Communist Party (Sweden)
|The Communist Party
|Headquarters||Marx-Engelshuset, Fjärde Långgatan 8B, Gothenburg|
|Political position||Far left|
|Colours||red & yellow|
|Kommunistiska Partiet (in English)|
|Politics of Sweden
The Communist Party (Swedish: Kommunistiska Partiet) is a Marxist-Leninist political party in Sweden, started in 1970. From 1970 to 1977 it was known as Kommunistiska Förbundet Marxist-Leninisterna (revolutionärerna), abbreviated KFML(r) (The Communist League Marxist-Leninists (the revolutionaries)), and from 1977 to 2004 it was named Kommunistiska Partiet Marxist-Leninisterna (revolutionärerna), abbreviated KPML(r) (The Communist Party Marxist-Leninists (the revolutionaries)). At the 14th Party Congress, held in Gothenburg in January 2005, it was decided to change the name to Kommunistiska Partiet (K).
KFML(r) was founded in 1970 by a splinter group from the pro-Beijing KFML, which in turn had split from the Eurocommunist Left Party in 1967. "The (r)s" ("(r)-arna") considered that KFML had approached reformism and was not a genuine workers' movement. In 1970 it began publishing the weekly Proletären (The Proletarian).
During the 1980s, KPML(r) achieved representation in some municipalities, including Gothenburg, Sweden's second largest city. The Gothenburg region has always been the strongest area for the party, partly due to the fact that the party was started there. During the period of 1970 to 1999 the party chairman was Frank Baude. The current chairman is Anders Carlsson.
Its members and sympathisers includes - or included - several Swedish celebrities, such as actors Sven Wollter, Lasse Brandeby and Kent Andersson and musicians Ken, Totta Näslund and Fred Åkerström, all of whom have participated in events and gatherings arranged by the party.
In the early days of the party, the pro-KFML(r) fractions of the United FNL Groups (DFFG) and of the Swedish Clarté League broke away and set up the Solidarity Front for the People of Indochina and Clarté (m-l) respectively. In 1972 these two structures were dissolved and merged into the Young Communist League of Sweden (marxist-leninists) (Sveriges Kommunistiska Ungdomsförbund (marxist-leninisterna), SKU(ml)), the new KFML(r) youth wing. Later a new students organisation, SKS(ml), was formed. Both SKU(ml) and SKS(ml) were disbanded towards the end of the 1970s, as the party itself consisted mainly of young people.
In 1994 the party again launched a youth organization, Revolutionary Communist Youth (RKU).
The party upholds close relations with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, the Workers' Party of Korea, the Communist Party of the Philippines, the Workers' Party of Belgium, the Communist Party of Greece, the Polisario Front and others.
Illegal surveillance by the Swedish Security Service
In 1969, governmental registration of individual's political affiliation was made illegal in Sweden. However, in 2003 it was revealed that the Swedish Security Service (Säpo) already in 1970 had been secretly instructed by the Swedish government to continue surveillance of "key individuals" in some twenty organisations on the far left and far right of Swedish politics, in spite of that ban. This surveillance continued until 1998. KFML(r)/KPML(r) and its associated organisations were among those surveilled, and according to the Säpo surveillance, revealed when the files were made public, the number of surveilled individuals of the party ranged from 2,012 in 1985 to 1,346 in 1998, which meant that almost all party members had been surveilled.
The party does not participate in elections to the national nor the European parliaments. It doesn't participate in the national elections due to financial and tactical reasons, whereas it advocates boycott of the European parliament elections. It does, however, participate in the municipal elections in some Swedish municipalities. In 2010 it participated in the elections in 18 municipalities, which is the largest number of municipalities so far. The electoral results have fluctuated during the party's history, with high results in various cities during the late 1990s (second largest party in Karlshamn for example). In the 2 latest elections, the party has reduced its electoral result.
|Municipality||Votes 2010||Seats 2010||Votes 2006||Seats 2006||Votes 2002||Seats 2002||Votes 1998||Seats 1998|
Footnotes and references
- "Allmänna val, valresultat". Statistics Sweden.
- Dagens Nyheter 2003-01-29: Åsiktsregistrering pågick till 1998 (in Swedish only) Retrieved 2012-04-11
- SOU 2002:89 Politisk övervakning och personalkontroll 1969-2002 - in Swedish only Retrieved 2012-04-11
- Valmyndigheten: Val till kommunfullmäktige 2010 Retrieved 2012-04-16
- Valmyndigheten: Val till kommunfullmäktige 2006 Retrieved 2012-04-16
- Valmyndigheten: Val till kommunfullmäktige 2002 Retrieved 2012-04-16
- Valmyndigheten: Val till kommunfullmäktige 1998 Retrieved 2012-04-16