Comparison of research networking tools and research profiling systems

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Research Networking (RN) is about using web-based tools to discover and use research and scholarly information about people and resources. Research Networking tools (RN tools) serve as knowledge management systems for the research enterprise. RN tools connect institution-level/enterprise systems, national research networks, publicly available research data (e.g., grants and publications), and restricted/proprietary data by harvesting information from disparate sources into compiled expertise profiles for faculty, investigators, scholars, clinicians, community partners, and facilities. RN tools facilitate the development of new collaborations and team science to address new or existing research challenges through the rapid discovery and recommendation of researchers, expertise, and resources.[1][2]

RN tools differ from search engines such as Google in that they access information in databases and other data not limited to web pages. They also differ from social networking systems such as LinkedIn or Facebook in that they represent a compendium of data ingested from authoritative and verifiable sources rather than predominantly individually asserted information, making RN tools more reliable.[3] Yet, RN tools have sufficient flexibility to allow for profile editing. RN tools also provide resources to bolster human connector systems:[4] they can make non-intuitive matches, they do not depend on serendipity, and they do not have a propensity to return only to previously identified collaborations/collaborators. RN tools also generally have associated analytical capabilities that enable evaluation of collaboration and cross-disciplinary research/scholarly activity, especially over time.

Importantly, data harvested into robust RN tools is accessible for broad repurposing, especially if available as linked open data (RDF triples). Thus RN tools enhance research support activities by providing data for customized, up-to-date web pages, CV/biosketch generation, and data tables for grant proposals.

The following tables compare research networking (RN) software.


This table provides general information for each tool: name, developing institution, external links to information, whether the code is Open Source and known adopters of the software.

