Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist–Leninist)
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|Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist–Leninist)|
|Vice Chairman||Ella Rule|
|General Secretary||Zane Carpenter|
|Split from||Socialist Labour Party|
The Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist–Leninist) is a Marxist-Leninist political party in the United Kingdom, under the leadership of Harpal Brar which was created after a split from the Socialist Labour Party (SLP) in 2004. It publishes a bimonthly newspaper, Proletarian and the Marxist journal Lalkar is also closely allied with the party.
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The CPGB-ML claims to be the voice of the true interests of the British working class, whom it maintains are the "ruling class in waiting". It publishes regular statements and small meetings to promote these interests. The party adheres to hardline Marxism-Leninism, claiming strict adherence to what they perceive as the original words of Vladimir Lenin. The party is notable for extreme reverence and support for Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong. The CPGB-ML believes the UK is secretly governed by a shadowy cabal of Capitalists and other financial barons.
The CPGB-ML was one of few parties in the UK which did not condemn the 2011 England riots, but characterised them as a rudimentary form of anti-capitalist resistance that lacked adequate leadership and direction.
The CPGB-ML opposes social democracy and what they term "revisionist communist" parties. Other Communist parties in the UK have claimed CPGB-ML itself is revisionist.
The CPGB-ML opposes all immigration controls as measures to misdirect workers and blame each other for the crisis rather than the bourgeoisie.
The CPGB-ML supports governments around the world which it perceives to be socialist or anti-imperialist. These include a number of communist states and countries like the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), Zimbabwe, and People's Republic of China. Delegations from the Chinese embassy have attended meetings of the CPGB-ML and members of the CPGB-ML and the Red Youth have made visits to North Korea. It was one of many anti-war parties to oppose Nato actions in Libya and Syria, and support the governments of Muammar Gaddafi and Bashar Al Assad. The party also supports the struggle of the Palestinian people against Zionism in Israel, which it characterises as an apartheid state.
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
In April 2013, the CPGB-ML made clear its support of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) and its anti-imperialist stance, as well as its opposition of Western efforts to discourage the state from acquiring nuclear weapons. It has called for a defeat of British troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, and a movement of direct action and non-cooperation among British working people, in order to exert its political influence.
The CPGB-ML calls for the withdrawal of British troops from the island of Ireland and for a unified 32-county state to be formed. It supports Sinn Féin's leadership of the Good Friday Agreement, which it believes falls within this framework.
The party accepted a position at its 2012 congress that there are no separate English and Scottish nations, but rather, when those nations were at the point of developing as modern capitalist economies, their ruling classes joined together to form a British nation. Though the CPGB-ML believes in local democracy, it sees the Scottish independence movement as diversionary from building a working class movement across the historic nation of Great Britain and therefore opposes it. It claims that proposals set forward for Scottish independence will not break the Union, the British state, or the British army in any significant manner. In its opposition to Scottish independence, it stands at odds with the Scottish Socialist Party, the Socialist Workers Party in Scotland, and the Socialist Party Scotland.
The party was founded on July 3, 2004 in London. The party is effectively a split from the Socialist Labour Party (SLP), caused by Arthur Scargill's refusal to accept support for North Korea and other authoritarian states. As a result, Scargill chose to expel a number of members of the party's central committee and its entire Yorkshire region. Those expelled went on to form the CPGB-ML.
The party also has a small number of members from the early days of the British communist movement and the original Communist Party of Great Britain which was associated with the Third International. The current Honorary President is Isabel Crook, wife of David Crook, who celebrated her 100th birthday in 2014. Both were communists who were in Spain during the Spanish Civil War and later went to work for Mao Zedong and the Chinese communists. Prominent members included Jack Shapiro, a veteran of the anti-revisionist movement and lifelong communist.
The party's chairman is a retired university law lecturer, writer and businessman Harpal Brar.
The party's vice-chairman and international secretary is Ella Rule.
The party's general secretary is Zane Carpenter.
- "Rage against capitalism; the working class fights back" blog Red Youth August 9, 2011
- "The following articles contain the word 'libya' in the title" search on April 17, 2013 of Proletarian for "Libya" which shows half a dozen articles expressing support for the government of Mummar Gaddafi
- "The following articles contain the word 'syria' in the title" search on April 17, 2013 of Proletarian for "Syria" which shows about a dozen articles expressing support for the government of Bashar Al Assad
- "Congress motions 2: our international solidarity tasks The motions below were passed at the CPGB-ML’s congress on 5 June 2010" Proletarian issue 37 (August 2010)
- "Obama to meet South Korea's Park Geun-hye in May". BBC News. 16 April 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
- Branigan, Tania (15 April 2013). "North Korea's UK ambassador defends Pyongyang's stance in rare speech". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 27 July 2013.
- "Scotland: a part of the British nation" Proletarian issue 51 (December 2012)
- "The National Question in Scotland: Contributed by the Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist-Leninist) as a discussion article". Lalkar. September 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- "Formation of the CPGB-ML" Proletarian Issue 1 (August 2004)
- "Western witness stays true to the Party line" article by Tan Zongyang in China Daily 2011-06-22
- "My memories of 1949 " uploaded on June 21, 2011 by ProletarianCPGBML to YouTube
- Biography of Jack & Marie Shapiro on grahamstevenson.me.uk website of Graham Stevenson, accessed April 17, 2013