Comparison of open-source software hosting facilities

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A source code repository is a file archive and web hosting facility where large amounts of source code are kept, either publicly or privately. They are often used by open-source projects and other multi-developer projects to handle various versions. They help developers submit patches of code in an organized fashion. Often these web sites support version control, bug tracking, release management, mailing lists, and wiki-based documentation.

People who write software retain their copyright when their software is posted to any open-source software hosting facilities, including the "non-gnu" section of GNU Savannah—with the exception of contributors to FSF-copyrighted programs at GNU Savannah.[1][2][3]

Overview[edit]

General information[edit]

Name Manager Established Notes Countries blocked Runs on all free software Ad-free
Alioth Debian Project 2003 Preference for Debian related projects Yes Yes
Assembla Assembla, Inc 2005 15-day free trial. Commercial projects with customizable sets of tools and features. No Yes
BerliOS FOKUS[4] 2000 To be abandoned by April 2014 Yes No
Betavine Vodafone 2007 No No
Bitbucket Atlassian 2008 Free private repositories are limited to 5 users No Yes
CloudForge Collabnet 2000 Unlimited Free private repositories and unlimited users 2GB free No Yes
CodePlex Microsoft 2006 (May) No Yes
Fedora Hosted Fedora Project ? Yes Yes
Freepository ? 1999 Free accounts have web access only. Yes Yes
GitHub GitHub, Inc 2008 (April) Free for public, paid for private. No Yes
GitLab GitLab.com 2011 (September)[5] Unlimited public and private repos, unlimited public and private collaborators[6] Yes Yes
Gitorious Powow AS[7] 2008 (January) Free for open-source projects. Yes Yes
Gna! The Gna! people 2004 (January) Only for projects with a GPL compatible license Yes Yes
GNU Savannah Savannah Administration 2001 (January) Project by the Free Software Foundation. Yes Yes
Google Code Google 2006 (July) Free. For open-source projects only. Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, Syria[8] No Yes
JavaForge Intland Software 2005 Free. For open-source projects only. No Yes
Launchpad Canonical Ltd. 2004 Supports only Bazaar for version-controlled repository hosting. Yes Yes
Ourproject.org Comunes Collective 2002 For free software, free culture and free knowledge projects. Yes Yes
OW2 Consortium OW2 Consortium ? oriented on middleware technology. ? Yes
SEUL.org ? 1997 (May) ? Yes
SourceForge Dice Holdings 1999 (November) Free. For open-source projects only.[9] Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, Syria[10] Yes[11][12] No
Tigris.org (community) 2000 Restricted to collaborative software development tools. ? No

Features[edit]

Name Code review Bug tracking Web hosting Wiki Translation system Shell server Mailing List Forum Personal branch Private branch Announce Build system Team Release Binaries Self-hosting
Alioth No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No ? Yes
Assembla Yes[13] Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes[14] Yes Yes Yes ? No
BerliOS ? Yes Yes Yes[n 1] ? Yes Yes Yes ? ? Yes[15] ? ? ? Yes
Bitbucket Yes[16] Yes Yes[17] Yes No No No No Yes Yes[n 2] No No Yes Yes No
CloudForge ? Yes Yes Yes No No No No ? ? ? ? ? ? No
CodePlex No Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No No Yes No
Fedora Hosted Yes Yes No Yes No No No No No No No No No ? ?
GitHub Yes[18] Yes[19] Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes[n 3] Yes 3rd-party (e.g. Travis CI) Yes Yes Commercially
GitLab Yes[20] Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes[21] Yes No Yes[n 4]
Gitorious Yes No No Yes No No No No Yes No No No Yes ? Commercially
Gna! ? Yes Yes No Yes ? Yes No ? No ? No ? ? Yes
GNU Savannah Yes[22] Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No[23] No No Yes No Yes ? Yes
Google Code Yes Yes No Yes No No No No Yes[n 5] No No No No Yes[n 6] No
JavaForge Yes[24] Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes ? No
java.net/Project Kenai ? Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No
Launchpad Yes Yes No No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes[n 7] Yes Yes[n 8] Yes ? Yes
Ourproject.org ? Yes Yes Yes No ? Yes Yes ? ? ? ? ? ? Yes
SourceForge Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
tigris.org No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No ? Yes No
Name Code review Bug tracking Web hosting Wiki Translation system Shell server Mailing List Forum Personal branch Private branch Announce Build system Team Release Binaries Self-hosting