Research Networking Tool Link to Product Page Developer/Owner Open Source Adopters
Activity Insight Activity Insight Digital Measures No USC Marshall School of Business
C-IKNOW[5][6] C-IKNOW Science of Networks in Communities (SONIC) - Northwestern University Yes National Cancer Institute, National Science Foundation
Collaborative Partnership / Profile System Collaborative Partnership and Research Expertise at UT Arlington University of Texas at Arlington Yes UT Arlington, UT Pan American, University of North Texas Health Science Center, UT El Paso, UT San Antonio, UT Tyler, UT Health Science Center, University of North Texas, UT Dallas, UT Health Center at Tyler, Texas Christian University, (plans to add Gulf Coast Consortia: Rice University, Baylor College of Medicine)
Community Academic Profiles - CAP Community Academic Profiles Stanford University No Stanford University
CurvitaTM Profile Manager Curvita Profile Manager SciMed Solutions No University of North Carolina
CUSP - Columbia University Scientific Profiles CUSP Columbia University No Columbia University
Digital Vita DigitalVita Center for Dental Informatics - University of Pittsburgh Yes University of Pittsburgh, Pitt Health Sciences Center
Elsevier's SciVal Experts (formerly Collexis Expert Profiling) SciVal Experts Elsevier No 45+ implementations worldwide containing profiles for researchers at 65+ institutions. Customers include Johns Hopkins University, Memorial Sloan-Kettering, Northwestern University, REACH NC, University of Michigan, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and several institutions in Asia-Pacific, Europe and Latin America. See SciVal Experts client list. Details on The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center's use of the tool
Elsevier's SciVal Spotlight SciVal Spotlight Elsevier No As of Nov 2011, there are approximately 40 adopters worldwide. Details on Tohoku University's use of the tool
Epernicus Solutions & Epernicus Network Epernicus Epernicus No (but Epernicus Network is free to use) Harvard, MIT, Indiana University, Stanford, University of California Berkeley (but not exclusively)
Epistemio Epistemio Epistemio No N/A (platform is directed toward individual researcher use)
ERIM Member Profile System (ERIM MIS) People ERIM People profile system Erasmus Research Institute of Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands No Erasmus University
EUREKA!TM Enhancing Student Research EUREKA University of Texas at Austin (UTA) No University of Texas at Austin
Expertise @ Maryland UM Experts University of Maryland Yes (will be) University of Maryland College Park
Faculty Profile System UC Irvine Faculty Profile System University of California Irvine No UC Irvine
Faculty Research Information Profile (FRIP) Discontinued. Work on this system ceased; moved on to developing Digital Vita University of Pittsburgh N/A (formerly) University of Pittsburgh
Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index Academic Analytics Academic Analytics, LLC No Unknown
GENIUS InfoEd GENIUS InfoEd Global No Many Big Ten/CIC institutions
Google Google search generated from an institution's home page or Google search limited to only one domain (e.g. Google No (but anyone can access Google) Anyone can access
HUBzero HUBzero Purdue University Yes[7] Indiana CTSI, Indiana University, Purdue University, Notre Dame
iamResearcher iamResearcher University of Southampton, UK Unknown N/A (platform is directed toward individual researcher use)
iAMscientist iAMscientist No Unknown
i2iConnect i2iConnect Indiana University No (but original software from ThemesJoomla is) N/A (platform is directed toward individual researcher use)
InCites InCites Thomson Reuters No 100 research institutions and funding bodies globally
INDURE (Indiana Database for University Research Expertise) INDURE Indiana University / Purdue University No Ball State, Indiana University, Purdue University, University of Notre Dame
Knode Knode Knode No Multiple, anyone can use, collaborating with VIVO and UCSF
Lattes Platform Lattes CNPq - Brazil Unknown N/A (Platform is directed toward individual researcher use in Brazil)
LatticeGrid[8] LatticeGrid public Wiki Northwestern University Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute (NUCATS) - Biomedical Informatics Center (NUBIC) Yes Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine & Cancer Center, UCSF Cancer Center, Fox Chase Cancer Center, University of Michigan, Case Western University
LinkedIn LinkedIn LinkedIn No (but LinkedIn is free to use) N/A (Platform is directed toward individual researcher use. Millions of users are registered globally.)
Loki[9] Loki University of Iowa No University of Iowa Institute for Clinical and Translational Science
McCormick Collaboration Visualization Tool Collaboration at McCormick Northwestern University No McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science at Northwestern University
Mendeley Mendeley Mendeley No Anyone can use
MizzouLinks none available University of Missouri Unknown University of Missouri
MyScienceWork MyScienceWork Unknown No (but anyone can register and use the network) Anyone can register and use. The network is directed at the individual researcher
OSU:pro OSU:pro Ohio State University No (but can be licensed) Ohio State University
Pivot Pivot ProQuest, LLC No 100 university campuses and research organizations globally
Profiles Research Networking Software Profiles Harvard University Yes (BSD license) Harvard, UCSF, and many others (see Profiles users )
REACH NC Life Science Experts Visualization Tool REACH NC RENCI (Renaissance Computing Institute, a collaboration between University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Duke University and North Carolina State University) Duke Research Triangle Institute University of North Carolina General Administration No (but free to the public) Appalachian State University Duke University East Carolina University Elizabeth City State University Fayetteville State University NC A&T North Carolina Central University North Carolina State University RTI International UNC-Asheville University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill UNC-Charlotte UNC-Greensboro UNC-Pembroke UNC-Wilmington Western Carolina University Winston-Salem State University
Research Accelerator YCCI Research Accelerator Unknown Yale University
Research in View Research in View Thomson Reuters No Ohio State University
ResearcherID ResearcherID Thomson Reuters No (but ResearcherID network is free to access and use by individual users) N/A (Platform is directed toward individual researcher use)
SciENcv SciENcv A pilot program sponsored by the Federal Demonstration Partnership and the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) supported by the STAR METRICS program Yes Sponsored by the Federal Demonstration Partnership and the NSTC's interagency groups: Research Business Model (RBM) and Science of Science Policy (SoSP)
Symplectic Elements Symplectic Elements Symplectic No (However, an open source VIVO Harvester extension is available.) 60+ major research institutions around the world, including the University of Cambridge (UK), University of Oxford (UK), University of Melbourne (AUS), Duke University (US), University of Auckland (NZ), Cornell University (US), Georgia Tech (US). (see Some of Symplectic's clients)
VIVO[1][10] VIVO and VIVO at Sourceforge Cornell University (original developers) and University of Florida Yes[11] Cornell University, University of Florida, Washington University in St. Louis, Weill Cornell Medical College, Indiana University, Ponce School of Medicine, Scripps Research Institute, Duke University, University of Colorado at Boulder, Northwestern University, University of Nebraska, University of Melbourne, Griffith University, Chinese Academy of Sciences, etc. There are currently over 50 VIVO implementations in the United States and international VIVO projects in over 25 countries.[12]
WorkWeb WebWork at Columbia University No Columbia University
Yaffle[13][14] Yaffle Memorial University of Newfoundland Yes Memorial University of Newfoundland

Data Sources, Ingest and Export Formats[edit]

This table provides information on the types of data used in each RN tool and how this data is ingested, along with data export formats (e.g. XML, RDF, RIS, PDF)

