|Area||0.16 sq mi (0 km2)|
|- land||0.16 sq mi (0 km2)|
|- water||0.00 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Density||2,092.1 / sq mi (808 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Area code||815 & 779|
|Wikimedia Commons: Compton, Illinois|
A post office at the site of Compton opened on May 18, 1841; it was named Melugin Grove after the village's first settler, Zachariah Melugin. The village's name was changed to Compton on July 16, 1873, after Joel Compton.
Compton is located at (41.694222, -89.086006).
According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 0.16 square miles (0.41 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 347 people, 127 households, and 96 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,092.1 person per square mile (788.1/km²). There were 136 housing units at an average density of 820.0 per square mile (308.9/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.85% White, 0.29% Asian, 0.58% from other races, and 0.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.31% of the population.
There were 127 households out of which 43.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.4% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the village the population was spread out with 30.8% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 102.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.7 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $34,167, and the median income for a family was $39,375. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $22,188 for females. The per capita income for the village was $13,205. About 3.7% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
- Callary, Edward (2009). Place Names of Illinois. p. 78.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Places: Illinois". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.