Comparison of instant messaging clients

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The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of instant messaging clients. Please see the individual products' articles for further information. External links may lead to extensions that add a feature to a client.

General information[edit]

Client Author, creator First public release Type Latest stable version License
Adium Adam Iser, Evan Schoenberg 2001-09 Multi-protocol 1.5.10 (May 20, 2014; 9 months ago (2014-05-20)) [±] GPLv2
aMSN The aMSN team 2002-05 Single-protocol 0.98.4 GPL
AIM AOL 1997-05 Single-protocol 8.0.7.1 (February 4, 2014; 12 months ago (2014-02-04)) [±] Clickwrap
Ayttm Colin Leroy and Philip Tellis 2003-04 Multi-protocol
  • Linux: 0.6.1
  • Windows: 0.4.6-17
GPL
BBM BlackBerry Limited 2006 Single-protocol 10.5.5.38 (BlackBerry 10) (31 October 2014; 4 months ago (2014-10-31)) [±]

8.5.1.8 (BlackBerry) (3 August 2014; 6 months ago (2014-08-03)) [±]

2.5.0.36 (Android) (10 November 2014; 3 months ago (2014-11-10)) [±]

2.5.0.26 (iOS) (31 October 2014; 4 months ago (2014-10-31)) [±]

Proprietary
BitlBee Wilmer van der Gaast 2002-08-09 Multi-protocol IRC gateway 3.2.2 (5 July 2014; 7 months ago (2014-07-05)) [±] GPL
Bombus Eugene Stahov 2005-01-05 Single-protocol v0.6 (2008; 7 years ago (2008)) GPL
Centericq Konstantin Klyagin 1999 Multi-protocol 4.21.0 (September 2, 2005; 9 years ago (2005-09-02)) [±] GPL
Coccinella Mats Bengtsson 1999-12-01 Single-protocol 0.96.16 (December 1, 2009; 5 years ago (2009-12-01)) GPLv3
eBuddy Paulo Taylor 2003-03-09 Multi-protocol 2011; 4 years ago (2011) Clickwrap
emesene Luis Mariano Guerra 2006-05-24 Multi-protocol 2.12.5 GPL
Empathy The GNOME Project 2007-05 Multi-protocol 3.14.3 (December 19, 2014; 2 months ago (2014-12-19)) [±][1]


GPL
FaceTime Apple Inc. 2010 Single-protocol 2.0 (July 25, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-07-25)) Proprietary
Fire Eric Peyton 1999-04-01 Multi-protocol 1.5.6 (February 16, 2006) [±] GPL
Firetalk Multitude Communications 1997 -2001 voice/music chat program GPL
Gadu-Gadu Łukasz Foltyn / GG Network S.A. 2000-08-15 Single-protocol
  • Modern UI: 2.0.0.179
  • Desktop: 12.0.49.11103 (December 13, 2013; 14 months ago (2013-12-13))
Clickwrap
Gajim Yann Le Boulanger 2004-05-21 Single-protocol 0.16 (October 4, 2014; 4 months ago (2014-10-04)) [±] GPL
Google Hangouts Google, Inc. 2013-05-15 Single-protocol Clickwrap
Hookt Hookt, Inc. 2011-09-14 Single-protocol Proprietary
Hike Bharti SoftBank 2012-12-12 Single-protocol
  • 3.2.0 (Android, August 12, 2014; 6 months ago (2014-08-12))[2]
  • 2.6.2.0 (Windows Phone, July 23, 2014; 7 months ago (2014-07-23))[3]
  • 2.6.2 (BlackBerry, May 7, 2014; 9 months ago (2014-05-07))[4]
  • 2.6.0 (iOS, August 12, 2014; 6 months ago (2014-08-12))[5]
  • 2.6.0 (Symbian)
GPL
IBM Lotus Sametime IBM, Ubique 1998 Multi-protocol — proprietary T.120, SIP, XMPP 8.5 (December 2009; 5 years ago (2009-12)) Clickwrap
iChat Apple Inc. 2002-08 Multi-protocol 6.0.1 (1002) (February 1, 2012; 3 years ago (2012-02-01)), replaced by Messages Clickwrap
ICQ Mirabilis (AOL) 1996-11 Single-protocol 8.0.5977 (December 14, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-12-14)) Clickwrap
IMVU Will Harvey 2001-07 Multiple-protocol 3.0 Clickwrap
Instantbird Florian Quèze 2007 Multi-protocol 1.5 (December 17, 2013; 14 months ago (2013-12-17)) [±] GPLv2
Jitsi Emil Ivov 2003 Multi-protocol 2.6 (build.5390) (February 1, 2015; 33 days ago (2015-02-01)) [±] LGPL
Kadu Kadu Team 2001-08 Multi-protocol 2.0 (February 21, 2015; 13 days ago (2015-02-21)) GPLv2
KakaoTalk Kakao Corp. 2010-03-18 single-protocol
  • iOS: 5+
  • Android: 4+
  • Windows Phone: 2+
  • BlackBerry: 3+
  • Windows 8
Proprietary
Kik Messenger Kik Interactive 2010-10 Multi-protocol 6.2 Freeware
Kopete Kopete Team 2002-03-03 Multi-protocol 1.2.3 (May 4, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-05-04)) [±][6] GPL
Libon Orange S.A. 2012-11-21 Proprietary
Line LINE Corporation 2011
  • iOS: 3.8.2
  • Android: 3.8.5
  • Windows Phone: 2.6.0.137
  • BlackBerry: 1.8.23
  • Windows 8
Proprietary
MCabber Mikael Berthe 2005-06-07 Single-protocol 0.10.3 (May 8, 2014; 9 months ago (2014-05-08)) [±] GPL
Meetro Paul Bragiel & Samuel Stauffer 2005 Multi-protocol
  • Windows: 0.96 beta
  • OS X: 0.53 beta
Clickwrap
Messages Apple Inc. 2012-07-25 Multi-protocol 7.0 (July 25, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-07-25)) Clickwrap
Microsoft Lync Microsoft Corporation 2005 Single-protocol 2013 (October 2, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-10-02)) Clickwrap
Miranda IM Miranda IM project 2000-02-06 Multi-protocol 0.10.29[7] (29 January 2015; 36 days ago (2015-01-29)) [±] GPL
MySpaceIM MySpace 2006-05-09 Single-protocol 1.0.754.0 (February 7, 2008; 7 years ago (2008-02-07)) Clickwrap
naim Daniel Reed 1998-10-05 Multi-protocol 0.11.8.3.1 (July 9, 2007; 7 years ago (2007-07-09)) GPL
Nimbuzz Evert Jaap Lugt 2006 Multi-protocol Android: 3.1.1
(1 September 2014; 6 months ago (2014-09-01)) [±][8]

