Comparison of web browsers

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The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of web browsers. Please see the individual products' articles for further information.

General information[edit]

Basic general information about the browsers: creator, company, license, price, etc.

Browser Creator Cost (USD) Software license Current layout engine Latest release version
Amaya W3C, INRIA Free W3C custom 11.4.4 (January 18, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-01-18)) [±]
AOL Explorer America Online, Inc Free Proprietary Trident 1.5 (May 10, 2006; 8 years ago (2006-05-10)) [±]
Arora Benjamin C. Meyer Free GPL Blink 0.11.0[1] (27 September 2010; 4 years ago (2010-09-27)) [±]
Avant Avant Force Free Proprietary Trident, Gecko, Blink 2014 build 7 (June 25, 2014; 3 months ago (2014-06-25) [2]) [±]
Camino The Camino Project Free MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 tri-license Gecko 2.1.2 (project discontinued as of 2012)
Chromium Google Free BSD Blink 40.0.2188.1 (October 13, 2014 (2014-10-13)) [±]
Comodo Dragon Comodo Free Proprietary Blink 2013
SRWare Iron SRWare Free Proprietary WebKit
Windows

37.0.2000.0 (September 8, 2014; 45 days ago (2014-09-08)[3]) [±]

OS X

35.0.1900.0 (June 15, 2014; 4 months ago (2014-06-15)[4]) [±]

Linux

35.0.1900.0 (July 2, 2014; 3 months ago (2014-07-02)[5]) [±]

Dillo The Dillo team Free GPL custom 3.0.4[6] (9 April 2014; 6 months ago (2014-04-09)) [±]
Dooble Dooble Team Free GPL WebKit 1.49 (September 12, 2014; 41 days ago (2014-09-12)) [±]
ELinks Baudis, Fonseca, et al. Free GPL custom, fork of Links 0.11.7[7] (22 August 2009; 5 years ago (2009-08-22)) [±]
Flock Flock Inc Free Proprietary (as of 3.0) WebKit 3.5.3.4641 (February 1, 2011; 3 years ago (2011-02-01)) [±]
Galeon Marco Pesenti Gritti Free GPL Gecko 2.0.7 (2008)
Google Chrome Google Free (some closed-source features), BSD (Chromium executable) [note 1] Blink
Windows, OS X, Linux

38.0.2125.104 (October 14, 2014; 9 days ago (2014-10-14)[8]) [±]

GNU IceCat GNU Free MPL Gecko 24.0 (October 16, 2013; 12 months ago (2013-10-16)[9]) [±]
iCab Alexander Clauss Free,
$20 (Pro)
Proprietary (browser), LGPL (WebKit) WebKit 5.2 (June 3, 2014; 4 months ago (2014-06-03)) [±]
Internet Explorer Microsoft,
Spyglass
comes with Windows Proprietary Trident 11.0.12 (v11.0.9600.17278)[10] (9 September 2014; 44 days ago (2014-09-09)[11]) [±]
Internet Explorer for Mac (terminated) Microsoft Free Proprietary Tasman 5.2.3
K-Meleon Dorian, KKO, et al. Free GPL Gecko 74.0 (September 27, 2014; 26 days ago (2014-09-27)[12]) [±]
Konqueror KDE Free GPL KHTML, WebKit 4.14.2 (October 14, 2014; 9 days ago (2014-10-14)) [±][13]
Links Patocka, et al. Free GPL custom 2.8[14] (22 September 2013; 12 months ago (2013-09-22)) [±]
Lunascape Lunascape Corporation Free Proprietary Trident, Gecko, Blink 6.9.2 (October 6, 2014; 17 days ago (2014-10-06)) [±]
Lynx Montulli, Grobe, Rezac, et al. Free GPL custom, fork of libwww 2.8.8[15] (9 March 2014; 7 months ago (2014-03-09)) [±]
Maxthon Maxthon International Limited Free Proprietary Blink, Trident Windows: 4.4.2.2000 (September 11, 2014; 42 days ago (2014-09-11)) [±][16]

OS X: 4.1.3.5000 (September 9, 2014; 44 days ago (2014-09-09)) [±][17]

Linux: 1.0.5.3 (September 9, 2014; 44 days ago (2014-09-09)) [±][18]

iOS: 4.5.6 (September 9, 2014; 44 days ago (2014-09-09)) [±][19]

Android: 4.3.1.2000 (August 20, 2014; 2 months ago (2014-08-20)) [±][20]

Midori Christian Dywan, et al. Free LGPL WebKit 0.5.8[21][22][23] (3 April 2014; 6 months ago (2014-04-03)) [±]
Mosaic Marc Andreessen and Eric Bina, NCSA Free non-commercial use Proprietary custom 3.0
Mozilla Application Suite Mozilla Foundation Free MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 tri-license Gecko 1.7.13 (April 21, 2006; 8 years ago (2006-04-21)) [±]
Mozilla Firefox Mozilla Foundation Free MPL Gecko

33.0 (October 14, 2014; 9 days ago (2014-10-14)[24]) [±]
ESR 31.2.0 (October 14, 2014; 9 days ago (2014-10-14)[25]) [±]

Netscape (v.6-7)[28] Netscape Communications Corporation, AOL Free Proprietary (browser), MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 (Gecko) Gecko 7.2
Netscape Browser (v.8)[note 2] Mercurial Communications for AOL Free Proprietary (browser & Trident),
MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 (Gecko)
Gecko, Trident 8.1.3
Netscape Communicator (v.4)[note 2] Netscape Communications Free Proprietary custom, fork of Mosaic 4.8 (August 22, 2002; 12 years ago (2002-08-22)) [±]
Netscape Navigator (v.1-4)[note 2] Netscape Communications Free Proprietary custom, fork of Mosaic 4.0.8
Netscape Navigator 9[note 2] Netscape Communications
(division of AOL)
Free Proprietary (browser), MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 (Gecko) Gecko 9.0.0.6 (February 20, 2008; 6 years ago (2008-02-20)) [±]
NetSurf The NetSurf Developers Free GPL custom 3.2[26] (30 August 2014; 54 days ago (2014-08-30)) [±]
OmniWeb The Omni Group Free Proprietary (browser), LGPL (WebKit) WebKit 5.11.2 (July 23, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-07-23)) [±]
Opera Opera Software Free Proprietary Blink
Windows, OS X

25.0.1614.50 (October 15, 2014; 8 days ago (2014-10-15)[27]) [±]

Linux, FreeBSD

12.16 (July 4, 2013; 15 months ago (2013-07-04)[28]) [±]

Opera Mobile Opera Software Free Proprietary Blink
Android

25.0.1619.8437 (October 15, 2014; 8 days ago (2014-10-15)[29]) [±]

Symbian S60

12.0.22 (June 24, 2012; 2 years ago (2012-06-24)[30]) [±]

Windows Mobile

10.0 (March 16, 2010; 4 years ago (2010-03-16)[31]) [±]

Origyn Web Browser Sand-labs Free BSD WebKit  ?
Pale Moon Moonchild Productions Free MPL Gecko 25.0.1 (October 15, 2014; 8 days ago (2014-10-15)[32]) [±]


QupZilla David Rosca Free GNU GPLv3 WebKit 1.8.3[33] (19 October 2014; 4 days ago (2014-10-19)) [±]
Rekonq Andrea Diamantini Free GNU GPLv3 WebKit 2.4.0 (December 2013)
Safari Apple Inc. Free Proprietary (browser), LGPL (WebKit) WebKit
for OS X Yosemite

8.0 (October 16, 2014; 7 days ago (2014-10-16)[34]) [±]

for OS X Mavericks

7.1 (September 18, 2014; 35 days ago (2014-09-18)[35]) [±]

for OS X Mountain Lion

6.2 (September 18, 2014; 35 days ago (2014-09-18)[35]) [±]

SeaMonkey SeaMonkey Council Free MPL Gecko 2.30 (October 15, 2014; 8 days ago (2014-10-15)[36]) [±]
Shiira Happy Macintosh Developing Team Free BSD WebKit 2.3 (August 11, 2009; 5 years ago (2009-08-11)) [±]
Sleipnir Fenrir Inc. Free Proprietary Blink, Trident 4 [29]
surf suckless.org Free MIT Webkit 0.6[37] (10 February 2013; 20 months ago (2013-02-10)) [±]
Torch Browser Torch Media Free Proprietary Blink 2.0.0.1705
Uzbl Dieter Plaetinck Free GNU GPLv3 WebKit 2012-05-14
Web (formerly named Epiphany) Marco Pesenti Gritti Free GPL WebKit 3.14.1 (October 15, 2014; 8 days ago (2014-10-15)) [±][38]


WorldWideWeb (Later renamed Nexus) Tim Berners-Lee Free Public domain custom 0.18 (January 14, 1994; 20 years ago (1994-01-14)) [±]
w3m Akinori Ito Free MIT custom 0.5.3[39] (15 January 2011; 3 years ago (2011-01-15)) [±]
Browser Creator Cost (USD) Software license Current layout engine Latest release version
  1. ^ Chromium, on which Google Chrome is based, is open source; the features Google adds to Chrome, such as H.264 and ACC decoding, the built-in PDF viewer, an auto-updater system among other things are closed-source.
    Google Chrome Terms of Service
  2. ^ a b c d There are five different products which all carry the name Netscape: Netscape versions 1 to 4, properly called Netscape Navigator, was a browser based on the original Netscape engine. Netscape 4 also was available as an Internet suite, properly called Netscape Communicator. Netscape 6 and 7 was a new Internet suite based on the Gecko engine and the Mozilla Application Suite user interface. Netscape 8, properly called Netscape Browser, was a distinct browser based on Firefox that could use either the Gecko (Firefox) or Trident (Internet Explorer) engine. Netscape resumed use of the Navigator name from Netscape Navigator 9.0 beta 1. See Netscape for more info.

