Communist insurgency in the Philippines

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Communist insurgency in the Philippines
Part of the Cold War and the Civil conflict in the Philippines
NPA logo.svg
NPA flag
Date March 29, 1969–Present
Location Philippines
Status Ongoing
Belligerents
 Philippines
 United States
Communist Party of Vietnam flag.svg Communist Party of the Philippines

NPA.png New People's Army
NDF Flag.svg National Democratic Front

Commanders and leaders
Philippines Ferdinand Marcos

Philippines Corazon Aquino
Philippines Fidel Ramos
Philippines Joseph Estrada
Philippines Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Philippines Benigno Aquino III

NPA.png Jose Maria Sison

NPA.png Bernabe Buscayno
NPA.png Satur Ocampo
NPA.pngBenito Tiamzon[1]
NPA.pngWilma Tiamzon[1]

Strength
160,000 10,000 (2014)
Casualties and losses
9,867 killed (1971-2002) 22,799 killed (1971-2002)
10,672+ civilians killed (1969-2002)[2]

The Communist insurgency in the Philippines refers to conflict between the government of the Philippines and the Communist Party of the Philippines and their New People's Army (NPA).

The risk from the Communist insurgency has declined in recent years from its peak in the 1980s. The NPA has never received much if any support from outside the Philippines and has always relied solely on support from the local population. In 2010, a government crackdown further weakened the rebels significantly.

The Uppsala Conflict Data Program, a university-based data collection program considered to be "one of the most accurate and well-used data-sources on global armed conflicts,"[3] reported that between 6,970-9,366 people were killed in fighting between the Government of the Philippines and the CPP (Communist Party of the Philippines) between 1989 and 2012.[4]

Beginning in 2013 there was an uptake on rebel activities as communist insurgents steped up attacks in Mindanao and southern Luzon.[5][6] March 14, 2014 saw the high profile capture of top communist leaders Benito Tiamzon and Wilma Tiamzon in Cebu.[7]

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