iOS: 3.3.0
(28 April 2014; 10 months ago (2014-04-28)) [±][9]

Blackberry OS: 4.0
(10 December 2013; 14 months ago (2013-12-10)) [±][10]

Windows Phone: 1.1.8.1
(16 April 2014; 10 months ago (2014-04-16)) [±][11]


Clickwrap
Palringo Palringo Ltd 2006 Single-protocol
  • Windows: 2.7.9 (July 4, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-07-04))
  • Windows Mobile: 2.6.6 (March 30, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-03-30))
  • iOS: 4.12 (August 6, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-08-06))
  • Android: 5.2.8 (August 1, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-08-01))
  • OS X: 4.6.4 (July 24, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-07-24))
  • Windows Phone: 0.11.0.0 (February 14, 2012; 3 years ago (2012-02-14))
Clickwrap
Paltalk 1998-06 Multi-protocol Version 10.2 Build 455 Clickwrap
Pidgin Mark Spencer 1998-11 Multi-protocol 2.10.11 (November 23, 2014; 3 months ago (2014-11-23)) [±] GPL
Psi Justin Karneges 2001 Single-protocol 0.15 (October 3, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-10-03)) [±] GPL
Qnext Qnext Corp. 2010-06 Multi-protocol
  • Windows, Macintosh, Linux: 4.0.4 (June 2010; 4 years ago (2010-06))
  • iOS: 2.01.009.0000 (October 16, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-10-16))
  • Mobile Web: 2.0.1.55 (June 2010; 4 years ago (2010-06))
Clickwrap
QIP Ilgam Zyulkorneev 2004 Multi-protocol QIP 2012 version 4.0 (build 8866) (27 November 2012; 2 years ago (2012-11-27)) [±] Clickwrap
QuteCom QuteCom 2004 Multi-protocol 2.2.1 (June 22, 2011; 3 years ago (2011-06-22)[12]) [±] GPL
Sicher SHAPE GmbH June 2014 Single-protocol 1.1 Proprietary
Signal Open Whisper Systems 2014-07 Single-protocol iOS 2.0 (March 2, 2015; 4 days ago (2015-03-02)) [±] GPLv3
Skype Skype Technologies, a subsidiary of Microsoft Corporation 2003 Single-protocol Clickwrap
surespot 2fours 2013 Single-protocol
  • iOS: 6.0
  • Android: 2.3
GPLv3
Telegram Telegram Messenger LLP 2013 Single-protocol Android 2.5.2 (February 7, 2015; 27 days ago (2015-02-07)[27]) [±]

iOS 2.9.4 (February 28, 2015; 6 days ago (2015-02-28)[28]) [±]
Windows Phone 1.5.0.0 (March 2, 2015; 4 days ago (2015-03-02)[29]) [±]
Web application 0.4.0 (February 16, 2015; 18 days ago (2015-02-16)[30]) [±]
OS X 1.38 (February 6, 2015; 28 days ago (2015-02-06)[31]) [±]
Desktop 0.7.17 (February 19, 2015; 15 days ago (2015-02-19)[32]) [±]

GPLv2
Tencent QQ Tencent Holdings 1999-02 Single-protocol See current releases Clickwrap
TextSecure Open Whisper Systems 2010-05 Single-protocol Android 2.5.3 (February 12, 2015; 22 days ago (2015-02-12)) [±] GPLv3
Tkabber Alexey Shchepin 2002-07-03 Single-protocol 1.1 (February 14, 2014; 12 months ago (2014-02-14)) GPL
Tox Tox Foundation 2013 Single-protocol GPLv3
Trillian Cerulean Studios 2000-07-01 Multi-protocol Windows:

5.5 (build 19) (December 19, 2014; 2 months ago (2014-12-19)) [±]

Mac OS X:
3.0 (build 47) (October 16, 2014; 4 months ago (2014-10-16)) [±]

Linux:
1.2 (build 4) (October 9, 2014; 4 months ago (2014-10-09)) [±]

Android:
3.0.0.25 (October 31, 2014; 4 months ago (2014-10-31)) [±]

iOS:
2.1.9 (June 20, 2013; 20 months ago (2013-06-20)) [±]

BlackBerry:
1.1.0.45 (October 26, 2011; 3 years ago (2011-10-26)) [±]