Operating system support[edit]

Browsers are compiled to run on certain operating systems, without emulation.

This list is not exhaustive, but rather reflects the most common OSs today (e.g. Netscape Navigator was also developed for OS/2 at a time when OS X did not exist) but does not include the growing appliance segment (for example, the Opera web browser has gained a leading role for use in mobile phones, smartphones, the Nintendo DS and Wii, and Personal Digital Assistants, and is also used in Interactive televisions). Both the web browser and OS means most recent version, example: Windows 8 with Internet Explorer 10.

Browser Windows OS X Linux BSD Other Unix
Amaya Yes Yes Yes Yes No
AOL Explorer Yes No No No No
Arora Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Avant Yes No No No No
Camino No Yes No No No
Chromium Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Dillo Partial Yes Yes[note 1] Yes Yes
Dooble Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
ELinks No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Flock Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Galeon No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Google Chrome Yes Yes[note 2] Yes No No
iCab No Yes No No No
Internet Explorer Included Dropped (5.2) No No Dropped (5.0)[note 3]
K-Meleon Yes No No No No
Konqueror Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
Links Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
Lunascape Yes No No No No
Lynx Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Maxthon Yes Yes Yes No No
Midori Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes Yes[note 4] Yes Yes
NetSurf Beta Yes Yes Yes Yes
OmniWeb No Yes No No No
Opera Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pale Moon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
QupZilla Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Rekonq Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Safari Dropped (5.1.7) Included No No No
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Shiira No Yes No No No
Sleipnir Yes Partial No No No
surf Partial ? Yes Yes Yes
Torch Browser Yes Yes No No No
Web No Yes Yes Yes Yes
WorldWideWeb (NeXTSTEP only) No No No No No
w3m Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Browser Windows OS X Linux BSD Other Unix
  1. ^ Dillo is included in some Linux distributions, i.e. Damn Small Linux and Feather Linux.
  2. ^ Google Chrome is not available for PowerPC.
  3. ^ Internet Explorer for UNIX was available for Solaris and HP-UX.
  4. ^ Most Linux distributions which include a graphical user interface include a version of Firefox or a rebranded version of Firefox such as GNU IceCat.

Browser features[edit]

Information about what common browser features are implemented natively (without third-party add-ons).

Browser Bookmark management Download management Password managing[note 1] Form managing Spell checking Search engine toolbar Per-site security configuration Privacy mode Auto-updater
Amaya No No Yes No Yes No ? No No
AOL Explorer Yes No No Yes No Yes ? No ?
Arora Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes ? Yes No
Avant Yes No Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes ? No ?
Camino Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No Yes
Chromium Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial[note 3] Yes Yes Yes
Dillo Partial No No No No Partial ? No No
Dooble Yes Yes Yes No No Yes ? Yes ?
ELinks Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Flock Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 4] No Yes
Galeon Yes Yes Yes No No Yes ? No No
Google Chrome Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 5] Yes
iCab Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes ? No ?
Internet Explorer Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 6] Yes Yes Yes [note 7] Yes [note 8]
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No ?
K-Meleon Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes [note 9] Yes [note 9] ?
Konqueror Yes Yes [note 10] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 11] No No
Links Yes Yes No No No No ? No No
Lunascape Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial[40] Yes Partial[40] Partial[40] Yes[41]
Lynx Yes Yes No No No [note 12] No Yes No No
Maxthon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Midori Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Mosaic Yes No No No No No ? No No
Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 13] Yes
Netscape Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No No
Netscape Browser Yes Yes Yes Yes ? Yes ? No Yes
Netscape Navigator Yes No No No No No ? No No
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No Yes
NetSurf Yes Yes No No No Yes No No No
OmniWeb Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 14] No Yes
Opera Yes [note 15] Yes Yes Yes [note 16] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pale Moon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
QupZilla Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 17] Yes Yes No Yes Notification only
Rekonq Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes No
Safari Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 4] No Yes
Shiira Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? Yes ?
Sleipnir Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Notification only
surf No[note 18] No[note 19] No No No No[note 18] Yes/No[note 20] Yes/No[note 20] No
Torch Browser Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Web Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial[note 3] No Yes No
WorldWideWeb Yes No No No Yes No ? No No
w3m Yes No No No No No ? No No
Browser Bookmark management Download management Password managing [note 1] Form managing Spell checking Search engine toolbar Per-site security configuration Privacy mode Auto-updater
  1. ^ a b In many integrated password saving tools there are often leaks that make them unsafe.[43]
  2. ^ Spell checking can be added by installing an add-on like ieSpell.
  3. ^ a b Lacks search toolbar, but search URL autocompletion provided via addressbar.
  4. ^ a b Mozilla based browsers like Firefox, SeaMonkey and Flock can handle per-site settings for cookies, pop-ups, add-on installs and images. For more settings, an add-on is needed ~ for example, NoScript.
  5. ^ Starting with version 4, Google Chrome can disable Cookies, Images, JavaScript, Plugins, Popups, and Geolocation individually.
  6. ^ Internet Explorer 10 supports spell checking.
  7. ^ Internet Explorer 8 supports InPrivate Browsing.
  8. ^ There is no online update facility built into IE, but it gets updated by Windows Update when enabled. As of Version 10 Consumer Preview (Beta) automatic silent update is the default setting in Internet Explorer.
  9. ^ a b Through the Privacy toolbar, K-Meleon Versions 1.5 and 1.6, can individually disable Cookies, Images, JavaScript, Popups, and Plugins (e.g. Flash and Java).
  10. ^ For the download manager kdenetwork needs to be installed.
  11. ^ Konqueror can handle per-site settings for cookies, pop-ups, JavaScript, Java and NPAPI modules (e.g. Flash).
  12. ^ Lynx is able to edit text with an external editor, which can provide spell checking.
  13. ^ Firefox 3.5 adds the Privacy mode. Older versions of Firefox can use the Stealther extension.
  14. ^ OmniWeb supports per-domain settings of options including support for disabling scripting, ad-blocking, java and cookies. These settings only work on top level domains.[42]
  15. ^ Opera versions before 15 had bookmarks. Newer Opera versions use a different concept called "Stash" instead.
  16. ^ Opera can auto-complete forms with your personal information and website usernames. Also there is extension AutoComplete which can complete forms with form history.
  17. ^ Available as a PIM plugin which is disabled by default, but it is part of default installation.
  18. ^ a b Developers distribute patch enabling this functionality.
  19. ^ This fuctionality is handled via third-party software by browser's design.
  20. ^ a b This browser allows to choose custom cookie jar, making cookies from other sessions unavailable to new session.

Accessibility features[edit]

Information about what common accessibility features are implemented natively (without third-party add-ons). Browsers that do not support pop-ups have no need for pop-up blocking abilities, so that field is marked as N/A.

