Communes of Chile

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A commune (Spanish: comuna, IPA: [koˈmuna]) is the smallest administrative subdivision in Chile. It may contain cities, towns, villages, hamlets as well as rural areas. In highly populated areas, such as Santiago, Valparaíso and Concepción, a conurbation may be broken into several communes. In sparsely populated areas, conversely, a commune may cover a substantial rural area together with several settled areas which could range from hamlets to towns or cities.

The term "commune" is ambiguous in English, but the word is commonly used in translation for "comuna." A comuna is actually similar to a "county" in Anglo-American usage and practice.

Each commune is governed by a directly elected body known as a municipal council (concejo municipal) consisting of a mayor (alcalde) and a group of councillors (concejales), for a period of four years. The communal civil service administration is known as the municipality (municipalidad) and is headquartered at the mayor's office (alcaldía). According to Chilean law, a single municipality may administer one or more communes, though currently, the only such case is the municipality of Cabo de Hornos, which administers the communes of Antártica and Cabo de Hornos.[1]

Chile's 346 communes are grouped into 54 provinces (provincia, pl. provincias), which are themselves grouped into 15 regions (región, pl. regiones).

List of communes by region and province[edit]

Traditionally, Chilean regions are listed in geographical order starting with the northernmost region, leaving the Santiago Metropolitan Region at the end. The following table lists all Chilean communes, providing a complete list of administrative divisions at all levels. Each commune's municipality website is given along with the area and population from the National Statistics Institute's most recent census conducted in 2002.

Region Province Commune Area
(km²)[2][3]
2002[2][3]
Population
Website[4]
Arica and Parinacota
(XV)