Web-Based:
4.1.0.2d (December 15, 2014; 2 months ago (2014-12-15)) [±]

Clickwrap
Upptalk Upptalk 2010 Dual-protocol iOS 2.4 (November 26, 2014; 3 months ago (2014-11-26)[33]) [±]

Android 2.0.2 (February 12, 2014; 12 months ago (2014-02-12)) [±]
Windows Phone 7.x 1.0.1.7 (September 12, 2013; 17 months ago (2013-09-12)) [±]
Windows Phone 8.x 1.0.0.4 (September 18, 2013; 17 months ago (2013-09-18)) [±]
BlackBerry OS 1.0.1 (May 31, 2013; 20 months ago (2013-05-31)) [±]
Kindle Fire 2.0 (December 19, 2013; 14 months ago (2013-12-19)[34]) [±]

Freeware
Viber Talmon Marco, Igor Megzinik, Sani Maroli and Ofer Smocha 2010-12-02 Single-protocol
  • Android:
    5.2.2.463 (February 15, 2015; 19 days ago (2015-02-15)[27]) [±]
  • iOS:
    5.2.2 (February 15, 2015; 19 days ago (2015-02-15)[28]) [±]
  • BlackBerry OS:
    3.1.16 (November 19, 2013; 15 months ago (2013-11-19)[35]) [±]
  • Windows Phone:
    4.1.1.0 (April 14, 2014; 10 months ago (2014-04-14)[29]) [±]
Freeware
WeChat Tencent Holdings 2011-01 Single-protocol iOS 6.1.1 (February 9, 2015; 25 days ago (2015-02-09)[28][36]q) [±]

iPad (February 21, 2014; 12 months ago (2014-02-21)[27]) [±]
Windows Phone 6.0.2.1 (February 5, 2015; 29 days ago (2015-02-05)[29]) [±]
Symbian V3 4.2 (February 4, 2013; 2 years ago (2013-02-04)[37]) [±]
Symbian V5 4.2 (January 17, 2013; 2 years ago (2013-01-17)[37]) [±]
BlackBerry OS 3.6 (May 30, 2014; 9 months ago (2014-05-30)[38]) [±]
BlackBerry 10 1.0.1.16 (July 30, 2013; 18 months ago (2013-07-30)[38]) [±]
OS X 1.2 (November 10, 2014; 3 months ago (2014-11-10)[31]) [±]

Clickwrap
WhatsApp WhatsApp Inc. 2009-08 Single-protocol
  • Android:
    2.11.543 (February 28, 2015; 6 days ago (2015-02-28)) [±]
  • BlackBerry:
    2.11.2356 (January 21, 2015; 44 days ago (2015-01-21)) [±]
  • iOS:
    2.11.15 (February 4, 2015; 30 days ago (2015-02-04)) [±]
  • Symbian:
    2.11.955 (March 6, 2015; 0 days ago (2015-03-06)) [±]
  • Nokia S40 devices:
    2.12.61 [±]
  • Windows Phone:
    2.11.670.0 (February 25, 2015; 9 days ago (2015-02-25)) [±]
Proprietary
Wickr Wickr Inc.
(Co-founders Nico Sell & Robert Statica)
2012-06 Single-protocol Freeware
Windows Live Messenger Microsoft Corporation 1999-07 Dual-protocol 2012 (v16.4.3508.205) (April 8, 2013; 22 months ago (2013-04-08)) [±] Clickwrap
Xfire Xfire Inc. 2004 Dual-protocol 1.155 (March 20, 2013; 23 months ago (2013-03-20)) [±] Clickwrap
Yahoo! Messenger Yahoo! 1999-06-21 Dual-protocol
  • Windows: 11.5.0.228
  • OS X: 3.0.1
  • Unix: 1.0.4
Clickwrap
Zephyr Project Athena 1987 Single-protocol 2.0 MIT
Client Author, creator First public release date Type Latest stable version License

Operating system support[edit]

The operating systems the clients can run on without emulation or compatibility layers.

Desktop Mobile Other
Client Windows OS X Unix-like Haiku Amiga Windows Phone Android BlackBerry OS iOS Symbian MeeGo Java ME WebOS Web VGCs
Adium No Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No
BBM No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No
AIM Yes Yes Dropped No No No Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No No
aMSN Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No Yes No No No No
Ayttm Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No
BitlBee Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No No No No No No No No
Bombus No No No No No No No No No No No Yes No No No
Centericq Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No
climm Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No
Coccinella Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No
eBuddy No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
emesene Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No
Empathy No No Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No
FaceTime No Included No No No No No No Included No No No No No No
Fire No Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Gadu-Gadu Yes No No No No No No No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
Gajim Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No
Google Hangouts Partial[a] Partial[a] Partial[a][b] No No No Yes No Yes No No No No Yes No
Hookt Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
Hike No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
IBM Lotus Sametime Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
ICQ Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No
IMVU Yes Yes No No No No Yes No No No No No No No No
Instantbird Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No
Jitsi Yes Yes Yes No No No Unstable Unstable No No No No No No No
KakaoTalk Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No
Kadu Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No Yes No No No No
Kopete Yes[c][39] Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No
Line Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No
Messages No Included No No No No No No Included No No No No No No
MCabber No Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No
Microsoft Lync Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No No No No
Miranda IM Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
MySpaceIM Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
naim Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No
Nimbuzz Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No
Palringo Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Paltalk Yes No No No No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes No
Pidgin Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No No No Yes No No No No
Psi Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No
QIP Yes No No No No Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No No
Qnext Yes Yes Yes[b] No No No No No Yes No No No No Yes No
QuteCom Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No
Surespot Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Yes Unknown Yes Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Skype Yes Yes Yes[b] No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No PSP PSV XB1
Telegram Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Coming soon[40] Yes No No No No Yes No
Tencent QQ Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
TextSecure No No No No No No Yes No Yes[d] No No No No Coming soon No
Tkabber Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No
Tox Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes No No No No No No
Trillian Yes Yes Partial[e][b] No No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes No
Viber Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
WeChat No Yes[41] No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No
WhatsApp No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[42] No No Yes[43] No
Wickr No No No No No No Yes No Yes No No No No No No
Windows Live Messenger Yes Yes No No No Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes Xbox
Xfire Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Yahoo! Messenger Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No
Yuilop No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No
Zephyr Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No
Client Windows OS X Unix-like Haiku Amiga Windows Phone Android BlackBerry OS iOS Symbian MeeGo Java ME WebOS Web VGCs
Desktop Mobile Other
  1. ^ a b c Only available as Google Chrome/Chromium plugin. No native application available.
  2. ^ a b c d The only supported desktop Unix-like platform is GNU/Linux.
  3. ^ May not be the final version suitable for everyday use.
  4. ^ As Signal.
  5. ^ Currently in beta testing.

