Comparison of Star Trek and Star Wars

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Fans and scholars of Star Trek, owned by CBS Television Studios, and Star Wars, owned by the Lucasfilm division of The Walt Disney Company, compare the franchises' merits while merchandisers compete to sell rival products.[1] Media critics and analysts have compared and contrasted the two works in particular because of their great impact and similarities. The franchises are both large bodies of work that make up billions of dollars of intellectual property, providing work and entertainment for millions of people.[2]

Characteristics and commentary[edit]

Star Wars was inspired by the Flash Gordon adventure serials of the 1940s[3] and presents an elemental struggle between good and evil.[2] Star Trek was conceived in the style of the TV western Wagon Train and the adventure stories of Horatio Hornblower but adopted a more adult tone, providing an idealistic, utopian prospect of future human society. While Star Wars creator George Lucas was inspired by works such as Beowulf and King Arthur, and the origins of myth and world religions,[4] Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry was inspired by stories like Gulliver's Travels that implied a morality tale.[5]

The two franchises nonetheless have a "symbiotic relationship", states William Shatner, who credits Star Wars for the beginning of the Star Trek films.[6] The documentary Trek Nation features interviews where both George Lucas and Gene Roddenberry praise one another's respective franchises, with the former stating that Star Trek was an influence while writing the original screenplay for Star Wars. Also, William Shatner was a presenter at George Lucas' AFI Lifetime Achievement Award ceremony. In 2011, Star Wars actress Carrie Fisher and Shatner posted a series of humorous online videos criticizing each other's franchises.

Richard Ho, writing for The Harvard Crimson, states that the heroes of Star Wars such as Han Solo and Luke Skywalker have a swashbuckling style while the protagonists of Star Trek such as Captain Picard and Mr. Spock resolve their challenges with science and intellect.[2]

David Brin contrasted the moral and political messages of the two works in "Star Wars" despots vs. "Star Trek" populists, characterizing the philosophy of Star Wars as elitist and authoritarian, as compared with the more progressive and egalitarian spirit of Star Trek.[7] However, his essay seems to contain numerous fallacies about the Star Wars films, for example claiming that heroes who "rule by divine or mystical right" are "the only heroes in the “Star Wars” universe" (ignoring numerous non Jedi heroes, like Antilles and Solo) or that the Rebels are participating in "a civil war between two wings of the same genetically superior royal family", rather than attempting to restore a democratic Republic, with any relation between leaders of the two sides not just secondary, but unknown through most of the war.[original research?]

A key difference between the franchises may be that Star Wars is a space opera while Star Trek is a space western.[8][9] Contrasting the focus of the two franchises, The New York Times argues that

Trek fandom revolves around technology because the Star Trek universe was founded on ham-fisted dialogue and Gong Show-caliber acting. But the fictional science has always been brilliant. The science in Star Wars is nonsense, and everyone knows it. But no one cares because Star Wars isn't about science. It's epic drama. It's about those incredibly well-developed characters and the moral decisions they face. People don't get into debates about how the second Death Star works. They get into debates about the ethics of blowing it up.[10]

The Denver Post highlights two differences in approach, noting Star Wars' "swashbuckling" and "gunslinger" style compared with Star Trek's "broader themes of utopian living, justice and identity". The Post says the spiritual aspect of Star Wars contrasts with the balance of emotion and logic in Star Trek.[11]

In 2001, the documentary Star Wars vs. Star Trek: The Rivalry Continues was released on DVD by Passport Video.[12] It covers a brief history of the development of both franchises.[13]

In 2009, video game director Tetsuya Nomura, who is a huge fan of both Star Trek and Star Wars, cast Mark Hamill (Luke Skywalker) and Leonard Nimoy (Spock) as two friends-turned-enemies in the English version of Kingdom Hearts: Birth by Sleep as a way of pitting the two franchises together in a "dream match".

In January 2013, it was announced that J. J. Abrams, director of Star Trek (2009) and Star Trek Into Darkness (2013), had signed on to direct Star Wars Episode VII for Walt Disney Pictures.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ David M. Ewalt (2005-05-18). "Star Wars Vs. Star Trek". Forbes. Retrieved 2007-09-13. 
  2. ^ a b c Richard Ho (May 14, 1999), "Trekkers VS Lucasites", The Harvard Crimson 
  3. ^ John M. Whalen (January 11, 2001), Adventure films ride back out of the sunset, The Washington Times 
  4. ^ Empire of Dreams: The Story of the Star Wars Trilogy. Star Wars Trilogy Box Set DVD documentary. [2005]
  5. ^ See David Alexander, "Star Trek Creator. The Authorized Biography of Gene Roddenberry" and interview with Roddenberry in "Something about the Author" by Gale Research Company and chapter 11 of "Trash Culture: Popular Culture and the Great Tradition" by Richard Keller Simon
  6. ^ Dominguez, Robert (1999-05-17). "William Shatner's Trek Never Ends The Actor-author Keeps Seeking New Challenges While Feeding Fans' Hunger For All Things Kirk". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on 2012-01-12. Retrieved October 14, 2011. 
  7. ^ David Brin (June 15, 1999), "Star Wars" despots vs. "Star Trek" populists, Salon 
  8. ^ Blum, Matt (August 5, 2009). "Great Geek Debates: Star Trek vs. Star Wars". GeekDad. Wired.com. Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  9. ^ Geraghty, Lincoln (2007). "Myth: Star Trek and Star Wars". Living with Star Trek: American culture and the Star Trek universe. I. B. Tauris. p. 232. ISBN 1-84511-265-2. 
  10. ^ Herz, J.C. (29 October 1998). "GAME THEORY; 'Star Wars' World With a Sense of Humor". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  11. ^ Wenzel, John (11 October 2009). ""Star Wars" vs. "Star Trek": The final frontier of marketing is an expanding universe". The Denver Post. Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  12. ^ Perry Seibert. "Star Wars vs. Star Trek: Overview". Allmovie. MSN Movies. Retrieved 2007-09-16. 
  13. ^ Nicholas Sheffo. "Star Wars vs. Star Trek – The Rivalry Continues". Fulvue Drive-in. Retrieved 2007-09-16. 
  14. ^ Lucas Shaw (2013-01-24). "J.J. Abrams Set to Direct Next 'Star Wars' Film (Exclusive)". The Wrap. 

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