Comparative army officer ranks of Europe

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Rank comparison chart of all armies and land forces of European states.

Officers (OF 1–10)[edit]

Equivalent NATO Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 Student Officer
 Albania
(Edit)
No Equivalent None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg No Equivalent No Equivalent
Gjeneral Gjeneral Lejtant Gjeneral Major Gjeneral Brigade Kolonel Nënkolonel Major Kapiten Toger Nëntoger


 Belgium
(Edit)
No Equivalent Army-BEL-OF-09.svg Army-BEL-OF-08.svg Army-BEL-OF-07.svg Army-BEL-OF-06.svg Army-BEL-OF-05.svg Army-BEL-OF-04.svg Army-BEL-OF-03.svg
Army-BEL-OF-02a.svg Army-BEL-OF-02b.svg
Capitaine-commandant Capitaine
Kapitein-commandant Capitaine
Army-BEL-OF-01a.svg Army-BEL-OF-01b.svg No Equivalent No Equivalent
Général Lieutenant général Général-major Général de Brigade Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Lieutenant Sous-lieutenant
Generaal Luitenant-generaal Generaal-majoor Brigadegeneraal Kolonel Luitenant-kolonel Majoor Luitenant Onderluitenant
 Bulgaria
(Edit)
No Equivalent Rank insignia of Генерал of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Генерал-лейтенант of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Генерал-майор of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Бригаден генерал of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Полковник of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Подполковник of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Майор of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Капитан of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Старши лейтенант of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Лейтенант of the Bulgarian Army.png Rank insignia of Офицерски кандидат of the Bulgarian Army.png No equivalent
Генерал Генерал-лейтенант Генерал-майор Бригаден генерал Полковник Подполковник Майор Капитан Старши лейтенант Лейтенант Офицерски кандидат


 Croatia
(Edit)
Army-HRV-OF-10.svg Army-HRV-OF-09.svg Army-HRV-OF-08.svg Army-HRV-OF-07.svg Army-HRV-OF-06.svg Army-HRV-OF-05.svg Army-HRV-OF-04.svg Army-HRV-OF-03.svg Army-HRV-OF-02.svg Army-HRV-OF-01a.svg Army-HRV-OF-01b.svg No equivalent No equivalent
Stožerni general General zbora General pukovnik General bojnik Brigadni general Brigadir Pukovnik Bojnik Satnik Natporučnik Poručnik


 Czech Republic
(Edit)
No Equivalent OF-9 GenArmy ACR.jpg OF-8 ColGen ACR.jpg OF-7 MajGen ACR.jpg OF-6 BrigGen ACR.jpg OF-5 Col ACR.jpg OF-4 LtCol ACR.jpg OF-3 Major ACR.jpg
OF-2 Captain ACR.jpg
OF-1a Nadporuchik ACR.jpg OF-1b Poruchik ACR.jpg No Equivalent No Equivalent
Armádní generál Generálporučík Generálmajor Brigádní generál Plukovník Podplukovník Major
Kapitán
Nadporučík Porutchik
(Poručík)


 Denmark (Edit) No Equivalent Rank insignia of general of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of generalløjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of generalmajor of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of brigadegeneral of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of oberst of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of oberstløjnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of major of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of kaptajn of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of premierløjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of flyverløjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of løjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of værnepligtig sergent of the Royal Danish Army.svg
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Brigadegeneral Oberst Oberstløjtnant Major Kaptajn Premierløjtnant Løjtnant Sekondløjtnant Værnepligtig Sergent


 Estonia (Edit) No Equivalent ES-Army-OF9.gif ES-Army-OF8.gif ES-Army-OF7.gif ES-Army-OF6.gif ES-Army-OF5.gif ES-Army-OF4.gif ES-Army-OF3.gif
ES-Army-OF14.jpg ES-Army-OF13.jpg
Kapten Leitnant
ES-Army-OF1b.gif ES-Army-OF1c.gif No Equivalent No Equivalent
Kindral Kindralleitnant Kindralmajor Brigaadikindral Kolonel Kolonelleitnant Major Nooremleitnant Lipnik
 France
(Edit)
Army-FRA-OF-10.svg Army-FRA-OF-09.svg Army-FRA-OF-08.svg Army-FRA-OF-07.svg Army-FRA-OF-06.svg Army-FRA-OF-05.svg Army-FRA-OF-04.svg Army-FRA-OF-03.svg Army-FRA-OF-02.svg Army-FRA-OF-01a.svg Army-FRA-OF-01b.svg Army-FRA-OF-01c.svg Army-FRA-OF-00.svg
Maréchal de France1 Général d´armée Général de corps d'armée Général de division Général de brigade Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-Lieutenant Aspirant Élève-officier