Arica Camarones 3,927 1,220 link
Arica 4,799 185,268 link
Parinacota Putre 5,903 1,977 link
General Lagos 2,244 1,179 link
Tarapacá
(I)
Iquique Iquique 2,835 216,419 link
Alto Hospicio 593 50,215 link
Tamarugal Pozo Almonte 13,766 10,830 link
Pica 8,934 6,178 link
Huara 10,475 2,599 link
Colchane 4,016 1,649 link
Camiña 2,200 1,275 link
Antofagasta
(II)
Antofagasta Taltal 20,405 11,100 link
Sierra Gorda 12,866 2,356 link
Mejillones 3,804 8,418 link
Antofagasta 30,718 296,905 link
El Loa San Pedro de Atacama 23,439 4,969 link
Ollagüe 2,964 318 link
Calama 15,597 138,402 link
Tocopilla Tocopilla 4,039 23,986 link
María Elena 12,197 7,530 link
Atacama
(III)
Chañaral Diego de Almagro 18,664 18,589 link
Chañaral 5,772 13,543 link
Copiapó Tierra Amarilla 11,191 12,888 link
Copiapó 16,681 129,091 link
Caldera 4,667 13,734 link
Huasco Vallenar 7,084 48,040 link
Huasco 1,601 7,945 link
Freirina 3,578 5,666 link
Alto del Carmen 5,939 4,840 link
Coquimbo
(IV)
Choapa Salamanca 3,445 24,494 link
Los Vilos 1,861 17,453 link
Illapel 2,629 30,355 link
Canela 2,197 9,379 link
Elqui Vicuña 7,610 24,010 link
Paiguano 1,495 4,168 link
La Serena 1,893 160,148 link
La Higuera 4,158 3,721 link
Coquimbo 1,429 163,036 link
Andacollo 310 10,288 link
Limarí Río Hurtado 2,117 4,771 link
Punitaqui 1,339 9,539 link
Ovalle 3,835 98,089 link
Monte Patria 4,366 30,276 link
Combarbalá 1,896 13,483 link
Valparaíso
(V)
Isla de Pascua Isla de Pascua 164 3,791 link
Los Andes San Esteban 1,362 14,400 link
Rinconada 123 6,692 link
Los Andes 1,248 60,198 link
Calle Larga 322 10,393 link
Marga Marga Villa Alemana 97 95,623 link
Quilpué 537 128,578 link
Limache 294 39,219 link
Olmué 232 14,105 link
Petorca Zapallar 288 5,659 link
Petorca 1,517 9,440 link
Papudo 166 4,608 link
La Ligua 1,163 31,987 link
Cabildo 1,455 18,916 link
Quillota Quillota 302 75,916 link
Nogales 405 21,633 link
La Cruz 78 12,851 link
La Calera 61 49,503 link
Hijuelas 267 16,014 link
San Antonio Santo Domingo 536 7,418 link
San Antonio 405 87,205 link
El Tabo 99 7,028 link
El Quisco 51 9,467 link
Cartagena 346 16,875 link
Algarrobo 176 8,601 link
San Felipe Santa María 166 12,813 link
San Felipe 186 64,126 link
Putaendo 1,474 14,649 link
Panquehue 122 6,567 link
Llaillay 349 21,644 link
Catemu 362 12,112 link
Valparaíso Viña del Mar 122 286,931 link
Valparaíso 402 275,982 link
Quintero 148 21,174 link
Puchuncaví 300 12,954 link
Concón 76 32,273 link
Juan Fernández 148 633 link
Casablanca 953 21,874 link
Metropolitana
(RM)
Chacabuco Tiltil 653 14,755 link
Lampa 452 40,228 link
Colina 971 77,815 link
Cordillera San José de Maipo 4,995 13,376 link
Puente Alto 88 492,915 link
Pirque 445 16,565 link
Maipo San Bernardo 155 246,762 link
Paine 678 50,028 link
Calera de Tango 73 18,235 link
Buin 214 63,419 link
Melipilla San Pedro 788 7,549 link
Melipilla 1,356 94,540 link
María Pinto 395 10,343 link
Curacaví 693 24,298 link
Alhué 845 4,435 link
Santiago Vitacura 28 81,499 link
Santiago 22 200,792 link
San Ramón 7 94,906 link
San Miguel 10 78,872 link
San Joaquín 10 97,625 link
Renca 24 133,518 link
Recoleta 16 148,220 link
Quinta Normal 12 104,012 link
Quilicura 58 126,518 link
Pudahuel 197 195,653 link
Providencia 14 120,874 link
Peñalolén 54 216,060 link
Pedro Aguirre Cerda 10 114,560 link
Ñuñoa 17 163,511 link
Maipú 133 468,390 link
Macul 13 112,535 link
Lo Prado 7 104,316 link
