Comparison of layout engines (XHTML 1.1)

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The following tables compare XHTML 1.1 compatibility and support for a number of layout engines.

XHTML 1.1 which is mainly a modularization of XHTML 1.0, is composed of 20 element modules (7 of which are submodules), including the additional Ruby Annotation Module, and two attribute modules (Server-side Image Map Module and Intrinsic Events Module).

Explanation of the tables[edit]

Engine nomenclature[edit]

Rather than the names of web browsers, the names of the underlying engines are used. The browsers that use the various engines are listed below.

Layout engine Release version Preview version Used by
Amaya 11.4.7[1] N/A No longer developed; Amaya
Blink 537.36 source code[note 1] Chromium/Chrome (28+), Opera (15+), Yandex and Liebao.
Gecko

37.0.2 (April 20, 2015; 10 days ago (2015-04-20)[2]) [±]
ESR 31.6.0 (March 31, 2015; 30 days ago (2015-03-31)[3]) [±]

Beta

38.0 Beta 9 (April 30, 2015; 0 days ago (2015-04-30)[4][5]) [±]

Developer Edition

39.0a2 (April 3, 2015; 27 days ago (2015-04-03)[6]) [±] daily release

Nightly

40.0a1 (March 30, 2015; 31 days ago (2015-03-30)[7]) [±] daily release

All Mozilla software, including Firefox; SeaMonkey and Galeon; Camino; K-Meleon; Flock (up to 2.x); Debian IceWeasel; GNU IceCat (formerly GNU IceWeasel); Cyberfox; Icedove, Iceape and Iceowl; Fennec. Also used by the Maple platform in 2010 and 2011 Samsung "SmartTV" devices which are based on the build used in Firefox 3.0.[citation needed] Nokia Asha platform is also using Gecko for web apps rendering.
KHTML 4.12.3[8] N/A Konqueror[note 2]
Presto 2.12.388 N/A No longer developed; Opera and Opera Mobile use Blink now; Nintendo DS & DSi Browser; Internet Channel
Tasman (IE 5.2.3 for Mac) N/A No longer developed (aborted in 2003); Internet Explorer 5+ for Mac OS X
Trident 7.0 (IE 11) N/A Internet Explorer and other Internet Explorer shells like Maxthon (Microsoft Windows operating systems only), Windows Phone 8
WebKit 534.20 nightly build[note 3] Tizen (both OS and browser), Safari (both desktop and mobile), Google Chrome (before 28), Maxthon 3, Shiira, iCab 4, OmniWeb 5.5+, Web, Adobe AIR, Midori, Adobe Dreamweaver CS4 and CS5, Android browser, Palm webOS browser, Symbian S60 browser, OWB, Steam, Rekonq, Arora, Flock (version 3+), RockMelt, Dolphin Browser, Sleipnir, Konqueror[note 2]. Used by the LG Smart TV platform to enable web content on TVs.
  1. ^ "chromium / chromium/blink". chromium.googlesource.com. Google. Retrieved 2014-05-27. 
  2. ^ a b In Konqueror, the user can switch the used layout engine.
  3. ^ "WebKit Nightly Builds". webkit.org. Retrieved 2014-05-27. 


Values[edit]

Values indicate the level of support in the most recent version of the layout engine, or (if a version number is given) in the specified version. Version numbers without any other value indicate the version at which the layout engine first fully supported the feature.

Value Meaning
Yes Indicates that the layout engine fully supports this property/element when valid values are used.
No Indicates that the property/element is completely ignored.
Partial Indicates that the property/element is understood, but that not all values are supported. Supported values are implemented correctly.
Incorrect Indicates that the property/element is understood, but that it is not implemented correctly in all cases.
Experimental Indicates that the property/element is understood, but supported under an alternate name. May be incomplete or buggy.
Dropped Indicates that the property/element is no longer supported.
Nightly build Indicates that the property/element is supported to some extent in an experimental/nightly build. Future support is expected.
Depends Indicates that the property/element is supported only on certain platforms, or if certain settings are configured.

