Commodore Cruise Line

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Commodore Cruise Line
Industry Cruise line
Fate Bankrupt
Founded 1966
Defunct 2001
Headquarters Hollywood, Florida, USA
Key people Sanford Chobol, Edwin Stephan
Parent 1981—1990: Rederi Ab Sally
1990—1995: EffJohn
1995—2001: JeMJ Financial Services
Subsidiaries 1999—2001: Crown Cruise Line
Website Commodorecruise.com

Commodore Cruise Line was a United States -based cruise line that was in operation from 1968 until 2001. It was founded in 1966 by Sanford Chobol and Edwin Stephan. Following multiple changes in ownership, the company declared bankruptcy in 2001 due to rising fuel costs and increased competition from other cruise lines.[1][2][3] It had its headquarters in Hollywood, Florida.[4]

History[edit]

1966—1981[edit]

Commodore Cruise Line was founded in 1966—the same year that Norwegian Caribbean Line begun operations—by Sanford Chobol and Edwin Stephan.[1][2] Chobol, a Florida hotelier, had previously operated the Brazilian ocean liner Princess Leopoldina on a series of cruises out of Florida in 1962.[2] In order to operate a ship that could successfully compete against NCL's MS Sunward, Commodore reached an agreement with the Sweden-based Wallenius Lines, who acquired the build contract of a half-complete ferry under construction at Wärtsilä Turku Shipyard in Finland. The ship in question had been ordered by the Sweden-based Lion Ferry as a combined ferry/cruise ship, but Lion Ferry had subsequently cancelled the order. Wallenius Lines named the incomplete ship MS Bohème and had her completed as cruise ship.[5] Following delivery the Bohème was chartered to Commodore,[2] and she set on her first cruise from Miami to Saint Thomas on 7 December 1968. With the Bohème Commodore Cruise Line became the first company to operate week-long cruises out of Florida around the year.[5]

By 1973 Lion Ferry and Fred. Olsen had acquired interests in Commodore. As a result, Lion Ferry's MS Bolero joined the Bohème in Commodore fleet for the northern hemisphere winter seasons 1973—1976 (the Bolero spent summers in USACanada ferry service for Lion Ferry).[2][6] In 1976 the Bolero was replaced by another ferry, MS Caribe, that was also used by Commodore during the winters and USA—Canada ferry service during the summers. Like the Bohème, the Caribe was registered in West Germany during her service with Commodore.[2]

1981—1995[edit]

In 1981 Commodore Cruise Line was acquired by the Finland-based Rederi Ab Sally, who also acquired the Bohème from Wallenius Lines.[2][5] As a result of the change of ownership the Bohème was re-registered to Panama.[5] During the same year Sally acquired two ships for conversion into service with Commodore.[2][7] The first, Karageorgis Lines' MS Navarino, had recently been damaged in a grounding. However, during rebuilding she suffered a fire, followed by capsizing of the drydock, which left the ship so badly damaged that Sally decided to abandon their plans for the ship.[7] The second acquisition, the former Greek Line ship SS Olympia, was rebuilt with diesel engines and entered service for Commodore in 1983 as MS Caribe I.[2] Following the Caribe I's entry into service the Bohème was also rebuilt, re-entering service in 1984. However, in 1986 the Bohème was sold to the Church of Scientology, and Commodore reverted to operating just one ship.[2][5]

By the mid-80s Rederi Ab Sally was in financial difficulties, and in 1987 the company was sold to its main competitors Effoa and Johnson Line, based in Finland and Sweden, respectively. Two years later the passenger operations of Sally, Effoa and Johnson were merged into EffJohn.[8] In 1990 EffJohn decided to merge the operations of Bermuda Star Line into Commodore Cruise Line, bringing Bermuda Star Line's SS Bermuda Star and SS Queen of Bermuda to the Commodore fleet under the names SS Enchanted Isle and SS Enchanted Seas, respectively. Promotional material from 1991 advertised the addition of two further ships in 1992/1993, but these did not materialise. Instead the Caribe I was sold to Regal Cruise Line in 1993.[2] In 1994 the Enchanted Isle became a floating hotel in Saint Petersburg, Russia, returning to the Commodore fleet the following year.[9]