 Germany (Edit) No Equivalent DH341-General.png
General
DH331-Generalleutnant.png
Generalleutnant
DH321-Generalmajor.png
Generalmajor
DH311-Brigadegeneral.png
Brigadegeneral
DH271-Oberst.png
Oberst
DH261-Oberstleutnant.png
Oberstleutnant
DH251-Major.png
Major
DH241-Stabshauptmann.png
Stabshauptmann
DH231-Hauptmann.png
Hauptmann
DH221-Oberleutnant.png
Oberleutnant
DH211-Leutnant.png
Leutnant
DH154-Oberfähnrich.png
Oberfähnrich
Dienstgrad Bundeswehr Heer 134 Faehnrich.svg
Fähnrich
Dienstgrad Bundeswehr Heer 114 Fahnenjunker.svg
Fahnenjunker
Enlisted rank plus bottom thin silver
cord indicating cadet's career


Greece Greece
(Edit)
No Equivalent Army-GRE-OF-09.svg Army-GRE-OF-08.svg Army-GRE-OF-07.svg Army-GRE-OF-06.svg Army-GRE-OF-05.svg Army-GRE-OF-04.svg Army-GRE-OF-03.svg Army-GRE-OF-02.svg Army-GRE-OF-01a.svg Army-GRE-OF-01b.svg GR-Army-OFD.svg No Equivalent
Στρατηγός Αντιστράτηγος Υποστράτηγος Ταξίαρχος Συνταγματάρχης Αντισυνταγματάρχης Ταγματάρχης Λοχαγός Υπολοχαγός Ανθυπολοχαγός Δόκιμος Έφεδρος Αξιωματικός
Stratigos Antistratigos Ypostratigos Taxiarchos Syntagmatarchis Antisyntagmatarchis Tagmatarchis Lochagos Ypolochagos Anthypolochagos Dokimos Efedros Axiomatikos


Holy See Holy See
(Edit)
No Equivalent No Equivalent No Equivalent No Equivalent No Equivalent
Colonel
Lieutenant Colonel
Major
Captain
No Equivalent No Equivalent No Equivalent No Equivalent
Oberst Oberstleutnant Major Hauptmann


 Hungary
(Edit)
No equivalent Rank Army Hungary OF-09.svg Rank Army Hungary OF-08.svg Rank Army Hungary OF-07.svg Rank Army Hungary OF-06.svg Rank Army Hungary OF-05.svg Rank Army Hungary OF-04.svg Rank Army Hungary OF-03.svg Rank Army Hungary OF-02.svg Rank Army Hungary OF-01b.svg Rank Army Hungary OF-01a.svg No equivalent No equivalent
Vezérezredes Altábornagy Vezérőrnagy Dandártábornok Ezredes Alezredes Őrnagy Százados Főhadnagy Hadnagy
 Iceland
(Edit)
No Equivalent No Equivalent No Equivalent No Equivalent No Equivalent IFRofursti.PNG IFRundirofursti.PNG IFRmajor.PNG IFRkafteinn.PNG IFR1lidsforingi.PNG IFR2lidsforingi.PNG No Equivalent No Equivalent
Ofursti Undirofursti Majór Höfuðsmaður Liðsforingi Undirliðsforingi
 Italy
(Edit)
Rank insignia of generale of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of generale di corpo d'armata con incarichi speciali of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of generale di corpo d'armata of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of generale di divisione of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of generale di brigata of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of colonnello of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of tenente colonnello of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of maggiore of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
Rank insignia of primo capitano of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of capitano of the Army of Italy (1973).svg
Rank insignia of tenete of the Army of Italy (1973).svg Rank insignia of sottotenete of the Army of Italy (1973).svg No equivalent Rank insignia of allievo ufficiale of the Italian Army.svg
generale
(Chief of Defense Staff only)
generale di corpo d'armata
con incarichi speciali
generale di corpo d'armata
(tenente generale)
generale di divisione
(maggior generale)
generale di brigata
(brigadier generale)
colonnello tenente colonnello maggiore
primo capitano capitano
tenente sottotenente allievo ufficiale