Elements[edit]

Core Modules[edit]

Structure Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
body <3.1[IE 1.0]

[9]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
head
html <3.1[IE 1.0]

[10]

title <3.1[IE 1.0]

[11]

Text Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
abbr Yes[citation needed] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
acronym <3.1[IE 4.0]

[12]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
address <3.1[IE 1.0]

[12]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
blockquote Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
br <3.1[IE 1.0]

[13]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
cite <3.1[IE 1.0]

[12]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
code Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
dfn Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
div <3.1[IE 3.0]

[14]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
em <3.1[IE 1.0]

[12]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
h1 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
h2 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
h3 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
h4 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
h5 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
h6 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
kbd Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
p <3.1[IE 1.0]

[13]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
pre <3.1[IE 1.0]

[12]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
q <3.1[IE 4.0]

[12]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
samp <3.1[IE 1.0]

[12]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
span <3.1[IE 3.0]

[14]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
strong <3.1[IE 1.0]

[12]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
var Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Hypertext Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
a <3.1[IE 1.0]

[13]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

List Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
dl <3.1[IE 1]

[15]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
dt
dd
ol
ul
li

Text Extension Modules[edit]

Presentation Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
b <3.1[IE 1]

[14]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
big <3.1[IE 3]

[14]

hr <3.1[IE 1]

[16]

i <3.1[IE 1]

[14]

small <3.1[IE 3]

[14]

sub
sup
tt Yes

Edit Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
del Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
ins

Bi-directional Text Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
bdo <3.1[IE 5.0]

[14]

? Yes Yes Partial Yes ?

Forms Modules[edit]

Forms Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
form Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
input
select
option
textarea
button
fieldset
label
legend
optgroup

Table Modules[edit]

Table Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
caption Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
table
td
th
tr
col ?
colgroup
tbody Yes
thead
tfoot ?

Image Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
img <3.1[IE 1.0]

[16]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Client-side Image Map Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
area <3.1[IE 1.0]

[16]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
map

Object Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
object <3.1[IE 3.0]

[16]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
param

Metainformation Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
meta <3.1[IE 2.0]

[11]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Scripting Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
script <3.1[IE 3.0]

[10]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
noscript <3.1[IE 3.0]

[10][citation needed]

Style Sheet Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
style <3.1[IE 3.0]

[10][note 1]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Link Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
link <3.1[IE 3.0]

[11]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Base Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
base <3.1[IE 1.0]

[11]

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Ruby Annotation Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
ruby Yes No No Yes No No No
rbc No No
rtc
rb Yes Yes
rt Yes Yes
rp No No

Attributes[edit]

Core[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
class Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
id
title

I18N[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
dir Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
xml:lang ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Events[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
Mouse
onclick ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
ondblclick
onmousedown
onmouseup
onmouseover
onmousemove
onmouseout
Keyboard
onkeypress ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
onkeydown
onkeyup

Server-side Image Map Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
ismap ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Intrinsic Events Module[edit]

Trident Tasman Gecko WebKit KHTML Presto iCab
Structure Module
onload ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
onunload
Forms Module
onchange ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
onblur
onfocus
onreset
onselect
onsubmit

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ All style tags after the first 31 style tags are not applied.
    All style rules after the first 4,095 rules are not applied.
    On pages that uses the @import rule to continuously import external style sheets that import other style sheets, style sheets that are more than three levels deep are ignored.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Amaya Binary Releases, Most recent download link in stable
  2. ^ "Firefox — Notes (37.0.2) — Mozilla". mozilla.org. 2015-04-20. Retrieved 2015-04-20. 
  3. ^ "Firefox — Notes (31.6.0) — Mozilla". mozilla.org. 2015-03-31. Retrieved 2015-03-31. 
  4. ^ "Firefox — Beta Notes (38.0beta) — Mozilla". 2015-04-03. Retrieved 2015-04-03. 
  5. ^ "Mozilla Firefox Web Browser — Download Firefox Beta in your language — Mozilla". Retrieved 2015-04-29. 
  6. ^ "Firefox — Aurora Notes (39.0a2) — Mozilla". 2015-04-03. Retrieved 2015-04-05. 
  7. ^ "RapidRelease/Calendar - MozillaWiki". Retrieved 2015-02-26. 
  8. ^ Download for kdelibs, Most recent download link in stable
  9. ^ "Document structure". webref.info. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Language declarations". webref.info. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Document properties". webref.info. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h "Document layout". webref.info. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  13. ^ a b c "Document layout". webref.info. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g "Physical text formatting". webref.info. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  15. ^ "Lists". webref.info. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  16. ^ a b c d "Images and objects". webref.info. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  17. ^ "A webpage that uses CSS styles does not render correctly in Internet Explorer". Microsoft Support. Microsoft. 10 February 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2011.