Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program
Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program, commonly known as CARP, is an agrarian reform law of the Philippines passed in 1988 (Republic Act No. 6657). It is part of the long history of attempts at land reform in the Philippines. The law was outlined by former President Corazon C. Aquino through Presidential Proclamation 131 and Executive Order 229 on June 22, 1987. The law was enacted by the 8th Congress of the Philippines and signed by Aquino on June 10, 1988. In this program, all lands exceeding seven hectares were to be bought by the government and sold to the landless farmers. Previous owners of the land were paid in installments for 15 years.
The reform is comprehensive because of the concept (provides for redistribution of land with appropriate support services to help the beneficiaries survive as independent small farmers), the coverage (not only private land but also public land classified as agricultural, regardless of the crops that is being planted and "tenurial" arrangement), and the beneficiaries (both parties benefit with farmers owning land and with landowners compensated providing capital to invest).
Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Extension with Reforms
Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Extension with Reforms, known also as CALPER or CARPer, (Republic Act 9700) was an extension of CARP that was passed in 2009 and is set to expire in 2014. In December 2008, the budget for CARP expired and there remained 1.2 million hectares of agricultural land waiting to be acquired and distributed to farmers.
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