Protocol support[edit]

Client WLM[a] Y!M AIM/ICQ XMPP[b] IRC IBM Lotus Sametime Novell GroupWise Messenger Gadu-Gadu QQ Xfire Skype MySpaceIM SIP Others
Adium Partial[c] Yes[d] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Partial[e] Yes No MobileMe, Zephyr, NateOn, Tlen
AIM No No Yes[f] No No No No No No No No No No No
aMSN Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Ayttm Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No
BitlBee Yes Depends[g] Yes Yes N/A[h] Depends[g] No Depends[g]
Centericq Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No No No No No No
climm No No Yes[i] Partial No No No No No No No No No No
eBuddy Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No Yes No No
emesene Yes No No Yes No No No No No No No No No No
Empathy Yes Depends[g] Yes Yes Depends[g] Yes Depends[g]
Fire Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No
Gajim No No No Yes No No No No No No No No No No
IBM Lotus Sametime No Yes/No[j] Yes/No[j] Yes/No[j] No Yes No No No No No No Yes No
ICQ No No Yes[i] No No No No No No No No No No No
IMVU Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No IMVU
Instantbird Yes Yes[d] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Netsoul
Jitsi Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No Yes No
Kadu No No No Yes No No No Yes No No No No No No
Kopete Yes Yes[d] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial[e] No No SILC, WinPopup
Messages No Yes Yes[f] Yes No No No No No No No No No MobileMe
Miranda IM Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes[k] Yes Partial[e] Yes No Tlen
naim No No Yes No Yes No No No No No No No No Lily
Nimbuzz Yes Yes No Yes ? ? ? ? ? ? ? No Yes Twitter, Facebook chat, Google Talk
Palringo Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No ? ? ? No ?
Paltalk No Yes Yes No No No No No No ? ? ? No ?
Pidgin Partial[l] Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial[e] Yes Yes Battle.net, NateOn, SILC, Tlen, Zephyr
QIP No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No Yes No MRA, XIMSS
Qnext Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No Qnext
QuteCom Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No Yes No
Skype Partial No No Partial[m] No No No No No No Yes No No No
Tencent QQ No No No No No No No No Yes No No No No No
Tkabber No No No Yes No No No No No No No No No No
Trillian Yes Yes[n] Yes Yes Yes[n] No Yes[n] Yes[k][n] Yes[k][n] Yes[n] No[48][n] Yes No LinkedIn,[n] Foursquare,[n] ASTRA, VZ[n]
Windows Live Messenger Yes Yes No Partial[m] No No No No No No No No No No
Yahoo! Messenger Partial[c] Yes No No No Yes No No No No No No No No
Upptalk No No No Yes No No No No No No No No No No
Zephyr No No No No No No No No No No No No No Zephyr
WLM Y!M AIM/ICQ XMPP IRC IBM Lotus Sametime Novell GroupWise Messenger Gadu-Gadu QQ Xfire Skype MySpaceIM SIP Others
  1. ^ Formerly named MSN Messenger or .NET Messenger protocol
  2. ^ Commonly termed Jabber, used in Facebook, LiveJournal, Tweeter, Identi.ca, etc.
  3. ^ a b Via Yahoo! Messenger account only.
  4. ^ a b c Supports connecting to Japanese Yahoo servers.
  5. ^ a b c d Needs running official Skype client.
  6. ^ a b Via AIM account only.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Supported via Pidgin back-end, depends on its version
  8. ^ Bitlbee is accessed via IRC.
  9. ^ a b Via ICQ account only.
  10. ^ a b c Feature is missing from client, but can be used via IBM Sametime Gateway.
  11. ^ a b c Available as plugin.
  12. ^ Via WLM account OR Yahoo! Messenger account.
  13. ^ a b Supports importing Facebook contacts and allows to send messages to and receive from Facebook IM users.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Not supported in versions for Android (checked 12 november 2012 in latest version 1.2.0.11)

XMPP-related features[edit]

