Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Naxalbari
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Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Naxalbari is an underground Maoist political party in India. The party has its roots partially in the Maoist Unity Centre, CPI(ML) and partially in the group of Rauf in Andhra Pradesh.
MUC, CPI(ML) was formed when Kerala Communist Party and Maharashtra Communist Party merged in 1997. These two groups were surviving state units of the Central Reorganization Committee, CPI(ML) (which was dissolved in 1991). CRC, CPI(ML) is also the group from which Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Red Flag broke away, after the Red Flag split in 1987 there was not much left of the CRC, CPI(ML).
Rauf was the leader of the small Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Red Flag unit in Andhra Pradesh. Large parts of the leadership of Rauf's faction were killed in police raids in the 1980s, and the group never recovered. Rauf had been pushing for an ultraleft line within Red Flag, and in 2000 he split. After the merger with CPI(ML) Naxalbari (formerly MUC, CPI(ML)) Rauf became the general secretary for the unified party.
CPI(ML) Naxalbari are members of Revolutionary Internationalist Movement (a Maoist 'international') and CCOMPOSA. The RIM-membership was inherited from CRC, CPI(ML), which was one of three founding organizations of RIM.
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