Comparison of orbital launchers families

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This page contains a list of orbital launchers' families. To see the long complete list of launch systems, see Comparison of orbital launch systems.

Description[edit]

  • Family: Name of the family/model of launcher
  • Country: Origin country of launcher
  • Manufac.: Main manufacturer
  • Mass: Maximum mass of payload, for 3 altitudes
    • LEO (Low Earth Orbit)
    • GTO (Geostationary transfer orbit)
    • TLI (Trans Lunar Injection)
  • Cost: Price for a launch at this time, in US$
  • TL: Total launches (flights which lift-off, or where the vehicle is destroyed during the terminal count)
  • RS: Launches reaching space (regardless of outcome)
  • OL: Orbital launches (flights which lift-off, with the intention of reaching orbit)
  • RO: Launches reaching any orbit, regardless of outcome
  • RT: Launches reaching the target orbit, without damage to the payload
  • Status: Actual status of launcher (retired, development, active)
  • FF: Date of first flight of first family's member
  • LF: Last flight

Same cores are grouped together (like Ariane 1, 2 & 3, but not V).

List of launchers families[edit]

[Active] - [In development] - [Retired] - [Has flown but new version in dev.]

Family Country Manufac. LEO
(kg)
GTO
(kg)
TLI
(kg)
Cost
US$
(Millions)
TL RS OL RO RT Status FF LF Notes
Angara 1.X  Russia Khrunichev 3,800[1] -- -- 25[2] 0 -- -- -- -- Devel. -- --
Angara A3  Russia Khrunichev 14,600[1] 3,600[1] -- -- 0 -- -- -- -- Devel. -- --
Angara A5  Russia Khrunichev 24,500[1] 7,500[1] -- -- 0 -- -- -- -- Devel. -- --
Angara A7  Russia Khrunichev 35,000[1] 12,500[1] -- -- 0 -- -- -- -- Devel. -- --
Antares  USA Orbital Sciences 6,000[3] -- -- -- 3[4] 3[4] 3[4] 3[4] -- Active 2013 -- Cygnus launcher
Ariane 1-2-3  Europe Aérospatiale -- 2,650[5] -- -- 28[6] -- -- -- Retired 1979 1989
Ariane 4  Europe Aérospatiale 7,000[6] 4,720[6] -- -- 116[6] -- -- -- Retired 1988 2003 Var: 2P,2L,4P,4L,2P2L
Ariane 5  Europe Airbus Defence and Space 21,000[7] 9,600[7] -- 220[8] 60[7] 58[citation needed] Active 2002 -- Var: ECA,ES,G,G+,GS. ME and ES Galileo in dev.
ASLV  India ISRO 150[9] -- -- -- 4[9] -- -- -- Retired 1987 1994
Athena I & II  USA Lockheed ATK 2,065[10] -- 295[11] -- 7[citation needed] -- -- -- Devel. 1995 2001 Launch Lunar Prospector. Ic & IIc currently in dev.
Atlas A-B-C-D-E-F-G  USA Lockheed 5,900 2,222[12] -- -- 503[13] -- -- -- Retired 1957 1995[13] Launch Mercury.
Atlas or Centaur upper stage.
Atlas I  USA Lockheed 3,630[14] 2,340[15] -- -- 11[14] -- -- -- Retired 1990 1997
Atlas II  USA Lockheed 8,618 3,833[16] -- -- Retired 1991 2004
Atlas III  USA Lockheed 10,759[17] 4,609[17] -- -- Retired 2003 2005
Atlas V  USA ULA 18,814[18] 8,900[18] 2,807[19] -- 30 30[citation needed] Active 2002 2013 Launched Juno & New Horizons
Black Arrow  UK RAE Westland 132[20] -- -- -- 4 3[citation needed] Retired 1969 1971
Delta  USA Douglas 3,848 1,312 -- -- 186 [21] -- -- -- Retired 1960 1989 [22] Launched Pioneer & Explorer probes.
Variants : A, B, C, D, E, G, J, L, M, N, 300, 900, 1X00, 4X00, 2X00, 3X00, 5X00
Delta II  USA ULA 6,000[23] 2,171[23] 1,508[24] 51 151 [22] Active 1989[22] -- Launched lot of Mars probes (MGS -> Phoenix).
Variants : 6000, 7000 and Heavy.
Delta III  USA Boeing 8,290[25][full citation needed] 3,810[25] -- -- 3 2[citation needed] 3[citation needed] 2[citation needed] Retired 1998 2000
Delta IV  USA ULA 23,040 13,130 9,000 [26] -- 18 [26] 18[citation needed] Active 2002 -- Variants : S, M and Heavy.
