Communist University of the National Minorities of the West
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The Communist University of the National Minorities of the West (KUNMZ - Kommunistichesky Universitet Natsionalnykh Menshinstv Zapada; КУНМЗ - Коммунистический университет национальных меньшинств Запада), was created by a 28 November 1921 decree of the Council of People's Commissars and charged with training party cadres from the western regions of Russia and the Volga Germans.
In 1929-1930, it began to admit representatives of the communist parties of the Central European, Scandinavian and Balkan countries, as well as Italy. It turned into an international school for the preparation and education of the "fraternal" communist parties' reserve cadres, aimed at the best political émigrés to study in a 2-3 year special program. Afterward they would have been sent to work in their countries of origin. Political émigrés already living in the USSR, Moscow, KUNMZ organized night courses to study special subjects, i.e. history of the CP of the countries of origin, mass work and party construction.
A similar institution was the Communist University of the Toilers of the East also known as the Far East University was established in 1921 in Moscow by the Communist International as a training college for communist cadres in the colonial world.
KUNMZ was dissolved following the decision of the Executive Committee of the Communist International's Secretariat of 7-8 May 1936.
Prominent alumni of the KUNMZ include:
- Josip Broz Tito, Secretary-General (later President) of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia (1939–80)
- Edvard Kardelj, Slovene communist political leader
- Ante Ciliga
- Peder Furubotn
- Arvid Hansen
- Jovan Mališić
- Yrjö Sirola
- Heinrich Vogeler
- Moscow Sun Yat-sen University
- Communist University of the Toilers of the East
- List of modern universities in Europe (1801–1945)
- Julia Köstenberger, 'Die Geschichte der "Kommunistischen Universität der nationalen Minderheiten des Westens" (KUNMZ) in Moskau 1921-1936', Jahrbuch für historische Kommunismusforschung 2000/2001 (2001) , pp. 248-303
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