Browser Tabbed browsing Pop-up blocking [note 1] Incremental search Ad filtering Page zooming [note 2] Full text search of history Content-modal dialogs[note 3]
Amaya Yes N/A No No Yes No ?
AOL Explorer Yes Yes No No Yes No ?
Arora Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Avant Yes Yes No Yes Yes No ?
Camino Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No ?
Chromium Yes ? Yes ? Yes ? ?
Dillo Yes N/A No No No No No
Dooble Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
ELinks Yes N/A Yes N/A N/A No No[note 4]
Flock Yes Yes Yes Yes No No ?
Galeon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Google Chrome Yes Partial [note 5] Yes No [note 6] Yes Yes No[note 7]
iCab Yes Yes No Yes Yes No ?
Internet Explorer Yes [note 8] Yes [note 9] Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 10] [44] No
Internet Explorer for Mac No No No No No No N/A
K-Meleon Yes Yes Yes No [note 11] Partial No ?
Konqueror Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Links No Yes Yes Yes No No No[note 4]
Lunascape Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial ?
Lynx No N/A No N/A N/A No No[note 4]
Maxthon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No ?
Midori Yes No Yes Yes Yes No ?
Mosaic No N/A No No No No ?
Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 11] Yes No No
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 11] Yes Yes Yes[note 12]
Netscape Yes Yes Yes No [note 11] No No No
Netscape Browser Yes Yes Yes No [note 11] No No No
Netscape Navigator No No No No No No No
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes Yes No [note 11] No No No
NetSurf Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No ?
OmniWeb Yes Yes No Yes Yes No ?
Opera Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 13] Yes Yes Yes
Pale Moon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
QupZilla Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Optional [note 14]
Rekonq Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Safari Yes Yes [note 15] Yes No [note 16] Yes [note 17] Yes (only Mac) [note 18] No
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 11] Yes [45] No No
Shiira Yes Yes No No Yes No ?
Sleipnir Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No ?
surf No[note 19] No Yes No[note 19] Yes No[note 19] No
Torch Browser Yes ? Yes ? Yes ? ?
Web Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 20] Yes Yes Partial
WorldWideWeb No N/A No No No No N/A
w3m Yes N/A Yes No No No N/A
Browser Tabbed browsing Pop-up blocking [note 1] Incremental search Ad filtering Page zooming [note 2] Full text search of history Content-modal dialogs[note 3]
  1. ^ a b A more complete list of Pop-Up blockers and addons / programs are in the following article List of pop-up blocking software.
  2. ^ a b Page zooming is different from text resizing, as it resizes not only characters, but also multimedia objects and web page layout
  3. ^ a b "Mozilla Developer Network - Using tab-modal prompts". Developer.mozilla.org. 3 February 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Although text browsers don't have dialog windows, their prompts behave as modal dialogs – block the input until answer is received.
  5. ^ The option "Do not allow any site to show pop-ups" in Google Chrome, which is the default, actually allows sites to show pop-ups which are not considered harmful.
  6. ^ Ad filter support can be added by installing an extension such as AdSweep, AdThwart or Adblock Plus.
  7. ^ "Chromium Issue 456: Javascript alerts are modal to Chrome UI, not to individual tab". Code.google.com. 3 September 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  8. ^ IE6 had no tabbed browsing support.
  9. ^ IE6 included pop-up blocking with Windows XP Service Pack 2 [1]
  10. ^ Full-text history search is available through a Windows Search iFilter[44]
  11. ^ a b c d e f g Most Gecko browsers have options to block chosen images and cookies. Extended Ad filter support can be added by installing an extension such as Adblock Plus.
  12. ^ "Bug 59314 - JavaScript alerts should be content-modal, not window-modal". Bugzilla.mozilla.org. Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  13. ^ Opera 9 introduced a content blocker for webpages (Archive copy at the Wayback Machine). Earlier releases support wildcard protocol/domain/path and filetype blocking using a filter.ini [2] file. More advanced Ad filtering for Opera can also be done with external software [3].
  14. ^ Requires building with "NONBLOCK_JS_DIALOGS" compile flag enabled; may cause crashes: https://github.com/QupZilla/qupzilla/blob/master/BUILDING.
  15. ^ Does not allow selective blocking of pop-ups. Safari can only block all pop-ups, or none.
  16. ^ Ad filter support can be added by installing extensions.Archive copy at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ Page zooming supported in the iPhone version of Safari. Screen zooming is built into OS X.
  18. ^ Full-text history search is available through Spotlight, a feature of the OS X operating system.
  19. ^ a b c This functionality is handled by third-party software by browser's design.
  20. ^ Epiphany supports AdBlock as an official extension, in the epiphany-extensions package.

Accessibility features (continued)[edit]

Information about what common accessibility features are implemented natively (without third-party add-ons).

Browser Access keys Tabbing navigation Spatial navigation Caret navigation Smart Bookmarks Mouse gesture Text-to-speech Voice control Tab Stacking
Amaya Yes Yes ? Yes No No No No
AOL Explorer Yes Yes No No No No No No
Arora Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Avant Yes Yes No No Yes No No No
Camino Yes Yes No Yes No [note 1] No [note 2] No No
Chromium Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 3] No [note 3] No [note 3] Disabled
Dillo Yes No No No No No No No
Dooble Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
ELinks Yes Yes Yes [note 4] Yes Yes No No No No
Flock Yes Yes No Yes No [note 5] No No No
Galeon ? Yes ? Disabled Yes No No No
Google Chrome Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 3] No [note 3] No [note 3] Disabled
iCab Yes No No No No No [note 2] No No
Internet Explorer Yes Yes Yes Yes[note 6] No [note 7] Yes[note 8] Yes[note 9] No
K-Meleon Yes Yes No Disabled Yes No No No
Konqueror Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 10] Depends [note 11] No No
Links Yes Yes ? Yes Yes No No No
Lunascape No No No Yes Yes No No No
Lynx No No Yes No No No No No No
Maxthon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Midori Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Mosaic No No No No No No No No
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes No [note 12] Yes Yes No [note 5] No[note 13] Yes No
Netscape Navigator Yes Yes No Yes No No No No
NetSurf No Yes No No No No No No
OmniWeb Yes Yes No No No [note 1] Yes Yes No
Opera Yes Yes Yes No [note 14] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pale Moon Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes No
QupZilla Yes Yes Yes [note 15] Yes Yes [note 16] Yes [note 17] No No No
Rekonq ? Yes ? ? Yes ? ? ? ?
Safari Yes Yes Yes Yes (only Mac) [note 18] No Yes (only Mac) [note 1] Yes (only Mac) [note 2] Yes (only Mac) [note 2] No
SeaMonkey Yes Yes No Yes Yes No [note 19] No No No
Shiira ? Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No
Sleipnir Yes Yes No No Yes No No No
surf ? Yes No Yes No No No No No
Torch Browser Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Web Yes Yes No Yes Yes No [note 20] No No No
WorldWideWeb ? ? ? ? No No No No
w3m ? Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Browser Access keys Tabbing navigation Spatial navigation Caret navigation Smart Bookmarks Mouse gesture Text-to-speech Voice control Tab Stacking
  1. ^ a b c On Mac systems, gestures are available systemwide via multitouch sensing on trackpads and mice.
  2. ^ a b c d On OS X, text-to speech and speech recognition are available systemwide and is available from menu in native Cocoa browsers.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Google Chrome can be given these features using extensions like smooth gestures, speechify and voice control for google chrome.
  4. ^ ELinks 0.12 supports spatial navigation.
  5. ^ a b Mouse gesture support can be added by installing extensions like All-in-One Gestures (Firefox-only) [4] and Mouse Gestures [5].
  6. ^ Internet Explorer 8 supports caret browsing.
  7. ^ Mouse gesture support is available via plug-ins, i.e. Mouse Gestures for Internet Explorer or Easy Go Back.
  8. ^ TTS in Internet Explorer is available through the operating system Speech API. For TTS, SAPI takes text as input and uses the TTS engine to output that text as spoken audio. This is the same technology used by the Windows accessibility tool, Narrator. SAPI and an English TTS engine have been embedded in all Windows operating systems since the release of Windows XP.
  9. ^ Internet Explorer can be controlled by applications which use the operating system Speech API. A built-in application called Windows Speech Recognition ships with Windows Vista and later client versions.
  10. ^ Mouse gesture support is available system-wide in KDE
  11. ^ Text-to speech support depends on the kttsd application in the kdeaccessibility package
  12. ^ Doug Turner, the Minimo lead developer, has introduced spatial navigation to some special Firefox builds [6]. It may build as a default part of Firefox [7].
  13. ^ Firefox works with a number of screen readers such as JAWS (screen reader) and Microsoft Speech API through extensions.[which?]
  14. ^ opera : a sort of caret navigation can be enabled by a button or a shortcut (Archive copy at the Wayback Machine)
  15. ^ Available as of this commit.
  16. ^ Supports as of v1.7.0: https://github.com/QupZilla/qupzilla/issues/458
  17. ^ Available as a Mouse Gestures plugin which is disabled by default, but it is part of default installation.
  18. ^ On OS X systems, caret navigation (called "Full Keyboard Access") can be enabled systemwide.
  19. ^ Mouse gesture support can be added by installing extensions like Mouse Gestures Suite (Seamonkey-only) [8].
  20. ^ Web supports mouse gestures as an extension from the official extensions package.

