The CLR converts CIL (Common Intermediate Language) to native code.
Common Language Runtime ( CLR) is the virtual machine component of Microsoft's .NET framework and is responsible for managing the execution of .NET programs. In a process known as just-in-time compilation, the compiled code is converted into machine instructions that, in turn, are executed by the computer's CPU. The CLR provides additional services including [1 ] memory management, type safety and exception handling. All programs written for the .NET framework, regardless of programming language, are executed by the CLR. It provides exception handling, garbage collection and thread management. CLR is common to all versions of the .NET framework.
The CLR is Microsoft's implementation of the
Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) standard, initially developed by Microsoft itself. It is now defined by a public standard, the ECMA Common Language Infrastructure specification. [2 ]
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^ Common Language Runtime (CLR), , 13:31, 14 November, 2013
^ ECMA C# and Common Language Infrastructure Standards, , 13:31, 14 November, 2013