Company (musical)

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Company
KertCompany.jpg
Original Broadway Playbill
Music Stephen Sondheim
Lyrics Stephen Sondheim
Book George Furth
Productions 1970 Broadway
1971 US Tour
1972 West End
1995 Broadway revival
1995 West End revival
2002 John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts
2006 Broadway revival
2007 Australia
2011 New York Philharmonic
2013 Buenos Aires
Awards Tony Award for Best Musical
Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical
Tony Award for Best Original Score
Tony Award for Best Lyrics
Drama Desk Outstanding Music
Tony Award for Best Revival
Drama Desk Outstanding Revival

Company is a musical comedy based on a book by George Furth with music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim. The original production was nominated for a record-setting fourteen Tony Awards and won six.

Originally titled Threes, its plot revolves around Bobby (a single man unable to commit fully to a steady relationship, let alone marriage), the five married couples who are his best friends, and his three girlfriends. Unlike most book musicals, which follow a clearly delineated plot, Company is a concept musical composed of short vignettes, presented in no particular chronological order, linked by a celebration for Bobby's 35th birthday.

Company was among the first musicals to deal with adult themes and relationships. As Sondheim puts it, "Broadway theater has been for many years supported by upper-middle-class people with upper-middle-class problems. These people really want to escape that world when they go to the theatre, and then here we are with Company talking about how we're going to bring it right back in their faces."[1][2]

Background[edit]

George Furth wrote eleven one-act plays planned for Kim Stanley as each of the separate leads. Anthony Perkins was interested in directing, and asked Sondheim to read the material. After Sondheim read the plays, he asked Harold Prince for his opinion; Prince thought the plays would make the basis for a musical. The theme would be New York marriages with a central character to examine those marriages.[3]

Synopsis[edit]

Note: In the early 1990s, Furth and Sondheim revised the libretto, cutting and altering dialogue that had become dated and rewriting the end to act one. This synopsis is based on the revised libretto.

Act I[edit]

Robert is a well-liked single man living in New York City, whose friends are all married or engaged couples: Joanne and Larry, Peter and Susan, Harry and Sarah, David and Jenny, and Paul and Amy. It is Robert's 35th birthday and, though he fails to blow out the candles, the others promise him that his birthday wish will still come true, though he has wished for nothing, since his friends are all that he needs ("Company"). What follows is a series of disconnected vignette-like scenes in no apparent chronological order, each featuring Robert during a visit with each of the couples or alone with a girlfriend. The first of these features Robert visiting Sarah, a foodie supposedly now dieting, and her husband Harry, an alcohol abuser supposedly now on the wagon. Sarah and Harry taunt each other on their vices, escalating toward karate-like fighting and thrashing that may or may not be playful. The caustic Joanne, the oldest, most cynical, and most-oft divorced of Robert's friends, comments in the background sarcastically that it is "The Little Things You Do Together" that make a marriage work. Harry then explains, and the other married men concur, that you are always "Sorry-Grateful" about getting married, and that marriage changes both everything and nothing about the way you live.

Robert is next with Peter and Susan, on their apartment terrace. Peter is Ivy League, and Susan is a southern belle; the two seem to be a perfect couple, yet they surprise Robert with the news of their upcoming divorce. Later, at the home of the uptight Jenny and chic David, Robert has brought along some marijuana that they share. The couple turns to grilling Robert on why he has not yet gotten married, though he is not against the notion, and three lovely young women he is currently fooling around with—Kathy, Marta and April—appear and proceed, Andrews Sisters-style, to berate Robert for his reluctance to being committed ("You Could Drive a Person Crazy"). David tells Robert privately that Jenny pretends to like little things, like the marijuana, merely to please him.