Acid Scores[edit]

The Acid tests are online test suites to determine aspects of standards compliance, to expose web page rendering flaws, and to rate the performance of browsers. Upon each test's release, they are designed so that no existing browser can pass without further development. In order for a browser to pass any Acid test, the latest public release of the browser (not an alpha, beta, release candidate, or other version under development or testing procedures) must meet the requirements shown below. In addition, the browser should be tested upon completion of installation, with no add-ons installed (some browsers make this easy by providing a "safe mode" option) and all the factory settings (no options have been changed from their defaults).

Acid1:

  • Final rendering looks exactly like the rendering provided by the Acid tests website.
  • Text can be highlighted and radio buttons can be selected.

Acid2:

  • Final rendering looks exactly like the rendering provided by the Acid tests website.
  • Smiley's nose turns blue when hovered over.

Acid3:

  • Final rendering looks exactly like the rendering provided by the Acid tests website.
  • Test does not report failed tests or abnormal delays (leftclick letter "A" to obtain a report)
Browser Acid1 Acid2 Acid3
Amaya No No No
AOL Explorer No No No
Arora Yes Yes 100/100
Avant No No No
Camino Yes Yes 99/100
Chromium Yes Yes 100/100
Comodo Dragon Yes Yes 100/100
Dillo No No No
Dooble Yes Yes 100/100
ELinks No No No
Flock Yes Yes 80/100
Galeon ? Yes 72/100
Google Chrome Yes Yes 100/100[46]
iCab ? Yes 100/100
Internet Explorer Yes Yes 100/100
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes No No
K-Meleon Yes No 59/100
Konqueror Yes Yes 91/100[note 1]
Links ? No No
Lunascape ? Yes 100/100[47]
Lynx No No No
Maxthon Yes Yes 100/100
Midori Yes Yes 100/100[48]
Mosaic No No No
Mozilla Yes No 35/100
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes 100/100
Netscape Yes No 35/100
Netscape Browser Yes No 35/100
Netscape Navigator No No Crashes
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes No 59/100
NetSurf Yes ? No
OmniWeb Yes Yes No
Opera Yes Yes 100/100
Pale Moon Yes Yes 100/100
Qupzilla Yes Yes 100/100
Rekonq Yes Yes 100/100
Safari Yes Yes Yes[49]
SeaMonkey Yes Yes 100/100
Shiira Yes Yes 74/100
Sleipnir Yes Yes ?
surf Yes Yes 100/100
Torch Browser Yes Yes 100/100
Web Yes Yes 100/100[48]
WorldWideWeb No No No
w3m No No No
Browser Acid1 Acid2 Acid3
  1. ^ Konqueror scores 91/100 when using KHTML and 100/100 when using WebKit but still does not pass.

HTML5 support[edit]

The specifications for HTML5 are still under development, but many current browsers already support many of the new features in the draft specifications. An HTML5 test suite is also under development that, while it does not test all of the new features nor the functionality of those it does detect, rates browsers' support. New tests are expected to be added to the suite as time goes by.[50]

Browser HTML5test score[51]
Apple Safari 7.0 397/555
Google Chrome 37 512/555
Internet Explorer 11 376/555
Maxthon 4.2 515/555[note 1]
Mozilla Firefox 32 475/555
Opera 24 504/555
  1. ^ To see Maxthon's score, click on the All browsers button on the HTML5 test page.

As new tests are added, bogus ones removed, etc., new versions of html5test.com become available as preliminary beta or even alpha versions. These are great to test development versions (e.g. nightly builds) of web browsers, but their results should be taken with a grain of salt. Especially when considering that some browsers have experimental features built in which may be switched off by default.

Web technology support[edit]

Information about what web standards, and technologies the browsers support, except for JavaScript. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser CSS2.1 [note 1] Frames Nav LINKs [note 2] XSLT XHTML 1.0 [note 3] XHTML 1.1 [note 3] MathML XForms Web Forms 2.0 VoiceXML / X+V SMIL VML CSS Presentation / projection mode[note 4]
Amaya Yes No ? No Yes Yes Yes No No No ? No ?
AOL Explorer Partial Yes No Yes No No No [note 5] No No No Yes[52] Yes ?
Avant Partial Yes ? Yes No No No No No No Yes[52] Yes ?
Arora Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No ? No ?
Camino Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No ?
Dillo Partial Partial [note 6] No No No No No No No No ? No ?
Dooble Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No ? No ?
ELinks Partial Yes ? No No No No No No No ? No ?
Flock Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No [note 7]
Galeon Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No ? No ?
Google Chrome Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No ?
iCab Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No ? No ?
Internet Explorer Yes [note 8] Yes No [note 9] Yes Yes Yes No [note 5] No [note 10] No [note 11] No Yes[52] Yes ?
Internet Explorer for Mac Partial Yes ? Partial No Yes No No No No ? ? ?
K-Meleon Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No ?
Konqueror Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No No No ? No ?
Links No Yes Yes No No No No No No No ? No ?
Lunascape Yes [55] Yes Depends [note 9] Yes Yes [55] Yes [55] Yes [55] Yes [55] No No Yes [55][52] Yes [55] ?
Lynx No Partial Yes No No No No No No No No No ?
Maxthon Partial Yes ? Yes No No No No No No Yes[52] Yes ?
Midori Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No No ? No No[note 7]
Mosaic No No ? No No No No No No No No No No
Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No ?
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes No [note 9] Yes Yes Yes [note 12] Yes Yes [note 13] Yes No Yes No No [note 7]
Netscape Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No ?
Netscape Browser Depends [56] Yes ? Yes Depends [56] Depends [56] Depends [56] No No No No No ?
Netscape Navigator No Yes No No No No No No No No No No ?
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No ?
NetSurf Yes Yes No No No No No No No No ? No ?
OmniWeb Yes Yes ? No Yes Yes No No No No ? No ?
Opera Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes[note 14]
Pale Moon Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No
QupZilla Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No
Safari Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No[note 7]
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No ?
Shiira Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes No No No No ? No ?
Sleipnir Partial Yes No [note 9] Yes No No No [note 5] No No [note 11] No Yes[52] Yes ?
surf Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No ? No No
Torch Browser Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No ?
Web Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No ? No ?
WorldWideWeb No No ? No No No No No No No No No No
w3m ? Yes ? No Yes ? No ? No No ? No ?
Browser CSS2.1 [note 1] Frames Nav LINKs [note 2] XSLT XHTML 1.0 [note 3] XHTML 1.1 [note 3] MathML XForms Web Forms 2.0 VoiceXML / X+V SMIL VML CSS Presentation / projection mode[note 4]
  1. ^ a b CSS 2, a W3C recommendation since 1998, is the current stable version of CSS, nevertheless, CSS 2.1 corrects a few errors in CSS2 (the most important being a new definition of the height/width of absolutely positioned elements, more influence for HTML's "style" attribute and a new calculation of the 'clip' property), and adds a few highly requested features which have already been widely implemented. CSS 2.1 is derived from and is intended to replace CSS 2. Conformance criteria are detailed at the W3C website. (CSS 3 is only in draft status at present.) For more detailed information please see comparison of layout engines (CSS).
  2. ^ a b c d XHTML is based on HTML but is an application of XML, which means that XHTML must be stricter than equivalent HTML code. XHTML is meant to be read by an XML parser but for backward compatibility reasons can also be parsed as HTML; this table only notes the browsers that are able to parse XHTML as XML. For more detailed information please see comparison of layout engines (XHTML).
  3. ^ a b Presentation mode is the ability to read styles targeted to the CSS projection media type.
  4. ^ a b c Available with the MathPlayer plugin.
  5. ^ Dillo displays frames as links that the user can click on.
  6. ^ a b c d S5 is a CSS/JavaScript alternative for browsers that do not support a presentation mode.
  7. ^ Microsoft claims Internet Explorer 8 has full CSS2.1 support,[53] however independent testing revealed several bugs.[54]
  8. ^ a b c d Not in standard install, but provided by extension.[9][10]
  9. ^ Available with the FormsPlayer plugin and several other plugins.
  10. ^ a b Web Forms 2.0 can be emulated in IE using DHTML behaviours, available from SourceForge.
  11. ^ XHTML1.1 includes Ruby markup (see [11]) which is not supported. There exists add-on for adding RUBY support. [12]
  12. ^ XForms is supported experimentally in nightly builds dated after 28 January 2005 [13]. Requires installation of an extension.
  13. ^ Opera switches to presentation mode on full screen. [14]

Mobile Web technology support[edit]

