Compostela Valley

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Compostela Valley
Province
Official seal of Compostela Valley
Seal
Nickname(s): "The Solidarity Ring."
Map of the Philippines with Compostela Valley highlighted
Map of the Philippines with Compostela Valley highlighted
Coordinates: 07°36′N 125°57′E / 7.600°N 125.950°E / 7.600; 125.950Coordinates: 07°36′N 125°57′E / 7.600°N 125.950°E / 7.600; 125.950
Country Philippines
Region Davao Region (Region XI)
Founded January 31, 1998
Capital Nabunturan
Government
 • Governor Arturo T. Uy (Liberal)
 • Vice Governor Manuel "Way Kurat" Zamora (Liberal)
Area[1]
 • Total 4,479.77 km2 (1,729.65 sq mi)
Area rank 26th out of 81
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 687,195
 • Rank 40th out of 81
 • Density 150/km2 (400/sq mi)
 • Density rank 53rd out of 81
Divisions
 • Independent cities 0
 • Component cities 0
 • Municipalities 11
 • Barangays 237
 • Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Compostela Valley
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 8800 to 8810
Dialing code 87
ISO 3166 code PH-COM
Spoken languages Cebuano , English Mansaka Tagalog
Website www.ecomval.gov.ph

Compostela Valley (Cebuano: Kawalogang Kompostela) is a province of the Philippines located in the Davao Region in Mindanao. The province, called Comval for short, used to be part of Davao del Norte until it was made independent in 1998. It is the fourth newest province of the Philippines, behind Dinagat Islands, Zamboanga Sibugay and Davao Occidental. Its capital is Nabunturan. The province borders Davao del Norte to the west, Agusan del Sur to the north, and Davao Oriental to the east. To the southwest lies the Davao Gulf. Its first elected governor was Jose Caballero, formerly a lawyer for a mining group in the province.

Geography[edit]

Political[edit]

Compostela Valley is divided into 2 districts and is composed of 11 municipalities .

Municipality No. of
Barangays
Area
(km²)[3]
Population
(2010)[4]
Density
(per km²)
Class Income Creation
Compostela
16
287.00 81,934 285.5
1st (Mun.)
Aug 1, 1948
Laak
40
768.00 70,856 92.3
1st (Mun.)
1979
Mabini
11
400.00 36,807 92
2nd (Mun.)
1953
Maco
37
342.23 72,235 211.1
1st (Mun.)
May 6, 1970
Maragusan
24
394.27 55,503 140.8
1st (Mun.)
1988
Mawab
11
136.10 35,698 262.3
3rd (Mun.)
1958
Monkayo
21
609.61 94,827 155.6
1st (Mun.)
Sep 14, 1954
Montevista
20
225.00 39,602 176
3rd (Mun.)
Jun 18, 1966
Nabunturan
28
231.30 73,196 316.5
1st (Mun.)
Jul 23, 1957
New Bataan
16
553.15 47,470 85.8
1st (Mun.)
Jun 18, 1968
Pantukan
15
533.11 79,067 148.3
1st (Mun.)
1956

History[edit]

Compostela Valley, the 78th province in the country, was carved out of Davao del Norte Province by virtue of Republic Act No. 8470, signed by President Fidel V. Ramos on January 30, 1998. On March 7 of the same year, the law was ratified through a plebiscite conducted in the twenty-two (22) municipalities of the mother province.

The movement to create a separate province from Davao del Norte started in the 1980s during the time of Congressman Lorenzo S. Sarmiento, Sr., himself the author of the division of the original province of Davao into three (3) provinces of Davao Oriental, Davao Del Sur, and Davao Del Norte. Believing that the sheer size of Davao Del Norte, then the 8th largest province in the country, had greatly hindered the realization of the province’s full potentials, he filed a bill in Congress seeking to create a new province to be composed of Mawab, Maragusan, New Bataan, Nabunturan, Montevista, Monkayo, and Compostela, with the latter as the capital town. However, this was not realized until his death in the late 1980s. His son, Rogelio M. Sarmiento, who became his successor in Congress, made way for the passage of the bill creating the province.

