Communist Party (Marxist–Leninist) (United States)
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The Communist Party (Marxist–Leninist)'s predecessor organization, the October League (Marxist-Leninist), was founded in 1971 by several local groups, many of which had grown out of the radical student organization Students for a Democratic Society when SDS split apart in 1969. Michael Klonsky, who had been a national leader in SDS in the late 1960s, was the main leader of the CP(M-L).
The October League came out of the Revolutionary Youth Movement II grouping in the SDS split. During the early 1970s the OL took positions that were at odds with most of the US Left including opposition to Gay liberation and support of the Shah of Iran, whose regime they saw as a bulwark against Soviet social-imperialism. The OL established influence within some of the established civil rights organizations, including the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and the Southern Conference Educational Fund, which had been under the influence of the Moscow oriented Communist Party USA. In late 1975 they organized a "National Fight Back Conference" which drew 1,000 participants and was attended by representatives of the August 29th Movement, the Congress of Afrikan People and the Marxist-Leninist Organizing Committee of San Francisco. They also had a youth group called the Communist Youth Organization.
In June 1977, the October League transformed itself into the Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist), with Klonsky as chairman and Eileen Klehr as vice-chairman. The CP(ML) was recognized by the Communist Party of China as their de facto fraternal party in the US. Klonsky and Klehr visited Peking in July 1977 and met with Hua Guofeng. Longtime Black communist Harry Haywood who had become a CP(M-L) member, also visited met with Chinese leader in June 1978. Also in 1978 Daniel Burstein, the editor of the CP(ML) central organ The Call, and three others, made an eight day tour of Khmer Rouge ruled Cambodia, then a Chinese ally. He visited Phnom Penh as wall as Siem Reap, Kompong Thom, Kompong Cham and Takéo provinces and had an interview with Ieng Sary. In an op-ed he wrote in the New York Times he claimed that there was no evidence of genocide, claiming that that was part of a propaganda campaign orchestrated by the régime's enemies. He did concede, however:
The new government has had to deal with many forces that oppose the revolution -- former Lon Nol officials, as well as organized networks of American, Russian and Vietnamese agents trying to overthrow the Government. Such sabotage has undoubtedly been met with violent suppression. In the course of this, there may even have been some excesses, which no revolution is immune to.
In early 1980 the CP(ML) condemned the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and called on President Carter to give aid to the Afghan forces opposing the Soviets, end its arms embargo on China and refrain from selling the USSR any "strategic materials". They also saw the Mariel exodus as evidence that the USSR and Castro had "betrayed" the Cuban Revolution.
- The Call Oct. 1972-March/April 1982 (Published in Bell Gardens, California to Aug, 1975, thereafter in Chicago)
- Class Struggle spring 1975-? (Originally published in Bell Gardens, # 2 (summer 1975) published in Paramount, Cal., thereafter in Chicago
Books and pamphlets
- Statement of political unity of the Georgia Communist League (M-L) and the October League (M-L) Los Angeles: October League, 1972
- Women hold up half the sky Los Angeles, Calif: October League (Marxist-Leninist), 1972
- Study of the woman question October League (M-L). National Women's Commission., 1973
- Unity statement Bell Gardens, Calif: The Call, 1973
- Building a New Communist Party in the U.S. Bell Gardens, Calif: October League (Marxist-Leninist), 1973
- Lenin's Teachings about the Party. by Vladimir Lenin Bell Gardens, Calif: October League, 1973
- For Working Class Unity and Black Liberation: Resolution of the Second Congress of the October League on the Afro-American People's Struggle. Bell Gardens, Calif: The Call, 1974
- Communist work in the labor movement. Los Angeles, Calif: October League (Marxist-Leninist), 1974
- Unite to fight back! stop the fascist tide! Bell Gardens, Calif: October League (Marxist-Leninist), 1974
- Revolutionary Union: opportunism in a "super-revolutionary" disguise Bell Gardens, Calif: October League (Marxist-Leninist), 1974
- For a revolutionary position on the Negro question by Harry Haywood Bell Gardens, Calif: October League, 1975
- Constitution of the October League (Marxist-Leninist) Chicago: The Call, 1975
- Black women's liberation is a component part of black people's liberation. with the Black Women's United Front [Calif.? : s.n.], 1975
- Chicano liberation : resolution of OL's third congress. Paramount, California: October League (M-L), 1975 (Most of Class struggle, #2, Summer 1975)
- The struggle for Black liberation and socialist revolution: resolution of the third national congress of the October League (Marxist-Leninist) [Los Angeles, Calif.?] October League (Marxist-Leninist), 1976
- Puerto Rican people are rising up [Chicago : Liberator Press], 1976
- The two superpowers: main enemies of the people of the world: interview with Michael Klonsky, Chairman of the October League. Chicago: October League (Marxist-Leninist), 1976
- A communist view: building class struggle trade unions. Chicago: October League (Marxist-Leninist), 1976
- The struggle to free Gary Tyler Chicago: October League (Marxist-Leninist), 1976
- Women's liberation: a communist view [Chicago, Ill.?]: October League (Marxist-Leninist), 1976
- Documents from the founding congress of the Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist): political report, program, constitution: adopted June 4, 1977 Chicago: October League (Marxist-Leninist), 1978
- The crisis in steel: a selection of articles from The Call Chicago: October League (Marxist-Leninist), 1978
- Kampuchea: A photo-record of the first American visit to Cambodia since April 1975, Liberator Press, Chicago, 1978. Based on 1978 visit of Cambodia. First two chapters of the booklet scanned.
- On the October League's Call for a New Communist Party: A Response by the Proletarian Unity League. New York : United Labor Press, 1976
- Chronology of Political Events, 1954-1992, Part Four 1975-1980. Max Elbaum. Retrieved from Revolution In The Air: Sixties Radicals Turn to Lenin, Mao and Che, March 18, 2010. "1977 August 12–18: Eleventh Congress of the Chinese Communist Party. Mao and the Cultural Revolution are given positive assessments but the Congress officially declares the Cultural Revolution ended. That same month, CPC chair Hua Guofeng and U.S. CP(M-L) chair Mike Klonsky exchange toasts at banquet for CP(M-L) leaders in Beijing; this is effective recognition of the CP(M-L) as the semi-official pro-China party in the U.S."
- Alexander, Robert J. Maoism in the developed worldWestport, Conn. Prager 2001 p.31
- Alexander, p.32
- Alexander, p.32
- Daniel Burstein. (1978, November 21). On Cambodia: But, Yet. New York Times (1923-Current file),A21. Retrieved April 3, 2011, from ProQuest Historical Newspapers The New York Times (1851 - 2007). (Document ID: 120965532).
- Alexander, pp.32-33
- Wildcat at Mead a film produced by the October League
- Lessons from the Collapse of the Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist) by Carl Davidson