Information about what web standards, and technologies the browsers support, except for JavaScript. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser C-HTML HDML I-mode XHTML Mobile Profile WML WBMP
Amaya ? ? ? ? No ?
AOL Explorer ? ? ? ? No ?
Avant ? ? ? ? No ?
Camino ? ? ? ? No ?
Dillo ? ? ? ? No ?
ELinks No No No No No No
Flock Partial [note 1] No No Partial [note 1] No [note 2] ?
Galeon ? ? ? ? No ?
Google Chrome ? ? ? ? No ?
iCab ? ? ? ? No ?
Internet Explorer ? ? ? No [note 3] No [note 3] ?
Internet Explorer for Mac ? ? ? ? No ?
Internet Explorer Mobile ? ? ? Yes[note 3] Yes Yes
UC Browser ? ? ? {{?} Yes ?
K-Meleon Partial [note 1] No No Partial [note 1] No ?
Konqueror ? ? ? Yes No ?
Links No No No No No No
Lynx No No No No No No
Maxthon ? ? ? ? No ?
Microsoft Mobile Explorer Yes [note 4] ? Yes[note 4] Yes[note 4] Yes[note 4] Yes
Mosaic ? ? ? ? No ?
Mozilla Partial [note 1] No No Partial [note 1] No [note 2] ?
Mozilla Firefox Partial [note 1] No No Partial [note 1] No [note 2] ?
Netscape ? No No ? No ?
Netscape Browser ? No No ? No ?
Netscape Navigator ? No No ? No ?
Netscape Navigator 9 ? No No ? No ?
NetSurf ? ? ? ? No ?
OmniWeb ? ? ? ? No ?
Opera Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pale Moon Partial [note 1] No No Partial [note 1] No [note 2] ?
Safari ? ? ? ? No ?
SeaMonkey Partial [note 1] No No Partial [note 1] No [note 2] ?
Shiira ? ? ? ? No ?
Sleipnir ? ? ? ? No ?
Web ? ? ? ? No ?
WorldWideWeb No No No No No No
w3m No No No No No No
Browser C-HTML HDML I-mode XHTML Mobile Profile WML WBMP
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Gecko-based browsers render C-HTML and XHTML Mobile Profile as an ordinary XHTML. In most cases this is quite enough to browse mobile Web.
  2. ^ a b c d e Gecko-based browsers do not support WML natively, this issue is being discussed at bug 35995. There is an extension called wmlbrowser [15], [16] which adds a partial WML support to Firefox, SeaMonkey, Mozilla Suite and Flock (without card navigation and WMLScript). In most cases this is quite enough to browse mobile Web.
  3. ^ a b c Internet Explorer Mobile 6 supports XHTML Mobile Profile.
  4. ^ a b c d Microsoft Mobile Explorer was discontinued in 2002.[57]

Plugins and syndicated content support[edit]

Information about what web standards, and technologies the browsers support. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser ActiveX [note 1] NPAPI [note 1] Java [note 2] Gears RSS Atom other web feed
Amaya No ? ? No No No ?
AOL Explorer Yes No ? No Yes [note 3] Yes [note 3] ?
Avant Yes No ? ? Yes [note 3] Yes [note 3] ?
Camino No Yes ? ? Partial Partial ?
Dillo No ? No No No No ?
ELinks No No No No No No No
Flock No Yes No Yes Yes Yes ?
Galeon No Yes No Yes No No No
Google Chrome No Yes Yes Yes[note 4] No No ?
iCab No Yes ? ? Yes No ?
Internet Explorer Yes No [note 5] No Yes Yes [note 3] Yes [note 3] Yes [note 6]
Internet Explorer for Mac No Yes ? No No No No
K-Meleon No ? No ? Yes Yes ?
Konqueror No Yes No No Yes [note 7] Yes [note 7] ?
Links No No No No No No No
Lynx No No No No No No No
Maxthon Yes No ? ? Yes Yes ?
Mosaic No No ? No No No No
Mozilla No Yes No No No No ?
Mozilla Firefox No Yes No Yes Yes Yes ?
Netscape No Yes No No No No ?
Netscape Browser No Yes No No Yes Yes ?
Netscape Navigator No Yes No No No No ?
Netscape Navigator 9 No Yes No No Yes Yes ?
NetSurf No No No No No No No
OmniWeb No ? ? ? Yes Yes ?
Opera No Yes No No Dropped Dropped No
Pale Moon No Yes No Yes Yes Yes ?
QupZilla No Yes No No Yes No No
Safari No Yes Yes[note 8] Partial[note 9] No No ?
SeaMonkey No Yes No Yes Yes Yes ?
Shiira No ? ? ? Yes Yes ?
Sleipnir Yes ? ? Yes Yes [note 3] Yes [note 3] ?
surf No Yes No No No No No
Web No Yes No No No [note 10] No [note 10] No
WorldWideWeb No No No No No No No
w3m No No No No No No No
Browser ActiveX [note 1] NPAPI [note 1] Java Gears RSS Atom other web feed
  1. ^ a b c d Internet Explorer (and Shells) is the only browser to natively support the Component Object Model (popularly known as ActiveX). Most other browsers use the NPAPI plugin architecture. ActiveX is more powerful than NPAPI in terms of the control it affords over the browser, but it is specific to Windows whereas NPAPI is cross-platform. There is a third-party plugin that adds partial ActiveX support, that is available for certain older versions of Mozilla Suite, Mozilla Firefox and Netscape Navigator. The default settings in earlier versions of Internet Explorer allowed the automatic download, installation, and running of new ActiveX controls with minimal user intervention ~ this made it possible to use ActiveX on web pages to install viruses, spyware, etc. onto a user's computer.
  2. ^ Java support is for built-in support by the browser without a plugin.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Internet Explorer 7 and later
  4. ^ Except on linux
  5. ^ Internet Explorer did for a time support NPAPI plugins. Plugins that functioned in the Netscape browser also functioned in Internet Explorer. This was due to a small ActiveX control implemented within a "plugin.ocx" file that acted as a shim between the ActiveX based browser and the NPAPI plugin. The IE browser would load the control and use it to host plugins specified within the page. However, Microsoft made the claim that the NPAPI plugins (or the IE implementation of the API) were a security issue and dropped support for them in version 5.5 SP2.[58][59][60]
  6. ^ Internet Explorer 8 supports syndicated content in hAtom / hSlice microformat by the name of a feature known as Web Slices.
  7. ^ a b RSS and ATOM feed autodetection in Konqueror depends on the aKregator package which is installed with kdepim.
  8. ^ Safari has Java only on OS X. Safari for Windows needs a plugin.
  9. ^ Safari has Gears only on OS X 10.4+. Windows is not supported
  10. ^ a b RSS and ATOM feed autodetection in Epiphany depends on the Newsfeed extension which is included with Epiphany-extensions.

JavaScript support[edit]

Information about what JavaScript technologies the browsers support. Note that although XPath is used by XSLT, it is only considered here if it can be accessed using JavaScript. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser JavaScript ECMAScript 3 DOM 1 DOM 2 DOM 3 XPath DHTML XMLHttpRequest Rich editing
Amaya No [note 1] No [note 1] No [note 1] No No No No No No
AOL Explorer Yes Yes Partial Yes No No Yes Yes Yes
Avant Yes Yes Partial No No No Yes Yes Yes
Camino Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Dillo No No No No No No No No No
ELinks Partial Partial No No No No No No No
Flock Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Galeon Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Google Chrome Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
iCab Yes Yes Partial Partial No No Yes Yes No
Internet Explorer Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 3] Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes Yes Partial No No No Yes No No
K-Meleon Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Konqueror Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial No Yes Yes No
Links No [note 4] No No No No No No No No
Lynx No No No No No No No No No
Maxthon Yes Yes Partial No No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Midori Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 5] Yes [note 5] Yes Yes Yes
Mosaic No No No No No No No No No
Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Netscape Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Netscape Browser Yes Yes Depends [56] Depends [56] No [note 2] Depends [56] Yes Yes Yes
Netscape Navigator Yes Partial No No No No Yes No No
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
NetSurf No No No No No No No No No
OmniWeb Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No
Opera Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pale Moon Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
QupZilla Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
Safari Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 5] Yes Yes Yes Yes
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Shiira Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes
Sleipnir Yes Yes Partial No [note 3] No Yes Yes Yes Yes
surf Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 5] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Web Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 5] Yes Yes Yes Yes
WorldWideWeb No No No No No No No No No
w3m No No No No No No No No No
Browser JavaScript ECMAScript 3 DOM 1 DOM 2 DOM 3 XPath DHTML XMLHttpRequest Rich editing
  1. ^ a b c It is possible to compile Amaya with JavaScript enabled, using the CVS version and SpiderMonkey. However, this is still experimental and only a small subset of DOM 1 is available.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k XPath is a part of DOM 3, but is considered separately here. A large subset of DOM 3 is accessible by extensions but not by websites.
  3. ^ a b Internet Explorer 5 and above has its own event registration model and its own style sheets model, but these are incompatible with DOM 2.
  4. ^ Support for JavaScript has been removed in version 2.1pre29 (change log)
  5. ^ a b c d e SVG / XPath / (partial) DOM 3 is only available in the WebKit nightlies so far.

