Companies Act 1862
- s 6 'Any seven or more persons associated for any lawful purpose may, by subscribing their names to a memorandum of association, and otherwise complying with the requisitions of this Act in respect of registration, form an incorporated company, with or without limited liability.'
- s 8 'Where a company is formed on the principle of having the liability of its members limited to the amount unpaid on their shares, hereinafter referred to as a company limited by shares, the Memorandum of Association shall contain the following things' the third of which was 'objects for which the proposed company is to be established.'
- s 11 'The memorandum of association... shall, when registered, bind the company and the members thereof to the same extent as if each member had subscribed his name and affixed his seal thereto, and there were in the memorandum contained, on the part of himself, his heirs, executors and administrators, a covenant to observe all the conditions of such memorandum, subject to the provisions of this Act.'
- s 12 stating the memorandum could be altered by special resolution, if the memorandum allowed that itself.
- s 18 dealt with the effect of incorporation.
- s 48
- s 153
Under section 167 of the Companies Act 1862 (25 & 26 Vict c 89) one of the functions of a liquidator was to bring criminal proceedings against directors and others who were alleged to have committed offences in relation to the company.
Cases decided under the 1862 Act
- In re Wiltshire Iron Co (1868) LR 3 Ch App 443
- Guinness v Land Corporation of Ireland (1882) 22 Ch 349
- Salomon v A Salomon & Co Ltd  AC 22
- Ashbury Railway Carriage & Iron Co Ltd v Riche (1875) LR 7 HL 653
In popular culture
In the song "Some seven men form an association" in Gilbert and Sullivan's Utopia, Limited, King Paramount reforms the island of Utopia into a limited-liability company under the provisions of this act. However, in the operetta, the act is instead referred to as "the Joint Stock Companies Act of sixty-two."
- Companies Act
- UK company law
- History of companies
- Limited Liability Act 1855
- Joint Stock Companies Act 1856
- Companies (Consolidation) Act 1908 (c 69)
- Companies Act 1929
- Companies Act 1948
- Companies Act 1985
- Companies Act 2006
Micklethwait, John, and Adrian Wooldridge. 2003. The company: A short history of a revolutionary idea. New York: Modern Library.