Comparison of early World War II tanks

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This table compare the tanks in use by the belligerent nations of Europe at the start of the Second World War, employed in the Polish Campaign (1939), the Fall of France (1940), and Operation Barbarossa (1941).

A11 Infantry Tank I Matilda A12 Infantry Tank II Matilda Panzer I Panzer II Panzer III Panzer IV Ausf. A-F1 LT vz. 35
(Panzer 35(t)[1]

[2])

LT vz. 38
(Panzer 38(t))
7TP[3] T-26[4] BT-8
(BT-7M[4][5])
T-34
Model 1940[6]
KV-1
Model 1940
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom Nazi Germany Nazi Germany Nazi Germany Nazi Germany Czechoslovakia, Nazi Germany Czechoslovakia, Nazi Germany, Sweden Poland Soviet Union Soviet Union Soviet Union Soviet Union
Entered service 1938 1939 1934 1936 1939 1939 1937 1939 1935 1931 1939 1940 1940
Related model Carden Loyd Mk.IV Panzer I Vickers E Vickers E Vickers E BT‑2, BT‑5, BT‑7 KV-2, IS-1
Crew 2 4 2 3 5 5 4 4 3 3 3 4 5
Dimensions
Length 4.9 m 6.0 m 4.40 m 4.80 m 5.52 m 5.92 m 4.9 m 4.61 m 4.56 m 4.88 m 5.66 m 5.92 m 6.75 m
Width 2.3 m 2.6 m 2.00 m 2.20 m 2.90 m 2.88 m 2.1 m 2.12 m 2.43 m 2.41 m 2.29 m 3.00 m 3.32 m
Height 2.0 m 2.5 m 1.70 m 2.00 m 2.50 m 2.68 m 2.35 m 2.40 m 2.27 m 2.08 m 2.42 m 2.45 m 2.71 m
Weight 11 tonnes 27 tonnes 6.0 tonnes 9.5 tonnes 22.0 tonnes 25.0 tonnes 10.5 tonnes 9.5 tonnes 9.9 tonnes 10.3 tonnes 14.7 tonnes 26.3 tonnes 45 tonnes
Armour
Turret front
side
top
65 mm
65 mm
10 mm
75 mm
75 mm
20 mm
13 mm
13 mm
8 mm
15 mm
15 mm
10 mm
30 mm
30 mm
12 mm
40 mm
20 mm
12 mm
25 mm
15 mm
8 mm
25 mm
15 mm
10 mm
15 mm
15 mm
10 mm
15 mm
15 mm
10 mm
15 mm
15 mm
15 mm
45 mm
45 mm
16 mm
70 mm
70 mm
 ? mm
Hull front
side
top
60 mm
60 mm
30 mm
78 mm
55 mm
20 mm
13 mm
13 mm
6 mm
15 mm
15 mm
5 mm
30 mm
30 mm
16 mm
40 mm
20 mm
12 mm
25 mm
16 mm
8 mm
30 mm
15 mm
8 mm
17 mm
13 mm
10 mm
15 mm
15 mm
6 mm
30 mm
13 mm
10 mm
45 mm
45 mm
20 mm
75 mm
75 mm
70 mm
Armament
Main 0.303 or 0.5 MG QF 2 pdr 40 mm 2×MG-34 7.92 mm 20 mm 37 mm 7.5 cm KwK 37 L/24 ÚV vz. 34
37 mm
37 mm L/47.8 Bofors wz. 37
37 mm
Model 32
45 mm
Model 38
45 mm
L-11 Model 1939
76.2mm L/30.5
76.2mm F-34 (tank gun)
Secondary 7.92 mm Besa MG MG34
7.92 mm
2×MG34
7.92 mm
2×MG34
7.92 mm
MG 37(t)
7.92 mm
MG 37(t)
7.92 mm
Ckm wz.30
7.92 mm
DT machine guns
7.62 mm
3×DT
7.62 mm
2×DT
7.62 mm (hull, turret rear)
4×DT
7.62 mm
Ammunition -
4,000 rounds
93 AP shot
2,925 rounds
-
2,250 rounds
180 shells
2,250 rounds
120 shells
3,750 rounds
80 shells
2,800 rounds
72 shells
1,800 rounds
72 shells
2,400 rounds
80 shells
3,960 rounds
100 shells
2,848 rounds
146 shells
2,394 rounds
77 shells
2,898–4,725 rounds
 ? shells
? rounds
Engine
Fuel gasoline diesel gasoline gasoline gasoline gasoline gasoline gasoline diesel gasoline diesel diesel diesel
Engine 8-cylinder
Ford
2x 6-cylinder
AEC or Leyland
6-cylinder
Maybach NL38TR
