Communist Party of Lithuania

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Communist Party of Lithuania
Lietuvos komunistų partija
Founded 1918
Dissolved 1991
Headquarters Vilnius
Newspaper Lietuvos tiesos
Ideology Communism,
Marxism–Leninism
International affiliation Communist International
Colours Red
Politics of Lithuania
Political parties
Elections
Former Central Committee office of the Lithuanian Communist Party

The Communist Party of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos komunistų partija, Russian: Коммунистическая партия Литвы) was a communist party in Lithuania, established in early October 1918. The party was banned in 1991.

History[edit]

Party membership[1]
Year Members
1930 650
1936 1,942
1940 1,741
1941 4,620
1945 3,540
1950 27,800
1955 35,500
1960 54,300
1965 86,400
1970 116,600
1975 140,200
1980 165,800

The party was working illegally until 1940. In the same year the party was merged with the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks). By the time of the formation of the Lithuanian SSR, the Communist Party of Lithuania (LKP) was headed by Antanas Sniečkus. In 1940 the LKP merged into the CPSU(b). The territorial organization of the party in Lithuania was called Communist Party of Lithuania (bolshevik) (LK(b)P). In the Lithuanian territorial organization, the first secretary of the Central Committee of the party (always a Lithuanian) was de facto governor of the country. The second secretary was always a Moscow-appointed Russian. In 1952 the name of the old Lithuanian party, LKP, was retaken.

In 1989, during mass protests of the Singing Revolution against Soviet Union in Lithuania the party declared itself independent from Communist Party of the Soviet Union. In 1990 the Communist Party of Lithuania was converted into the Democratic Labour Party of Lithuania, which in turn was later merged with Social Democratic Party of Lithuania under the later's name, but with leadership dominated by ex-communists.

The remainder of the Communist Party of Lithuania ('on platform of Communist Party of the Soviet Union') existed in 1990-1991 under leadership of Mykolas Burokevičius after the "traditional" party declared its independence from its Soviet Union counterpart. The party played a major role in the January 1991 Events in Lithuania and initiating the creation of the National Salvation Committee. The Communist Party of Lithuania was eventually banned in August 1991. Although still illegal, the Communist Party of Lithuania is affiliated to the Union of Communist Parties — Communist Party of the Soviet Union (UCP-CPSU) headed by Gennady Zyuganov.

First Secretaries of the Communist Party of Lithuania[edit]

Second Secretaries of the Communist Party of Lithuania[edit]

Congresses of the Communist Party of Lithuania[edit]

Congress Date Delegates
Voting + advisory
Notes
1st October 1–3, 1918 34 Took place illegally in Vilnius
2nd March 4–6, 1919 159 + 10 Joint congress with the Communist Party of Byelorussia; Established the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Lithuania and Belorussia
3rd October 24–29, 1921 12 Took place illegally in Königsberg
4th July 17–21, 1924 11 + 4 Took place in Moscow; after the 5th World Congress of the Comintern
5th February 5–9, 1941 294 + 66 Took place in Kaunas; First congress after establishment of the Lithuanian SSR
6th February 15–18, 1949 471 + 74 First congress after World War II
7th September 22–25, 1952 517 + 75 Elected 9 delegates to the 19th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
8th February 16–19, 1954 541 + 44
9th January 24–27, 1956 578 + 101 Elected 9 delegates to the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
10th February 12–15, 1958 572 + 108
11th January 14–16, 1959 596 + 126 Elected 9 delegates to the 21st Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
12th March 1–3, 1960 593 + 103
13th April 27–29, 1961 688 + 119 Elected 36 delegates to the 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
14th January 9–10, 1964 765 + 99
15th March 3–5, 1966 789 + 90 Elected 42 delegates to the 23rd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
16th March 3–5, 1966 748 + 47 Elected 45 delegates to the 24th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
17th January 20–22, 1976 904 Elected 49 delegates to the 25th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
18th January 29–30, 1981 933 Elected 42 delegates to the 26th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
19th January 24–25, 1986 947 Elected 55 delegates to the 27th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
20th December 19, 1989 Voted to separate from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Misiunas, Romuald J.; Rein Taagepera (1993). The Baltic States: Years of Dependence 1940–1990 (expanded ed.). University of California Press. pp. 359–360. ISBN 0-520-08228-1.