All of Robert's male friends are deeply envious about his commitment-free status, and each has found someone they find perfect for Robert ("Have I Got a Girl For You"), but Robert is waiting for someone who merges the best features of all his married female friends ("Someone is Waiting"). Robert meets his three girlfriends in a small park on three separate occasions as Marta sings of the city: crowded, dirty, uncaring, yet somehow wonderful ("Another Hundred People"). Firstly, Robert meets with April, a slow-witted airline flight attendant. Secondly, Robert with Kathy, and the two suddenly admit that they would have once married each other. They laugh at this coincidence before Robert suddenly considers the idea seriously, but then Kathy reveals that she is leaving for Cape Cod with a new fiancé. Lastly, Robert meets with Marta who loves New York and babbles on about topics as diverse as true sophistication, the difference between uptown and downtown New York, and how you can always tell a New Yorker by his or her ass. Robert is left stunned.

The scene turns to the day of Amy and Paul's wedding; they have lived together for years, but are only now getting married. Amy is in an overwhelming state of panic and, as the upbeat Paul harmonizes rapturously, Amy patters an impressive list of reasons why she is not "Getting Married Today." Robert, the best man, and Paul watch as she complains and self-destructs over every petty thing she can possibly think of and finally just calls off the wedding explicitly. Paul dejectedly storms out into the rain and Robert tries to comfort Amy, but emotionally winds up impromptu proposing to her himself. His words jolt Amy back into reality, and with the parting words "you need to marry some body, not just some body," she runs out after Paul, at last ready to marry him. The setting returns to the scene of the birthday party, where Robert is given his cake and tries to blow out the candles again. He wishes for something this time, someone to "Marry Me a Little."

Act II[edit]

The birthday party scene is reset, and Robert goes to blow out his candles. This time, he gets them about half out, and the rest have to help him. The couples share their views on Robert with each other, comments which range from complimentary to unflattering, as Robert reflects on being the third wheel ("Side By Side By Side"), soon followed by the up-tempo paean to Robert's role as the perfect friend ("What Would We Do Without You?"). In a dance break in the middle of the number (or, in the case of the 2006 revival, in a musical solo section), each man in turn does a dance step (or, in the revival, plays a solo on his instrument), answered by his wife. Then Robert likewise does a step (or, in the revival, plays two bad notes on a kazoo), but he has no partner to answer it.

Robert brings April to his apartment for a nightcap after a date. She marvels ad nauseam at how homey his place is, and he casually positions her over the bed as they share stories about a crushed butterfly and a spoiled date. Meanwhile, the married women worry about Robert's lack of commitment ("Poor Baby"). When the inevitable sex happens, Kathy appears and performs a dance that conveys the difference between having sex and making love ("Tick-Tock"). The next morning, April wakes up to report for duty aboard a flight to "Barcelona" in a few hours. Robert makes the customary false pleas for her to stay, and for some inexplicable reasons, the pleading works and she does. Robert is astonished and disheartened. Later, Robert takes Marta to visit Peter and Susan's terrace. Apparently, Peter flew to Mexico to get the divorce, but he phoned Susan and she joined him there for a vacation. Bizarrely, they are still living together, claiming they have too many responsibilities to actually leave each other's lives, and that their relationship has actually been strengthened by the divorce. Susan takes Marta inside to make lunch, and Peter asks Robert if he has ever had a homosexual experience. They both admit they have, and Peter suggests that he and Robert could have such an encounter, but Robert uncomfortably laughs the conversation off as a joke just as the women return.

Joanne and Larry take Robert out to a nightclub, where Larry dances, while Joanne and Robert get thoroughly drunk. She blames Robert for always being an outsider, and persists in berating Larry. She raises her glass in a mocking toast to "The Ladies Who Lunch", a song judging rich middle-aged women, who waste their lives away doing meaningless activities. However, at the end of the song, Joanne realizes that she is the worst of them all. Larry returns, taking Joanne's drunken rant without complaint and explains to Robert that he still loves her dearly. When Larry leaves to pay the check, Joanne suddenly invites Robert to begin an affair with her. Larry returns, and Joanne concludes, "I just did someone a big favor." Larry and Joanne go home, leaving Robert lost in Joanne's proposition. Robert finally stops the incessant influx of messages and invitations of the five couples, which, throughout, he had been cheerily allowing to continue. He is upset and now openly lists his discontents with marriage, amid a series of his friends' voices expressing their disagreement. However, Robert's outburst suddenly changes to an urgent desire for commitment and wish to meet someone with whom to face the challenge of "Being Alive." The opening party resets a final time, where Robert's friends have waited two hours, though he has not shown up. Finally, they all pack up and go home, wishing their absent friend a happy birthday. Robert then appears alone, smiles, and blows out his candles.

