Community Chest (organization)
The Community Chests in the United States and Canada were fund-raising organizations that collected money from local businesses and workers and distributed it to community projects. The first Community Chest, "Community Fund," was founded in 1913 in Cleveland, Ohio by the Federation for Charity and Philanthropy. The number of Community Chest organizations increased from 39 to 353 between 1919 and 1929, and surpassed 1,000 by 1948. By 1963, and after several name changes, the term "United Way" was adopted in the United States, whereas the United Way/Centraide name was not adopted in Canada until 1973-74.
The Community Chest was promoted on several old-time radio shows, including the H. J. Heinz Company-sponsored The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet show, the S. C. Johnson & Son-sponsored Fibber McGee and Molly show, and the Chevron-sponsored Let George Do It show.
Some local organizations continue to use the Community Chest name, such as Concord-Carlisle Community Chest in Concord, Massachusetts, U.S.A. It also continues to be used as the name for a gameplay feature in the board game Monopoly.
- Whiting Williams
- United Givers Fund
- United Way of America
- United Way Worldwide
- The Community Chest of Hong Kong
- The Center for Community Solutions, 2010. http://www.communitysolutions.com/about_us/evolution_brief.aspx
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