Client Transports[a] File transfer
(XEP-0096)[b]
Multi-user
chat
Link-local
(XEP-0174)
Jingle
File transfer[b] Voice calls Video calls
Adium Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
BitlBee Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Bombus[49] No Yes Yes No No No No
climm No Yes No No No No No
Coccinella[50] Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No
Telepathy-based[c][51] No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Gajim[52] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Jitsi No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Kadu No Yes No No No No No
Kopete Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Messages No Yes Partial[d] Yes Yes No No
MCabber[53] No No Yes No Yes No No
Nimbuzz Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Pidgin[54] Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes/No[e] Yes/No[e]
Psi Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Tkabber[55] Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Trillian No Yes Yes/No[f] Yes/No[f] No No No
  1. ^ Transport support means the ability to set up transports. Once transport is set up, any client can use it to manage contacts and communicate with them.
  2. ^ a b The difference between XEP-0096 (legacy) and XEP-0234 (Jingle) file transfer is that the latter works behind NAT (e.g., from home and corporate networks).
  3. ^ Both Empathy and KDE Telepathy are based on Telepathy framework and share same properties in regard of XMPP features support.
  4. ^ Multi-user chats can be joined but not started
  5. ^ a b Feature unavailable on Windows.
  6. ^ a b Feature available on Windows only.

Features[edit]

Information on what features each of clients support.

Client Number of features included Toolkits or SDKs File transfer Proxy server Graphical emoticons Unicode (UTF-8) Built-in games Themes, skins Plugin system Third party add-ons Scripting Message logging Voice messaging Voice mail Webcam support Offline messaging Remote desktop assistance Whiteboard RTL texting
Adium 011 Cocoa Yes ? Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes ? ? ?
AIM 11 W32/Cocoa Yes Yes/No[a] Yes Yes No Yes/No[a] Yes/No[a] Yes/No[a] No Yes Yes/No[a] No Yes/No[a] Yes/No[a] No No No
aMSN 14 Tcl/Tk Yes http, socks5, msn gateway Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No No
Ayttm 9 GTK2 No http, socks4/5 Yes Yes No No Yes No Yes Yes No No Partial Partial No No No
BitlBee 03 N/A Yes Yes No Yes No N/A Yes No No N/A ? ? No Yes ? ? ?
Bombus 10 Java ME Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No Yes No No ?
Centericq 05 ncurses Partial ? No ? No Yes Yes ? Yes Yes No No No Yes ? ? ?
climm 07 line based Yes ? N/A Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes N/A N/A N/A Yes N/A No ?
Coccinella 11 Tcl/Tk Yes http, socks4/5 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No Yes Yes No No Yes No Yes ?
eBuddy 06 No Partial ? Yes Yes No No No No No Yes No No Yes Yes No No ?
Empathy 012 GTK3 Yes ? Yes Yes No Yes ? ? No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Fire 09 Cocoa Yes ? Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Gadu-Gadu 08 Qt Yes ? Yes Yes No ? No Yes No Yes Yes ? ? Yes No No ?
Gajim 012 GTK2 Yes http Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes ? Yes Yes No No Yes
Google Talk 08 W32 Yes ? Partial Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes No Third party plugin Yes Yes No Yes
IBM Lotus Sametime 15 Yes Yes ? Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes available Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
ICQ 12 W32 Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes
IMVU 06 ? No ? Yes Yes Partial Yes No Partial[b] No Yes No ? No Yes ? ? ?
Jitsi 12 Java Yes Yes Yes Yes No ? Yes ? ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? ?
Kadu 10 Qt Yes Yes Yes Yes No Partial Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes No No Yes No No ?
Kopete 013 Qt/KDE Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes With plugin Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes
Messages 11 Cocoa Yes ? Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Partial[c] ?
MCabber 04 Curses No ? No Yes No ? ? No ? Yes No No No Yes No No ?
Miranda IM 12 W32 Yes Yes, socks4/5, http(s) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial[c] No Partial[c] Yes No Yes Yes
Palringo 03 ? No ? Yes ? No Yes No No No No Yes No Partial (picture capture only) ? No No ?
Paltalk 09 N/A Yes ? Yes No Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes ? Yes Yes ? ? ?
Pidgin 07 GTK2 Partial Yes, http, socks4/5 Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial (XMPP in Linux) No Yes (XMPP in Linux) Yes No Partial Yes
Psi 06 KDE/Qt Yes Yes Yes Yes No Partial (Icon sets only) Not Yet No No Yes Partial (Linux & Unix) No No Yes No No Yes
QIP 10 W32, VCL Yes Yes, http(s), socks4/4A/5 Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes No No ?
Qnext 15 Swing Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes
QuteCom 06 Qt Yes ? Yes Yes No Yes No No ? ? ? ? Yes ? ? ? ?
Skype 12 Qt/KDE, W32 Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes/No[c][a] Yes
Surespot 0?  ? Yes ? Yes Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes ? ? ?
Tencent QQ 11 W32 Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Telegram 12 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes
Tkabber 13 Tcl/Tk Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No Yes No
Tox 7 Qt, GTK, Ncurses, WPF Yes Yes No Yes No No No No No Yes Yes No Yes No No No Yes
Trillian 12 W32, Cocoa Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? Yes Yes ? Yes Yes ? ? Yes
Wickr 7 No Yes Yes No Yes No No No No No No Yes No Yes Yes No No  ?
Windows Live Messenger 15 W32 Yes Yes, http, socks4/5, Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Xfire 06 W32 Yes ? No Yes No Yes Partial Yes No Yes Yes No No No No No ?
Yahoo! Messenger 11 W32, Cocoa, GTK Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? Partial Yes
Yuilop 7 ? Yes No Yes ? No No No No ? Yes Yes No No Yes No Partial ?
Client Number of features included Toolkits or SDKs File transfer Proxy server Graphical emoticons Unicode (UTF-8) Built-in games Themes, skins Plugin system Third party add-ons Scripting Message logging Voice messaging Voice mail Webcam support Offline messaging Remote desktop assistance Whiteboard RTL texting
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Feature only supported on Windows
  2. ^ While IMVU does not allow add-ons to extend the client, registered accounts can create new content for use inside the simulation.[clarification needed]
  3. ^ a b c d Supported with plugin
Client Handwriting mode Dockable Multiaccount Spell check User-defined graphic emoticons Animations OAuth
Adium Yes, receive only Yes Yes Yes Partial Partial ?
AIM No Yes No No ? Partial ?
aMSN Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Ayttm No No Yes Yes Yes No ?
BitlBee No N/A Yes ? ? ? ?
Centericq ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
climm N/A ? Yes ? ? ? ?
Coccinella ? Yes Yes Yes ? ? ?
Empathy No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Fire ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Gajim ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Google Talk Yes/No[a] Yes Yes/No[b] No No Yes/No[b] No
iChat No ? Yes Yes ? ? ?
ICQ No Yes No Yes No Yes, tZer ?
IMVU ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Jitsi No No Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Kadu No Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes, emoticons No
Kopete No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes, emoticons No
Miranda IM No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
MySpaceIM ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
naim No ? ? ? ? ? ?
Paltalk ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Pidgin No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes, emoticons, user icons ?
Psi No ? Yes Yes Yes ? ?
Qnext No No No Yes No Yes, animated user icons, emoticons, themes ?
QIP Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes, emoticons ?
QuteCom ? ? Yes ? ? ? ?
Skype No No No No ? Yes, animated emoticons ?
Tencent QQ No Yes Yes No Yes Yes ?
Tkabber No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes, animated emoticons No
Trillian Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes, animated emoticons ?
Windows Live Messenger Yes No Yes No Yes Yes, animated emoticons, winks ?
Yahoo! Messenger ? ? ? No ? ? ?
Client Handwriting mode Dockable Multiaccount Spell check User-defined graphic emoticons Animations OAuth for client authorization
  1. ^ The connection between the Google Talk client and the Google Talk server is encrypted, except when using Gmail's chat over HTTP, a federated network that doesn't support encryption, or when using a proxy like IMLogic. - Google
  2. ^ a b Feature unavailable in standalone version.