See what parts of DOM your browser supports

Protocol support[edit]

Information about what internet protocols the browsers support. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser HTTP FTP [note 1] NNTP[note 2] SSL EV IRC Gopher IDN data:URI BitTorrent IPv6 Proxy
Amaya Yes No No No No No No ? No No ? ?
AOL Explorer Yes Yes No Yes [note 3] Yes No No [note 4] No No No Yes ?
Avant Yes Yes No Yes[note 3] Yes No No [note 4] No No No Yes ?
Camino Yes Yes No Yes ? No Yes Yes Yes No Yes ?
Dillo Yes Yes No No [note 5] No No No No Yes No Yes ?
ELinks Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial[note 6]
Flock Yes Yes No Yes ? No [note 7] Yes Yes Yes No Yes ?
Galeon Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Google Chrome Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No ? Yes
iCab Yes Yes No Yes ? No No Yes No No Yes ?
Internet Explorer Yes Yes No Yes [note 3] Yes No Dropped [note 4] Yes Partial [note 8] No Yes Yes
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes Yes No Yes No No Yes No No No ? ?
K-Meleon Yes Yes No Yes ? No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Konqueror Yes Yes No Yes No No No [note 9] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Links Yes Yes No Yes No No No No No No No Partial[note 6]
Lynx Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No No No Yes Partial[note 6]
Maxthon Yes Yes No Yes [note 3] Yes No No [note 4] Yes No No Yes Yes
Mosaic Partial [note 10] Yes Yes No No No Yes No No No No ?
Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes [note 11] Yes No No Yes
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes No [note 12] Yes Yes No [note 7] Dropped [note 13] Yes [note 11] Yes No [note 14] Yes Yes
Netscape Yes Yes Yes Yes No No [note 7] Yes Yes Yes No ? ?
Netscape Browser Yes Yes No Yes No No Depends [56] Depends [56] Depends [56] No ? ?
Netscape Navigator Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No No No ? ?
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes No Yes No No [note 7] Yes Yes [note 11] Yes No Yes ?
NetSurf Yes Yes No Yes No No No No Yes No Yes ?
OmniWeb Yes Yes No Yes ? No Yes[62] Yes Yes No Yes ?
Opera Yes Yes Dropped Yes Yes Dropped No [note 15] Yes Yes Dropped Yes Yes
Pale Moon Yes Yes No [note 12] Yes Yes No [note 7] No Yes [note 11] Yes No [note 14] Yes Yes
QupZilla Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Safari Yes Partial No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 11] Yes No Yes Yes
Shiira Yes ? ? Yes ? No No Yes ? No Yes ?
Sleipnir Yes Yes No Yes [note 3] Yes No No [note 4] Yes No No Yes ?
surf Yes No No Partial[note 16] Partial[note 16] No No Yes Yes No Yes Partial[note 6]
Web Yes No No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Partial[note 6]
WorldWideWeb Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No ?
w3m Yes Yes No Yes ? No Yes ? ? No Yes ?
Browser HTTP FTP [note 1] NNTP[note 2] SSL EV IRC Gopher IDN data:URI BitTorrent IPv6 Proxy
  1. ^ a b Many browsers have FTP support as read-only and have no upload capitilies. Read-only is marked as yes. For a comparison of clients that support upload opportunities see Comparison of FTP client software.
  2. ^ a b Many browsers have purposely avoided support for e-mail and newsgroups (Usenet), as these are reserved for their mail-client counterparts. For a comparison of such counterparts see comparison of e-mail clients and Comparison of Usenet newsreaders.
  3. ^ a b c d e Support for 256-bit ciphers (AES for example) for SSL/TLS is only available in Windows Vista and above[63][64]
  4. ^ a b c d e Internet Explorer 7 has no support of gopher; gopher support is disabled in IE6
  5. ^ Dillo has experimental SSL integration that is by standard turned off.[17] There is no certificate caching and NO AUTHENTICATION performed.
  6. ^ a b c d e Respects system-wide proxy settings.
  7. ^ a b c d e IRC support can be added by installing ChatZilla.
  8. ^ Microsoft has limited support to certain "non-navigable" content, such as in <img> tags and CSS rules, for security reasons, including concerns that JavaScript embedded in a data URI may not be interpretable by script filters such as those used by web-based email clients.[61]
  9. ^ Konqueror has full Gopher support when the kgopher KIO plugin is installed.
  10. ^ Mosaic reached only HTTP 0.9 compliance, and does not support secure communications in any way.
  11. ^ a b c d e For security reasons, IDN domains are displayed as punycode if they contain certain characters or if the top level domain has not been whitelisted [18].
  12. ^ a b NNTP support can be added by installing the add-on infoRSS.
  13. ^ Firefox support for the Gopher protocol will be dropped in Firefox 4 (Gecko 1.9.3) per bug 388195.
  14. ^ a b Possible using third party extensions like FoxTorrent
  15. ^ Includes a proxy capability for gopher support.
  16. ^ a b Behavior towards malicious certificates can only be set up in compile time.

Image format support[edit]

