Community policing, or community-oriented policing, is a strategy of policing that focuses on police building ties and working closely with members of the communities they are responsible for policing.
In the United States, the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 established the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) within the Justice Department to promote community policing. According to the definition of COPS:
Community policing is a philosophy that promotes organizational strategies, which support the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques, to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues such as crime, social disorder, and fear of crime.—Community Policing Defined
- Community Policing Defined, Office of Community Oriented Polcing Services. Accessed 2014-01-01.
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