Compton Chamberlayne shown within Wiltshire
|Population||112 (in 2011)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
Compton Chamberlayne is a village and civil parish in south Wiltshire, England, situated in the Nadder Valley approximately 7 miles (11 km) west of Salisbury. The River Nadder forms the northern border of the parish, and to the south are chalk hills. The parish is bisected by the A30 road. Neighbouring villages include Dinton and Baverstock to the north, Barford St Martin to the northeast, Fovant to the west and Broad Chalke to the south. The village contains approximately 25 privately owned houses, a village hall, and a cricket pitch used by the Compton Chamberlayne Cricket Club.
Most of the inhabited part of the village lies within a small wooded valley which lends credence to the origin of the name "Compton" – coombe tun, or 'settlement in a wooded valley'. The 'Chamberlayne' seems to have been attached when a Robert le Chamberlayne, or possibly Geoffrey le Chaumberlang, took possession of the village in the Middle Ages. The village has a small entry in the Domesday Book which shows that at that time the local manor had a mill, some pastureland, meadows and two woods. Today there is no evidence of the manor.
During World War I there were thousands of Australian and Canadian troops encamped in the fields below the chalk downland before being shipped to France for combat. Compton Chamberlayne burial ground has about 20 graves of Australian soldiers who died, believed to be of influenza, during their transit through the local camp. There is still today a field called 'hospital', previously the site of the military medical facility. The only tangible sign of the previous occupation was the outline of Australia carved in the surface of the chalk downs (510 03' 30"N, 10 56'W) to the south east of the village which was left to grass over in 2005. The neighbouring village of Fovant however boasts an impressive display of army regimental badges carved into the chalk downs.
The church of St Michael stands on a bank overlooking Compton House and a picturesque valley of woods with an artificial lake. The church was built at the end of the 13th century in the Early English style, at the same time as Salisbury Cathedral was being constructed some 10 miles away. The church contains the Penruddocke family vault and has a peal of six bells, two dating from the 17th century and four from the 19th century.
Compton House was, from the mid-16th century until 1930, the family seat of the Penruddocke family. Colonel John Penruddock was a royalist who took part in a failed uprising against Oliver Cromwell, known as the Penruddock uprising. He was tried and executed in Exeter on 16 May 1655.
- "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
- "Compton Chamberlayne Cricket Club"
- "St Michael's, Compton Chamberlayne" at Doves' Guide
Media related to Compton Chamberlayne at Wikimedia Commons