Information about what image formats the browsers support. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser JPEG JPEG 2000 JPEG XR GIF PNG APNG MNG TIFF [note 1] SVG [note 2] PDF [note 3] 2D Canvas XBM BMP
Amaya Yes ? No Yes Yes No No Yes Partial No No ? ?
AOL Explorer Yes No No Yes Partial [note 4] No No disable No No No [note 5] No [note 6] ?
Avant Yes No No Yes Yes No No disable Partial No Yes No [note 6] ?
Camino Yes No No Yes Yes No No No Partial [note 7] No No Yes ?
Chromium Yes ? ? Yes Yes No [note 8] ? ? Partial No Yes ? Yes
Dillo Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No No No No ?
ELinks No No No No No No No No No No No No ?
Flock Yes No No Yes Yes Dropped No No Partial [note 7] No Yes Yes ?
Galeon Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No No Yes ?
Google Chrome Yes No No[65] Yes Yes No No No Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
iCab Yes ? No Yes Yes No No No No Yes No ? ?
Internet Explorer Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Partial No Yes ,[66][note 5] Dropped [note 6] Yes
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No No No ? ?
K-Meleon Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No No No ? Yes
Konqueror Yes Yes [note 9] No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Partial Yes [note 10] Yes ? Yes
Links Yes ? No Yes Yes No No Yes No No No Yes ?
Lynx Yes/No[note 11] No Yes/No[note 11]
Maxthon Yes No No Yes Yes No No disable Partial No Yes No [note 6] Yes
Midori Yes Yes [note 12] No Yes Yes No No Yes Partial [note 13] No Yes Yes ?
Mosaic Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No No No Yes ?
Mozilla Yes No No Yes Yes No Dropped [note 14] No No No No Yes ?
Mozilla Firefox Yes No[67] No[68] Yes Yes Yes [note 15] No[69] No[70] Partial [note 7] Yes Yes Dropped [note 16] Yes
Netscape Yes No No Yes Yes No Dropped [note 17] No No No No Yes ?
Netscape Browser Yes No No Yes Depends [56] No No No No No No Yes ?
Netscape Navigator Yes No No Partial 32-bit version only No No No No No No Yes ?
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes No No Yes Yes No No No Partial No Yes Yes ?
NetSurf Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes No Partial No No No ?
OmniWeb Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Partial No No Yes ?
Opera Yes No No Yes Yes Dropped No No Partial [note 18] No Yes Yes Yes
Pale Moon Yes No[71] No[72] Yes Yes Yes [note 15] No[73] No[74] Partial [note 7] Yes Yes Dropped [note 16] Yes
QupZilla Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Partial [note 19] No Yes Yes Yes
Safari Yes Yes [note 12] No Yes Yes No No Yes Partial [note 13] Yes (Mac only) Yes Yes Yes
SeaMonkey Yes No No Yes Yes Yes [note 15] No No Partial [note 7] No [note 20] Yes Yes Yes
Shiira Yes ? No Yes Yes No No Yes Partial No Partial Yes ?
Sleipnir Yes No No Yes Partial [note 4] No No disable No No No [note 5] No [note 6] ?
surf Yes No No Yes Yes No No No Partial No Yes Yes Yes
Torch Browser Yes ? ? Yes Yes No [note 8] ? ? Partial No Yes ? Yes
Web Yes No No Yes Yes Dropped No No Partial No [note 20] Yes Yes ?
WorldWideWeb ? No No Yes No No No Yes No No No ? ?
w3m Yes No No Yes Yes No ? ? ? ? No ? ?
Browser JPEG JPEG 2000 JPEG XR GIF PNG APNG MNG TIFF [note 1] SVG [note 2] PDF [note 3] 2D Canvas XBM BMP
  1. ^ a b Although it was one of the first suggested WWW image formats, most browsers support TIFF by using a plugin installed by the user instead of decoding it natively.
  2. ^ a b SVG here refers to SVG 1.1 Full. There are also two simplified profiles known as SVG 1.1 Tiny and SVG 1.1 Basic, which are intended for user agents with limited capabilities.
  3. ^ a b Most browsers support PDF by installing an Adobe plugin which takes over the browser window. Listed here are browsers which also support inline PDFs within other hypertext documents (such as within HTML's <img/> tag). Note that PDF (in strictly speaking) is not an image format, but a scriptable rich text document format that can contain different types of multimedia content, including vector and bitmap graphics, audio, video, forms, intra- and inter-document hypertext links and a hierarchical contents listing. The format is also the native display format under OS X.
  4. ^ a b Internet Explorer supports PNG images but is unable to correctly display images with gamma correction or color correction.[citation needed] Versions of Internet Explorer prior to version 7 are unable to correctly display images with alpha channel (for transparency) without additional coding [19].
  5. ^ a b c Support for the canvas element was added to Internet Explorer 9. Earlier versions of Internet Explorer can be made to emulate canvas using the excanvas script.
  6. ^ a b c d e Internet Explorer support for XBM files was removed in Version 6.
  7. ^ a b c d e Firefox and SeaMonkey partially support SVG 1.1 Full. Modules that are implemented or not implemented and details of their implementation: [20].
  8. ^ a b Chromium does not support APNG. A bug report is available [21]. There is also a plugin Animated Portable Network Graphics#Application supportavailable.
  9. ^ Konqueror supports JPEG2000 if KDE's viewer is compiled with Jasper library.
  10. ^ Inline PDF viewing in Konqueror requires KPDF which is included in kdegraphics.
  11. ^ a b While lacking support for inline display of graphical elements, Lynx allows defining standalone image viewer and assigning programs to MIME types. Such program is called when user activates corresponding element, effectively allowing Lynx user to add support for arbitrary non-inlined file format.
  12. ^ a b Safari supports JPEG2000 through QuickTime plugin, which is an optional software bundle for Safari installation on Windows, and an integrated component in OS X.
  13. ^ a b Safari 3 is able to render SVG documents, but not fully [22].
  14. ^ Support of MNG/JNG was dropped since 6 June 2003 [23] [24]. There are unofficial obsolete builds with MNG/JNG called Mngzilla [25].
  15. ^ a b c Mozilla applications rebranded by the Debian project, such as GNU IceCat or Iceape do not support APNG.
  16. ^ a b In Gecko 1.9.2 (Firefox 3.6) XBM support was dropped.
  17. ^ Netscape 6.0, 6.01 and 7.0 included native support for MNG until the code was removed in 2003 due to code size and little actual usage.
  18. ^ Opera supports SVG 1.1 Basic.[26]
  19. ^ QupZilla supports as much SVG specification as WebKit does: [27].
  20. ^ a b With the addition of the new Cairo version in Gecko 1.9 it will be natively possible to save pages to PDFs but not read them. This feature is not included in Firefox 3.5, however it is possible with the new Cairo backend.

Native multimedia support[edit]

Internationalization[edit]

Most browsers are available in more than one language.

