Comparison of orbital launchers families

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This page contains a list of orbital launchers' families. To see the long complete list of launch systems, see Comparison of orbital launch systems.

Description[edit]

  • Family: Name of the family/model of launcher
  • Country: Origin country of launcher
  • Manufac.: Main manufacturer
  • Mass: Maximum mass of payload, for 3 altitudes
    • LEO (Low Earth Orbit)
    • GTO (Geostationary transfer orbit)
    • TLI (Trans Lunar Injection)
  • Cost: Price for a launch at this time, in millions of US$
  • Total launches: flights which lift-off, or where the vehicle is destroyed during the terminal count
note: only includes orbital launches (flights launched with the intention of reaching orbit). Suborbital tests launches are not included in this listing.
  • Launches reaching space (regardless of outcome)
  • Launches reaching any orbit, regardless of outcome
  • Launches reaching the target orbit, without damage to the payload
  • Status: Actual status of launcher (retired, development, active)
  • First flight: Year of first flight of first family's member
  • Last Flight: Year of Last flight (for vehicles retired from service)
  • Refs: citations

Same cores are grouped together (like Ariane 1, 2 & 3, but not V).

List of launchers families[edit]

[Active] - [In development] - [Retired] - [Has flown but new version in dev.]

Family Country Manufac. LEO
payload
(kg)
GTO
payload
(kg)
TLI
payload
(kg)
Cost
US$
(Millions)
Total
launches
Launches
reaching
space
Launches
reaching
any orbit
Launches
reaching
target orbit
Status First
flight
Last
flight
Refs Notes
Angara 1.2  Russia Khrunichev 3,800 -- -- 25 0 -- -- -- Active 2014 -- [1][2][3] As of 2014, only launch was suborbital[4]
Angara
A3, A5, A7
 Russia Khrunichev 14,600 to
35000
3,600 to
12500
-- -- 0 -- -- -- Devel. -- -- [1] proposed future versions of Angara family
Antares  USA Orbital Sciences 6,000 -- -- -- 5 4 4 Active 2013 -- [5][6] Cygnus launcher
Ariane 1-2-3  Europe Aérospatiale -- 2,650 -- -- 28 Retired 1979 1989 [7][8]
Ariane 4  Europe Aérospatiale 7,000 4,720 -- -- 116 -- -- Retired 1988 2003 [8] Var: 2P,2L,4P,4L,2P2L
Ariane 5  Europe Airbus Defence and Space 21,000 9,600 -- 220 76 74 74 72 Active 2002 -- [9][10] Var: ECA,ES,G,G+,GS. ME and ES Galileo in dev.
ASLV  India ISRO 150 -- -- -- 4 -- -- Retired 1987 1994 [11]
Athena I & II  USA Lockheed ATK 2,065 -- 295 -- 7 -- -- Devel. 1995 2001 [12] Launch Lunar Prospector[13]
Ic & IIc currently in dev.
Atlas A-B-C-D-E-F-G
Atlas I
 USA Lockheed 5,900 2,340 -- -- 514 -- -- Retired 1957 1997 [14][15][16][17] Launch Mercury.
Atlas or Centaur upper stage.
Atlas II  USA Lockheed 8,618 3,833 -- -- 63 63 63 Retired 1991 2004 [18][19][20]
Atlas III  USA Lockheed 10,759 4,609 -- -- 6 6 6 Retired 2003 2005 [21][22] variants: IIIA, IIIB
Atlas V  USA ULA 18,850 8,900 2,807 -- 30 30 Active 2002 [23][24] Launched Juno & New Horizons
Black Arrow  UK RAE Westland 132 -- -- -- 4 3 Retired 1969 1971 [25]
Delta  USA Douglas 3,848 1,312 -- -- 186 -- -- Retired 1960 1989 [26] [27] Launched Pioneer & Explorer probes.
Variants : A, B, C, D, E, G, J, L, M, N, 300, 900, 1X00, 4X00, 2X00, 3X00, 5X00
Delta II  USA ULA 6,000 2,171 1,508 51 151 Active 1989[26] -- [28][29][26] Launched Mars probes MGS to Phoenix
Variants : 6000, 7000 and Heavy.
Delta III  USA Boeing 8,290 3,810 -- -- 3 2 2 Retired 1998 2000 [30][31]
Delta IV  USA ULA 23,040 13,130 9,000 -- 18 18 Active 2002 -- [32] Variants : S, M and Heavy.