Characters and original cast[edit]

  • Robert (Dean Jones) – The central character; his 35th birthday brings the group together

The couples (all married except Amy and Paul)

  • Sarah and Harry:
    • Sarah (Barbara Barrie) – Learning karate and has issues with food and dieting.
    • Harry (Charles Kimbrough) – Friendly and affable, but has issues with drinking.
  • Susan and Peter:
    • Susan (Merle Louise) – A gracious Southern belle who suffers from fainting spells.
    • Peter (John Cunningham) – Formerly Ivy League, possibly gay.
  • Amy and Paul:
    • Amy (Beth Howland) – Neurotic Catholic who gets cold feet on her wedding day.
    • Paul (Steve Elmore) – Amy's fiancé, Jewish, who has learned how to put up with her manic spells.
  • Joanne and Larry:
    • Joanne (Elaine Stritch) – Cynical, older than Robert's friends, and very acerbic; only drinks with Robert.
    • Larry (Charles Braswell) – Joanne's third husband; sweet and understanding.

The Girlfriends

  • April (Susan Browning) – A naïve flight attendant, self-described as "dumb"
  • Marta (Pamela Myers) – Hip and vulgar; loves New York.
  • Kathy (Donna McKechnie) – A small-town girl who feels out of place in New York; Robert's long-time on-off girlfriend.

The Vocal Minority:

  • pit singers (only in some productions) – Cathy Corkill, Carol Gelfand, Marilyn Saunders and Dona D. Vaughn. In subsequent productions, the Vocal Minority have been eliminated. They were brought back for the 2011 New York Philharmonic production.

Song list[edit]

* This scene marks one of the first scripted representations of Asian martial arts on the American stage.[4]

** In the 1990s, "Marry Me a Little" was restored permanently to close Act I and added to the 1995 and 2006 revivals, it is also included in the official composer's edition of the vocal selections, published in 1996 (ISBN 0-7935-6763-7).

The "Overture" and "Entr'acte" were part of the original Broadway Production. (Source: Original Official "Company" Vocal Score)

A brief reprise of "Have I Got a Girl for You" was not part of the original production, but was added in for the 1995 Broadway Revival.

*** The dance number "Tick-Tock" (arranged by David Shire) was abridged for the first Broadway revival, and afterwards deleted entirely from the score. It had become a liability in productions without dancers of the caliber of Donna McKechnie (or Charlotte d'Amboise in 1995). However, it has since been restored in some productions (such as the 2004 Reprise! production in Los Angeles and the 2011 New York Philharmonic staging).[5]

**** The song "Multitude of Amys" was the original finale but was cut due to major structural changes in the script. "Marry Me a Little" was started as a replacement but subsequently moved to the end of the first act. "Happily Ever After" was used as the finale for the first few performances, before being replaced by "Being Alive".[6]

Productions[edit]

Original Broadway production[edit]

Company opened in Boston in out-of-town tryouts, receiving mixed reviews, from the Boston Evening Globe "Brilliant", to Variety Magazine "The songs are for the most part undistinguished" and "As it stands now it's for ladies' matinees, homos and misogynists."[7]

The musical opened on Broadway on April 26, 1970 at the Alvin Theatre, where it ran for 705 performances after seven previews. Directed by Hal Prince, the opening cast included Dean Jones (who had replaced Anthony Perkins early in the rehearsal period when Perkins departed to direct a play),[8] Donna McKechnie, Susan Browning, Pamela Myers, Barbara Barrie, Charles Kimbrough, Merle Louise, Beth Howland, and Elaine Stritch. Musical staging was by Michael Bennett, assisted by Bob Avian. The set design by Boris Aronson consisted of two working elevators and various vertical platforms that emphasized the musical’s theme of isolation.