Browser Languages Total
Amaya[75][76] English (en), French (fr), Finnish (fi), German (de), Italian (it), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Spanish (es), Chinese (zh-cn and zh-tw), Turkish (tr), Slovak (sk), Russian (ru), Norwegian (no), Georgian (ka), Japanese (ja), Hungarian (hu), Dutch (du), Ukrainian (uk) 18
AOL Explorer English (en), French (fr), German (de) 3
Avant English (en), Arabic, Basque, Bulgarian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Chinese Traditional, Danish, Dutch, French (fr), Frisian, German (de), Greek, Hebrew (he), Hungarian, Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean, Persian, Polish (pl), Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt-BR), Russian (ru), Spanish (es), Thai, Turkish, UK English, Ukrainian (uk) 28
Camino[77] Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Lithuanian (lt), Norwegian (Bokmål) (nb), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Portuguese (pt), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv) 17
Dillo[78] English (en), Japanese (ja), Polish (pl), Russian (ru) 4
ELinks[79] Bulgarian (bg), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Slovak (sk), Ukrainian (uk) 13
Flock[80] Arabic (ar), Chinese (Simplified) (zh-CN), Chinese (Traditional) (zh-TW), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Georgian (ka), German (de), Hungarian (hu), Korean (ko), Polish (pl), Portuguese (Portugal) (pt-PT), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Spanish (Latin American) (es-AR), Spanish (Spain) (es-ES) 16
Galeon Amharic (am), Azerbaijani (az), Belarusian (be), Bulgarian (bg), Bosnian (bs), Catalan (ca), Czech (cs), Danish (da), German (de), Greek (el), English (en), Spanish (es), Estonian (et), Basque (eu), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Irish (ga), Galician (gl), Croatian (hr), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Latvian (lv), Macedonian (mk), Malayalam (ml), Mongolian (mn), Malay (ms), Dutch (nl), Norwegian (Bokmål) (nb), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Punjabi (pa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Kinyarwanda (rw), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Albanian (sq), Serbian (sr), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Walloon (wa), Chinese (Simplified) (zh) 49
Google Chrome Arabic (ar), Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt-BR), Bengali (bn), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (UK/US), Estonian (et), Filipino, Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Greek (el), Gujarati, Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Kanada, Korean (ko), Latvian (lv), Lithuanian (lt), Malayalam (ml), Marathi (mr), Norwegian (no), Oriya (or), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Spanish (Latin America) (es-LA), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Telugu (te), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi)[81] 50
iCab[82] German (de), English (en), Japanese (ja), Danish (da), French (fr), Spanish (es), Russian (ru), Norwegian (no), Chinese (Simplified) (zh) 9
Internet Explorer[83] Afrikaans, Albanian, Amharic, Arabic, Armenian, Assamese, Azeri, Bangla (Bangladesh), Basque, Bengali (India), Bosnian (Latin), Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese (Hong Kong SAR), Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dari, Dutch, English, Estonian, Filipino, Finnish, French, Galician, Georgian, German, Greek, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Igbo, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Kazakh, Khmer, KiSwahili, Konkani, Korean, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay (Brunei Darussalam), Malay (Malaysia), Malayalam, Maltese, Maori, Marathi, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian (Bokmål), Norwegian (Nynorsk), Oriya, Persian, Polish, Portuguese (Brazil), Portuguese (Portugal), Punjabi, Quechua, Romanian, Russian, Serbian (Cyrillic)- Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbian (Cyrillic)- Serbia, Serbian (Latin), Sesotho, Setswana, Sinhala, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen , Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Welsh, Yoruba, isiXhosa, isiZulu 95
Internet Explorer for Mac German (de), English (en), Spanish (es), French (fr), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Swedish (sv) 7
K-Meleon[84] English (en), German (de), Spanish (es), French (fr), Russian (ru) 5
Konqueror Afrikaans (af), Arabic (ar), Belarusian (be), Bulgarian (bg), Bengali (bn), Bosnian (bs), Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh), Chinese (Simplified) (zh), Czech (cs), Welsh (cy), Danish (da), German (de), Greek (el), English (en), Esperanto (eo), Spanish (es), Estonian (et), Basque (eu), Persian (fa), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Croatian (hr), Hungarian (hu), Icelandic (is), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Mongolian (mn), Malay (ms), Dutch (nl), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Norwegian (Bokmål) (nb), Punjabi (pa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Serbian (sr), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Tajik (tg), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Uzbek (uz) 40
Links Belarusian (be), Brazilian Portuguese (pt-BR), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), Estonian (et), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), German (de), Greek (el), Hungarian (hu), Icelandic (is), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Lithuanian (lt), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Upper Sorbian (hsb) 32
Lunascape Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Spanish (es) 11
Lynx Catalan (ca), Czech (cs), Danish (da), German (de), Estonian (et), English (en), French (fr), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Dutch (nl), Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt-BR), Russian (ru), Kinyarwanda (rw), Slovenian (sl), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh) 21
Maxthon Arabic (ar), Basque (eu), Bosnian (bs), Belarusian (be), Bulgarian (bg), Chinese (zh), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), Estonian (et), Persian (fa), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Frisian, Galician (gl), German (de), Greek (el), Hebrew (he), Hungarian (hu), Italian (Italy, Rome and Milan) (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Malay (ms), Norwegian (no), Piedmontese, Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian Cyrillic (sr), Serbian (Latin) (sr), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Spanish (Argentina) (es), Swedish (sv), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi) 44
Mosaic English (en) 1
Mozilla Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh), Czech (cs), Danish (da), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Greek (el), Hebrew (he), Irish (ga), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Macedonian (mk), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Punjabi (pa), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Welsh (cy) 28
Mozilla Firefox[85] Acholi (ach), Afrikaans (af), Akan (ak), Albanian (sq), Arabic (ar), Armenian (hy), Assamese (as), Asturian (ast), Azerbaijani (az), Basque (eu), Belarusian (be), Bengali (India and Bangladesh) (bn), Bosnian (bs), Breton (br), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (Britain, South Africa, and US) (en), Esperanto (eo), Estonian (et), Finnish (fi), Fula (ff), French (fr), Frisian (fy), Friulian (fur), Gaelic (gd), Galician (gl), Georgian (ka), German (de), Greek (el), Gujarati (gu), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Hungarian (hu), Icelandic (is), Indonesian (id), Irish (ga), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Kannada (kn), Kashubian (csb), Khmer (km), Kazakh (kk), Korean (ko), Kurdish (ku), Latvian (lv), Ligurian (lig), Lithuanian (lt), Luganda (lg), Macedonian (mk), Maithili (mai), Malay (ms), Malayalam (ml), Marathi (mr), Northern Sotho (nso), Norwegian (Bokmål) (nb), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Occitan (oc), Oriya (or), Persian (fa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (Brazil and Portugal) (pt), Punjabi (pa), Romanian (ro), Romansh (rm), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Sinhala (si), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Songhai (son), Spanish (Argentina, Chile, Mexico, and Spain) (es), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Tamil (Sri Lanka) (ta), Tatar (tt), Telugu (te), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Welsh (cy), Zulu (zu) 96
Netscape[86] Chinese (zh), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Japanese (ja), Portuguese (pt), Spanish (es) 7
Netscape Browser English (en), English (Canadian) (en) 2
Netscape Navigator[87] Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt), Chinese (zh), Czech (cs), English (en), Danish (da), Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Greek (el), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Russian (ru), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr) 20
Netscape Navigator 9 English (en) 1
NetSurf Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de) 4
OmniWeb[88] Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Japanese (ja), Swedish (sv) 7
Opera[89] Afrikaans (af), Azerbaijani (az), Belarusian (be), Bengali (bn), Bulgarian (bg), Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en-GB, en-US), Estonian (et), Finnish (fi), French (fr-FR, fr-CA), Frisian (fy), Georgian (ka), German (de), Greek (el), Hindi (hi), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Macedonian (mk), Malay (ms), Montenegrin, Norwegian (Bokmål) (nb), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt, pt-BR), Punjabi (pa), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es-ES, es-LA), Swedish (sv), Tagalog (tl), Tamil (ta), Thai (th), Telugu (te), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Uzbek (uz), Vietnamese (vi), Zulu (zu) 51
Pale Moon Acholi (ach), Afrikaans (af), Akan (ak), Albanian (sq), Arabic (ar), Armenian (hy), Assamese (as), Asturian (ast), Azerbaijani (az), Basque (eu), Belarusian (be), Bengali (India and Bangladesh) (bn), Bosnian (bs), Breton (br), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (Britain, South Africa, and US) (en), Esperanto (eo), Estonian (et), Finnish (fi), Fula (ff), French (fr), Frisian (fy), Friulian (fur), Gaelic (gd), Galician (gl), Georgian (ka), German (de), Greek (el), Gujarati (gu), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Hungarian (hu), Icelandic (is), Indonesian (id), Irish (ga), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Kannada (kn), Kashubian (csb), Khmer (km), Kazakh (kk), Korean (ko), Kurdish (ku), Latvian (lv), Ligurian (lig), Lithuanian (lt), Luganda (lg), Macedonian (mk), Maithili (mai), Malay (ms), Malayalam (ml), Marathi (mr), Northern Sotho (nso), Norwegian (Bokmål) (nb), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Occitan (oc), Oriya (or), Persian (fa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (Brazil and Portugal) (pt), Punjabi (pa), Romanian (ro), Romansh (rm), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Sinhala (si), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Songhai (son), Spanish (Argentina, Chile, Mexico, and Spain) (es), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Tamil (Sri Lanka) (ta), Tatar (tt), Telugu (te), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Welsh (cy), Zulu (zu) 96
QupZilla[90] Arabic (ar), Basque (eu), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), Croatian (hr), Czech (cz), Dutch (nl), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), Ganda (lg), Georgian (ka), German (de), Greek (el), Hebrew (he), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Latvian (lv), N'ko (nqo), Persian (fa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (Brazil and Portugal) (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Uzbek (uz) 35
Safari Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Spanish (es), Danish (da), Finnish (fi), Korean (ko), Norwegian (no), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Swedish (sv), Chinese (zh) 15
SeaMonkey[91] Belarusian (be), Catalan (ca), Chinese (Simplified), Czech (cs), Dutch (nl), English (en-GB, en-US), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), Georgian (ka), German (de), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Lithuanian (lt), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es-ES, es-LA), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr) 23
Shiira Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Korean (ko), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv) 15
Sleipnir Chinese (Simplified and Traditional) (zh), English (en), Japanese (ja) 3
surf Browser lacks user interface elements to be translated; see WebKitGTK+ for status of engine messages' translation. 0
Torch Browser English (en), French (fr), Spanish es), Turkish (tr), Italian (it), Portuguese (pt), German (de) 7
Web[92] Amharic (am), Arabic (ar), Azerbaijani (az), Belarusian (be), Belarusian Latin (be@Latin), Bulgarian (bg), Bengali (bn), Bosnian (bs), Catalan (ca), Czech (cs), Welsh (cy), Danish (da), German (de), Dzongkha (dz), Greek (el), English (en), Spanish (es), Estonian (et), Basque (eu), Persian (fa), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Irish (ga), Galician (gl), Gujarati (gu), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Croatian (hr), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Icelandic (is), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Georgian (ka), Korean (ko), Kurdish (ku), Limburgian (li), Lithuanian (lt), Latvian (lv), Malagasy (mg), Maori (mi), Macedonian (mk), Malayalam (ml), Mongolian (mn), Marathi (mr), Malay (ms), Norwegian (Bokmål) (nb), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Nepali (ne), Dutch (nl), Oriya (or), Punjabi (pa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Kinyarwanda (rw), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Albanian (sq), Serbian (sr), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Telugu (te), Thai (th), Turkmen (tk), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Walloon (wa), Chinese (zh) 70
WorldWideWeb English (en) 1
w3m English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Spanish (es), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Swedish (sv) 9
Browser Languages Total

Security and vulnerabilities[edit]

This comparison of unpatched publicly known vulnerabilities in latest stable version browsers is based on vulnerabilities reports by Secunia. See browser security for more details about the importance of unpatched known flaws.

Browser Known unpatched vulnerabilities
Secunia
Extremely critical
(number / oldest)
Highly critical
(number / oldest)
Moderately critical
(number / oldest)
Less critical
(number / oldest)
Not critical
(number / oldest)
Google Chrome 38 [93] 0 0 0 0 0
Internet Explorer 7 [94] 0 0 1
30 October 2006;
7 years ago
 (2006-10-30)
4
6 June 2006;
8 years ago
 (2006-06-06)
10
5 June 2003;
11 years ago
 (2003-06-05)
Internet Explorer 8 [95] 0 0 0 1
26 February 2007;
7 years ago
 (2007-02-26)
8
5 June 2003;
11 years ago
 (2003-06-05)
Internet Explorer 9 [96] 0 0 0 0 2
6 December 2011;
2 years ago
 (2011-12-06)
Internet Explorer 10 [97] 0 0 0 0 1
6 May 2013;
17 months ago
 (2013-05-06)
Internet Explorer 11 [98] 0 0 0 0 1
6 May 2013;
17 months ago
 (2013-05-06)
Mozilla Firefox 33 [99] 0 0 0 0 0
Opera 24 [100] 0 0 0 0 0
Safari 7 [101] 0 0 0 0 0
SeaMonkey 2 [102] 0 0 0 0 0
Browser Extremely critical
(number / oldest)
Highly critical
(number / oldest)
Moderately critical
(number / oldest)
Less critical
(number / oldest)
Not critical
(number / oldest)
Secunia
Known unpatched vulnerabilities

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]