Composite rules shinty–hurling
|Highest governing body||Camanachd Association/Gaelic Athletic Association|
|First played||19th century|
|Team members||14 per side|
|Mixed gender||Yes, though women's form known as shinty/camogie|
|Categorization||Hybrid sport, team sport|
|Equipment||Sliotar or shinty ball|
|Country or region||Worldwide|
Composite rules shinty–hurling (Irish: Rialacha chomhréiteach sinteag-iomáint)—sometimes known simply as shinty–hurling—is a hybrid sport which was developed to facilitate international matches between shinty players and hurling players.
Shinty–hurling is one of few team sports in the world without any dedicated clubs or leagues. It is currently played by both men's and women's teams only in tournaments or once-off internationals. The women's form of the game is called shinty/camogie.
Ireland are a leading team in the sport, claiming the Hurling/Shinty International Series for a fourth consecutive year in 2012.
The rules of the composite sport are designed to allow for neither side to gain an advantage, eliminating or imposing certain restrictions. The goals are those used in hurling, with 3 points for a goal (in the net under the crossbar) and 1 point for a shot over the crossbar. A stationary ball taken straight from the ground and shot over the crossbar scores 2 points. For the 2012 International Series, a goal became worth 5 points in an effort to increase the number of goals. Whether this rule will be adopted full time remains to be seen.
Players may not catch the ball unless they are the goalkeeper (or a defender on the line for a penalty) and this must be released within three steps. Players may not kick the ball, but can drag the ball with their foot.
Although there is a statutory size for the ball to be used in the games, there is often a custom of using a sliotar in one half and a shinty ball in the other. Each half lasts 35 minutes.
The first ever games played were challenge matches between London Camanachd and London GAA in 1896 and Glasgow Cowal and Dublin Celtic in 1897 and 1898, with the first game played at Celtic Park. However, there was then a hiatus until Scottish representative teams and Irish sides took place in the 1920s. Following intermittent international games between Scotland and an all-Ireland team before the Second World War, controversy arose as the British Government put pressure upon the Camanachd Association to cease from cooperating with the Gaelic Athletic Association, disapproving of their perceived anti-British viewpoint
However, universities in both countries kept the link going after the war and this led to a resumption of international fixtures between the two codes in the 1970s.
After a long run of Irish successes, Scotland won four fixtures in a row from 2005 until Ireland reclaimed the title in 2009. Scotland's successes have been marred by a lack of interest from an Irish perspective. Unlike the international rules football tests between Australia and Ireland, few players from the top flight counties participate in the event—often players from what would be deemed as weaker counties form the Irish team to give Scotland a sporting chance.
2007 also saw the use of compromise rules as a way of developing the Gaelic languages in Ireland and Scotland by the Columba Initiative. A team called Alba, made up of Scottish Gaelic speakers, played Micheál Breathnach GAA, from Inverin, Galway. The project was repeated in 2008. The Gaelic speakers international was played for a 3rd time in 2010 in Portree in the Isle of Skye on 13 February 2010.
There are also Scottish/Irish women's and under-21s sides which have competed against one another.
Latest Senior Results 
|2003||25 October||Scotland|| Ireland 5–9
|2004||16 October||Ireland|| Ireland 3–10
|Ratoath, County Meath|
|2005||8 October 2005||Scotland|| Scotland 4–8
|Bught Park, Inverness|
|2006||5 November 2006||Ireland|| Scotland 2–13
|Croke Park, Dublin|
|2007||13 October||Scotland|| Scotland 4–10
|An Aird, Fort William|
|2008||18 October||Ireland|| Scotland 1–10
|Nowlan Park, Kilkenny||1,000|
|2009||31 October||Scotland|| Ireland 2–8
|Bught Park, Inverness||1,500|
|2010||30 October||Ireland|| Ireland 2-15
|Croke Park, Dublin (first leg)|
|13 November||Scotland|| Ireland 5-6
Ireland win 7-21 to 5-23 on aggregate
|Bught Park, Inverness (second leg)|
|2011||22 October||Ireland|| Ireland 1-16
|Geraldine Park, Athy|
|29 October||Scotland|| Scotland 1-11
|Bught Park, Inverness|
|2012||__ October||Ireland|| Ireland ?-?
Camogie Shinty International 
- 2003 Oct 25 Ireland 5–9 Scotland 1–13 Inverness
- 2004 Oct 16 Ireland 3–10 Scotland 4–7 Ratoath
- 2005 Oct 8 Scotland 4–8 Ireland 2–11 Bught Park, Inverness
- 2006 Nov 9 Scotland 2–13 Ireland 2–5 Croke Park,
- 2007 Oct 13 Scotland 4–10 Ireland 0–11 An Aird, Fort William
- 2008 Oct 18 Scotland 1–10 Ireland 1–9 Nowlan Park,
- 2009 Oct 31 Ireland 2-2 Scotland 0-0 Bught Park, Inverness
- 2010 Oct 30 Ireland 6-9 Scotland 2-2 Ratoath
|Country||Series won||Matches won||Total scores|
See also 
- "Ireland Ease to Comfortable Series Win". GAA.ie. 27 October 2012. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
- "The first combined shinty/hurling match 1897". BBC.
- MacKenzie, Fraser (8 October 2000). "Celtic festival sees codes come together". The Sunday Herald.
- "Hurling himself into the battle". Scotland on Sunday.
- "Gaelic team to represent Scotland in Galway". Camanachd Association. Retrieved 8 October 2008.
- "Irish and British forces in historic sports meeting". The Scotsman.
- Stephen, Kenneth (31 October 2010). "Ireland 21 - 22 Scotland: Hurling's home defeat". The Scotsman.
- "In brief: Friend's focus for McDowell". Irish Independent. 14 November 2010.
- "Hurling-Shinty International Series launched". Irish Independent (Independent News & Media). 16 October 2012. Retrieved 16 October 2012.
- 2009 Ireland 2-2 Scotland 0-0 report on camogie.ie and fromargull.com
- 2010 Ireland 6-9 Scotland 2-2 report on Camogie.ie