Upon consultation with the governor of Davao Del Norte, Prospero S. Amatong, the province’s other two legislators, 3rd District Congressman Rodolfo P. Del Rosario and 2nd District Congressman Baltazar A. Sator, and other provincial and municipal officials, it was decided that the addition of four municipalities, namely Maco, Mabini, Pantukan, and Laak to the proposed province would be the most ideal and equitable configuration as this would make both provinces on an almost equal footing in terms of area, population, and development opportunities. It was also decided that Nabunturan would be the capital town because of its more central location.

The name originally proposed for the province was Davao Del Norte, the former name, or so it was thought, of the mother province. However, the House of Representatives’ Reference and Research Bureau which conducted the research and legal work on the creation of the province found out that the mother province continues to be officially referred to as Davao Del Norte in most official documents including the 1987 Philippine Constitution despite the passage of RA No. 6430 on June 17, 1972 renaming it as Davao Province. Tedious technical and legal issues needed to be resolved before the name could be adopted, the proposal was thus, shelved and the name finally agreed upon was Compostela Valley, referring to the great fertile plain in the heartland of the province.

The origin of the province’s inhabitants came from the ethnic tribes of the Mansaka, Mandaya, Manobo, Mangguangan, Dibabawon, Aeta, Kamayo, Davaweño and Kalagan. Similar to the history of other Mindanao provinces, most of the present populations of the province are descendants of migrants who came from Luzon and Visayas islands during the pre-war and post war eras. The bigger wave of immigrants came during the time of President Ramon Magsaysay wherein the policy of attraction adopted by the national government was to offer parcels of land to tenant-farmers. Although a virtual melting pot, the Visayans (mostly Cebuano-speaking) are the dominant group in Compostela Valley.

New, as it is, Compostela Valley has achieved a distinction of sorts with the succession of three governors during the first four months of its existence. The first governor of the province was Prospero S. Amatong, the three-term governor (1986-1998) of the then undivided province of Davao Del Norte, who held the position only for a day. As provided for in the law creating the new province, “incumbent elected officials (of Davao Del Norte) are given option to serve the remainder of their term in Compostela Valley,” Amatong took this option and assumed the governorship of Compostela Valley on March 26, 1998. The following day, he resigned and filed his candidacy for the congressional seat of the 2nd district of the new province. The governorship was turned over to Luz M. Sarmiento, by virtue of a presidential appointment.

Luz M. Sarmiento, wife of the late Congressman Lorenzo S. Sarmiento, Sr. served the province from March 27, 1998 to June 30, 1998. She was succeeded by Jose R. Caballero.

Jose R. Caballero, a practicing lawyer and former vice governor of then undivided Davao Del Norte (1988-1992) was the first elected governor of Compostela Valley.

Arturo T. “Chiongkee” Uy is the fourth governor of Compostela Valley. He first served the province as member of the 3rd Sangguniang Panlalawigan of Compostela Valley (2004-2007) before he was elected as governor in May 2007 national and local elections. Among his first acts as governor is the forging of genuine unity among political leaders and among all sectors in the province in order to have synergy in crafting the province’s development and the delivery of public services. He is now serving the province in his second term of office as governor as he ran for the post unopposed during the May 2010 national and local elections.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Compostela Valley
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 466,286 —    
1995 520,110 +2.21%
2000 580,244 +2.21%
2007 637,366 +1.35%
2010 687,195 +2.54%
Source: National Statistics Office[2]

The majority of the inhabitants are migrants from Cebu, Samar, Bohol and other Visayan provinces. The cultural minorities in the province include the Mansaka, Mandaya, Dibabawon, Mangguangan and Manobo groups such as the Ata, Talaingod, Langilan, and Matigsalug Manobo.

Arnold Bajo, is the most successful defender of the poor minorities, especially the Mandaya. He died in the battle while defending the poor. According to the legend, 40 days after his death, somebody reported that his spirit came from his body and infused in the statue of Ara-araba, their god of harvest. From then on, people worship him as god in the Mandaya tribe, which he refused as he confessed as a follower of José Rizal, the original defender of poor.