Research Networking Tool Data Source / Infeed Functionality Auto Ingest? Linked Open Data? Data Export Types
Academic Room Manual entry of data by users. May be some auto-ingest of PubMed citation data Unknown Unknown Unknown
Activity Insight Info collected by (1) integrating Digital Measures into faculty reporting system(s), (2) importing existing info from systems like Banner, Datatel, PeopleSoft, or SIS+. Yes Unknown Unknown
C-IKNOW Network Surveys, automated upload for any kind of network data including archival, scientometric, webometric and computer log data. Also import data in GraphML, RDF, and DL (used by UCINET) Yes(for defined data) Yes RDF, XML/RDF
Collaborative Partnership / Profile System Universities and institutions' own databases and websites ("think Orbitz for research profiles") Yes (needs to be set up by each university/ institution) Unknown Unknown
Community Academic Profiles - CAP CAP automatically generates a profile for all faculty, physicians, students, postdocs and staff (both academic and administrative) in the School of Medicine. Data flows automatically from a variety of source systems. Yes Unknown Unknown
CurvitaTM Profile Manager Information collected from university systems Yes Unknown Unknown
CUSP - Columbia University Scientific Profiles Databases for employees and grants; PubMed for publications Yes Unknown Unknown
Digital Vita PubMed, some from HR system, direct input from investigators. System authenticates users through an application developed by the IT group that supports the Senior Vice Chancellor of Health Sciences; that system accesses the HR system for data about employees' rank and status (active or not); Working with the grants office to get a regular report of data from their proposal database. Manually entered publications/presentations automatically forwarded to co-authors. Yes (Some) Yes PDF, RTF
Elsevier's Pure (now integrated with SciVal Experts) Sources include Scopus, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed research literature, Web of Science, PubMed, Embase, Mendeley, arXiv, Worldcat, CrossRef, Journal TOC, CAB Abstracts, SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System and SciVal Funding opportunities; Data from institutions' internal systems, including HR data, grants, publications, patents, core facilities/resources, etc. Researchers or proxy users can enter additional content into the profiles, including research statements, research interest keywords, publications, grants, patents, books, creative works, education, researcher datasets, press clippings, awards and honors; free text can also be imported. Integration with all major institutional repositories. Yes Yes XML, RDF, SPARQL, CSV, CERIF XML, MS Word, Excel, PDF, ATOM/XML web services, EndNote/Reference Manager, BibTex, various government assessment submission formats
Elsevier's SciVal (previously SciVal Spotlight and SciVal Strata) Scopus, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed research literature Yes No XML, MS Excel
Epernicus Solutions & Epernicus Network Data entered by applicant No Unknown Unknown
ERIM Member Profile System (ERIM MIS) ERIM MIS database, Erasmus Publication Repository, Oracle portal Yes Unknown Unknown
EUREKA!TM Enhancing Student Research Information about faculty research interests No Unknown Unknown
Expertise @ Maryland Central university faculty database Yes Unknown Unknown
Faculty Profile System Manually entered data about the faculty (faculty can enter, a proxy can enter, or designated staff work on maintaining profiles) No (Faculty status verified by comparison with UC Irvine HR's Academic Personnel system) Unknown Unknown
Faculty Research Information Profile (FRIP) Discontinued. Work on this system ceased; moved on to developing Digital Vita N/A N/A N/A
Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index FSP Database (2007–2008) Yes Unknown Unknown
GENIUS InfoEd proprietary grant funding databases Yes (But only of InfoEd database data. Faculty profile information must be entered manually.) Unknown Unknown
Google Institution's directory, news releases, and other institutional websites Yes Yes Many types, depending on the format of the file retrieved.
HUBzero Comprehensive portal to support virtual research organizations including modular Web 2.0 tools, modeling and simulation tools, computational integration, identity management, workflow, personal profile management, data management, education Yes Yes Unknown
iamResearcher Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
iAMscientist PubMed Yes Unknown Unknown
i2iConnect Listings of industry licensing representatives categorized by product and disease categories with matchmaking and collaborator discovery features Yes Unknown Unknown
InCites Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge Yes Unknown Unknown
INDURE (Indiana Database for University Research Expertise) Faculty-entered information about research, faculty home pages Yes? (Partial?) Unknown Unknown
Lattes Database Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
LatticeGrid Medical School Faculty database, PubMed, InfoEd, Northwestern's eIRB database Yes Yes Microsoft Word, Excel, PDF
LinkedIn Information entered manually by user No Unknown Unknown
Loki Local Medline, PubMed, local NSF award database, local NIH RePORTER database, campus directory services Yes (Partial) Unknown Unknown
McCormick Collaboration Visualization Tool Thomson Reuters Web of Science Yes Unknown Unknown
MizzouLinks Information collected from interviews and imported from a few institutional systems No Unknown Unknown
MyScienceWork Information input by user No Unknown Unknown
OSU:pro OSU systems Yes Unknown Unknown
Pivot Combines editorially created data on funding opportunities and profiles. Profile data sources from publicly available university organization and faculty member/researcher information, user-generated data, PubMed, Agricola, ERIC, and ProQuest citation databases, indexed faculty/researcher webpages. Yes (for all citation data from sources listed in DataSource. Profiles editorially created, but user-generated profiles also included) No Unknown
Profiles Research Networking Software HR systems, PubMed, NIH RePORTER, commercial sources of publication data, institution-provided and user managed data Yes Yes XML, RDF, SPARQL
REACH NC Life Science Experts Visualization Tool SciVal Experts, RAMSES Yes Yes RSI, CSV, Web-service API
Research Accelerator Information entered by individual members No Unknown Unknown
Research in View 1. Research In View draws from ScienceWire, which includes Thomson Reuters Web of Science publications and conference proceedings, US PTO patents, and US Federal Grants. 2. Research In View ingests university data including HR data, registrar course data, and grants and contract data. 3. Data sources will be expanded in 2011 to include international patent and funding sources. 4. Supplementary data entry supported by ScienceWire search and linkage with university system; 5. Research In View v1.3 integrates with ResearcherID, InCites, and EndNote; 6. Institution Repository Search and Deposit will be available by early 2012 Yes No XML, Data export web services available
ResearcherID Manually entered biographical and bibliographical information. Members can search Web of Science, Web of Knowledge, and other online collections, or manually enter publication data. Accounts can be created by individuals or by administrators using a web service. Yes (Partial; profiles created by administrators are pre-populated for individuals to review.) No None
SciENcv Information that would normally be found in a curriculum vitae or biosketch Yes Unknown Uses open data exchange standards
Symplectic Elements Custom import from any internal data source via API, out of the box automatic bibliographic import (subject to subscriptions where appropriate) from arXiv, Cinii, CrossRef, DBLP, Europe PMC, figshare, PubMed, RePeC, Scopus, Web of Science, with more planned. Secure ORCID integration also available. In-feed from HR/Identity systems, internal grant databases. Integration with all major repository technologies. Yes Through integrated portals like VIVO and Profiles RNS Yes Source for linked data CSV, CERIF XML, MS Word, Excel, PDF (APA6), ATOM/XML web services, EndNote/Reference Manager, BibTex, RDF (Linked Data),

