Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos

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CPTM
CPTM (Logo).svg
CPTM 2071 VOL.jpg
Overview
Owner São Paulo (state) Government
Locale Greater São Paulo
Transit type Commuter rail
Number of lines 6
Number of stations 92
Daily ridership 2,900,000 (2014)
Annual ridership 795,000,000 (2013)
Chief executive Mário Manuel Seabra Rodrigues Bandeira
Headquarters Rua Boa Vista, 185, Centro
Website www.cptm.sp.gov.br
Operation
Began operation May 28, 1992
Operator(s) CPTM
Number of vehicles 126 (2010)
Technical
System length 258.4 kilometres (160.6 mi)
Track gauge 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in)
Electrification 3,000V DC caternary
System map

CPTM.png

Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos (CPTM) (English: São Paulo Metropolitan Train Company) is a commuter rail company owned by the São Paulo State Secretariat for Metropolitan Transports. It was created in 1992 from several railroads that already existed in Greater São Paulo, Brazil.

Part of the Greater São Paulo rail network, CPTM has 92 stations in six lines, with a total length of 258.4 kilometres (160.6 mi). It is one of the busiest rail networks in the world, carrying over 2 million passengers a day.

History[edit]

The railways now run by CPTM were built between 1860 and 1957 by the São Paulo Railway (lines 7 and 10), Estrada de Ferro Sorocabana (lines 8 and 9), Estrada de Ferro do Norte (line 11) and Estrada de Ferro Central do Brasil (line 12).

These railways were eventually incorporated into the state-owned Rede Ferroviária Federal (RFFSA) in 1957 and Ferrovias Paulistas S.A. (FEPASA) 1971. Finally, in 1992 the urban sections of RFFSA and FEPASA merged, forming CPTM.

Operation[edit]

CPTM operates six lines in the Greater São Paulo area, identified by number and color. Most of these lines run on surface tracks and share right of way with freight trains.

Service starts every day at 4 AM, when trains depart from each terminus, until the last train leaves at midnight. On Saturdays operation is extended until 1 AM.

The company charges a flat fare that can be paid either by magnetic ticket sold in the stations or with a rechargeable smartcard, and grants access to any of the rail lines on the Greater São Paulo.

Lines[edit]

Line Color Terminus Length Stations Daily Ridership
Line 7 Ruby Luz ↔ Jundiaí 60.5 kilometres (37.6 mi) 18 386.000
Line 8 Diamond Júlio Prestes ↔ Amador Bueno 41.7 kilometres (25.9 mi) 22 414.000
Line 9 Emerald Osasco ↔ Grajaú 31.8 kilometres (19.8 mi) 18 266.000
Line 10 Turquoise Brás ↔ Rio Grande da Serra 34.9 kilometres (21.7 mi) 13 330.000
Line 11 Coral Luz ↔ Estudantes 50.8 kilometres (31.6 mi) 16 526.000
Line 12 Sapphire Brás ↔ Calmon Viana 38.8 kilometres (24.1 mi) 13 199.000

Expansion[edit]

Line Color Terminals Length Stations Status
Line 9 Emerald Grajaú ↔ Varginha 4.36 kilometres (2.71 mi) 3 under construction
Line 13 Jade[1] Engenheiro Goulart ↔ Guarulhos International Airport 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) 3 under construction
Line 10 - Expresso ABC Turquoise Luz ↔ Mauá 25.2 kilometres (15.7 mi) 6 in study

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]