Diamant  France SEREB 160 -- -- -- 12 -- -- Retired 1965 1975 [citation needed]
Dnepr  Ukraine Russia Yuzhmash 3,600 -- 750 14 17 Active 1999 -- [33][34]
[full citation needed]
Energia  USSR NPO Energia 100,000 240 2 2 1 1 Retired 1987 1988 [35][citation needed] 1 partial failure with Polyus spacecraft, 1 successful flight with Buran spacecraft.
Epsilon  Japan IHI Corporation 1,200 -- -- -- 1 1 1 1 Active 2013 -- [36][37]
Falcon 1  USA SpaceX 670 -- -- 10.9 5 4 2 2 Retired 2006 2009 [citation needed]
Falcon 9
v1.0, v1.1
 USA SpaceX 18,785 6,928 -- 61.2 13 13 13 13* Active 2010 -- [citation needed] upgrade to version 1.1 in 2013
Launcher of Dragon capsule
* note: One flight put primary but not secondary payload into correct orbit[38]
Falcon Heavy  USA SpaceX 53,000 21,200 -- 80-125 0 -- -- -- Devel. -- -- [39][40] Demo expected for 2015
GSLV Mk.I & II  India ISRO 5,000 2,500 -- -- 8 6 5 3 Active 2001 -- [41] [42][43]
GSLV Mk.III  India ISRO 10,000 5,000 -- -- 1 -- -- -- Devel. 2014 2014 [44] First Experimental Flight (suborbital) with passive cryogenic upper stage successful [45]
H-I  Japan Mitsubishi 3,200 -- -- 9 9 Retired 1986 1992 [46] license-built version of the Thor-ELT
H-II, IIA & IIB  Japan Mitsubishi 19,000 8,000 -- -- 28 26 Active 1994 -- [47] Var:. A202,A2022,A2024,A204,B
Haas  Romania ARCA 400 -- -- 0 -- -- -- Devel. -- -- [48] Launch from balloon
J-I  Japan IHI Corporation Nissan Motors 880 -- -- -- 1 Retired 1996 1996 [citation needed] Partial demo flight only
Kosmos  USSR Yuzhnoye Polyot 1,500 -- -- 12 610 -- -- 559 Retired 1967 2010 [49][10][50] Var: 1, 3, 3M
Kaituozhe-1  China CALT 50 -- -- -- 2 Retired 2002 2003 [citation needed]
Lambda 4S  Japan Nissan ISAS 26 -- -- -- 5 Retired 1966 1970 [citation needed]
Long March 1  China CALT 740 440 -- -- 6 -- -- Retired 1970 2002 [51][52][53] Var: 1, 1D
Long March 2-3-4  China CALT 12,000 5,500 3,300 -- 167 158 -- -- Active 1971 -- [54] Ascends of ICBMs DF-5
Var: 2A,2C,2D,2E,2F,3,3A,3B,3C,4,4B
2F Launcher of Shenzhou
Long March 5  China CALT 25,000 14,000 -- -- 0 -- -- -- Devel. -- -- [55][56] Var: 200,320,504,522,540
Long March 6  China CALT 1,500 -- -- -- 0 -- -- -- Devel. -- -- [57]
Long March 7  China CALT 20,000 -- -- -- 0 -- -- -- Devel. -- -- [58]
MCT  USA SpaceX 100,000 -- -- -- 0 -- -- -- Devel. -- -- [59] Expected In Mid-2020s
Minotaur I  USA Orbital Sciences 580 -- -- -- 11 11 11 11 Active 2000 -- [60][61] Derived from the Minuteman II
Minotaur IV & V  USA Orbital Sciences 1,735 640 447 50 4 4 4 4 Active 2010 -- [60][62] Also 2 suborbital launches (HTV-2a). Variants: IV, IV Lite, IV HAPS, V. Derived from Peacekeeper missile
Mu 1-3-4  Japan Nissan Motor IHI 770 -- -- -- 27 -- -- Retired 1966 1995 [63] Var: 1, 3D, 4S, 3C, 3H, 3S, 3SII