Shortly after opening night, Jones withdrew from the show, allegedly due to illness, but actually due to stress he was suffering from ongoing divorce proceedings.[9] He was replaced by his understudy Larry Kert, who had created the role of Tony in West Side Story. Kert earned rave reviews for his performance when the critics were invited to return.[10] In an unusual move, the Tony Awards committee deemed Kert eligible for a nomination, an honor usually reserved for the actor who originates a role.[11]

Company: Original Cast Album[edit]

A documentary of the recording of the original cast recording was created by award-winning documentary filmmaker D. A. Pennebaker shortly after the show opened on Broadway[12] as a pilot for a series of TV documentaries which were to highlight the different ways a cast album recording session could be conducted and the results therefrom.

However, a week after the original screening, all the original producers for the proposed series were hired to go out to Hollywood and head up production at MGM. As nobody was left in New York to spearhead the project, the series was therefore scrapped. Only this lone pilot film remains of an idea never brought to fruition.[13]

The film is filled with behind the scenes footage of the recording process, complete with much of the musical direction from and insight of Sondheim himself. Several of the show's numbers are captured in the film, including Another Hundred People, Getting Married Today, and Being Alive. These tunes are all recorded with a live orchestra, done in multiple takes over the course of several hours.

Eventually only Elaine Stritch's The Ladies Who Lunch remains to be recorded. It is now well past midnight, and Stritch, Sondheim and the orchestra are all clearly suffering from the effects of the day's marathon recording session. Stritch struggles repeatedly to record a satisfactory version of the song, even going so far as to slightly drop the key for a few takes in the hopes of producing a satisfactory take. Her voice and performance continue to degrade. Some conflict is seen between Stritch and the producer and Sondheim as she struggles.

As dawn breaks over Columbia Records' Big Church massive recording studio down on 30th and 3rd, everyone agrees to call it a night. After Stritch leaves, they record one last take of the orchestra by themselves and agree to allow her to come back the following afternoon and record the vocal over the previously recorded orchestra bed.[14]

The finale of the film features a revitalized Stritch, still in makeup from a matinee performance in the show, successfully performing the vocal we hear on the record in one take, as the sun sets over Kips Bay.

First national tour[edit]

The first national tour opened on May 20, 1971 at the Ahmanson Theatre in Los Angeles, California with George Chakiris as Bobby, and closed on May 20, 1972 at the National Theatre in Washington, D.C..

Original London production[edit]

The first West End production opened on January 18, 1972 at Her Majesty's Theatre, where it ran for 344 performances. The original cast included Larry Kert, Elaine Stritch, Joy Franz, and Donna McKechnie; Dilys Watling and Julia McKenzie were replacements later in the run.

1995 Broadway revival[edit]

After 43 previews, the 1995 Roundabout Theatre revival, directed by Scott Ellis and choreographed by Rob Marshall, opened on October 5, 1995 at the Criterion Center Stage Right, where it ran for 60 performances. The cast included Boyd Gaines, Kate Burton, Robert Westenberg, Diana Canova, Debra Monk, LaChanze, Charlotte d'Amboise, Jane Krakowski, Danny Burstein and Veanne Cox.

1995 London revival[edit]

The 1995 London revival was directed by Sam Mendes at the Donmar Warehouse. Previews began on December 1, with opening on December 13 and closing on March 2, 1996. The production transferred to the Albery Theatre, with previews starting on March 7, opening on March 13 and closing on June 29. The cast included Adrian Lester as the first black Bobby in a major production of the show. A videotaped recording of the Donmar Warehouse production was broadcast by BBC Two on March 1, 1997. On Sunday 7 November 2010, a one-off concert of Company starring most of the 1995 London revival cast, including Adrian Lester as Bobby, was held at The Queen's Theatre on Shaftesbury Avenue, to commemorate the 80th birthday of the composer, Stephen Sondheim.[15]

