America|
|Imtinan Elahi Qureshi|
The Commission on Science and Technology for Sustainable Development in the South (COMSATS) is an intergovernmental organization based in Islamabad, Pakistan. The commission, founded in 1994 by Dr. Abdus Salam, aims to achieve sustainable development in developing countries through the use of science and technology. COMSATS has 21 member countries in three continents. Nineteen S&T/R&D institutions of developing countries are affiliated with COMSATS as its Network of International S&T Centres of Excellence for Sustainable Development in the South.
The organization was conceived by the Nobel laureate Abdus Salam, as the Third World Academy of Sciences on the 4–5 October 1994. During that time, representatives from 36 countries met in Islamabad to discuss the establishment of COMSATS. Attendees of the meeting included various ministers, diplomats from Islamabad, and delegates from other organizations, such as UNESCO and the World Bank. The inaugural holder of the office of executive director was Dr. Hameed Ahmed Khan.
In 1996, Global One (an international collaboration between France Telecom, Sprint Nextel, and Deutsche Telekom) announced a contract with COMSATS to provide Internet access across Pakistan, and the commission now operates COMSATS Internet Services (CIS), an Internet service provider. In fall 1999, the organization began offering Internet access to residents of Gilgit. In 2005, a telehealth project initiated by COMSATS went into effect, hoping to increase access to health education in northern Pakistan. The program was aided by the Baltistan Health and Education Foundation as well as Canada's International Development Research Centre.
In October 2010, during the fifth Islamic Conference of Ministers of Higher Education and Scientific Research, COMSATS extended the possibility of membership to 43 additional Muslim nations.
- Wootton, Patil & Ho 2009, p. 242
- "Health professionals’ network to be formed for tele-health promotion". Daily Times (Media Times Ltd.). 22 August 2007. Retrieved 22 November 2010.
- Polishuk 1996, p. 3
- Wootton, Patil & Ho 2009, p. 244
- Cook 2007, p. 185
- Wootton, Patil & Ho 2009, p. 243
- "COMSATS offers membership to Muslim countries". Associated Press of Pakistan (Associated Press of Pakistan). 20 October 2010. Retrieved 22 November 2010.
- Cook, Nancy (2007). Gender, Identity, and Imperialism: Women Development Workers in Pakistan. Macmillan Publishers. ISBN 978-1-4039-7991-9.
- Polishuk, Paul, ed. (December 1996). "Global One Technology Brings New Capabilities to Emerging Nations". Russian Telecom Newsletter (Information Gatekeepers, Inc.) 3 (12). ISSN 1080-2169.
- Wootton, Richard; Patil, Nivritti G.; Ho, Kendall (2009). Telehealth in the Developing World. International Development Research Centre. ISBN 978-1-85315-784-4.