Other features[edit]

  • Alioth: Sample Code, Help Wanted, Anonymous FTP
  • Assembla: Ticket backlog planning, Ticket flow control (Cardwall), Ticket tags that allow a better tasks organization,[25] FTP, Time Tracking, StandUp Reporting, File Sharing, Google Docs Integration, API,[26] Scripts Execution through SSH (i.e. automated deploys on commits), Viewing source code as webpage, Highly-customizable Webhooks, Custom Tabs that allow to view external websites inside the project,[27] Space Manager (tool for master/child relations between projects),[28] Merge Requests,[29] Protected Branches [30]
  • BerliOS: FTP, MySQL
  • Bitbucket: OpenID, visualizations
  • Codeplex: Windows Live ID
  • GitHub: Public API,[31] static web-page hosting,[32] pastebin service Gist,[33] 3D model support,[34] support for OAuth 2.0 and SSH keys, Automatic Page Generator,[35] Graphs: Contributors, Commit Activity, Code Frequency, Punchcard, Pulse and Network Graph, email notifications
  • Gitorious: OpenID[n 9]
  • JavaForge: Public remote API, Document management
  • Launchpad: Blueprints, Karma, Answer, Mail interface, public API, OpenID Provider, Non-project branch
  • Open Build Service: public API
  • SourceForge: Public API , Help Wanted, OpenID Relying Party, Piwik Web Analytics,[36] support for Media Wiki, Blog , Pastebin , Support for OAuth 1.0 with bearer tokens and SSH keys, option to write reviews about projects, Freenode IRC Channel, option to migrate Trac tickets, Network Graph, public feature requests and site support tickets for Sourceforge and Allura , email notifications
  • tigris.org: public API, extensive help

Available version control systems[edit]

Name CVS SVN GNU Bazaar TFS Arch Git Mercurial Perforce
Alioth Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes ?
Assembla No Yes No No No Yes No Yes
BerliOS Yes Yes No No No Yes[37] Yes[38] ?
Betavine Yes Yes No No No No No ?
Bitbucket No No No No No Yes Yes ?
CodePlex No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes ?
Fedora Hosted No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes ?
Freepository No Yes No No No No No ?
GitHub No Yes[39] No No No Yes No ?
GitLab No No No No No Yes No ?
Gitorious No No No No No Yes No ?
Gna! Yes Yes No No Yes No No ?
GNU Savannah Yes Yes Yes[40] No Yes Yes Yes No
Google Code No Yes No No No Yes Yes ?
java.net No Yes[41] No No No Yes[41] Yes[41] ?
JavaForge Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes ?
Launchpad Import only Import only Yes No No Import only[42] Import only[43] No
Ourproject.org Yes Yes No No No No No ?
OW2 Consortium Yes Yes No No No No No ?
SEUL.org Yes Yes No No No No No ?
SourceForge Yes Yes No longer for new projects[44] No No Yes Yes ?
Tigris.org Yes Yes No No No No No ?
Name CVS SVN GNU Bazaar TFS Arch Git Mercurial Perforce

Popularity[edit]

