Communist Party of Portugal (Marxist–Leninist) (1974)

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Communist Party of Portugal (Marxist-Leninist) (in Portuguese: Partido Comunista de Portugal (Marxista-Leninista)) was a political party in Portugal led by its general secretary Heduíno Vilar (real name Eduíno Gomes), formed after his expulsion from the main Communist Party of Portugal (Marxist-Leninist) in May 1974. Like the other PCP(M-L), Vilar's PCP(M-L) had a publication titled Unidade Popular.

PCP(M-L) claimed that after the Carnation Revolution, the main threat to Portugal came from social fascism (represented through PCP leader Álvaro Cunhal) and Soviet social imperialism. The party supported the Socialist Party against PCP.

On November 17, 1974, Vilar's party launched the Worker-Peasant Alliance (AOC). The party took part in elections through AOC, since the name PCP(M-L) was taken by their adversaries.

Vilar's party had close relations to the Communist Party of China. It led the Democratic Portugal-China Friendship Association (ADAP-C).