Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Janashakti
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Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Janashakti, abbreviated CPI(ML) Janashakti, is a communist political party in India.
CPI(ML) Janashakti was formed in 1992 when seven revolutionary communist groups merged. The seven groups were:
- Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Resistance
- Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist–Leninist) (Muktigami) faction
- Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Agami Yug
- Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) P. V. Rao (break-away from Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) New Democracy)
- Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Khokan Majumdar
- All India Coordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries
- Communist Revolutionary Group for Unity
CPI(ML) Janashakti is mostly based in the revolutionary tradition of Andhra Pradesh, with the mass line developed by Chandra Pulla Reddy and T. Nagi Reddy, legends of the Telangana Rebellion. The party followed a combination of both armed underground and parliamentary methods of struggle. Initially things went well for the party, and in the 1994 assembly elections of Andhra Pradesh Vidhan Sabha it won a seat. It had launched 13 candidates in all and won the Sirsilla assembly seat in Karimnagar district. N. V. Krishnaiah was the candidate who won the Sirsilla seat.
But the unity didn't last for long. In 1996 a group left the party, and they later formed Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Unity Initiative (today part of Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) (Kanu Sanyal)). A series of splits followed. Towards the end of the 1990s the party reoriented itself towards the underground armed struggle, and pulled out of the open mass work.
Today the party is primarily concentrated in Andhra Pradesh. The party split into several factions, which work with little or without coordination. The main faction is the group led by Koora Rajanna. COM.Subhash is the Andhra Pradesh state secretary of the party. The All India secretary of the party is COM.Misro The party conducts armed struggle through dalams. Police sources has claimed that CPI(ML) Janashakti has 200 to 300 armed cadres.
One break-away group is Communist Party of United States of India (also referred to as the Janashakti Veeranna faction).
Another faction, the South Regional Provincial Committee, merged with Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) (Chandra Pulla Reddy) on April 11, 2004, thus forming the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Janashakti (Chandra Pulla Reddy).
Ahead of the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, CPI(ML) Janashakti signed a joint boycott declaration together with the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) People's War and the MCC(I).
On September 23, 2004, the Andhra Pradesh state government declared they would hold peace talks with CPI(ML) Janashakti and Peoples War Group. These peace talks went in vain when both the government and the revolutionary parties did not hold trust in the other. Later Koora Rajanna was arrested by the police in Uttar Pradesh state of India and was sent to Warangal central jail. Many cases that were booked on Koora Rajanna were canceled for lack of proper evidences. At 2007 Veeresam was secretary of CPI(M-L) Janashakti. A.P. state. He was also arrested on July 2009 and now the A.P state secretary is com. Subhash, adhikaara pratinidhi Azaad. The party had a leading rol in Andhra Pradesh revolutionary movement. An A.P. state committee of Janasakthy declared that Mr. Koora Rajanna was not a member of CPI(M-L) Janashakti. April 2011 at guntur district of A.P were arrested 7members of cpi[m-l]janasakthi.and 2dbbl guns,one 8mm rifle,one 9mm pistol,and two tapanchas were lost at this inciedent.party bulletin was released on the month of june2011 the name is janasakthi"peoples unity" in Telugu. Now the party was organised by the name of CPI[M-L]JANASAKTHI Re Organising Committee and also they are trying to merge with them the CPI[m-l]Prajaprathighatana party.at june2011 the andhra regeinol committee of CPI[M-L]Prajaprathighatana majority members are joined to CPI[M-L]janasakthi under the presidency of com Vijayakumar.