Compounding is a legal procedure whereby a criminal or delinquent avoids prosecution in a court of law, potentially leading to the confiscation of his estate or some other punishment, in exchange for his payment to the authorities of a financial penalty or fine. The agreement so reached is termed a composition. The term is from the Latin verb pono, ponere, posui, positum, "to place", + com, "with/together". In general legal terminology a "composition" is "an agreement not to prosecute in return for a consideration". It was commonly used by the victorious Parliamentarians against the Royalists after the English Civil War, for which purpose the Committee for Compounding with Delinquents was established in 1643. Also in Early Germanic law and in the modern period, see Ausgleich, also called the Composition of 1867).
- Bankruptcy, compounding with creditors
- Collins Dictionary of the English Language, 2nd Edition, London, 1986