Secure messengers[edit]

The table describes an overview of Instant Messenger Clients, which send encrypted messages.

Client Name Open Source Client[a] Open Source Server[b] Decentralized computing[c] Symmetric Encryption (e.g. AES, Camellia)[d][e] Asym. Encryp: RSA[f] Asym. Encryp.: DSA[f] Asym. Encryp: NTRU[f] Asym. Encryp: ElGamal[f] Default Asym. Keysize[g] Max. Asymm. Keysize[g] Forward Secrecy[h] Multiple Encryption[d][i] Client-side Encryption[j] Encrypted Groupchat[k] Encrypted File transfer[k] Public Key not related to IP[l] Proxy /Tor[m] Encryp. offline chat[n] TCP[o] UDP[o] SCTP[o] Asynchronous communication[p]
Adium Yes[q] Yes[r]  ?  ?  ?  ? Yes[r] Yes[r]  ?
BitlBee Yes[q] Yes[r][s]  ?  ?  ?  ? Yes[r] Yes[r]  ?
ChatSecure + Orbot Yes Yes Yes Yes[r]  ?  ?  ?  ? Yes[r] Yes Yes  ?  ?  ? Yes no no
climm  ? Yes[r]  ?  ?  ?  ? Yes[r] Yes[r] ?
Gajim[t] Yes[q] Yes[r][u]  ?  ?  ?  ? Yes[r] Yes[r] ?
Jitsi  ? Yes[r]  ?  ?  ?  ? Yes[r] Yes[r]  ?
Kik No[q] No No no  ?  ? no no  ?  ?  ? no  ? no  ? Yes no  ? Yes  ? no Yes
Kopete[t] Yes[q] Yes[r]  ?  ?  ?  ? Yes[r] Yes[r]  ?
MCabber[t] Yes[q] Yes[r]  ?  ?  ?  ? Yes[r] Yes[r]  ?
Miranda IM[t][u] Yes[q] Yes[r]  ?  ?  ?  ? Yes[r] Yes[r]  ?
Pidgin Yes[q] Yes[r][62] Yes[u][63]  ?  ? 4096 Yes[r][62] Yes Yes[62] Yes  ?
Psi[t] Yes[q] Yes[r]  ?  ?  ?  ? Yes[r] Yes[r]  ?
RetroShare Yes[q] Yes Yes no Yes  ? no no 2048  ? no no Yes Yes Yes no no no Yes Yes no  ?
Sicher No[q] No No Yes Yes  ? no no 2048 2048 no no Yes Yes Yes no no Yes Yes no no  ?
Surespot Yes[q] Yes Yes Yes no Yes[v] no no 1024 2048 Yes no Yes no no no  ? no Yes no no  ?
Telegram (standard messages) Yes[q] No Yes no  ?  ? no no  ?  ? no no no no no no  ? no  ? no no Yes
Telegram (secret chats) Yes[q] No Yes no Yes  ? no no 1024 2048 Yes no Yes no no no  ? no Yes no no  ?
TextSecure Yes[q][w] Yes[x] Yes[x] Yes[y] Yes[y]  ? no no 2048 2048 Yes[y] Yes[further explanation needed] Yes[y] Yes[y] Yes[y] Yes[y]  ? Yes[y] Yes no no Yes[z]
Tkabber[t] Yes[q] Yes[r]  ?  ?  ?  ? Yes[r] Yes[r]  ?
Tox Yes[q][w] Yes Yes Yes  ? no no  ?  ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Tkabber[t] Yes[q] Yes[r]  ?  ?  ?  ? Yes[r] Yes[r]  ?
Trillian[aa] Not OpenPGP. No[q] Yes[r]  ?  ?  ?  ? Yes[r][ab] Yes[r][ab]  ?
WASTE Yes[q] Yes Yes no Yes  ? no no 1024 1024 no no Yes no Yes no no no Yes no no  ?
Wickr No No  ? Yes[citation needed]  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ? Yes[ac]  ? Yes[ac]  ? Yes[citation needed]  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Client Name Open Source Client[a] Open Source Server[b] Decentralized computing[c] Symmetric Encryption (e.g. AES, Camellia)[d][e] Asym. Encryp: RSA[f] Asym. Encryp.: DSA[f] Asym. Encryp: NTRU[f] Asym. Encryp: ElGamal[f] Default Asym. Keysize[g] Max. Asymm. Keysize[g] Forward Secrecy[h] Multiple Encryption[d][i] Client-side Encryption[j] Encrypted Groupchat[k] Encrypted File transfer[k] Public Key not related to IP[l] Proxy /Tor[m] Encryp. offline chat[n] TCP[o] UDP[o] SCTP[o] Asynchronous communication[p]
Client Name Encryption OTR[e]
AIM Yes[ad][aa][ac]  ?
aMSN Yes[aa][u]  ?
Bombus[49] Yes[aa] Not OpenPGP. No
Coccinella[50] Yes[aa] Not OpenPGP. No
Centericq Yes[t]  ?
eBuddy Yes[aa]  ?
Fire Yes[ae]  ?
Gadu-Gadu Yes[aa]  ?
IBM Lotus Sametime Yes[aa]  ?
IMVU ?
Kadu Yes[aa] Not OpenPGP. Yes
Messages Partial[af] Not OpenPGP. No
Paltalk Yes[aa]  ?
QIP Yes[aa]  ?
Qnext Yes[aa]  ?
QuteCom Yes[aa]  ?
Skype Sort of[ag][64]  ?
Telepathy-based[ah][51] Yes/No[65][66] Not OpenPGP.
Yahoo! Messenger Yes[aa][ac]  ?
Yuilop Yes[aa]  ?

