Committee on Human Rights in the USSR

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The Committee on Human Rights in the USSR was founded in 1970 by Andrei Sakharov together with Andrei Tverdokhlebov and Valery Chalidze.[1] Andrei Sakharov was an eminent Soviet nuclear physicist who had publicly opposed the Soviet plans for atmospheric nuclear tests. In 1968, Sakharov had published "Progress, Coexistence and Intellectual Freedom," a plea for nuclear disarmament. As a result his professorship was revoked by Soviet authorities. He became a spokesman for the human rights in the Soviet Union.

The Committee opposed secret trials, capital punishment, and punitive psychiatry.[2]

Other prominent members of the committee included Aleksander Solzhenitsyn,[1] Yelena Bonner, Igor Shafarevich,[3] Pavel Litvinov [1]

The Committee formally sought for the membership of International League for Human Rights and in June 1971 the League adopted the Committee. It was the first time in history a Western Non Governmental Organization had linked itself with one in the Soviet Union.[1]


See also[edit]