Company of Cutlers in Hallamshire
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The Company of Cutlers in Hallamshire is a trade guild of metalworkers based in Sheffield, England. It was incorporated in 1624 by an Act of Parliament, and was notoriously held in high regard by William III of England. The head is called the Master Cutler. Its motto is Pour Y Parvenir a Bonne Foi (To Succeed through Honest Endeavour).
In the original act of Parliament, the company was given jurisdiction over:
- "all persons using to make Knives, Blades, Scissers, Sheeres, Sickles, Cutlery wares and all other wares and manufacture made or wrought of yron and steele, dwelling or inhabiting within the said Lordship and Liberty of Hallamshire, or within six miles compasse of the same".
This was expanded to include other trades by later acts, most notably steelmakers in 1860. In the same year the Company was given the right to veto any proposed name of a limited company anywhere in the United Kingdom which contains the word "Sheffield". They also supply marks to approved cutlers and promote Sheffield steelware.
The company has been based at Cutlers' Hall (opposite the cathedral on Church Street) since 1638. The current hall is the third to have been built on the site. The second was built in 1725 and the third in 1832. It was extended in 1867 and 1888. It is now a Grade II* listed building. It is used for formal functions and award ceremonies for local businesses.
Members of the company are called freemen and currently number 447. The Master Cutler is elected each year from the freemen within the company. He also has 2 Wardens, 6 Searchers and 24 Assistants.
The Master Cutler for October 2012 – 2013 is Neil MacDonald.
- "Sheffield in the Eighteenth Century". R A Leader. The Sheffield Independent Press Limited (archive.org). Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- Sheffield Records Online Sheffield Master Cutlers and Apprentices
- "Guidance - Incorporation and Names". Companies House. Companies House. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- "Sheffield The Story Of The English Towns (1919)". J. S. Fletcher. The MacMillan Company New York (archive.org). Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- "The National Heritage List for England". English Heritage. English Heritage. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- "Historic date for first female Master Cutler". Sheffield Telegraph. Johnston Press. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
- The Star (Sheffield) 10 Oct 2012 "Optimism of the Master Cutler"
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