Lo Espejo 7 112,800 link
Lo Barnechea 1,024 74,749 link
Las Condes 99 249,893 link
La Reina 23 96,762 link
La Pintana 31 190,085 link
La Granja 10 132,520 link
La Florida 71 365,674 link
La Cisterna 10 85,118 link
Independencia 7 65,479 link
Huechuraba 45 74,070 link
Estación Central 14 130,394 link
El Bosque 14 175,594 link
Conchalí 71 133,256 link
Cerro Navia 11 148,312 link
Cerrillos 21 71,906 link
Talagante Talagante 126 59,805 link
Peñaflor 69 66,619 link
Padre Hurtado 81 38,768 link
Isla de Maipo 189 25,798 link
El Monte 118 26,459 link
O'Higgins
(VI)
Cachapoal San Vicente 476 40,253 link
Requínoa 673 22,161 link
Rengo 592 50,830 link
Rancagua 260 214,344 link
Quinta de Tilcoco 93 11,380 link
Pichidegua 320 17,756 link
Peumo 153 13,948 link
Olivar 45 12,335 link
Mostazal 524 21,866 link
Malloa 113 12,872 link
Machalí 2,586 28,628 link
Las Cabras 749 20,242 link
Graneros 113 25,961 link
Doñihue 78 16,916 link
Coltauco 225 16,228 link
Coinco 98 6,385 link
Codegua 287 10,796 link
Cardenal Caro Pichilemu 749 12,392 link
Paredones 562 6,695 link
Navidad 300 5,422 link
Marchihue 660 6,904 link
Litueche 619 5,526 link
La Estrella 435 4,221 link
Colchagua Santa Cruz 420 32,387 link
San Fernando 2,441 63,732 link
Pumanque 441 3,442 link
Placilla 147 8,078 link
Peralillo 283 9,729 link
Palmilla 237 11,200 link
Nancagua 111 15,634 link
Lolol 597 6,191 link
Chimbarongo 498 32,316 link
Chépica 503 13,857 link
Maule
(VII)
Cauquenes Pelluhue 371 6,414 link
Chanco 530 9,457 link
Cauquenes 2,126 41,217 link
Curicó Vichuquén 426 4,916 link
Teno 618 25,596 link
Sagrada Familia 549 17,519 link
Romeral 1,597 12,707 link
Rauco 309 8,566 link
Molina 1,552 38,521 link
Licantén 273 6,902 link
Hualañé 629 9,741 link
Curicó 1,328 119,585 link
Linares Yerbas Buenas 262 16,134 link
Villa Alegre 190 14,725 link
San Javier 1,313 37,793 link
Retiro 827 18,487 link
Parral 1,638 37,822 link
Longaví 1,454 28,161 link
Linares 1,457 83,249 link
Colbún 2,900 17,619 link
Talca Talca 232 201,797 link
San Rafael 264 7,674 link
San Clemente 4,504 37,261 link
Río Claro 431 12,698 link
Pencahue 957 8,315 link
Pelarco 332 7,266 link
Maule 238 16,837 link
Empedrado 565 4,225 link
Curepto 1,074 10,812 link
Constitución 1,344 46,081 link
Biobío
(VIII)
Arauco Tirúa 624 9,664 link
Los Álamos 599 18,632 link
Lebu 561 25,035 link
Curanilahue 994 31,943 link
Contulmo 962 5,838 link
Cañete 760 31,270 link
Arauco 956 34,873 link
Biobío Yumbel 727 20,498 link
Tucapel 915 12,777 link
Santa Bárbara 3,380 19,970 link
San Rosendo 92 3,918 link
Quilleco 1,122 10,428 link
Quilaco 1,124 4,021 link
Negrete 157 8,579 link
Nacimiento 935 25,971 link
Mulchén 1,925 29,003 link
Los Ángeles 1,748 166,556 link
Laja 340 22,404 link
Cabrero 640 25,282 link
Antuco 1,884 3,908 link
Alto Biobío 2,125 7,027 link
Concepción Tomé 495 52,440 link
Talcahuano 146 250,348 link
Santa Juana 731 12,713 link
San Pedro de la Paz 113 80,447 link
Penco 108 46,016 link
Lota 136 49,089 link
Hualqui 531 18,768 link
Hualpén 54 86,722 link
Florida 609 10,177 link
Coronel 279 95,528 link
Concepción 222 216,061 link
Chiguayante 72 81,302 link
Ñuble Yungay 824 16,814 link
Treguaco 313 5,296 link
San Nicolás 491 9,741 link
San Ignacio 364 16,106 link
San Fabián 1,568 3,646 link
San Carlos 874 50,088 link
Ránquil 248 5,683 link
Quirihue 589 11,429 link
Quillón 423 15,146 link
Portezuelo 282 5,470 link