various government assessment submission formats

VIVO PubMed, NIH RePORTER, PeopleSoft, internal HR & administrative databases, Scopus (with institutional license), Web of Knowledge (being developed); emphasis on verified data sources, many many others being ingested at various institutions. Yes (manual data entry possible, too) Yes RDF, GraphXML, CSV file
Yaffle Memorial University systems Yes Unknown Unknown

Data Interoperability and Integration[edit]

This table provides information on whether the research networking tool is compatible with institutional enterprise systems (e.g. human resources databases), can be integrated with other external products or add-ons, and can be used for regional, national, international or federated connectivity.

Research Networking Tool Interoperability with Institutional Enterprise Systems Interoperability with External Systems Integration with Add-on Components or Products Regional, National, International or Federated Connectivity?
Academic Room No unknown unknown The system is voluntary, so national and international by active inclusion
Activity Insight Yes Yes (Banner, Datatel, PeopleSoft, or SIS+) Unknown No
C-IKNOW No Yes(is possible) Unknown No
Collaborative Partnership / Profile System Yes Yes (has API—works with SciVal Experts) Unknown Yes Currently only in Texas
Community Academic Profiles - CAP Yes Yes Yes No
CurvitaTM Profile Manager Yes Yes Unknown No
CUSP - Columbia University Scientific Profiles No Yes PubMed only Unknown No
Digital Vita No Yes (only PubMed) Unknown Yes National federated connectivity through DIRECT2Experts
Elsevier's SciVal Experts Yes institutions have access to Web Services in order to feed data into internal databases; Web Services can be consumed as directed by institution. SciVal Experts is currently ingesting a range of data from institutions' own systems, including grants data, HR data, interests and expertise data, publication databases, book listings and more. Yes Scopus, PubMed, NIH RePORTER, SciVal Funding, institution's internal databases, including HR data, grants, publications, patents, etc. Yes the Funding Recommendation module within Experts integrates with SciVal Funding, automatically recommending funding opportunities and suggested collaborators to profiled researchers with no manual effort. Yes the SciVal Experts Community interconnects all participating SciVal Experts applications internationally into a single search (participation is voluntary); Additional functionality enables users to search across different institutions participating in DIRECT2experts network (including VIVO instances, Harvard Profiles, Stanford CAP, etc.). Institutions can participate in VIVO through SciVal Experts
Elsevier's SciVal Spotlight No No No No
Epernicus Solutions & Epernicus Network Yes (Possible, for Epernicus Solutions) No Unknown No
ERIM Member Profile System (ERIM MIS) Yes Yes ID resolver included, so links to external systems are created, like SSRN, ResearcherID, Google scholar alerts & Search, social mention search from personal page, MEEBO sharing possible, Tynt statistics included Unknown No
EUREKA!TM Enhancing Student Research No No Unknown No
Expertise @ Maryland May be possible No Unknown No
Faculty Profile System No No Unknown No
Faculty Research Information Profile (FRIP) Discontinued. Work on this system ceased; moved on to developing Digital Vita N/A N/A N/A
Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index Unknown Unknown Unknown No
GENIUS Yes Yes Only other InfoEd modules (SMARTS: Service that automatically sends notices of funding opportunities via email. You provide keywords that describe your research interests, and SMARTS matches those keywords with present funding programs; SPIN: Enables subscribers to directly search for all sponsored programs - past and present, contained within the InfoEd database) Unknown No
Google No Yes Possibly No
HUBzero No Yes PubMed; data is semantic web compliant as of August 2011 Possibly No
iamResearcher Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
iAMscientist No Yes PubMed Unknown No
i2iConnect No No Unknown Yes
InCites No Yes (From the publisher: Underlying data from InCites can be used with a variety of systems.) Unknown No
INDURE (Indiana Database for University Research Expertise) No No Unknown Yes for 4 Indiana institutions only
Lattes Database Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
LatticeGrid Yes InfoEd, eIRB, Medical School faculty database Yes (PubMed) Yes (Possible) Yes National federated connectivity through DIRECT2Experts