Messengers with no encryption[edit]

Client Name Encryption
Empathy[ah] No
Google Talk No
ICQ No
Mxit No[ac]
Nimbuzz No[67]
Palringo No
Tencent QQ No[ac]
Windows Live Messenger No
Xfire No
  1. ^ a b For transparency to the public, the source code of the encryption algorithms, and its implementation into a messenger, should be subject to public auditing—which may disclose flaws or implementation failures. Whereas, a company offering a messenger which does not reveal the source must be blindly trusted. In general it is recommended to not trust closed source encryption.
  2. ^ a b As some messenger users want to use a central server-based messenger architecture, the source code of this chat server should be publicly transparent. Here as well as for the client, the software should be open source as well to enable public auditing.
  3. ^ a b If a messenger relies on a central server the setup s closed and may be surveilled. To counter this, decentralized computing architectures have been developed, either via a peer-to-peer technology, or by open source chat servers (easily setup by anyone). An architecture in which all the messages do not pass through a central server lessens a single point for surveillance.
  4. ^ a b c d In symmetric cryptography, the same key is used for encryption and decryption. Knowledge of this key needs to be limited to the two communication partners to ensure confidentiality. As asymmetric algorithms are relatively computationally costly in terms of speed, as compared to symmetric cryptography, the session key may be encrypted / decrypted by a asymmetric algorithm and use a much faster symmetric algorithm to encrypt and decrypt messages, reducing computational cost (increasing speed).
  5. ^ a b c Off-the-Record Messaging encryption uses the AES symmetric algorithm and Diffie–Hellman key exchange. It allows forward secrecy and encrypted file transfers.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h The critical advantage in an asymmetric key system is that copies of keys do not need to be sent between communicators. This prevents a third party from copying a key while it is in transit, and preventing the third party from spying on all future messages. In addition, if one key was copied by a third party, only messages to the holder of the key would be compromised, not the messages to the other party in the communication. However, asymmetric algorithms are relatively computationally costly in terms of speed, as compared to symmetric cryptography. The most common asymmetric cryptography algorithm is the RSA Algorithm. Alternative asymmetric algorithms are Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA), ElGamal and NTRU. NTRU is regarded not vulnerable to decryption by quantum computing.
  7. ^ a b c d The key size describes the length of the needed mathematical operation. Simply spoken, the longer the key, the longer it takes to crack it. Today a key size of 2048 for asymmetric keys is recommended.
  8. ^ a b Forward secrecy describes the option to change the encryption key every session or even instant. This may be implemented by Off-the-Record Messaging (OTR)
  9. ^ a b Multiple encryption is the process of encrypting an already encrypted message one or more times, either using the same or a different algorithm.
  10. ^ a b The Client-side encryption key used to encrypt data before it is transmitted, with a key that is stored on the device of the user, not on a remote server on the internet.
  11. ^ a b c d Some messengers offer Groupchat and file transfer. These features should transfer only encrypted bytes. Encrypted file transfer may be implemented by Off-the-Record Messaging (OTR)
  12. ^ a b Public keys are used to identify users. A user's IP address can in some cases be related to his or her public key. Messengers that do not relate the user's public key to the user's IP address are considered more secure. This offers more security because the IP cannot be targeted to gain access to the private key. If an attacker knows the IP related to a public key, he or she can try to get on the remote machine, download and decrypt the private key and thus decrypt all encrypted communication.
  13. ^ a b Proxies and Tor might prevent an IP from being related to the public key.
  14. ^ a b Messengers without a central server need a means to be able to message to friends which are offline. This is mostly done by storing the messages with other online friends. As this is a quite convenient feature, some messengers offer this in an encrypted way too.
  15. ^ a b c d e f Not all messengers support the same transport protocols like TCP, UDP and SCTP.
  16. ^ a b Lets users communicate asynchronously, i.e. participants do not have to be online at the same time.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t See: Comparison of instant messaging clients#General information.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an Implements Off-the-Record Messaging encryption which uses the AES symmetric algorithm and Diffie–Hellman key exchange. It allows forward secrecy and encrypted file transfers.
