The Competition Act (also known as C-34) is a Canadian federal law governing most business conduct. Its purpose is to maintain and encourage competition in Canada. The Act contains both criminal and civil provisions aimed at preventing anti-competitive practices in the marketplace.
The act was introduced by the conservative government of Brian Mulroney and came into effect in 1986. The administration and enforcement of the Competition Act is done by the Competition Bureau, which is also responsible for the administration and enforcement of the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Textile Labelling Act and the Precious Metals Marking Act.
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