Name Users Projects Prominent projects Alexa rank (lower = more popular)
Alioth 16,521[45][dated info] 1,061[45][dated info] SANE N/A (subdomain not tracked)
Assembla 800,000+[46] 60,000+[47] GXUnit, Hikarunix, HippoMocks, MadSwatter, SnakeYAML, Scala IDE 6,010 as of 3 July 2014[48]
BerliOS 52,811[49] 4,863[49] aMule, avidemux, SuperTux, LinCity-NG 54,107 as of 3 July 2014[50]
Bitbucket 1,000,000[51] 93,661[52] OGRE, TortoiseHg, Codeigniter, Pylons, Sphinx 2,696 as of 3 July 2014[53]
CodePlex 151,782 36,472[54] ASP.NET MVC Framework, Entity Framework, IronPython, Cosmos , PCSX-Reloaded 2,392 as of 3 July 2014[55]
Fedora Hosted ? 411[56]
GitHub 6,700,000[57] 1,100,000+[57][n 1] Ruby on Rails, IronRuby, jQuery, Moodle, Diaspora, node.js, NumPy, Spring Framework, PHP, Play Framework, Scala, SciPy , PPSSPP , Dolphin (emulator) , PCSX2 , Retroarch, Nestopia, RPCS3 , Xenia, Whonix 134 as of 22 August 2014[58]
Gitorious Unknown[n 10] 33,750[59] Qt, MeeGo, GNU social 32,360 as of 3 July 2014[60]
Gna! 17,065 1,390 175,571 as of 3 July 2014[61]
GNU Savannah 57,591[62] 3,487[62] Most GNU projects (including Emacs), QEMU 54,672 as of 3 July 2014[63]
Google Code Unknown[n 10] 250,000+[64] Inferno, Android, Chromium , N/A (subdomain not tracked)
Launchpad 2,145,028[65] 32,699[66] Ubuntu, MySQL (code hosting), BlueBream (Zope 3) (bug tracking), Inkscape, Bazaar, GNOME Do, Drizzle, Launchpad, LiVES (translations) 5,618 as of 3 July 2014[67]
Ourproject.org Unknown[n 10] 1,411[68] Hispanic Critical Mass movement,[69][70] the Kune federated collaborative social network, the P2P Foundation workgroup, plenty of non-software free culture initiatives N/A (subdomain not tracked)
SourceForge 3,400,000+[71] 324,000[71] Inkscape (download hosting), LAME, MinGW, Poedit, 7-Zip, Fluxbox, Audacity, ffdshow, EMule, FileZilla, phpMyAdmin, LiVES, Desmume , Bizhawk, Yabause, Mednafen, Fceux, Nintendulator 177 as of 3 July 2014[72]
Tigris.org Unknown[n 10] 684 Subversion,[n 11] TortoiseSVN, RapidSVN 47,234 as of 3 July 2014[73]
Name Users Projects Prominent projects Alexa rank (lower = more popular)

Specialized hosting facilities[edit]

The following are open-source software hosting facilities that only serve a specific narrowly-focused community or technology.

Name Ad-free CVS SVN Arch Git Notes
Drupal Yes No No No Yes Only for Drupal related projects.
freedesktop.org Yes No No No Yes Only for interoperability and shared base technology for free software desktop environments on Linux and other Unix-like operating systems, including the X Window System (X11) and cairo (graphics).
mozdev Yes Yes No No ? Only for Mozilla related projects.
OCamlForge Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Only for Ocaml related projects
RubyForge Yes Yes Yes No Yes Only for Ruby related projects
Name Ad-free CVS SVN Arch Git Notes