 Latvia
(Edit)
No Equivalent No Equivalent LV-Army-OF8.png LV-Army-OF7.png LV-Army-OF6.png LV-Army-OF5.png LV-Army-OF4.png LV-Army-OF3.png LV-Army-OF2.png LV-Army-OF1a.png LV-Army-OF1b.png No Equivalent No Equivalent
Ģenerālleitnants Ģenerālmajors Brigādes Ģenerālis Pulkvedis Pulkvežleitnants Majors Kapteinis Virsleitnants Leitnants
 Lithuania
(Edit)
No Equivalent No Equivalent OF-8 generolas leitenantas SP.jpg OF-7 generolas majoras SP.jpg OF-6 brigados generolas SP.jpg OF-5 pulkininkas SP.jpg OF-4 pulkininkas leitenantas SP.jpg OF-3 majoras SP.jpg OF-2 kapitonas SP.jpg OF-1 vyresnysis leitenantas SP.jpg OF-1 leitenantas SP.jpg No Equivalent
Generolas leitenantas Generolas majoras Brigados generolas Pulkininkas Pulkininkas leitenantas Majoras Kapitonas Vyresnysis leitenantas Leitenantas Kariūnas
 Luxembourg
(Edit)
No Equivalent No Equivalent No Equivalent No Equivalent None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg No Equivalent
Général Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Major Capitaine Premier-Lieutenant Lieutenant Aspirant-Officier
Monaco Monaco
(Edit)
No Equivalent No Equivalent No Equivalent No Equivalent No Equivalent
Colonel
Lieutenant Colonel
Major
Captain
Lieutenant
Sub-Lieutenant
No Equivalent No Equivalent
Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous Lieutenant


 Netherlands
(Edit)
No Equivalent Nl-landmacht-generaal.svg Nl-landmacht-luitenant generaal.svg Nl-landmacht-generaal majoor.svg Nl-landmacht-brigade generaal.svg Nl-landmacht-kolonel.svg Nl-landmacht-luitenant kolonel.svg Nl-landmacht-majoor.svg Nl-landmacht-kapitein ritmeester.svg Nl-landmacht-eerste luitenant.svg Nl-landmacht-tweede luitenant.svg Nl-landmacht-vaandrig.svg No Equivalent
Generaal Luitenant - generaal Generaal - majoor Brigade - generaal Kolonel Luitenant - kolonel Majoor
  • Kapitein
  • Ritmeester
1e Luitenant 2e Luitenant
  • Vaandrig
  • Kornet
 Norway(Edit) No Equivalent NOR OF9.png
General
NOR OF8.png
Generalløytnant
NOR OF7.png
Generalmajor
NOR OF6.png
Brigader
NOR OF5.png
Oberst
NOR OF4.png
Oberstløytnant
NOR OF3.png
Major
NOR OF2.png
Kaptein / Rittmester
NOR OF1.png
Løytnant
FenrikOF1.png
Fenrik
No Equivalent No Equivalent
 Poland
(Edit)
Army-POL-OF-10.svg Army-POL-OF-09.svg Army-POL-OF-08.svg Army-POL-OF-07.svg Army-POL-OF-06.svg Army-POL-OF-05.svg Army-POL-OF-04.svg Army-POL-OF-03.svg Army-POL-OF-02.svg Army-POL-OF-01a.svg Army-POL-OF-01b.svg No equivalent Various
Marszałek Polski1 Generał Generał broni Generał dywizji Generał brygady Pułkownik Podpułkownik Major Kapitan Porucznik Podporucznik Podchorąży
 Portugal
(Edit)
23 - Marechal.svg 22 - General.svg 21 - Tenente-general.svg 20 - Major-general.svg 19 - Brigadeiro-general.svg 18 - Coronel.svg 17 - Tenente-coronel.svg 16 - Major.svg 15 - Capitão.svg 14 - Tenente.svg 13 - Alferes.svg 12 - Aspirante.svg Various
Marechal1 General Tenente-general Major-general Brigadeiro-general Coronel Tenente-coronel Major Capitão Tenente Alferes Aspirante-a-Oficial Cadete-Aluno
 Romania
(Edit)
RO-Army-OF9.png RO-Army-OF8.png RO-Army-OF7.png RO-Army-OF6.png RO-Army-OF5.png RO-Army-OF4.png RO-Army-OF3.png RO-Army-OF2.png RO-Army-OF1a.png RO-Army-OF1b.png No Equivalent No Equivalent
Mareşal1 General General-locotenent General-maior General de brigadă Colonel Locotenent-colonel Maior Căpitan Locotenent Sublocotenent
Russia Russia
(Edit)
Marshal of the Russian Federation
Army General
Colonel General
Lieutenant General
Major General
Colonel
Lieutenant Colonel
Major
Captain
Senior Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Junior Lieutenant
No Equivalent No Equivalent
Márshal Rossíyskoy Federátsii Generál Ármii Generál-Polkóvnik Generál-Leytenánt Generál-Mayór Polkóvnik Podpolkóvnik Mayór Kapitán
Stárshiy Leytenánt Leytenánt Mládshiy Leytenánt


