Communist insurgency in the Philippines
|Communist insurgency in the Philippines|
|Part of the Cold War and the Civil conflict in the Philippines|
| Fourth Republic of the Philippines (1969-1986)
Fifth Republic of the Philippines (1986–present)
People's Republic of China
|Commanders and leaders|
Benigno Aquino III (since 2010)
Barack Obama (since 2009)
| Jose Maria Sison
|Casualties and losses|
|9,867 killed (1971-2002)||22,799 killed (1971-2002)|
|10,672+ civilians killed (1969-2002)|
The insurgency had its peak in the 1980s and seems to have declined since then. The NPA has never received much if any support from outside the Philippines and has always relied solely on support from the local population. In 2010, a government crackdown further weakened the rebels significantly.
The Uppsala Conflict Data Program, a university-based data collection program considered to be "one of the most accurate and well-used data-sources on global armed conflicts," reported that between 6,970 and 9,366 people were killed in fighting between the Government of the Philippines and the CPP (Communist Party of the Philippines) between 1989 and 2012.
Beginning in 2013 there was an uptake on rebel activities as communist insurgents stepped up attacks in Mindanao and southern Luzon. March 14, 2014 saw the high profile capture of top communist leaders Benito Tiamzon and Wilma Tiamzon in Cebu.
- "Justice and Peace group airs concern vs Alsa Masa smear campaign". Minda2010.timonera.com. Retrieved 12 October 2014.
- Top CPP leader Benito Tiamzon and wife arrested in Cebu | News | GMA News Online
- FERNANDEZ, AMANDA (March 29, 2014). "NPA guerrillas mainly concentrated in north-eastern, southern Mindanao — AFP". GMA News. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
- 29 Jan. 2003 Philippine Daily Inquirer: Killed in Communist rebellion, AFP Intelligence Service report:
- Human Security Data, Ford Institute for Human Security.
- Philippines, Uppsala Conflict Data Program, Government of Philippines - CPP, viewed 2014-01-16.
- 11 killed in NPA attacks in Davao del Sur
- NPA defends attacks as ‘punishment’ on mining, syndicate protectors | Davao Today
- CPP chief, 6 other top communist execs nabbed | Inquirer News