St Mary's and St Nicholas Church
Compton shown within Berkshire
|OS grid reference|
|Unitary authority||West Berkshire District Council|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|Website||Compton Parish Council|
Compton is a village and civil parish in the River Pang valley in the Berkshire Downs about 6.5 miles (10.5 km) south of Didcot. It has a population of 1,521. The Pang flows through the village from NW to SE and is joined at the centre of the village by the Roden from the North, both as a winter bourne, a stream that only flows after periods of seasonal high rainfall.
The bell tower of the Church of England parish church of Saint Mary and Saint Nicholas was built in the 13th century and has Perpendicular Gothic features that were added in the 15th century. In 1850 the nave and chancel were modernised or rebuilt and in 1905 the Gothic Revival architect John Oldrid Scott added the north aisle.
In 1882 the Didcot, Newbury and Southampton Railway was completed through the parish and Compton railway station was opened. British Railways withdrew passenger services from the line and closed Compton station in 1962. BR had closed Compton goods yard by 1966. Through freight traffic was withdrawn in 1967 and the line was closed and dismantled.
Amenities and economy
The academically successful The Downs School local authority secondary school is in Compton. The new Science building is now coplete with the name of THE HUBBLE.
- "Area selected: West Berkshire (Unitary Authority)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
- Pevsner, 1965, page 120
- Page & Ditchfield, 1925, pages 15-21
- Page, William; Ditchfield, P.H., eds. (1924). Victoria County History: A History of the County of Berkshire, Volume 4. pp. 15–21.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1966). The Buildings of England: Berkshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 120–121.
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