  19. ^ Feature is implemented with libpurple back-end
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h OpenPGP encryption (XEP-0027).
  21. ^ a b c d Supported with plugin
  22. ^ "Everyday Usage Improvements #27". user:2fours, item 3: github.com. 2013-11-10. 
  23. ^ a b Open Whisper Systems. "TextSecure". GitHub. Retrieved 17 January 2015. 
  24. ^ a b Open Whisper Systems. "TextSecure-Server". GitHub. Retrieved 17 January 2015. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h Open Whisper Systems. "ProtocolV2". GitHub. Retrieved 17 January 2015. The TextSecure encrypted messaging protocol is an end-to-end encrypted messaging protocol with deniability guarantees and message-level forward secrecy, similar to OTR Messaging. [It] uses the no header keys variation of the axolotl ratchet and protobuf records. 
  26. ^ Moxie Marlinspike (22 August 2013). "Forward Secrecy for Asynchronous Messages". Open Whisper Systems. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Uses encryption; but the type isn't known at the time this client was added to this table.
  28. ^ a b Feature available on Windows only, not actively supported, not stable.
  29. ^ a b c d e f "Secure Messaging Scorecard. Which apps and tools actually keep your messages safe?". Electronic Frontier Foundation. 2014-11-04. 
  30. ^ Feature only supported on Windows
  31. ^ Incompatible to other clients.
  32. ^ Limited to official service users.
  33. ^ Microsoft advertises proprietary "encryption" with Skype but it is not considered secure.
  34. ^ a b Both Empathy and KDE Telepathy are based on Telepathy framework and share same properties in regard of XMPP features support.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  3. ^ "hike messenger". Windows Phone Marketplace. Microsoft. Retrieved August 12, 2014. 
  4. ^ "hike messenger". BlackBerry World. Retrieved August 12, 2014. 
  5. ^ "hike messenger". iTunes Store. Apple Inc. Retrieved August 12, 2014. 
  6. ^ "KDE Update Announcement". 
  7. ^ "Miranda IM v0.10.29 Released". Miranda IM. 29 January 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  8. ^ "Nimbuzz Messenger on Google Play". Google Play Store. Nimbuzz B.V. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Nimbuzz Messenger". iTunes Store. Nimbuzz B.V. Retrieved 28 April 2014. 
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  11. ^ "Nimbuzz". Windows Phone. Nimbuzz B.V. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  12. ^ Announcement: QuteCom 2.2.1
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  15. ^ Kingwell, Lara (20 October 2014). "Drawing Comes to Skype for Windows Phone". Skype Blogs. Microsoft. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  16. ^ "Skype". Windows Phone Apps+Games Store. Microsoft. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  17. ^ Huang, Tom (25 February 2015). "Skype 7.5 for Mac – New Language Support Makes Communications Available to More People". Skype Blogs. Microsoft. Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
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  23. ^ "Skype for iPad". iTunes Preview. Apple Inc. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
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  32. ^ telegramdesktop (December 27, 2014). "Telegram Desktop". telegramdesktop. Retrieved December 27, 2014. 
  33. ^ http://www.mod-gadget.com/upptalk-app-updated-ipad/
  34. ^ "yuilop - Free texts and SMS". Amazon. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  35. ^ Viber Media (2013-11-19). "BlackBerry World - Viber". BlackBerry App World. Research In Motion (RIM). Retrieved 2014-04-20. 
  36. ^ Note:
    1. App Store has been noted 17+, which means download only for seventeen years and older (for Apple ID holder).
    2. iOS version available in iPhone only but user can run in iPad.
  37. ^ a b Tencent Inc. (December 28, 2012). "WeChat". Ovi Store. Nokia. Retrieved January 10, 2012. 
  38. ^ a b Tencent Inc. (July 18, 2012). "WeChat". BlackBerry App World. Research In Motion. Retrieved July 18, 2013. 
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  40. ^ Blackberry 10 Dev Contest. Telegram.org. Retrieved on 2014-11-20.
  41. ^ WeChat announces native Mac client; Windows version may follow soonTechie News. Techienews.co.uk. Retrieved on 2014-05-22.
  42. ^ using OpenWhatsApp
  43. ^ using whatsapp web
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  46. ^ a b "README-jabber", Coccinella, retrieved 2011-12-13 
  47. ^ a b "XEP status in gabble", Telepathy (freedesktop.org), retrieved 2011-12-13 
  48. ^ "GajimXEPSupport", Gajim, retrieved 2011-12-13 
  49. ^ "Main Page", MCabber, retrieved 2011-12-13  |chapter= ignored (help)
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  51. ^ "Protocol support", Tkabber, 2005-11-18, retrieved 2011-12-13 
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