Kennedy Center production[edit]

A Kennedy Center (Washington, DC) production, presented as part of a summer-long presentation of Sondheim musicals, opened on May 17, 2002 for a 17-performance run. Directed by Sean Mathias, the cast included John Barrowman as Robert, Emily Skinner, Alice Ripley, and Lynn Redgrave.[16]

2006 Broadway revival[edit]

A new revival had try-outs at the Cincinnati Playhouse in the Park, Robert S. Marx Theatre in March through April 2006. This production, directed and choreographed by John Doyle opened Broadway on November 29, 2006 at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre with a cast that included Raúl Esparza as Bobby and Barbara Walsh as Joanne. As in Doyle's 2005 Broadway production of Sweeney Todd, the Demon Barber of Fleet Street, the actors themselves provided the orchestral accompaniment. For example, in the closing number, "Being Alive," Raul Esparza, as Bobby, accompanies himself on piano; Angel Desai, as Marta, plays saxophone and violin, as well as singing solo on "Another Hundred People"; the entire company sings and plays accompaniment during the second-act opener. The production won the Tony Award for Best Revival of a Musical.[17][18] The musical closed on July 1, 2007 after 34 previews and 246 performances. It was taped[19] and broadcast on the Great Performances program of PBS in 2007.[17] That video was released on DVD and is available on Netflix Instant.

2007 Australian production[edit]

Kookaburra Musical Theatre mounted a production directed by Gale Edwards in Sydney in June 2007, starring David Campbell as Bobby, with a cast including Simon Burke, Anne Looby, James Millar, Pippa Grandison, Katrina Retallick, Tamsin Carroll and Christie Whelan. The show was well-received, and Sondheim travelled to Australia for the first time in thirty years to attend the opening night.[20] However, the production caused major controversy when Whelan was out sick for one performance and (with no understudy) Kookaburra chief executive Peter Cousens insisted the show be performed anyway, but without the character of April. This involved cutting several numbers and scenes with no explanation, and that night's performance ended twenty minutes early. Following complaints from the audience, there was considerable negative press attention to the decision, and Sondheim threatened to revoke the production rights for the show.[21]

2011 New York Philharmonic Concert[edit]

In April 2011, Lonny Price directed a staged concert production,[22] with Neil Patrick Harris as Robert, Stephen Colbert as Harry, Craig Bierko as Peter, Jon Cryer as David, Katie Finneran as Amy, Christina Hendricks as April, Aaron Lazar as Paul, Jill Paice as Susan, Martha Plimpton as Sarah, Anika Noni Rose as Marta, Jennifer Laura Thompson as Jenny, Jim Walton as Larry, Chryssie Whitehead as Kathy, and Patti LuPone as Joanne. Paul Gemignani conducted a 35-piece orchestra, which uses similar orchestrations to the first Broadway production. This concert follows a long tradition of Stephen Sondheim concert productions at the New York Philharmonic, including Sweeney Todd and Passion.[23][24] A filmed presentation of the concert debuted in select movie theatres on June 15, 2011.[25] The DVD version was released on Nov. 13, 2012.[26] The cast of the production gathered again for a live performance at the 2011 Tony Awards, hosted by Harris, on June 12, 2011.[27]

International productions[edit]

Recordings[edit]

The Broadway cast album did not include Kert, because it had already been recorded before he assumed the role of Bobby. However, after having Jones' original vocals mixed out of the original Broadway backing tracks, when the cast travelled to London to reprise their roles, Columbia Records took Kert into the studio to record new vocal tracks. This "new" recording featuring the new vocals laid over the original Broadway backing tracks was released as the Original London Cast recording. In 1998, when Sony Music who had acquired the Columbia catalogues, released a newly digitalized CD version of the original Broadway cast recording, Kert's rendition of "Being Alive," the show's final number, was included as a bonus track.[33]

There are also cast recordings of the 1995 Broadway and London productions and the 2006 Broadway production.

