Comparison of Toyota hybrids

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

By the end of 2006 there were about 15 hybrid vehicles from various car makers available in the U.S.[1] By May 2007 Toyota sold its first million hybrids and had sold a total of two million hybrids at the end of August 2009.[2]

Below is a comparison of the Toyota hybrid models.

Features Prius
1997 Toyota Prius
Prius
2004 Toyota Prius
Prius
2009 Toyota Prius
Camry
Toyota camry hybrid.jpg
Highlander
2005 Toyota Highlander 3MZ-FE V6 engine (2005-02-22).jpg
Highlander
2nd Toyota Highlander Hybrid.jpg
Release date 1997 (Japan)
2000 (worldwide)
2004 mid-May 2009 (Japan)
early June (US)
May 2006 July 2005 September 2007
US model year 2001–2003 2004–2009 2010- 2007- 2005–2007 2008-
Base price US$19,995 US$22,000 US$22,000 US$26,480 US$33,000 US$34,700
EPA-estimated city fuel economy 42 mpg-US (5.6 L/100 km; 50 mpg-imp) 48 mpg-US (4.9 L/100 km; 58 mpg-imp) 51 mpg-US (4.6 L/100 km; 61 mpg-imp) 33 mpg-US (7.1 L/100 km; 40 mpg-imp) 28 mpg-US (8.4 L/100 km; 34 mpg-imp) (2WD)
27 mpg-US (8.7 L/100 km; 32 mpg-imp) (4WD-i)
27 mpg-US (8.7 L/100 km; 32 mpg-imp)
EPA-estimated highway fuel economy 41 mpg-US (5.7 L/100 km; 49 mpg-imp) 45 mpg-US (5.2 L/100 km; 54 mpg-imp) 48 mpg-US (4.9 L/100 km; 58 mpg-imp) 34 mpg-US (6.9 L/100 km; 41 mpg-imp) 25 mpg-US (9.4 L/100 km; 30 mpg-imp) (2WD)
25 mpg-US (9.4 L/100 km; 30 mpg-imp) (4WD-i)
25 mpg-US (9.4 L/100 km; 30 mpg-imp)
EPA-estimated drivers fuel economy 45 mpg-US (5.2 L/100 km; 54 mpg-imp) 47.5 mpg-US (4.95 L/100 km; 57.0 mpg-imp) 48.7 mpg-US (4.83 L/100 km; 58.5 mpg-imp) 36.6 mpg-US (6.43 L/100 km; 44.0 mpg-imp) 24.5 mpg-US (9.6 L/100 km; 29.4 mpg-imp)
Engine 1.5 L 1NZ-FXE I4
Atkinson cycle
1.5 L 1NZ-FXE I4
Atkinson cycle
1.8 L 2ZR-FXE I4
Atkinson cycle
2.4 L 2AZ-FXE I4
Atkinson cycle
3.3 L 3MZ-FE V6 3.3 L 3MZ-FE V6
0-60 mph (97 km/h) acceleration 12.6 s 10.8 s 10.0 s 7.3 s (R&T, 5/06) 6.6  s (Motor Trend) n/a
Engine output 70 hp (52 kW) / 82 lb·ft (110 Nm) 76 hp (57 kW) / 85 lb·ft (115 Nm) 98 hp (73 kW) / 105 lb·ft (142 Nm) 147 hp (108 kW) / 138 lb·ft (187 Nm) 156 kW (208 hp)
Electric motor output 44 hp (33 kW) / 258 lb·ft (350 Nm) 67 hp (50 kW) / 295 lb·ft (400 Nm) 80 hp 45 hp
Net power 60 kW (80 hp) 80 kW (107 hp) 110 kW (134 hp) 140 kW (187 hp) 201 kW (270 hp)
Traction battery power 33 kW (44 hp) 21 kW (28 hp) 27 kW (36 hp) 30 kW (40 hp) 45 kW (60 hp) 45 kW (60 hp)
Requires premium fuel (91 octane (R+M)/2 ) No No No No No (however, premium recommended) No
EPA/CARB emission certification Tier II Bin 3/AT-PZEV Tier II Bin 3/SULEV Tier II Bin 3/AT-PZEV Tier II Bin 3/AT-PZEV Tier II Bin 3/SULEV
Smog forming emissions compared to average new vehicle 75% less 80% less 80% less 80% less 80% less 80% less
Maximum seating 5 5 5 5 7 7
  • Hybrid access to US HOV lanes varies by US state. Factors can include total/average miles per gallon rating from the EPA, type of technology used, and/or date of vehicle registration with the relevant state authorities. (Several states have begun restricting HOV lane access by hybrid and clean-fuel vehicles due to crowding.)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Pernick, R. and Wilder, C. (2007). The Clean Tech Revolution, p. 4.
  2. ^ "Toyota News Release: Worldwide Sales of TMC Hybrids Top 2 Million Units". 2009-09-04. Retrieved 2009-11-17. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]