Mu 5  Japan Nissan Motor IHI 1,800 -- -- -- 7 7 Retired 1997 2006 [citation needed] Var: M-V, M-V KM
N1  USSR NPO Energia 90,000 -- 23,500 -- 4 0 0 0 Retired 1969 1972 [64] Designed for Soviet Manned Lunar Mission
N-I & II  Japan Mitsubishi 2,000 730 -- -- 15 -- -- Retired 1975 1987 [65] Derived from the American Delta rocket
Naro  South Korea Khrunichev KARI 100 -- -- -- 3 2 1 1 Active 2009 -- [66]
Pegasus  USA Orbital Sciences 450 -- -- -- 40 -- -- Active 1990 -- [67]
Proton UR-500 Proton  USSR
 Russia
Khrunichev 23,000 6,920 5,680 -- 399 353 -- Active 1965 -- [68][69] Var: M, K
PSLV  India ISRO 3,800 1,300 -- -- 25 24 24 23 Active 1993 2013 [70] Var: CA, XL, HP, 3S
Launched moon probe Chandrayaan I, Mars probe Mangalyaan I
UR-100N Rokot Strela  Russia Eurockot Khrunichev 2,100 -- -- -- 25 23 23 Active 1994 -- [71][72][73][74] 23 launches of Rockot; 2 launches of Strela
Safir  Iran ISA 50 -- -- -- 4 4 Active 2007 -- [75]
Saturn I & IB  USA Chrysler Douglas 18,600 -- -- 19 13 13 13 13 Retired 1961 1975 [76][77] Saturn 1 family also included 6 suborbital test launches
Saturn V  USA Boeing North American Douglas 118,000 -- 47,000 185 13 13 13 Retired 1967 1973 [76][78][79] Var: Apollo, Skylab
Scout  USA US Air Force NASA 210 -- -- -- 125 104 -- -- Retired 1960 1994 [80] Var: X1, X2, A, D, G
Shavit  Israel IAI 225 -- -- 15 8 -- -- Active 1988 -- [81] Var: Shavit, -1, -2
R-29 Shtil Volna  Russia Makeyev 430 -- -- -- 8 -- -- Active 1995 2006 [82] Var: Vysota, Volna, Shtil, 2.1, 2R, 3
R-7 Semyorka Soyuz  USSR
 Russia
RSC Energia TsSKB-Progress 5,500 2,400 1,200 -- 1,740 -- -- Active 1957 -- [83] Var: Sputnik, Luna, Vostok-L, Vostok-K, Voskhod, Molniya, Molniya-L, Molniya-M, Polyot, Soyuz, Soyuz-L, Soyuz-M, Soyuz-U, Soyuz-FG, Soyuz-2
Simorgh  Iran ISA 100 -- -- -- 0 -- -- -- Devel. -- -- [84]
SLS  USA Alliant Lockheed 130,000 -- -- -- 0 -- -- -- Devel. -- -- [85] Expected 2017
SLV  India ISRO 40 -- -- -- 4 3 3 2 Retired 1979 1983 [86] Launched Rohini satellite series
STS
Space Shuttle
 USA Alliant Martin Marietta Rockwell 24,400 3,810 -- 450 135 134 134 133 Retired 1981 2011 [87] Orbiter mass: 68585 kg.
Start-1  Russia MITT 532 -- -- -- 7 6 Active 1993 2006 [88]
Taurus  USA Orbital Sciences 1,450 -- -- -- 9 9 Active 1989 -- [89] Var:2110, 3110, 3210
Thor  USA Douglas 1,270 -- 38 -- 357 -- -- Retired 1957 1980 [27] Launched Pioneer & Explorer probes
Titan I-II-3-IV  USA Martin Marietta 21,900 5,773 8,600 350 369 -- -- Retired 1959 2005 [90][91] Var: I, II, IIIA, IIIB, IIIC, IIID, IIIE, 34D, IVA, IVB
Gemini launcher
Tsyklon R-36 Tsyklon  USSR
 Ukraine
Yuzhmash 4,100 -- -- -- 259 -- -- Active 1967 2009 [92] Var: 1, 2, 3. Tsyklon 4 in dev.
Unha  North Korea KCST 100 -- -- -- 3 1 1  ? Active 2006 -- [93] Variants: Paektusan based on Taepodong-1 missile; Unha based on TaepoDong-2 missile.