Pinto 1,164 9,875 link
Pemuco 563 8,821 link
Ñiquén 493 11,421 link
Ninhue 401 5,738 link
El Carmen 664 12,845 link
Coihueco 1,777 23,583 link
Coelemu 342 16,082 link
Cobquecura 570 5,687 link
Chillán Viejo 292 22,084 link
Chillán 511 161,953 link
Bulnes 425 20,595 link
Araucanía
(IX)
Cautín Villarrica 1,291 45,531 link
Vilcún 1,421 22,491 link
Toltén 860 11,216 link
Teodoro Schmidt 650 15,504 link
Temuco 464 245,347 link
Saavedra 401 14,034 link
Pucón 1,249 21,107 link
Pitrufquén 581 21,988 link
Perquenco 331 6,450 link
Padre Las Casas 401 58,795 link
Nueva Imperial 1,160 40,059 link
Melipeuco 1,107 5,628 link
Loncoche 977 23,037 link
Lautaro 901 32,218 link
Gorbea 695 15,222 link
Galvarino 568 12,596 link
Freire 935 25,514 link
Curarrehue 1,171 6,784 link
Cunco 1,907 18,703 link
Cholchol 428 10,065 link
Carahue 1,341 25,696 link
Malleco Victoria 1,256 33,501 link
Traiguén 908 19,534 link
Renaico 267 9,128 link
Purén 465 12,868 link
Lumaco 1,119 11,405 link
Los Sauces 850 7,581 link
Lonquimay 3,914 10,237 link
Ercilla 500 9,041 link
Curacautín 1,664 16,970 link
Collipulli 1,296 22,354 link
Angol 1,194 48,996 link
Los Ríos
(XIV)
Ranco Río Bueno 2,212 32,627 link
Lago Ranco 1,763 10,098 link
La Unión 2,137 39,447 link
Futrono 2,121 14,981 link
Valdivia Valdivia 1,016 140,559 link
Panguipulli 3,292 33,273 link
Paillaco 896 19,237 link
San José de la Mariquina 1,321 18,223 link
Máfil 583 7,213 link
Los Lagos 1,791 20,168 link
Lanco 532 15,107 link
Corral 767 5,463 link
Los Lagos
(X)
Chiloé Quinchao 161 8,976 link
Quemchi 440 8,689 link
Quellón 3,244 21,823 link
Queilén 224 5,138 link
Puqueldón 97 4,160 link
Dalcahue 1,239 10,693 link
Curaco de Vélez 80 3,403 link
Chonchi 1,362 12,572 link
Castro 428 39,366 link
Ancud 1,252 39,946 link
Llanquihue Puerto Varas 4,065 32,912 link
Puerto Montt 1,673 175,938 link
Maullín 861 15,580 link
Los Muermos 1,246 16,964 link
Llanquihue 421 16,337 link
Frutillar 831 15,525 link
Fresia 1,278 12,804 link
Cochamó 3,911 4,363 link
Calbuco 591 31,070 link
Osorno San Pablo 637 10,162 link
San Juan de la Costa 1,517 8,831 link
Río Negro 1,266 14,732 link
Puyehue 1,598 11,368 link
Purranque 1,459 20,705 link
Puerto Octay 1,796 10,236 link
Osorno 951 145,475 link
Palena Palena 2,764 1,690 link
Hualaihué 2,788 8,273 link
Futaleufú 1,280 1,826 link
Chaitén 8,471 7,182 link
Aisén
(XI)
Aisén Guaitecas 787 1,539 link
Cisnes 15,831 5,739 link
Aisén 29,970 22,353 link
Capitán Prat Tortel 19,931 507 link
O'Higgins 8,183 463 link
Cochrane 8,931 2,867 link
Coihaique Lago Verde 5,622 1,062 link
Coihaique 7,320 50,041 link
General Carrera Río Ibáñez 5,997 2,477 link
Chile Chico 5,922 4,444 link
Magallanes and Antártica Chilena
(XII)
Antártica Chilena Cabo de Hornos 15,854 2,262 link
Antártica 1,250,000 130 link
Magallanes San Gregorio 6,884 1,158 link
Río Verde 9,975 358 link
Punta Arenas 17,846 119,496 link
Laguna Blanca 3,696 663 link
Tierra del Fuego Timaukel 10,996 423 link
Primavera 4,614 1,016 link
Porvenir 6,983 5,465 link
Última Esperanza Torres del Paine 6,470 739 link
Natales 48,974 19,116 link

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Law 19,726
  2. ^ a b "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "Territorial division of Chile" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  4. ^ "Asociacion Chilena de Municipalidades". Retrieved 7 February 2011. 

External links[edit]