Communist insurgency in the Philippines

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This article is about the current insurgency that began in 1969. For the insurgency from 1942-1954, see Hukbalahap Rebellion.
Communist insurgency in the Philippines
Part of the Cold War and the Civil conflict in the Philippines
NPA logo.svg
NPA flag
Date March 29, 1969–Present
Location Philippines
Status Ongoing
Philippines Fourth Republic of the Philippines (1969-1986)
Philippines Fifth Republic of the Philippines (1986–present)
Anti-communist militia
  • Alsa Masa[1](1986-?)
 United States
 People's Republic of China
Commanders and leaders
Fourth Republic:
Philippines Ferdinand Marcos

Fifth Republic:
Philippines Corazon Aquino (1986-1992)
Philippines Fidel Ramos (1992-1998)
Philippines Joseph Estrada (1998-2001)
Philippines Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (2001-2010)

Philippines Benigno Aquino III (since 2010)

United States:
United States Richard Nixon (1969-1974)
United States Gerald Ford (1974-1977)
United States Jimmy Carter (1977-1981)
United States Ronald Reagan (1981-1989)
United States George H.W. Bush (1989-1993)
United States Bill Clinton (1993-2001)
United States George W. Bush (2001-2009)

United States Barack Obama (since 2009)
Jose Maria Sison

Bernabe Buscayno (1969-1976)
Satur Ocampo (1969-1976)
Benito Tiamzon[2]

Wilma Tiamzon[2]
160,000 4,000 (2014)[3]
Casualties and losses
9,867 killed (1971-2002) 22,799 killed (1971-2002)
10,672+ civilians killed (1969-2002)[4]

The Communist insurgency in the Philippines refers to conflict between the government of the Philippines and the Communist Party of the Philippines and their New People's Army (NPA).

The insurgency had its peak in the 1980s and seems to have declined since then. The NPA has never received much if any support from outside the Philippines and has always relied solely on support from the local population. In 2010, a government crackdown further weakened the rebels significantly.

The Uppsala Conflict Data Program, a university-based data collection program considered to be "one of the most accurate and well-used data-sources on global armed conflicts,"[5] reported that between 6,970 and 9,366 people were killed in fighting between the Government of the Philippines and the CPP (Communist Party of the Philippines) between 1989 and 2012.[6]

Beginning in 2013 there was an uptake on rebel activities as communist insurgents stepped up attacks in Mindanao and southern Luzon.[7][8] March 14, 2014 saw the high profile capture of top communist leaders Benito Tiamzon and Wilma Tiamzon in Cebu.[9]

See also[edit]