Vanguard  USA Martin 23 -- -- -- 12 -- 3 Retired 1957 1959 [94]
Vega  Europe ESA ASI Avio 2,300 -- -- 23 3 3 3 3 Active 2012 -- [95]
VLS-1  Brazil CTA 380 -- -- -- 2 0 0 Active 1997 2003 [96] Var in dev: Alfa, VLM
Zenit  USSR
 Ukraine
 Russia
Yuzhnoye 13,740 6,160 4,098 -- 82 71 69 Active 1985 -- [97] Var: 2, 2M, 2SLB, 3SL, 3SLB, 3SLBF

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Angara launchers family on manufacturer website". Khrunichev.ru. Retrieved 2014-01-22. 
  2. ^ The market for launching small satellite in Russia...
  3. ^ "Angara, Russia’s brand-new launch vehicle, is successfully launched from Plesetsk". Khrunichev. Retrieved 2014-09-21. 
  4. ^ Peter B. de Selding, "Russia’s Angara 1.2 Rocket Succeeds in Inaugural Flight, Khrunichev Says", Space News, Jul. 9, 2014 (accessed 22 Sept 2014)
  5. ^ Perfs and launches of Antares, SkyRocket.de
  6. ^ Antares Mission History
  7. ^ Ariane 1-2-3 family, ESA
  8. ^ a b List of perfs and launches of Ariane 1-4, SkyRocket.de
  9. ^ list of perfs and launches of Ariane 5, SkyRocket.de
  10. ^ a b FAA Semi- Annual Launch Report
  11. ^ ASLV page, Astronautix
  12. ^ "Athena-2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 4 June 2013. 
  13. ^ "Lunar Prospector". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 4 June 2013. 
  14. ^ Perfs and Launches of Atlas G-Centaur, SkyRocket.de
  15. ^ Perfs and Launches of Atlas family, SkyRocket.de
  16. ^ "Atlas I". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  17. ^ Perfs and Launches of Atlas I, SkyRocket.de
  18. ^ Spaceflight Now, Atlas IIAS (accessed 24 Sept 2014)
  19. ^ Perfs and Launches of Atlas II AS, SkyRocket.de
  20. ^ Tariq Malik "Final Atlas 2 Rocket Orbits Classified U.S. Satellite", Space News, August 31, 2004 (Accessed 24 Sept 2014)
  21. ^ Space Launch Report: Atlas III Data Sheet (accesed 24 Sept. 2014)
  22. ^ "Atlas IIIA". Encyclopedia Astronautica. 
  23. ^ "Atlas V Product Page". United Launch Alliance. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  24. ^ "LRO/LCROSS Press Kit". NASA. Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  25. ^ Hill, C. N. (2001). "Black Arrow". A Vertical Empire: The History of the UK Rocket and Space Programme, 1950-1971 (2006 ed.). London: Imperial College Press. pp. 155–188. ISBN 1-86094-268-7. 
  26. ^ a b c Perfs and launch of Thor family, SkyRocket.de
  27. ^ a b Thor
  28. ^ Full perfs of Delta Family, SkyRocket.de
  29. ^ Perfs and launches of Delta 7925h, SkyRocket.de
  30. ^ Delta 3 on Encyclopedia Astronautica, Astronautix
  31. ^ "Delta III Data Sheet". Space Launch Report. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  32. ^ Delta IV Heavy Delta IV
  33. ^ "Dnepr SLS User’s Guide". ISC Kosmotras. Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  34. ^ Dnepr
  35. ^ Russian Space Web, Energia page. Accessed 21 September 2010
  36. ^ JAXA pages: Epsilon Design E, and Result E
  37. ^ JAXA, Epsilon E press package
  38. ^ de Selding, Peter. "Satellite Left Stranded by SpaceX Rocket Falls From Space". Space.com. Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  39. ^ Clark, Stephen (2011-04-05). "SpaceX enters the realm of heavy-lift rocketry". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 2012-08-12. 
  40. ^ "Space Exploration Technologies Corporation - Falcon Heavy". SpaceX. 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  41. ^ "GSLV Mk.1 (2)". Retrieved 2014-01-05. 
  42. ^ ISRO GSLV
  43. ^ "GSLV". Retrieved 2014-01-05. 
  44. ^ "GSLV Mark III". Indian Space Research Organisation. 2009-12-07. Retrieved 2012-08-12. 
  45. ^ "First Experimental Flight of GSLV Mk-III Successful". Indian Space Research Organisation. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  46. ^ "H-1". Encyclopedia Astronautica. 
  47. ^ "H-IIB Launch Vehicle". Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. 