LinkedIn No No Unknown No
Loki Yes Possible Yes Unknown No
McCormick Collaboration Visualization Tool No Yes Only Thomson Reuters Web of Science Unknown No
MizzouLinks Maybe No Unknown No
MyScienceWork No Unknown Unknown Yes
OSU:pro No Unknown Unknown No
Pivot No Maybe Unknown Unknown
Profiles Research Networking Software Yes Yes Pubmed, commercial sources of publication data, semantic web applications via VIVO ontology. Yes Yes Profiles Users Group has regular conference calls and works on collaborative software development projects. Profiles can perform federated queries across other Profiles instances, and with other products using linked open data (VIVO ontology) and the DIRECT2Experts API.
REACH NC Life Science Experts Visualization Tool Yes Yes Through SciVal API No No
Research Accelerator No No Unknown No
Research in View YesSubscribing institutions will have access to Web Services to pull data from Research In View. Yes Interacts with ScienceWire, which includes Web of Science publications and conference proceedings, US Patent and Trademark Office patents and patent applications, and US Federal Agency Grants (NIH, NSF, DOE, DOD). Sciencewire is being expanded to include additional DBs. Research In View interacts with university systems including personnel/HR, courses, and grants and contracts information. Users may also upload data from Researcher ID and EndNote. Integrated with InCites to provide bibliometircs performance data that allows institutional productivity and benchmarking analysis with visual graphic presentation. Also support data upload from institutional repository and deposit workflow. Unknown Yes Data are hosted centrally by Thomson Reuters in secure facility. Common data model, based on the tested OSU:pro system, allows for search across institutions. Integration with Researcher ID unique identifier system allows for profile synchronization between subscribers. System design supports a group of institutions purchasing together, being able to do institution group comparison report, and running reports across all participating institutions.
ResearcherID No Yes Through ResearcherID download service, institutions can load data into their internal systems. Also is integrated with other Thomson Reuters offerings, including Web of Knowledge, EndNote, and Research In View Unknown No
SciENcv Yes (is possible through open data exchange standards) Yes Unknown No
Symplectic Elements Yes Clients have the ability to integrate with existing web profile management systems, export data for business intelligence solutions and easily submit research outcomes for various government assessment exercises. This includes HR, publications, teaching activities, grants, institutional repositories, and any other system providing or consuming research data. Yes Elements integrates with a variety of external systems including: Altmetric, figshare, ORCID, Sherpa/RoMEO (licensing information), DOAJ (licensing information) Yes Elements can be linked to all major open repository technologies and an open source VIVO Harvester extension is also available. No
VIVO Yes Data can be ingested from a wide variety of local sources (including HR, grants, course databases, institutional repositories, membership rosters, research interests, and many others) to reflect a complete view of the institution's priorities and efforts. Yes see mini-grants <>; eagle-i; Drupal; many others - any tool that can consume open linked data. Other ongoing collaborations with Wellspring (maintaining VIVO profiles with a focus upon tech transfer and also as a 3rd party implementation service provider) and with Symplectic. Yes VIVO collaborates with eagle-I on research resources. Future plans include adding many additional data types which are meaningful in the academic research setting. VIVO data are structured using a comprehensive ontology designed for local extension and major ontology "plugins" such as BIBO and eagle-i. Yes VIVO Consortium received $12.2M NIH ARRA U24 award in 2009 to fully develop software and create national system of federated research expertise directories/research networking systems; All other semantic web-compliant software platforms can be integrated into the consortium (example: Harvard Profiles). Participant in Direct2Experts and VIVO Search
Yaffle No No Unknown The Canadian research funding councils as well as knowledge mobilization networks across the country (governments and universities) are working to develop a model to share what Yaffle has built