Language[edit]

The main spoken language in the province is Cebuano. The language being spoken is Filipino and English then Mansaka.

Economy[edit]

The main sources of livelihood are agricultural products such as rice, coconut, cacao, coffee, papaya, mango, pineapple, durian and banana. It has been projected that by 2030 the province will be one of the richest provinces in the country because of its rich natural resources and hardworking people. Some residents have fishponds and culture their own fish like tilapia and milkfish. The province is also rich with gold ore.

Governors[edit]

The Governor of Compostela Valley is the local chief executive of the Philippine province of Compostela Valley.

# Name Took office Left office Party
1 Jose Caballero June 30, 1998 June 30, 2004 LDP
June 30, 2004 June 30, 2007 Lakas
2 Arturo Uy June 30, 2007 June 30, 2010 Lakas
June 30, 2010 June 30, 2013 Lakas-Kampi
June 30, 2013 Present Liberal

Tourism[edit]

Attractions[edit]

  • Maragusan: Aguacan Inland Resort, Tagbibinta Falls,Mt. Candalaga Peak, Haven's Peak, Kanlawig Hot Spring Sky Garden Restaurant and Fitness Gym
  • New Bataan: Malumagpac Falls, Mt. Manurigao, White Peak, Bamboo garden island resort,tatay rofeno beach resort, etc.
  • Maco : Mainit Sulfuric Hotspring, Lake Leonard, New Leyte
  • Nabunturan,San Vicente Caves, Toyuzu Inland Resort
  • Pantukan: Welborn's Beach, Magnaga Waters, Sea World Oasis
  • Mabini: Manaklay Beach Park and Resort, Pindasan, Mabini
  • Mabini: Beach View Resort, Pindasan, Mabini
  • Mabini: Bern Berioso Beach Resort I, Pindasan, Mabini
  • Mabini: Bern Berioso Beach Resort II, Pindasan, Mabini
  • Monkayo: Kumbilan Cave, Octagon Park, Mt. Diwata Mining, Monkayo Arena
  • Monkayo: Mt. Diwata's Peak, Agusan River, Baylo Falls

Festivities[edit]

  • Sal'lupongan festival - Sangguniang Bayan institunalized the town's Sal'lupongan Festival to be celebrated every 2nd Quincena of August (Municipality of New Bataan) coinciding with the Founder's Day. The highlight of this event is the 'indak-indak sa kadalanan, drumline (high school) D.B.C(elem.), and the fireworks display at night.
  • Kariyawan Festival - celebrated together with the Araw ng Monkayo (in the municipality of Monkayo) every 4th day of September
  • Simballay Festival - celebrated every 3rd week of December, Simballay Festival showcases different cultures in the capital municipality Nabunturan
  • Bulawan Festival - showcases the culture of Compostela Valley. This event is usually celebrated from March 3 to 8 which is also the founding anniversary of the province.
  • Buganihan Festival - celebrated every June 19 to 23, culminating on the 23rd - the Founding Day of the Municipality of Compostela
  • Diwanag Festival celebrated every December showcasing lighted booths and barangay corners within the Poblacion of the Municipality of Montevista.
  • Kaimunan Festival - celebrated every founding anniversary of the Municipality of Maco as well as the Mother of Perpetual Help Fiesta Celebration every 4th week of June
  • Pyagsawitan Festival - celebrated every founding anniversary of the Municipality of Maragusan every 25th day of November. It showcases the thanksgiving for the abundant harvest of the people of the municipality. Highlights the "Indak-indak sa Kadalanan", a street dancing competition.

Events[edit]

  • Joint Oathtaking Ceremony of Provincial elected Officials, June 30, 2007 at 4:00pm at the Provincial Capitol grounds, Cabidianan, Nabunturan, Compostela Valley Province. Theme: "Compostela Valley... a new era of unity and good governance."

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "Province: COMPOSTELA VALLEY". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  4. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 

External links[edit]