  48. ^ "Haas Orbital Rocket Launcher". Aeronautics and Cosmonautics Romanian Association. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  49. ^ Kosmos 3M page on Encyclopedia Astronautica
  50. ^ 165 launches / 21 failures, List of Kosmos /2 launches, of Delta Family, SkyRocket.de, 445 launches / 30 failures, List of Kosmos 1/3, SkyRocket.de
  51. ^ CZ-1D page on Encyclopedia Astronautica
  52. ^ CZ-1
  53. ^ List of retired launchers, Encyclopedia Astronautica
  54. ^ Full perfs and launches of Long-March DF-5 family, SkyRocket.de
  55. ^ "Long March 5 Will Have World's Second Largest Carrying Capacity". Space Daily. 2009-03-04. Retrieved 2012-09-04. 
  56. ^ Space.com staff (30 July 2012). "China Tests Powerful Rocket Engine for New Booster". Space.com. The more capable Long March 5 rocket is expected to help the country achieve its goal of constructing a space station in orbit by the year 2020, as well as play a key role in China's future space exploration aims beyond low-Earth orbit. The rocket's maiden launch is expected to occur in 2014 
  57. ^ CZ-6
  58. ^ Perrett, Bradley (2010-03-15). "Longer Marches". Aviation Week. 
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  62. ^ Orbital Sciences, Minotaur IV-V-VI Overview (accessed 25 September 2014)]
  63. ^ M-Class
  64. ^ "Complex N1-L3 Components". S.P. Korolev RSC "Energia". Retrieved 10 June 2013. 
  65. ^ "N-2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 12 June 2013. 
  66. ^ Bergin, Chris (30 January 2013). "South Korea launch STSAT-2C via KSLV-1". NASASpaceflight.com. Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  67. ^ "Pegasus User’s Guide". Orbital Sciences Corporation. Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  68. ^ "Proton Launch System Mission Planner’s Guide. Section 2. LV Performance". International Launch Services. 
  69. ^ "Soyuz 7K-L1". Encyclopedia Astronautica.  Circumlunar probe launched by Proton-K/D.
  70. ^ Perfs and Launches of PSLV family, SkyRocket.de
  71. ^ "Rockot User's Guide, Chapter 3: General Performance Capabilities (5.0)". Eurockot Launch Services. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  72. ^ Perfs and Launches of Rockot family, SkyRocket.de
  73. ^ Perfs and Launches of Strela family, SkyRocket.de
  74. ^ Russian Strela Launches Kondor Satellite (retrieved 24 Sept 2014)
  75. ^ Perfs and Launches of Safir family, SkyRocket.de
  76. ^ a b NASA, Saturn launch vehicles (PDF)
  77. ^ Perfs and launches of Saturn I family, SkyRocket.de
  78. ^ Perfs and launches of Saturn V family, SkyRocket.de
  79. ^ The Space Shuttle Decision- Chapter 6: ECONOMICS AND THE SHUTTLE
  80. ^ Scout
  81. ^ Shavit page on Encyclopedia Astronautica
  82. ^ Perfs and launches of Shtil Volna, SkyRocket.de
  83. ^ Perfs and launches of R7 family, SkyRocket.de
  84. ^ Perfs and launches of Simorgh, SkyRocket.de
  85. ^ SLS fact sheet, PDF, Nasa website
  86. ^ Claude Lafleur, SLV / Indian Launch Vehicle, Spacecraft Encyclopedia (accessed Sept 25 2014)
  87. ^ "NASA – Space Shuttle and International Space Station". Nasa.gov. Retrieved August 7, 2010. 
  88. ^ List of launches of Start-1, SkyRocket.de
  89. ^ Perfs and launches of Taurus, SkyRocket.de
  90. ^ List of launches of all Titan, SkyRocket.de
  91. ^ Perfs and launches of Titan IV family, SkyRocket.de
  92. ^ List of launches of tsiklon, SkyRocket.de
  93. ^ "North Korea Successfully Launches Satellite: Reports", SPACE.com, December 12, 2012 (accessed 24 Sept. 2014)
  94. ^ Vanguard Page on Encyclopedia Astronautica. Vanguard 3 satellite was 23 kg
  95. ^ Space Launch Report: New Launchers - ESA VEGA
  96. ^ Perfs and launches of VLS-1, SkyRocket.de
  97. ^ Perfs and launches of Zenit family, SkyRocket.de