 Slovakia
(Edit)
No Equivalent None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg No Equivalent No Equivalent

Generál

Generálporučík

Generálmajor

Brigádny Generál

Plukovník

Podplukovník

Major

Kapitán

Nadporučík

Poručík
 Slovenia
(Edit)
No Equivalent Slovenska vojska general.jpg Slovenska vojska genpodpol.jpg Slovenska vojska genmajor.jpg Slovenska vojska cast brigadir.jpg Slovenska vojska cast pol.jpg Slovenska vojska cast podpol.jpg Slovenska vojska cast major.jpg Slovenska vojska cast stot.jpg Slovenska vojska cast nadporoc.jpg Slovenska vojska cast poroc.jpg No Equivalent No Equivalent
General Generalpodpolkovnik Generalmajor Brigadir Polkovnik Podpolkovnik Major Stotnik Nadporočnik Poročnik
 Spain
(Edit)
Capitán General
General de Ejército
Teniente General
General de División
General de Brigada
Coronel
Teniente Coronel
Comandante
Capitán
Teniente
Alférez
Alférez
Alférez
Alférez
Capitán general1 General de Ejército Teniente general General de división General de brigada Coronel Teniente coronel Comandante Capitán Teniente Alférez Caballero Alférez Cadete
Alumno 2º Alumno 1º
Sweden Sweden
(Edit)
No Equivalent
General
Corps General
Major General
Brigade General
Colonel
Lieutenant Colonel
Major
Captain
Lieutenant
Ensign
Unknown
Officer Cadet
General Generallöjtnant Generalmajor Brigadgeneral Överste Överstelöjtnant Major Kapten Löjtnant Fänrik Kadett


Switzerland Switzerland
(Edit)
No Equivalent
General
Corps General
Division General
Brigade General
Colonel
Lieutenant Colonel
Major
Captain
First Lieutenant
Lieutenant
No Equivalent No Equivalent
General Korpskommandant Divisionär Brigadier Oberst Oberstleutnant Major Hauptmann Oberleutnant Leutnant
général commandant de corps divisionnaire brigadier colonel lieutenant-colonel major capitaine premier-lieutenant lieutenant


Turkey Turkey
(Edit)
OF-10 Mareşal TA.jpg OF-9 Orgeneral TA.jpg OF-8 OF-8 Korgeneral TA.jpg OF-7 OF-7 Tümgeneral TA.jpg Insignia of rank Army of Turkey, OF-6.jpg Insignia of rank Army of Turkey, OF-5.jpg.gif Insignia of rank Army of Turkey, OF-4.gif Insignia of rank Army of Turkey, OF-5.jpg Insignia of rank Army of Turkey, OF-2.jpg Insignia of rank Army of Turkey, OF-1-2.jpg Insignia of rank Army of Turkey, OF-1-1.jpg Insignia of rank Army of Turkey, OF-D.jpg No
Insignia
Mareşal Orgeneral Korgeneral Tümgeneral Tuğgeneral Albay Yarbay Binbaşı Yüzbaşı Üsteğmen Teğmen Asteğmen Harbiyeli
United Kingdom United Kingdom
(Edit)
Field Marshal
General
Lieutenant-General
Major-General
Brigadier
Colonel
Lieutenant-Colonel
Major
Captain
Lieutenant
Second Lieutenant
Officer Cadet
Not Found
Field Marshal1 General Lieutenant-General Major-General Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Cadet
Equivalent NATO Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 Student Officer

Remark:
NATO STANAG 2116 lists Officer Designates (listed here as OF(D)) of some countries alongside OF-1 ranks.


See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • 1 Title; Honorary or posthumous rank; war time rank; ceremonial rank. For example, in Spain this rank is held solely by H.M. the King of Spain.

References[edit]