Users Profiled, User Interactivity and Networking Functionality[edit]

This table provides information on what user population is profiled for each tool, ability for users to edit their own profile data and type of networking. Active networking means that the user can enter connections to the network by entering colleagues' names. Passive networking means that the software infers network connections from a user's publication co-authors and builds a network from these names.

Research Networking Tool Profiled User Population Can Users Update Their Own Profile Data? Type of Networking (Active or Passive) Includes Functionality to Match Expertise with Funding Opportunities
Academic Room Anyone can create a profile. Profiled categories include "Faculty", "Grad Students", "Undergrads", "Professionals" Yes Active No
Activity Insight Dictated by data source from institutional systems Unknown No networking Unknown
C-IKNOW Defined using Web of science ID or on an ad hoc basis No Active and Passive No
Collaborative Partnership / Profile System Dictated by data source from institutional systems Unknown Passive (Active coming in 2012) Unknown
Community Academic Profiles - CAP Active Stanford physicians, School of Medicine faculty, students, staff and postdocs. Yes Active and Passive Unknown
CurvitaTM Profile Manager All Unknown No networking Unknown
CUSP - Columbia University Scientific Profiles All Columbia faculty Yes Active Unknown
Digital Vita All Yes Passive Unknown
Elsevier's SciVal Experts Any researchers can be included Yes the Profile Enhancer module enables users to enter content into their profiles via forms. Content types supported include (but not limited to): Research Interests and Statements; Non-Scopus Articles, Books, Patents, Conference Proceedings; Grants; Teaching Information; Creative Works; Awards and Honors; Professional Information Passive Yes the Funding Recommendation module within Experts automatically recommends funding opportunities and suggested collaborators to profiled researchers with no manual effort.
Elsevier's SciVal Spotlight All published researchers No, Spotlight links to profiles in Scopus. Researchers can submit feedback on profiles within Scopus. Passive No
Epernicus Solutions & Epernicus Network Anyone who enters a profile (for Epernicus Network) Yes (for Epernicus Network) Passive Unknown
Epistemio Any researcher who creates a profile Yes N/A No
ERIM Member Profile System (ERIM MIS) Multiple faculties at Erasmus use it Unknown Active Unknown
EUREKA!TM Enhancing Student Research University of Texas at Austin faculty Unknown No networking Unknown
Expertise @ Maryland All Unknown Currently passive, but building active Unknown
Faculty Profile System Any faculty at UC Irvine Yes No networking Unknown
Faculty Research Information Profile (FRIP) N/A N/A N/A N/A
Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index Federally funded, published faculty Unknown No networking Unknown
GENIUS Any faculty member who creates a profile on the system Yes Passive Unknown
Google Anyone can be searched on Google N/A No networking No
HUBzero Indiana University, Indiana University School of Medicine, Purdue University, U. of Notre Dame, Regenstrief Unknown Active Unknown
iamResearcher Any researcher who creates a profile Yes Passive (?) Unknown
iAMscientist Any researcher who creates a profile Yes Passive Unknown
i2iConnect Industry licensing representatives Unknown Passive Unknown
InCites All published No (?) Passive Unknown
INDURE All faculty at 4 Indiana institutions Unknown Passive Unknown
LatticeGrid Currently Medical School faculty only. Developed for biomedical research organizations Yes Users can update the Medical School faculty database, which then feeds LatticeGrid Passive Yes Connected to a Northwestern tool called FacultyConnect to match faculty with a special limited set of Northwestern-specific non-federal funding opportunities in the life and biomedical sciences domains
Lattes Database Curriculum and institutions database of Science and Technology areas in Brazil. Anyone can create a profile. Yes No apparent networking Unknown
LinkedIn Anyone who creates a LinkedIn profile Yes Passive and Active Unknown
Loki All faculty at University of Iowa Yes Passive Unknown
McCormick Collaboration Visualization Tool All Northwestern publications from Web of Science No Passive No
MizzouLinks Currently a pilot group from two Missouri interdisciplinary centers Unknown Passive Unknown
MyScienceWork Anyone who creates a profile Yes Active and Passive Unknown
OSU:pro All OSU faculty Unknown No apparent networking Unknown
Pivot 3 million profiles (and growing, according to the publisher). Profiles are compiled even without user registration, but can only be viewed by registered users Yes Passive Yes through a direct connection with the COS product
Profiles All users as defined by each institution. "Profiles" are also created for institutions, departments, concepts, publications, networks, events or any other class defined in the ontology Yes Passive and Active No
ReachNC UNC faculty in various disciplines, Duke, and RTI Fellows Yes Passive No
Research Accelerator Any member of the Yale research enterprise Yes (?) Passive Unknown
Research In View All faculty at an institution Unknown Passive and Active Unknown
ResearcherID Anyone who creates a profile Yes Passive and Active Unknown
SciENcv Not yet established Not yet established No apparent networking No
Symplectic Elements All users may be included (as defined by institution). Yes Profiles are automatically populated with data, as dictated by internal and external data feeds. Some profile data can be manually curated by end users, proxy users, or administrators. Users can create new relationships between elements. Passive and Active No
VIVO All users (as defined by the institution) Yes Passive and Active Possibly
Yaffle All Memorial University faculty Yes Passive Unknown

