Commonwealth Oil Refineries

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Commonwealth Oil Refineries (COR) was an Australian oil company that operated between 1920 and 1952 as a joint venture of the Australian government and the Anglo-Persian Oil Company. The partnership was established in 1920 on the initiative of prime minister Billy Hughes.[1] In 1924 it opened Australia's first oil refinery near Laverton, Victoria, north of the Melbourne - Geelong railway, adjacent to Kororoit Creek Road.[2]

In 1952, the Menzies Coalition government sold the Australian government's interest in COR to the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, which became the British Petroleum Company (BP) in 1954. Between 1952 and 1959, BP Australia branded its standard-grade petrol as COR, but then dropped the name.[3]


  1. ^ Fitzhardinge, L. F. (1983). "Hughes, William Morris (Billy) (1862 - 1952)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 14 November 2008. 
  2. ^ "A History of Altona and Laverton: Industrial Development". Altona and Laverton Historial Society. Retrieved 2013-06-13. 
  3. ^ "Commonwealth Oil Refineries Ltd (1920 - c. 1952)". Australian Science at Work. Retrieved 14 November 2008.