Video recordings are available of the 1995 London, 2006 Broadway, and 2011 New York Philharmonic revivals.

Awards and nominations[edit]

For the only time, the Tony Awards for Music and Lyrics were split into two categories. Sondheim won both awards.

Original Broadway production[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
1971 Drama Desk Award Outstanding Book of a Musical George Furth Won
Outstanding Director of a Musical Harold Prince Won
Outstanding Lyrics Stephen Sondheim Won
Outstanding Music Won
Outstanding Set Design Boris Aronson Won
Theatre World Award Susan Browning Won
Tony Award Best Musical Won
Best Book of a Musical George Furth Won
Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical Larry Kert Nominated
Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Elaine Stritch Nominated
Susan Browning Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical Charles Kimbrough Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical Barbara Barrie Nominated
Pamela Myers Nominated
Best Direction of a Musical Harold Prince Won
Best Choreography Michael Bennett Nominated
Best Original Music Stephen Sondheim Won
Best Original Lyrics Won
Best Scenic Design Boris Aronson Won
Best Lighting Design Robert Ornbo Nominated

1995 Broadway revival[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
1996 Drama Desk Award Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Veanne Cox Nominated
Tony Award Best Revival of a Musical Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical Veanne Cox Nominated

1995 London revival[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
1996 Laurence Olivier Award Best Actor in a Musical Adrian Lester Won
Best Performance in a Supporting Role in a Musical Sheila Gish Won
Sophie Thompson Nominated
Best Director Sam Mendes Won

2006 Broadway revival[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
2007 Drama Desk Award Outstanding Revival of a Musical Won
Outstanding Actor in a Musical Raúl Esparza Won
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Barbara Walsh Nominated
Outstanding Director of a Musical John Doyle Nominated
Outstanding Orchestrations Mary Mitchell Campbell Won
Tony Award Best Revival of a Musical Won
Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical Raúl Esparza Nominated
Best Direction of a Musical John Doyle Nominated

Film version[edit]

Sondheim once asked William Goldman whether he would be interested in writing a screenplay for a film version of the musical. Goldman:

Company is one of those great shows, along with Gypsy and Pal Joey, that I think of as the greatest, quintessential, most beloved musicals. I remember seeing Company five times and I loved it, and I had a huge... problem which was that the main character's obviously gay but they don't talk about it. Hal, George and Steve all claim it's about a straight guy with commitment problems. Anyway I loved the show. And I figured out a way to change it, keep the score, but give it some narrative.[34]

Herbert Ross was meant to direct but Goldman says the director talked Sondheim out of doing the film.[34]