Controlled Vocabulary, Ontologies and Author Disambiguation[edit]

This table provides information on the types of controlled vocabulary or thesauri used by the tools, as well as ontologies supported and whether author disambiguation is performed by the software.

Research Networking Tool Thesaurus/Controlled Vocabulary Used Ontology/Ontologies Supported Automatic Author Disambiguation
Academic Room unknown unknown No
Activity Insight Unknown Unknown Unknown
C-IKNOW Not applicable Uses elements of FOAF and Dublin Core in RDF; uses Pellet reasoning engine No (but can be done in conjunction with software developed at Northwestern University)
Collaborative Partnership / Profile System Unknown Unknown In development
Community Academic Profiles - CAP MeSH Unknown Yes (partial)
CurvitaTM Profile Manager Unknown Unknown No
CUSP - Columbia University Scientific Profiles Unknown Unknown Yes
Digital Vita Unknown Unknown No (but can be done manually by authors)
Elsevier's SciVal Experts "Elsevier Fingerprinting Engine" uses nine thesauri including MeSH to match and identify key concepts for an individual or group of people. Thesauri updates and expansion are ongoing. Maps to VIVO ontology Yes
Elsevier's SciVal Spotlight None None Yes
Epernicus Solutions & Epernicus Network Unknown Unknown No (can be done manually by authors)
ERIM Member Profile System (ERIM MIS) Unknown Unknown Yes uses author ID numbers
EUREKA!TM Enhancing Student Research Unknown Unknown No
Expertise @ Maryland Unknown Unknown Yes
Faculty Profile System Unknown Unknown No
Faculty Research Information Profile (FRIP) N/A N/A N/A
Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index Unknown Unknown Unknown
GENIUS Unknown Unknown No
Google None (Google uses generic keywords) Unknown No (but can be done manually through Google Scholar "My Citations" functionality)
HUBzero Unknown Unknown No
iamResearcher Unknown Unknown No
iAMscientist Unknown Unknown No
i2iConnect Unknown Unknown No
InCites Unknown Unknown No (Though InCites can accept data from ResearcherID and Research in View profiling systems for disambiguation)
INDURE Unknown Unknown N/A
LatticeGrid MeSH Uses elements of FOAF and other ontologies No (but can be done manually by authors)
Lattes Database Unknown Unknown Unknown
LinkedIn None Unknown No
Loki Unknown Unknown Yes (uses campus directory for authentication)
McCormick Collaboration Visualization Tool None Unknown Yes
MizzouLinks Unknown Unknown No
MyScienceWork Unknown Unknown No
OSU:pro Unknown Unknown Unknown
Pivot Unknown Unknown Yes
Profiles MeSH, others are being developed to go beyond the life and biomedical sciences VIVO RDF ontology with additional Profiles RDF classes and properties Yes Harvard Profiles uses an XML-based "disambiguation service" to import Medline publications and uses configurable heuristics in its disambiguation algorithm
ReachNC Scopus taxonomy uses MeSH and general keywords Maps to VIVO ontology Yes
Research Accelerator Unknown Unknown No
Research In View Unknown US DOE CIP code Yes
ResearcherID Unknown Unknown No (although authors can build their publication list and manually disambiguate)
SciENcv No thesaurus used Unknown No
Symplectic Elements MeSH, Fields of Research, ScienceMetrix. Supports mapping of publication, person and grants data to the VIVO ontology via their open source VIVO Harvester Extension. Yes
VIVO VIVO uses several thesauri that are available through Semantic Web, including MeSH The VIVO Ontology was developed and supported by NIH-funded efforts and continues to be developed and built upon through SourceForge and in collaboration with the eagle-i project. Yes
Yaffle Unknown Unknown Unknown


