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Compasso d'Oro (Golden Compass) is the name of an Industrial Design award originated in Italy in 1954 by the La Rinascente company from an original idea of Gio Ponti and Alberto Rosselli. From 1964 it has been hosted exclusively by Associazione per il Disegno Industriale (ADI). It is the first and most recognized award in its field. The prize aims to acknowledge and promote quality in the field of industrial designs Made in Italy and is awarded by ADI.
The Castiglioni brothers contributed to establish the ADI and the Compasso d’Oro awards. Enzo Mari was president of the ADI from 1976 to 1979. It was the first award of its kind in Europe and soon took on an international dimension and relevance, multiplying the occasions on which the exhibitions of award-winning objects were held in Europe, the United States, Canada and Japan.
List of Compasso d'Oro Awards
|1st||1954||Aldo Bassetti, Cesare Brustio, Gio Ponti, Alberto Rosselli, Marco Zanuso||5700||15|
|2nd||1955||Aldo Bassetti, Cesare Brustio, E. N. Rogers, Alberto Rosselli, Marco Zanuso||1300||12|
|3rd||1956||Aldo Bassetti, Cesare Brustio, Franco Albini, Pier Giacomo Castiglioni, Alberto Rosselli||1450||Alberto Rosselli (Birth of the ADI)||9|
|4th||1957||Aldo Bassetti, Cesare Brustio, Franco Albini, Pier Giacomo Castiglioni, Ignazio Gardella||1200||Giulio Castelli||5|
|5th||1959||Bruno Alfieri, Vico Magistretti, Giulio Minoletti, Augusto Morello, Giovanni Romano||1200||Livio Castiglioni||6|
|6th||1960||Ludovico Belgiojoso, Vico Magistretti, Augusto Magnaghi, Augusto Morello, Marco Zanuso||800||Franco Albini||10|
|7th||1962||Giulio Castelli, Franco Momigliano, Augusto Morello, Bruno Munari, Gian Battista Pininfarina||Roberto Olivetti||9|
|8th||1964||Massimo Vignelli, Dante Giacosa, Vittorio Gregotti, Augusto Morello, Bruno Munari, Gino Valle||Aldo Basetti||6|
|9th||1967||Aldo Basetti, Felice Dessi, Gillo Dorfles, Tomás Maldonado, Edoardo Vittoria||Marco Zanuso||13|
|10th||1970||Francesco Mazzucca, Franco Albini, Jean Baudrillard, Achille Castiglioni, Federico Correa, Vittorio Gregotti, Roberto Guiducci, Albe Steiner||Anna Castelli Ferrieri||10|
|11th||1979||Angelo Cortesi, Gillo Dorfles, Augusto Morello, Arthur Pulos, Yuri Soloviev||1167||Enzo Mari||39|
|12th||1981||François Barrè, Cesare De Seta, Martin Kelm, Ugo La Pietra, Pierluigi Spadolini||Rodolfo Bonetto||16|
|13th||1984||Cino Boeri, Douglas Kelley, Antti Nurmesniemi, Giotto Stoppino, Bruno Zevi||Giotto Stoppino||11|
|14th||1987||Angelo Cortesi, Rodolfo Bonetto, Marino Marini, Cara Mc Carty, Philippe Starck||Angelo Cortesi||16|
|15th||1989||Pierliugi Molinari, Fredrik Wildhagen, Hans Wichmann, Cesare Stevan, Tomás Maldonado||Pierlugi Molinari||12|
|16th||1991||Silvio Ceccato, Marcello Inghilesi, Victor Margolin, Pierlugi Molinari, Antti Nurmesniemi||Angelo Cortesi||14|
|17th||1994||Dante Giacosa, Vittoriano Viganò, Giovanni Anceschi, Paola Antonelli, Uta Brandes, Jacob Gantenbein, Marja Heemskerk, Vittorio Magnago Lampugnani, Marco Migliari, Gianemiglio Monti, Mario Trimarchi||Augusto Morello||13|
|18th||1998||Achille Castiglioni, Giuseppe De Rita, Marianne Frandsen, Fritz Frenkler, Sadik Karamustafa, Tomás Maldonado, Marco Zanuso||Augusto Morello||15|
|19th||2001||Marie-Laure Jousset, Filippo Alison, François Burkhardt, Omar Calabrese, Francisco Jarauta, Maurizio Morgantini, Erik Spiekermann||Giancarlo Iliprandi||13|
|20th||2004||Tomas Maldonado, Fulya Erdemci, Robert Fitzpatrick, Yutaka Mino, Pietro Petraroia, Richard Sapper, Angela Schönberger, Tomàš Vlček||Carlo Forcolini||16|
The Compasso d′Oro, the oldest industrial design award of Europe and one of the greatest honors of industrial design in the world, had its headquarters set in Hengfeng Creative Square in Ningbo on May 18. From now on, the election of the Compasso d′Oro in the Greater China Group will be made in Ningbo, the only base for the Group.
The Compasso d′Oro was set up in 1954, and now it is the highest honor in the industrial designing circle in Italy, as famous as the first grade international awards like the Red Dot Award. In 2004, the Cultural Heritage Department of Italy issued a law that the winners of the Compasso d'Oro are "national heritage. Over the past 50 years, about 300 designs have been honored by the Award, covering such products as racing bike, portable sewing machine, desk, sofa, vase, clothes hanger, drawer, clock, desk lamp, telephone, electric fan and coffee machine.
At present the management department of the Compasso d'Oro is Italy Industrial Designing Association and it is also the members of the International Industrial Designing Committee and the European Designing Bureau. According to the agreement signed with Hengfeng Creative Square, the Association will set up the "Chinese Designing Center of Italy Industrial Designing Association" in Hengfeng Creative Square, as its only headquarters in China. It promises to promote the development of industrial design of Ningbo. ningbo governmental news 23-05-2012 www. ningboexpat.com reference site.
The award is given as a Compass, the one invented by Adalbert Goeringer in 1893 to measure the Golden Section.