Compounding a felony
Compounding a felony was an offence under the common law of England and was classified as a misdemeanour. It consisted of a prosecutor or victim of an offence accepting anything of value under an agreement not to prosecute, or to hamper the prosecution of, a felony. The word "compound," in this context, means to come to a settlement or agreement.
It is not compounding for the victim to accept an offer to return of stolen property or restitution as long as there is no agreement not to prosecute.
Under the common law, compounding a felony was punishable as a misdemeanor although many states have enacted statutes that punish the offense as a felony. Compounding a misdemeanor is not a crime. However, an agreement not to prosecute a misdemeanor is unenforceable as being contrary to public policy.
- Compounding treason, same sense of "compounding" applied to the crime of treason
- Misprision of felony, failing to report knowledge of a felony
- Theftbote, private arrangement between felon and victim, to obviate fines due to the King
- Perverting the course of justice, common-law offence
- Settlement (litigation), permitted in civil law
- Boyce & Perkins, Criminal Law, 3rd ed. (1992) at 576.
- Boyce & Perkins, Criminal Law, 3rd ed. (1992) at 578.
- The Criminal Law Act 1967 (c.58), section 5(5)
- The Criminal Law Act (Northern Ireland) 1967 (c.18) (N.I.), section 5(5)
- The Criminal Law Act 1997 (No.14), section 8(3)
- The Crimes Act 1900, section 341 
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