This table provides information on the types of bibliometrics provided in the tool.

Research Networking Tool h-index Citation count Altmetrics SNIP and SJR Journal Impact Factor* Other Comment
Academic Room
Activity Insight
Collaborative Partnership / Profile System
Community Academic Profiles - CAP
CurvitaTM Profile Manager
CUSP - Columbia University Scientific Profiles
Digital Vita
Elsevier's SciVal Experts Yes Yes
Elsevier's SciVal Spotlight Yes Yes
Epernicus Solutions & Epernicus Network
ERIM Member Profile System (ERIM MIS)
EUREKA!TM Enhancing Student Research
Expertise @ Maryland
Faculty Profile System
Faculty Research Information Profile (FRIP)
Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index
Google Scholar Yes
Lattes Database
LinkedIn No No None
McCormick Collaboration Visualization Tool
ReachNC Yes
Research Accelerator
Research In View
ResearcherID Yes Yes
Symplectic Elements Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b Carey J (2011). "Faculty of 1000 and VIVO: Invisible colleges and team science". Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship Spring 2011.
  2. ^ Fazel-Zarandi M, Devlin HJ, Huang Y and Contractor N (2011). "Expert recommendation based on social drivers, social network analysis, and semantic data representation". 2nd International Workshop on Information Heterogeneity and Fusion in Recommender Systems. pp. 41-48. (ACM, Chicago, IL)
  3. ^ Gewin, V (15 December 2010). "Collaboration: Social networking seeks critical mass". Nature 468 (7326): 993–4. doi:10.1038/nj7326-993a. 
  4. ^ Contractor, NS; Monge, PR (November 2002). "Managing knowledge networks". Management Communication Quarterly 16 (2): 249–58. doi:10.1177/089331802237238. 
  5. ^ Huang Y, Contractor N and Yao Y (2008). "CI-KNOW: Recommendation based on Social Networks." In The Proceedings of the 9th Annual International Digital Government Research Conference (Digital Government Society of North America), pp. 27-33.
  6. ^ Peter J. Carrington, John Scott, ed. (2011). The SAGE Handbook of Social Network Analysis. SAGE. p. 590. ISBN 1847873952. 
  7. ^ This Purdue Team is Super - At Computing
  8. ^ Kibbe, W. (2010). LatticeGrid
  9. ^ "A CTSA-sponsored program for clinical research coordination: networking, education, and mentoring". Clin Transl Sci 4 (1): 42–7. February 2011. doi:10.1111/j.1752-8062.2011.00259.x. PMC 3076925. PMID 21348955. 
  10. ^ Brooks E, Case C, Corson-Rikert J, et al. (2010). National VIVO network: Implementation plan Retrieved 2012-01-24.
  11. ^ VIVO Looks To Next-Gen Scholarship And Its Interconnected Future
  12. ^ VIVO Implementations In Progress
  13. ^ Elizabeth Church (2012-08-23). "Web tools aim to open the gates to the ivory tower - The Globe and Mail". Retrieved 2012-11-09. 
  14. ^ Canada (2009-06-04). "Looking for a researcher near you? Yaffle it! - Concordia Journal - Concordia University - Montreal, Quebec, Canada". Retrieved 2012-11-09. 


External links[edit]

This page has been cited by "AAMC Technology Now Research Networking" (pdf).