6-cylinder petrol Maybach HL 140 hp (105 kW) 12-cylinder Maybach HL 120 TRM 300 PS (296 hp, 220 kW) 12-cylinder Maybach HL 120 TRM 300 PS (296 hp, 220 kW) 6-cylinder
Škoda T11/0
6-cylinder
Praga EPA
6-cylinder
Saurer VGLD
6-cylinder
GAZ T-26
12-cylinder
V-2
12-cylinder
V-2-34
12-cylinder
V-2
Power 70 hp
52 kW
180 hp
134 kW
100 hp
75 kW
140 hp
104 kW
265 hp
197 kW
296 hp
220 kW
120 hp
89 kW
125 hp
93 kW
110 hp
82 kW
90 hp
67 kW
450 hp
340 kW
500 hp
375 kW
600 hp
450 kW
Fuel consumption  ?  ? 103–126 litres/100 km  ?  ?  ?  ?  ? 81–100 litres/100 km  ?  ?  ?  ?
Mobility
Suspension sprung bogie coil spring coil spring/
leaf spring
leaf spring torsion-bar leaf spring leaf spring leaf spring leaf spring leaf spring Christie Christie torsion-bar
Speed (road)
(terrain)
13 km/h
9
24 km/h
15
40 km/h
 ?
40 km/h
 ?
40 km/h
 ?
42 km/h
16 km/h
34 km/h
 ?
42 km/h
15 km/h
37 km/h
 ?
30 km/h
 ?
86 km/h
 ?
53.5 km/h
 ?
35 km/h
 ?
Range (road)
(terrain)
 ? 160 miles (257 km) 140 km
115 km
200 km
 ?
155 km
 ?
320 km
200 km
190 km
120 km
250 km
160 km
160 km
130 km
225 km
150 km
700 km
400 km
300–400 km
230–260 km
335 km
?
power:weight 6.3 hp/t 6.7 hp/t 16.7 hp/t 14.8 hp/t 12.0 hp/t 12.0 hp/t 10.9 hp/t 13.2 hp/t 11.1 hp/t 8.7 hp/t 30.6 hp/t 19.0 hp/t 13.0 hp/t
Track width 280 mm 305 mm 360 mm 380 mm 320 mm 293 mm 267 mm 260 mm 300 mm 550 mm[7]  ?
Ground pressure  ?  ?  ?  ?  ? 96.5 kPa  ?  ? 59 kPa 60 kPa 76.5 kPa 62.76 kPa  ?
Ground clearance 290 mm  ? 385 mm 400 mm 350 mm 400 mm 376 mm 380 mm 350 mm 400 mm  ?
Vertical obstacle
Trench crossing
Fording depth
0.36 m
1.4 m
0.58 m
0.42 m
 ?
0.85 m
0.6 m
2.3 m
0.8 m
0.6 m
2.5 m
1.0 m
0.79 m
2.01 m
0.79 m
0.8 m
1.86 m
0.9 m
 ?
1.8 m
1.0 m
0.7 m
1.8 m
0.8 m
0.55 m
2 m
1.2 m
0.8 m[7]
2.5 m[7]
1.3m[7]
 ?
Matilda Mk I Matilda Mk II Panzer I Panzer II Panzer III Panzer IV LT vz. 35 LT vz. 38 7TP T-26 BT-8 T-34 KV-1

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chamberlain, Peter; Doyle, Hilary L. (1978 (1993)). Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two: A Complete Illustrated Directory of German Battle Tanks, Armoured Cars, Self-propelled Guns, and Semi-tracked Vehicles, 1933–1945. Jentz, Thomas L. (Revised ed.). London: Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 1-85409-214-6. 
  2. ^ Kliment, Charles K.; Francev, Vladimír (1997). Czechoslovak Armored Fighting Vehicles. Atglen, PA: Schiffer. ISBN 0-7643-0141-1. 
  3. ^ Twenty captured 7TP were used by Germans as PzKpfw 7TP 731 (p).
  4. ^ a b Steven J. Zaloga and James Grandsen. Soviet Tanks and Combat Vehicles of World War Two, London: Arms and Armour Press, 1984. ISBN 0-85368-606-8.
  5. ^ "Russia's BT-7 Fast Tanks" at wwiivehicles.com. URL accessed 2006-07-25.
  6. ^ Zaloga, Steven J., James Grandsen (1983). T-34 in Action, p.40. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal. ISBN 0-89747-112-1.
  7. ^ a b c d "T-34-76 Model 1940", at onwar.com. URL accessed 2006-07-25.