Diamant  France SEREB 160 -- -- -- 12[citation needed] -- -- -- Retired 1965 1975
Dnepr  Ukraine Yuzhmash 3,600[27] -- 750 [28][full citation needed] 14 17[citation needed] Active 1999 --
Energia  USSR NPO Energia 100,000[29] 240 2 2[citation needed] 2[citation needed] 1[citation needed] Retired 1987 1988 1 flight with Buran spacecraft
Epsilon  Japan IHI Corporation 1,200 [30] -- -- -- 1 [31] 1 1 1 1 Active 2013 [32] --
Falcon 1  USA SpaceX 670 -- -- 10.9 5 4[citation needed] Retired 2006 2009
Falcon 9  USA SpaceX 10,450 3,400 -- 54-59.5 5 5[citation needed] 5[citation needed] 5[citation needed] Retired 2010 2013 Launcher of Dragon capsule; Upgraded to version 1.1
Falcon 9 v1.1  USA SpaceX 13,150 4,680 -- 56.5 4 4[citation needed] 4[citation needed] 4[citation needed] Active 2013 -- Launcher of Dragon capsule;
Falcon Heavy  USA SpaceX 53,000[33] 21,200[34] -- 80-125 0 -- -- -- -- Devel. -- -- Demo expected for 2014
GSLV Mk.I & II  India ISRO 5,000[35] 2,500[36] -- -- 8[37] 6[37] 8[37] 5[37] 5[37] Active 2001 --
GSLV Mk.III  India ISRO 10,000 5,000[38] -- -- 0 -- -- -- -- Devel. -- -- Scheduled for 3rd quarter of 2014[39]
H-I  Japan Mitsubishi 3,200[40] -- -- 9 9[citation needed] 9[citation needed] Retired 1986 1992 licence-built version of the Thor-ELT
H-II, IIA & IIB  Japan Mitsubishi 16,500[41] 8,000[41] -- -- 28 26[citation needed] 28[citation needed] Active 1994 -- Var:. A202,A2022,A2024,A204,B
Haas  Romania ARCA 400[42] -- -- 0 -- -- -- -- Devel. -- -- Launch from balloon
J-I  Japan IHI Corporation Nissan Motors 880 -- -- -- 1[citation needed] Retired 1996 1996 Partial demo flight only
Kosmos  USSR Yuzhnoye Polyot 1,500[43] -- -- 12[8] 610[44] -- -- -- 559[citation needed] Retired 1967 2010 Var: 1, 3, 3M
Kaituozhe-1  China CALT 50 -- -- -- 2[citation needed] Retired 2002 2003
Lambda 4S  Japan Nissan ISAS 26 -- -- -- 5[citation needed] Retired 1966 1970
Long March 1  China CALT 740[45] 440[45] -- -- 6[46] -- -- -- Retired[47] 1970 2002 Var: 1, 1D
Long March 2-3-4  China CALT 12,000[48] 5,500[48] 3,300[48] -- 167[48] 158[citation needed] -- -- -- Active 1971 -- Ascends of ICBMs DF-5
Var: 2A,2C,2D,2E,2F,3,3A,3B,3C,4,4B
2F Launcher of Shenzhou
Long March 5  China CALT 25,000[49] 14,000[50] -- -- 0 -- -- -- -- Devel. -- -- Var: 200,320,504,522,540
Long March 6  China CALT 1,500 [51] -- -- -- 0 -- -- -- -- Devel. -- --
Long March 7  China CALT 20,000[52] -- -- -- 0 -- -- -- -- Devel. -- --
Minotaur I  USA Orbital Sciences 580 -- -- -- 11 11[citation needed] 11[citation needed] 11[citation needed] 11[citation needed] Active 2000 -- Derived from the Minuteman II
Minotaur IV & V  USA Orbital Sciences 1,735 640 447 50 6[53] 6[citation needed] 4[citation needed] 4[citation needed] 4[citation needed] Active 2010 -- Var: IV, IV Lite, IV HAPS, V
Derived from the Peacekeeper missile
Mu 1-3-4  Japan Nissan Motor IHI 770 -- -- -- 27[54] -- -- -- Retired 1966 1995 Var: 1, 3D, 4S, 3C, 3H, 3S, 3SII
Mu 5  Japan Nissan Motor IHI 1,800 -- -- -- 7 7[citation needed] Retired 1997 2006 Var: M-V, M-V KM
N1  USSR NPO Energia 90,000[55] -- 23,500[citation needed] -- 4 0[citation needed] 0[citation needed] Retired 1969 1972
N-I & II  Japan Mitsubishi 2,000[56] 730[56] -- -- 15 -- -- -- Retired 1975 1987 Derived from the American Delta rocket
Naro  South Korea Khrunichev KARI 100[57] -- -- -- 3[57] 2[57] 3[57] 1[57] 1[57] Active 2009 --
Pegasus  USA Orbital Sciences 450[58] -- -- -- 40 -- -- -- Active 1990 --
Proton UR-500 Proton  USSR
 Russia
Khrunichev 23,000[59] 6,920[59] 5,680[60] -- 335[citation needed] -- -- -- Active 1965 -- Var: M, K
PSLV  India ISRO 3,800[61] 1,300[61] -- -- 25[61] 25[citation needed] Active 1993 2013 Var: CA, XL, HP, 3S
