Compromise

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the American township, see Compromise Township, Champaign County, Illinois. For the 1925 American film, see Compromise (1925 film). For the 1931 American film, see Compromised (1931 film).

To compromise is to make a deal between different parties where each party gives up part of their demand. In arguments, compromise is a concept of finding agreement through communication, through a mutual acceptance of terms—often involving variations from an original goal or desire.

Extremism is often considered as antonym to compromise, which, depending on context, may be associated with concepts of balance and tolerance. In the negative connotation, compromise may be referred to as capitulation, referring to a "surrender" of objectives, principles, or material, in the process of negotiating an agreement. In human relationships, "compromise" is frequently said to be an agreement with which no party is happy because the parties involved often feel that they either gave away too much or that they received too little.[1]

Political compromise[edit]

In international politics, the compromises most often discussed are usually regarded as nefarious deals with dictators, such as Neville Chamberlain's appeasement of Adolf Hitler. Margalit calls these "rotten compromises."[2]

In democratic politics, great challenges of contemporary democracy and has become more difficult in the era of the permanent campaign, as Gutmann and Thompson show.[3] The problem of political compromise in general is an important subject in political ethics.

Studies in compromise[edit]

Defining and finding the best possible compromise is an important problem in fields like game theory and the voting system.

Research has indicated that suboptimal compromises are often the result of negotiators failing to realize when they have interests that are completely compatible with those of the other party and settle for suboptimal agreements. Mutually better outcomes can often be found by careful investigation of both parties' interests, especially if done early in negotiations. [4]

The compromise solution of a multicriteria decision making or multi-criteria decision analysis problem that is the closest to the ideal could be determined by the VIKOR method, which provides a maximum utility of the majority, and a minimum individual regret of the opponent.[5]

Online Compromising Tools[edit]

There are many compromising tools available for free online. Compromises can often result in unfair or confusing outcomes. A lack of transparency and miscommunication in a compromise are the usual causes for this. Many websites have attempted to solve these longstanding issues with basic and effective solutions. An example of this is www.quickcompromise.com.[6] QuickCompromise.com attempts to solve the issues of transparency and miscommunication with a simple graph creator that allows both parties in a transaction to see an updated visual of the offer and bid prices.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Global Knowledge (2008). "Methods of Dealing with Conflict - Part II". PM Hut. Retrieved 2010-01-11. 
  2. ^ Margalit, Avishai. On Compromises and Rotten Compromises (Princeton University Press, 2009). ISBN 9780691133171
  3. ^ Gutmann, Amy, and Dennis Thompson. The Spirit of Compromise (Princeton University Press, 2012). ISBN 9780691153919
  4. ^ Thompson, Leigh; Hastie, Reid (October 1990). "Social perception in negotiation". Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 47 (1): 98–123. doi:10.1016/0749-5978(90)90048-e. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  5. ^ Opricovic, Serafim. “A Compromise Solution in Water Resources Planning”. Water Resources Management, Vol. 23, No 8, 2009, pp. 1549-1561.
  6. ^ "Quick Compromise". http://www.quickcompromise.com. Retrieved 2014-06-19.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)