Companion Group

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Companion Group is the name of a breed group of dogs, used by kennel clubs to classify a defined collection of dog breeds, and does not necessarily include all dogs kept as companions or pets. In some kennel clubs the Companion Group is called the Companion and Toy Group. The international kennel club association, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale has companion dogs in Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs.[1]

The United Kennel Club (US) defines the dogs in its Companion Dog Group to be "miniaturized versions of their ancestors" except for the English Bulldog and the Dalmatian.[2] Most of the United Kennel Club's Companion Dog Group breeds may be found in other kennel club's Toy or Non-Sporting Groups, although some are in other groups as well.

The purpose of this chart is to compare the dog breeds placed by the United Kennel Club (US) in their Companion Dog Group with the way the same breeds are categorised by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale and a few other national (major) kennel clubs.

Comparison of the United Kennel Club Companion Dog Group with breed group placement by other major kennel clubs[3]
Breed Fédération Cynologique Internationale The Kennel Club (UK) Australian National Kennel Council New Zealand Kennel Club Canadian Kennel Club American Kennel Club
Affenpinscher Group 2/Section 1.1 Pinscher Toy Group Group 1 (Toys) Toy Group Group 5 Toys Toy Group
Bichon Frise Group 9 Companion and Toy/Section 1.1 Bichons Toy Group Group 1 (Toys) Toy Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group
Bolognese Group 9 Companion and Toy/Section 1.1 Bichons Toy Group not recognised Toy Group not recognised not recognised
Boston Terrier Group 3 Terriers/Section 3: Bull type Terriers Utility Group Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group
Brussels Griffon Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 3: Small Belgian Dogs/3.1 Griffons (no. 80) Toy Group (Griffon Bruxellois) Group 1 (Toys) (Griffon Bruxellois) Toy Group (Griffon Bruxellois) Group 5 Toys (Griffon (Brussels)) Toy Group
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 7: English Toy Spaniels (no.136) Toy Group Group 1 (Toys) Toy Group Group 5 Toys Toy Group
Chihuahua Group 9 Companion and Toy/Section 6: Chihuahueño Toy Group (two breeds) Group 1 (Toys) (two breeds) Toy Group Group 5 Toys (two breeds) Toy Group
Chinese Crested Group 9 Companion and Toy/Section 4: Hairless Dogs Toy Group Group 1 (Toys) Toy Group Group 5 Toys Toy Group
Coton De Tulear Group 9 Companion and Toy/Section 1.1 Bichons Toy Group not recognised not recognised Group 5 Toys not recognised
Dalmatian Group 6 Scenthounds and Related Breeds/Section 3: Related breeds Utility Group Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group
English Bulldog Group 2, Section 2: Molossoid breeds Utility Group Group 7 (Non Sporting) (British Bulldog) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group
English Toy Spaniel King Charles Spaniel (no. 128) by a different name: Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 7: English Toy Spaniels Toy Group (King Charles Spaniel) Group 1 (Toys) (King Charles Spaniel) Toy Group (King Charles Spaniel) Group 5 Toys Toy Group
French Bulldog Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 11: Small Molossian type Dogs Utility Group Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group
Havanese Group 9 Companion and Toy/Section 1.1 Bichons Toy Group Group 1 (Toys) Toy Group Group 5 Toys Toy Group
Italian Greyhound Group 10 Sighthounds/Section 3: Short-haired Sighthounds Piccolo Levriero Italiano (no. 200) Toy Group Group 1 (Toys) Toy Group Group 5 Toys Toy Group
Japanese Chin Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 8: Japan Chin and Pekingese Toy Group Group 1 (Toys) Toy Group Group 5 Toys (Japanese Spaniel) Toy Group
Kromfohrländer Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 10: Kromfohrländer not recognised not recognised not recognised not recognised Foundation Stock System/Non-Sporting Group
Lhasa Apso Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 5: Tibetan breeds Utility Group Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group
Löwchen Group 9 Companion and Toy/Section 1.1 Bichons (no. 233, Petit chien lion) Toy Group (Lowchen) Group 1 (Toys) (Lowchen) Toy Group (Lowchen) Group 5 Toys Non-Sporting Group
Maltese Group 9 Companion and Toy/Section 1.1 Bichons Toy Group Group 1 (Toys) Toy Group Group 5 Toys Toy Group
Miniature Pinscher Group 2/Section 1.1 Pinscher (Zwergpinscher, no. 185) Toy Group Group 1 (Toys) Toy Group Group 5 Toys Toy Group
Papillon Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 9: Continental Toy Spaniel (one breed, two forms, Papillon and Phalène) Toy Group Group 1 (Toys) Toy Group Group 5 Toys Toy Group
Pekingese Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 8: Japan Chin and Pekingese Toy Group Group 1 (Toys) Toy Group Group 5 Toys Toy Group
Petite Brabancon Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 3: Small Belgian Dogs (no. 82) not recognised not recognised not recognised not recognised not recognised
Pomeranian Classified as a size of German Spitz - Group 5 Spitz and primitive types/Section 4 European Spitz Toy Group Group 1 (Toys) Toy Group Group 5 Toys Toy Group
Poodle (includes Poodle (Miniature) and Poodle (Toy)/Solid & Multicolored) Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 2: Poodle (all poodles are considered sizes of the same breed) Utility Group Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting (Miniature)/Group 5 Toys (Toy) Non-Sporting Group (Miniature)/Toy Group (Toy)
Pug Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 11: Small Molossian type Dogs Toy Group Group 1 (Toys) Toy Group Group 5 Toys Toy Group
Russkiy Toy Provisional, 2006, Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 9: Continental Toy Spaniel and Russian Toy not recognised not recognised not recognised not recognised not recognised
Schipperke Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs/Section 1: Sheepdogs Utility Group Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group
Shih Tzu Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 5: Tibetan breeds Utility Group Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Toy Group
Tibetan Spaniel Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 5: Tibetan breeds Utility Group Group 1 (Toys) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group
Tibetan Terrier Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs/Section 5: Tibetan breeds Utility Group Group 7 (Non Sporting) Non-Sporting Group Group 6 Non-Sporting Non-Sporting Group
Yorkshire Terrier Group 3 Terriers/Section 4: Toy Terriers Toy Group Group 1 (Toys) Toy Group Group 5 Toys Toy Group

Other kennel clubs and registries[edit]

Kennel Clubs in countries other than those listed may also use the term Companion Group, and their definition may be the same or may differ. "Companion Group" or a similar term may also be a term used by minor registries, kennel clubs, breed clubs, sporting clubs, and internet dog businesses. Each may or may not define the term separately.

Not recognized[edit]

A breed that is not recognized by a kennel club means that it has not been sufficiently vetted according to that particular kennel club's rules. It does not mean that the breed is not a breed. Major kennel clubs usually require a breed to have a specific amount of documentation, as well as a large enough breed club to warrant the training of judges for the breed, for the breed to be accepted. Small clubs and internet registry businesses may have fewer requirements, so may be seen to register more little known breeds.

See also[edit]

References[edit]