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b One common wiki for all projects
  2. ^ private branch limited to 5 users on free plan, see Pricing and plans — bitbucket.org
  3. ^ private branches are only available with paid plans, not with the free plan, see Plans and Pricing GitHub
  4. ^ Has an open source Community Edition and commercial Enterprise Edition
  5. ^ git and mercurial only
  6. ^ deprecated, see A Change to Google Code Download Service
  7. ^ Currently only available for security vulnerability updates
  8. ^ Ubuntu
  9. ^ site is open source, see Gitorious' code on Gitorious
  10. ^ a b c d Data not available.
  11. ^ Bug tracking only, as a legacy service after the Subversion project migrated to the Apache Software Foundation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Sourceforge. "terms of use". says "PLEASE NOTE THAT YOU RETAIN OWNERSHIP OF ANY COPYRIGHTS, ... IN ANY CONTENT YOU SUBMIT."
  3. ^ Github. "Github terms of service". says "We claim no intellectual property rights over the material you provide to the Service."
  4. ^ BerliOS – The Open Source Mediator
  5. ^ "About". GitLab.com. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "GitLab Cloud". GitLab.com. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  7. ^ Mathiesen, Marius. "Powow AS acquires Gitorious AS « The Gitorious Blog". Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  8. ^ Google Project Hosting – Google Code. Code.google.com (20 July 2006). Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
  9. ^ "About (SourceForge)". SourceForge. Retrieved 2013-08-25. 
  10. ^ Terms_of_Use – sitelegal. Sourceforge.net (19 October 2009). Retrieved on 2010-11-26.
  11. ^ "About Allura". SourceForge. Retrieved 2013-08-25. 
  12. ^ "The Next SourceForge". SourceForge. Retrieved 2013-08-25. 
  13. ^ Assembla Merge Requests
  14. ^ Pricing/Plans — assembla.com
  15. ^ BerliOS Developer: Welcome. Developer.berlios.de. Retrieved on 2013-09-21.
  16. ^ — Using Mercurial Queues And Bitbucket.org
  17. ^ Publishing a Website on Bitbucket - Bitbucket - Atlassian Documentation. Confluence.atlassian.com. Retrieved on 2013-09-21.
  18. ^ GitHub Pull Requests
  19. ^ GitHub Issue Tracker — GitHub
  20. ^ - GitLab features
  21. ^ GitLab CI
  22. ^ From Savannah's Maintenance Docs, How To Get Your Project Approved Quickly: "The review we do can be lengthy and difficult for both the submitter and the reviewer. Be sure to follow these steps; if your project doesn't comply with our requirements, we will ask you to make changes to your project or register again. This ensures a level of quality for projects hosted at Savannah, and even more important, raises awareness of these legal and philosophical issues related to free software."
  23. ^ From Savannah's documentation, this feature is deprecated. See
  24. ^ Integrator Workflow: Pull Requests – codeBeamer Knowledge Base
  25. ^ Ticket Tags explanation
  26. ^ Assembla API documentation
  27. ^ How to Focus your Team with Custom Tabs
  28. ^ Space Manager announcement
  29. ^ Advanced Merge Requests for Git
  30. ^ Introducing Protected Branches
  31. ^ GitHub API docs
  32. ^ GitHub pages
  33. ^ Gist is a pastebin service operated by GitHub
  34. ^ STL File Viewing
  35. ^ https://help.github.com/articles/creating-pages-with-the-automatic-generator
  36. ^ http://sourceforge.net/apps/trac/sourceforge/wiki/Web%20analytics
  37. ^ News, BerliOS Project (5 July 2008), BerliOS provides GIT Source Control Management, retrieved 2008-12-10 
  38. ^ News, BerliOS Project (5 July 2008), BerliOS provides Mercurial (HG) Source Control Management, retrieved 2008-12-10 
  39. ^ https://github.com/blog/1178-collaborating-on-github-with-subversion
  40. ^ Savannah Support Request, sr #106417 (24 October 2008), GNU Bazaar on Savannah, retrieved 2008-12-10 
  41. ^ a b c "java.net Managing a Project: Source Code Repository". 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  42. ^ Launchpad supports Git imports.
  43. ^ Accessing Git, Subversion and Mercurial from Bazaar.
  44. ^ SourceForge docs for bazaar, Bazaar is no longer available for new projects, they only offer limited support for Bazaar for projects previously using it on the Classic SourceForge system (2013-07-01).
  45. ^ a b "Alioth: Welcome". alioth.debian.org. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  46. ^ Assembla: Home
  47. ^ "Assembla integrates with Basecamp and offers workspaces and portfolios for distributed agile development teams". 37signals. 6 March 2009. 
  48. ^ "How popular is assembla.com?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  49. ^ a b BerliOS Developer Portal
  50. ^ "How popular is berlios.de?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  51. ^ Altlassian Bitbucket passes one million users - Bitbucket Blog
  52. ^ Repository List
  53. ^ "How popular is bitbucket.org?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  54. ^ CodePlex – CodePlex – Project Directory
  55. ^ "How popular is codeplex.com?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  56. ^ Fedora Hosted project list. Retrieved on 2013-05-22.
  57. ^ a b GitHub Press Page. Retrieved on 2014-08-22.
  58. ^ "How popular is github.com?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2014-08-22. 
  59. ^ Projects. Gitorious.org. Retrieved on 2013-10-29.
  60. ^ "How popular is gitorious.org?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  61. ^ "How popular is gna.org?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  62. ^ a b Statistics – Savannah. gnu.org. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  63. ^ "How popular is nongnu.org?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  64. ^ Rosenberg, Jonathan (21 December 2009). "The meaning of open". Official Google blog.
  65. ^ People and teams in Launchpad. launchpad.net. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  66. ^ Projects registered in Launchpad. launchpad.net. Retrieved 2013-01-02
  67. ^ "How popular is launchpad.net?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  68. ^ [2], Accessed March 8, 2014
  69. ^ "Spanish bicycle Critical Mass movement". March 8, 2014. 
  70. ^ Caprarelli, Giuseppe (2007). "A Plus in Quality of Life". Workshop 3a: Self-Organized European Bike Workshops. Rome, Italy. 
  71. ^ a b "What is SourceForge.net?" sourceforge.net.
  72. ^ "How popular is sourceforge.net?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  73. ^ "How popular is tigris.org?". alexa.com. Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 

External links[edit]