Launched moon probe Chandrayaan I
and Mars Orbiter Mission Mangalyaan I
UR-100N Rokot Strela  Russia Eurockot Khrunichev 2,100[62] -- -- 14 19[63][64] 19[citation needed] 17[citation needed] Active 1994 --
Safir  Iran ISA 50[65] -- -- -- 4[65] 4[citation needed] 4[citation needed] Active 2007 --
Saturn I & IB  USA Chrysler Douglas 18,600[66] -- -- -- 19[66] -- -- -- Retired 1961 1975
Saturn V  USA Boeing North American Douglas 118,000[67] -- 47,000[67] 185[68] 13[67] 13[citation needed] Retired 1967 1973 Var: Apollo, Skylab
Scout  USA US Air Force NASA 210 -- -- -- 125 [69] 104[citation needed] -- -- -- Retired 1960 1994 Var: X1, X2, A, D, G
Shavit  Israel IAI 225[70] -- -- 15 8[70] -- -- -- Active 1988 -- Var: Shavit, -1, -2
R-29 Shtil Volna  Russia Makeyev 430[71] -- -- -- 8[71] -- -- -- Active 1995 2006 Var: Vysota, Volna, Shtil, 2.1, 2R, 3
R-7 Semyorka Soyuz  USSR
 Russia
RSC Energia TsSKB-Progress 5,500[72] 2,400[72] 1,200[72] -- 1,740[citation needed] -- -- -- Active 1957 -- Var: Sputnik, Luna, Vostok-L, Vostok-K, Voskhod, Molniya, Molniya-L, Molniya-M, Polyot, Soyuz, Soyuz-L, Soyuz-M, Soyuz-U, Soyuz-FG, Soyuz-2
Simorgh  Iran ISA 100[73] -- -- -- 0 -- -- -- -- Devel. -- --
SLS  USA Alliant Lockheed 130,000[74] -- -- -- 0 -- -- -- -- Devel. -- -- Expected 2017
SLV  India ISRO 40 -- -- -- 4 -- -- -- Retired 1979 1983
Space Shuttle  USA Alliant Martin Marietta Rockwell 24,400 3,810 -- 450[75] 135 134[citation needed] Retired 1981 2011 Orbiter mass: 68585 kg.
Start-1  Russia MITT 532 -- -- -- 7[76] 6[citation needed] 7[citation needed] Active 1993 2006
Taurus  USA Orbital Sciences 1,450[77] -- -- -- 9[77] 9[citation needed] Active 1989 -- Var:2110, 3110, 3210
Thor  USA Douglas 1,270[citation needed] -- 38[citation needed] -- 357 [21] -- -- -- Retired 1957 1980 Launched Pioneer & Explorer probes
Titan I-II-3-IV  USA Martin Marietta 21,900[78] 5,773[78] 8,600[78] 350 369[79] -- -- -- Retired 1959 2005 Var: I, II, IIIA, IIIB, IIIC, IIID, IIIE, 34D, IVA, IVB
Gemini launcher
Tsyklon R-36 Tsyklon  USSR
 Ukraine
Yuzhmash 4,100 -- -- -- 259[80] -- -- -- Active 1967 2009 Var: 1, 2, 3. Tsyklon 4 in dev.
Unha  North Korea KCST 100 -- -- -- 3 1[citation needed] 2[citation needed] 0[citation needed] Active 2006 --
Vanguard  USA Martin 23[81] -- -- -- 12[81] -- -- 3[citation needed] Retired 1957 1959
Vega  Europe ESA ASI Avio 2,300[82] -- -- 23[82] 1[citation needed] 1[citation needed] 1[citation needed] 1[citation needed] Active 2012 --
VLS-1  Brazil CTA 380[83] -- -- -- 2 0[citation needed] 2[citation needed] 0[citation needed] Active 1997 2003 Var in dev: Alfa, VLM
Zenit  USSR
 Ukraine
Yuzhnoye 13,740[84] 6,160[84] 4,098[84] -- 74[84] 65 -- -- -- Active 1985 -- Var: 2, 2M, 2SLB, 3SL, 3SLB, 3SLBF

References[edit]

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  2. ^ The market for launching small satellite in Russia...
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  5. ^ Ariane 1-2-3 family, ESA
  6. ^ a b c d List of perfs and launches of Ariane 1-4, SkyRocket.de
  7. ^ a b c list of perfs and launches of Ariane 5, SkyRocket.de
  8. ^ a b FAA Semi- Annual Launch Report
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  11. ^ "Lunar Prospector". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 4 June 2013. 
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  15. ^ Perfs and Launches of Atlas I, SkyRocket.de
  16. ^ Perfs and Launches of Atlas II AS, SkyRocket.de
  17. ^ a b Perfs and Launches of Atlas IIIB, SkyRocket.de
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