In 2010 there was talk Neil LaBute would direct a film version.[35]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ "Company" PBS.com, Broadway: the American Musical, accessed August 16, 2011
  2. ^ Broadway: the American musical, episode 5: "Tradition (1957–1979)," 2004.
  3. ^ Zadan, Craig. Sondheim & Co. (1986) ISBN 0-06-015649-X, p. 116
  4. ^ Langsner, Meron, "Company's Representation of Martial Arts", The Sondheim Review, Vol XX, No 1, Fall/Winter 2013
  5. ^ Kendt, Rob."Theater Review" Los Angeles Times, May 21, 2004[dead link]
  6. ^ (no author)"In Tune: Being Alive" carlinamerica.com, accessed August 16, 2011
  7. ^ Citron, Stephen. "Prince and Company" Sondheim and Lloyd-Webber: The New Musical, Oxford University Press US, 2001, ISBN 0-19-509601-0, p. 172
  8. ^ Kelly, Kevin. One Singular Sensation: The Michael Bennett Story, Doubleday, 1990, ISBN 0-8217-3310-9, page 68
  9. ^ Filichia, Peter. "How Now, Dean Jones?" Theatermania.com (March 19, 2002). Retrieved on April 4. See also Zadan, Craig. Sondheim & Co. (2nd ed.). New York: Harper & Row, 1986;Yahoo! "Movies bio of Jones" movies.yahoo.com, accessed August 16, 2011 and "Povonline article" povonline.com, accessed April 10, 2007.
  10. ^ "Biography of Kert" lambertville-music-circus.org, accessed April 10, 2007.
  11. ^ Weinman, Jamie."Article about Company" zvbxrpl.blogspot.com, September 6, 2006, accessed August 16, 2011. See also "Biography of Kert" lambertville-music-circus.org, accessed April 10, 2007.
  12. ^ Original Cast Album-Company (1970). IMDb.com. Retrieved on April 10, 2007
  13. ^ Company: Original Cast Album film by D.A. Pennebaker LaserDisc liner notes Retrieved on January 29, 2011
  14. ^ "Review: 'Company' (1970)" musicorld.com, July 19, 2004
  15. ^ "The Baz Bamigboye Column", Daily Mail (London), November 5, 2010 (no page number)
  16. ^ "'Company' listing, The Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, 2002" Sondheimguide.com, accessed August 18, 2011
  17. ^ a b "Sondheim Guide, 2006 Broadway Revival" Sondheimguide.com, accessed March 25, 2011
  18. ^ Brantley, Ben. "Theater Review: A Revival Whose Surface of Tundra Conceals a Volcano", The New York Times, November 30, 2006, p.E1
  19. ^ Gans, Andrew and Jones, Kenneth."Playbill News: Tony-Winning Revival of 'Company' to Be Filmed for "Great Performances" Broadcast" Playbill.com, June 28, 2007
  20. ^ (no author). "Stephen Sondheim to Visit Sydney" Australian Stage, June 10, 2007
  21. ^ Dunn, Emily."Send Off The Clowns" Sydney Morning Herald, July 21, 2007
  22. ^ Holden, Stephen."A Bachelor, Five Couples and All Their Tuneful Discontents" The New York Times, April 8, 2011
  23. ^ Gans, Andrew."Neil Patrick Harris to Star in New York Philharmonic Company Concerts" Playbill.com, December 10, 2010
  24. ^ Staff. "Patti LuPone Gets Ready for Company With Neil Patrick Harris" Broadway.com, January 13, 2011
  25. ^ Gans, Andrew."Philharmonic's 'Company', With Neil Patrick Harris and Patti LuPone, Will Hit Cinemas in June" Playbill.com, April 9, 2011
  26. ^ "Company (Stephen Sondheim) (2011)". Amazon. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  27. ^ Staff. "Cast of Neil Patrick Harris Led 'Company' to Perform on Tony Awards Telecast" Broadwayworld.com, June 2, 2011
  28. ^ 2001 Brazil Production" sondheimguide.com, accessed April 14, 2011
  29. ^ 'Company' Den Nationale Scene, (in Norwegian), accessed April 14, 2011
  30. ^ 'Sheffield Theatres Production' of Company.
  31. ^ "SISTIC Singapore". Sistic. Retrieved 6 December 2012. 
  32. ^ Pew, Gwen. "You’ve Got ‘Company’". Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  33. ^ News From Me – Archives. newsfromme.com (September 24, 2005). Retrieved on 2007-04-11.
  34. ^ a b Chris Gore, The 50 Greatest Movies Never Made, St Martins 1999 p 186
  35. ^ "Neil LaBute May Direct Film Version Of Stephen Sondheim's Musical 'Company'" by Oliver Lyttelton The PlaylistNovember 25, 2010 accessed 14 June 2013

Bibliography

Further reading

  • Ilson, Carol. Harold Prince: A Director's Journey (2004), Limelight Editions, ISBN 0-87910-296-9.
  • Prince, Harold. Contradictions: Notes on twenty-six years in the theatre (1974), Dodd, Mead, ISBN 0-396-07019-1.
  • Rich, Frank. The Theatre Art of Boris Aronson (1987), Knopf. ISBN 0-394-52913-8.
  • Mandelbaum, Ken. A Chorus Line and the Musicals of Michael Bennett (1990), St Martins Press, ISBN 0-312-04280-9.

External links[edit]