1995—2001[edit]

By the mid-90s EffJohn in turn was in financial difficulties, and decided to concentrate on its core market in the Baltic Sea.[10] As a result Commodore Cruise Line was sold in 1995 to the New York -based JeMJ Financial Services. The new owners continued operations with the Enchanted Isle and Enchanted Seas until 1996, when the Enchanted Seas was sold to World Explorer Lines.[11] In 1998 MS Island Holiday was chartered from a Ukrainian company and renamed MS Enchanted Capri.[2][12] Both the Enchanted Capri and Enchanted Isle were based in New Orleans at the time. In 1999 the Commodore fleet grew again to three ships for the first time with the acquisition of MS Enchanted Sun.[2]

In 1999 Commodore reactivated the Crown Cruise Line brand (which had also been previously owned by EffJohn but ceased operations in 1997) as a more upscale brand.[1][2] During the following years Commodore was facing harsh competition from larger cruise lines that were beginning to push down their prices. As a result Commodore filed for bankruptcy in January 2001.[3]

Ships[edit]

Ship Built In service
for Commodore
Tonnage Status as of 2008
MS Bohème 1968 1968—1986 10,328 GRT Since 1986 MS Freewinds for the Church of Scientology
MS Bolero 1973 1973—1976 (winters only) 11,344 GRT Since 2004 laid up as MS Mirage I
MS Caribe 1968 1976—1981 (winters only) 10,448 GRT Since 1994 MS Discovery Sun for Discovery Cruise Line
MS Navarino 1957 Never entered service 17,392 GRT Sunk 2001 as MS Sea
MS Caribe I 1953 1983—1993 22,979 GRT Scrapped 2009
SS Enchanted Isle 1958 1990—1994, 1995—2001 23,395 GRT Scrapped 2003
SS Enchanted Seas 1958 1990—1996 23,500 GRT Scrapped 2004
MS Enchanted Capri 1975 1998—2001 16,331 GRT Since 2003 used as an hotel ship for Demar Instaladora y Constructora
MS Enchanted Sun 1974 1999—2001 7,764 GRT Since 2006 MS Casino Royale for Royale Prime Co

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ward, Douglas (2006). Complete Guide to Cruising & Cruise Ships. Singapore: Berlitz. pp. 26–29. ISBN 981-246-739-4. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Boyle, Ian. "Commodore Cruise Line". Simplon Postcards. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  3. ^ a b Motter, Paul (2006-09-15). "Budget Cruising: a Short History". Cruise Mates. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  4. ^ "Commodore Holdings Ltd · 10-K · For 9/30/98 · EX-10.V." Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved on January 15, 2010.
  5. ^ a b c d e "M/S Bohème Cruise Ship Chronicles". Fakta om Fartyg. Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  6. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Bolero (1973)". Fakta om Fartyg (in in Swedish). Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  7. ^ a b Othfors, Daniel. "Gripsholm (II)/Navarino/Regent Sea". The Great Ocean Liners. Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  8. ^ Koski, Sami. "Valkeat kaunottaret saapuvat". Valkeat Laiva (in Finnish). Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  9. ^ Miller, William H. Jr. (1995). The Pictorial Encyclopedia of Ocean Liners, 1860-1994. Mineola: Dover Publications. p. 8. ISBN 0-486-28137-X. 
  10. ^ Malmberg, Thure; Stampehl, Marko (2007). Siljan viisi vuosikymmentä (in Finnish). Espoo: Frenckellin Kirjapaino Oy. p. 165. ISBN 978-951-98405-7-4. 
  11. ^ Boyle, Ian. "Brasil". Simplon Postcards. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  12. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Azerbaihzan (1975)". Fakta om Fartyg (in in Swedish). Retrieved 2008-04-18. 

External links[edit]